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 Alberta Regulation 114/2009
Alberta Housing Act
SOCIAL HOUSING ACCOMMODATION AMENDMENT REGULATION
Filed: May 1, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs 
(M.O. 017/2009) on April 16, 2009 pursuant to section 34 of the Alberta Housing 
Act. 
1   The Social Housing Accommodation Regulation 
(AR 244/94) is amended by this Regulation.



2   Section 1(1)(n) is amended
	(a)	by striking out "and" at the end of subclause (i);
	(b)	in subclause (ii) by adding "except where subclause (iii) 
or (iv) applies," after "in the case of a senior household,";
	(c)	by adding the following after subclause (ii):
	(iii)	in the case of a senior household that includes or is 
comprised of 2 individuals who are the spouse or adult 
interdependent partner of one another, one of whom is 
65 years of age or older, and those 2 individuals have 
not jointly elected to split pension income, the total 
income of all members of the senior household 
determined in accordance with subclause (ii), and
	(iv)	in the case of a senior household that includes or is 
comprised of 2 individuals who are the spouse or adult 
interdependent partner of one another, one of whom is 
65 years of age or older, and those 2 individuals have 
jointly elected to split pension income, the sum of
	(A)	the amount shown on line 150 less the amount 
shown on line 210 of the Notice of Assessment in 
respect of the income tax return filed under the 
Income Tax Act (Canada) by the individual who is 
receiving the pension, and
	(B)	the amount shown on line 150 of the Notice of 
Assessment in respect of the income tax return 
filed under the Income Tax Act (Canada) by the 
other individual,
		where the amount deducted on line 210 of the Notice of 
Assessment of the individual who is receiving the 
pension and the amount claimed on line 116 of the other 
individual's Notice of Assessment are the same,


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Alberta Regulation 115/2009
Marketing of Agricultural Products Act
POTATO GROWERS OF ALBERTA MARKETING 
AMENDMENT REGULATION
Filed: May 1, 2009
For information only:   Made by Potato Growers of Alberta on January 23, 2009 
pursuant to section 26 of the Marketing of Agricultural Products Act and approved by 
the Agricultural Products Marketing Council on January 29, 2009 pursuant to section 
26 of the Marketing of Agricultural Products Act. 
1   The Potato Growers of Alberta Marketing Regulation 
(AR 277/98) is amended by this Regulation.

2   Section 8(1)(b) is amended by striking out "$15.00" and 
substituting "$30.00".


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Alberta Regulation 116/2009
Meat Inspection Act
FEES REGULATION
Filed: May 4, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development 
(M.O. 7/2009) on April 29, 2009 pursuant to section 12 of the Meat Inspection Act. 
Licence fees
1   The fees payable on the issue of a licence under section 11 of the 
Meat Inspection Regulation (AR 42/2003) are
	(a)	if licensed to operate a meat facility, $100, and
	(b)	if licensed to operate as a mobile butcher, $100.
Inspection fees
2   The fees payable by the operator of an abattoir for an inspection 
required under section 4 or 5 of the Meat Inspection Act are, per work 
station where an inspector carries out an inspection, as follows:
	(a)	$40 per hour or part of an hour in the case of an inspection 
under a special arrangement made under section 41(5) of the 
Meat Inspection Regulation (AR 42/2003);
	(b)	in any other case,
	(i)	$4 per hour or part of an hour for the first 7 1/4 hours in 
any day, and
	(ii)	$40 per hour or part of an hour for any time in excess of 
the first 7 1/4 hours in any day.


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Alberta Regulation 117/2009
Wildlife Act
WILDLIFE (GUIDING EXPERIENCE RELAXATION, 2009) 
AMENDMENT REGULATION
Filed: May 4, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Sustainable Resource Development 
(M.O. 12/2009) on April 30, 2009 pursuant to sections 12 and 103(1) of the Wildlife 
Act. 
1   The Wildlife Regulation (AR 143/97) is amended by this 
Regulation.

2   Section 57(1) is amended by repealing clause (a) and 
substituting the following:
	(a)	is an individual who is an adult resident or non-resident who, 
in the case of a non-resident, is a Canadian citizen or has 
been admitted to permanent residence in Canada, and who 
holds a big game guide's designation, or

3   Section 57(1.1) is amended
	(a)	in clause (a) by striking out "and has held such a 
designation for any period of, or 2 or more periods 
aggregating, at least 12 months";
	(b)	in clause (b) by striking out "and has held such a 
designation for any period of, or 2 or more periods 
aggregating, at least 12 months".


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Alberta Regulation 118/2009
Municipal Government Act
SUBDIVISION AND DEVELOPMENT FORMS AMENDMENT REGULATION
Filed: May 6, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Municipal Affairs (M.O. L:037/09) 
on May 1, 2009 pursuant to section 604 of the Municipal Government Act. 
1   The Subdivision and Development Forms Regulation 
(AR 44/2002) is amended by this Regulation.

2   Section 3 is amended by striking out "June 30, 2009" and 
substituting "June 30, 2011".


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Alberta Regulation 119/2009
Income and Employment Supports Act
TRAINING PROVIDER AMENDMENT REGULATION
Filed: May 6, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Employment and Immigration 
(M.O. 33/2009) on May 5, 2009 pursuant to section 26 of the Income and 
Employment Supports Act. 
1   The Training Provider Regulation (AR 384/2003) is 
amended by this Regulation.

2   Section 2(b)(ii) is amended by striking out "case" and 
substituting "service".

3   The following is added after section 9:
No refund payable
9.1   Notwithstanding any other provision in this Regulation, no 
refund is payable in respect of a learner who successfully completes 
all of the requirements of an approved training program before the 
last scheduled day on which the approved training program is to be 
completed.


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Alberta Regulation 120/2009
Climate Change and Emissions Management Act
CLIMATE CHANGE AND EMISSIONS MANAGEMENT 
FUND ADMINISTRATION REGULATION
Filed: May 6, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council (O.C. 252/2009) 
on May 6, 2009 pursuant to section 60 of the Climate Change and Emissions 
Management Act. 
Table of Contents
	1	Definitions
	2	Designation of delegated authority
	3	Delegation of duties, functions and powers
	4	Payment of Fund money to delegated authority
	5	Payment of expenses of delegated authority
	6	Fees
	7	Financial Administration Act not applicable
	8	Agreement respecting delegation
	9	Changes to objects and bylaws 
	10	The Corporation is not Crown agent
	11	Inspection and audit
	12	Annual report
	13	Compliance with FOIP
	14	Records
	15	Expiry
Definitions
1   In this Regulation,
	(a)	"Act" means the Climate Change and Emissions 
Management Act;
	(b)	"Corporation" means the Climate Change and Emissions 
Management (CCEMC) Corporation;
	(c)	"Fund" means the Climate Change and Emissions 
Management Fund established by section 10 of the Act.
Designation of delegated authority
2(1)  The Climate Change and Emissions Management (CCEMC) 
Corporation is designated as a delegated authority.
(2)  If the Corporation changes its name, a reference in this Regulation 
to the Corporation's name is deemed to be a reference to its new name.
Delegation of duties, functions and powers
3   The performance of the Minister's duties and functions and the 
exercise of the Minister's powers in respect of holding, administering 
and making payments of the money paid to the Corporation from the 
Fund under section 4(1) are delegated to the Corporation.
Payment of Fund money to delegated authority
4(1)  The Minister may pay some or all of the money in the Fund to 
the Corporation from time to time.
(2)  Money paid to the Corporation from the Fund under subsection (1) 
belongs to the Corporation.
Payment of expenses of delegated authority
5   Salaries, fees, expenses, liabilities and other costs incurred by the 
Corporation in carrying out a duty or function of or exercising a power 
of the Minister delegated to the Corporation under section 3 may be 
paid out of the money paid to the Corporation from the Fund under 
section 4(1).
Fees
6(1)  The Corporation may collect money by the levy of assessments, 
fees and charges on persons to whom it provides services, materials or 
programs in the course of performing duties or functions or exercising 
powers delegated to the Corporation under section 3.
(2)  The Corporation may use money collected under subsection (1) for 
the purpose of costs incurred in performing a delegated duty or 
function or exercising a delegated power.
(3)  Notwithstanding the Financial Administration Act, any money 
collected by the Corporation under subsection (1) belongs to the 
Corporation.
(4)  An assessment, fee or charge levied by the Corporation under 
subsection (1) is recoverable by the Corporation as a debt due to the 
Corporation.
Financial Administration Act not applicable
7   The Financial Administration Act does not apply to the Corporation 
with respect to a delegated duty, function or power.
Agreement respecting delegation
8   The Minister may enter into an agreement with the Corporation 
respecting any matter related to the duties, functions and powers 
delegated to the Corporation by section 3, including, without 
limitation, the receipt and payment by the Corporation of money paid 
to the Corporation from the Fund under section 4(1).
Changes to objects and bylaws
9   If the Corporation proposes to change its objects or any of its 
bylaws, it shall give reasonable prior notice of the proposed change to 
the Minister.
The Corporation is not Crown agent
10   With respect to the delegation under section 3, the Corporation 
and the Corporation's employees, agents, directors and officers are not 
agents of the Crown.
Inspection and audit
11(1)  The Minister or a person designated by the Minister may, 
without a warrant, at any reasonable time, enter premises, other than a 
private dwelling, where the Corporation or the Corporation's 
employees, agents, directors or officers are performing a duty or 
function or exercising a power delegated under this Regulation and
	(a)	may inspect and make copies of any document related to the 
performance of the duty or function or exercise of the power, 
and
	(b)	may carry out an audit of the Corporation with respect to the 
duty, function or power.
(2)  On entering premises described in subsection (1), the Minister or 
designated person shall, on request, produce identification and provide 
advice on the power to carry out an inspection or audit.
(3)  The Minister may charge the Corporation any reasonable costs 
incurred in carrying out an audit under subsection (1) and that charge 
is recoverable by the Minister as a debt due to the Crown.
Annual report
12(1)  The Corporation shall,
	(a)	not less than 30 days before the start of its fiscal year, 
provide to the Minister a business plan for the Corporation 
that indicates its goals for the coming fiscal year, and
	(b)	not more than 6 months after the end of its fiscal year, 
prepare and submit to the Minister an annual report with 
respect to the performance of duties and functions and the 
exercise of powers by the Corporation under this Regulation.
(2)  The report must include a general summary of the Corporation's 
policies, operations and activities in that fiscal year and a financial 
report that includes an audited financial statement.
(3)  The financial statement or a note or schedule to the financial 
statement must include the remuneration and benefits that were paid 
during the fiscal year to
	(a)	members of the board of directors of the Corporation, and
	(b)	management personnel who report directly to the board of 
directors.
(4)  The remuneration and benefits must be reported
	(a)	on an individual basis by name in the case of persons referred 
to in subsection (3)(a), and
	(b)	on an aggregate basis in the case of persons referred to in 
subsection (3)(b).
(5)  The Minister is authorized to disclose personal information 
reported under this section, and this subsection constitutes an 
authorization for the purposes of section 40(1)(f) of the Freedom of 
Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
Compliance with FOIP
13(1)  The Corporation must comply with the Freedom of Information 
and Protection of Privacy Act in the course of performing duties and 
functions and exercising powers under this Regulation.
(2)  The Corporation is authorized to collect personal information in 
the course of performing duties and functions and exercising powers 
under this Regulation, and this subsection constitutes an authorization 
for the purposes of section 33 of the Freedom of Information and 
Protection of Privacy Act.
(3)  The Corporation shall designate a person to be responsible for 
freedom of information and protection of privacy matters.
(4)  If a request for access to information is made under the Freedom 
of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, the Corporation shall,
	(a)	in the case of a request made directly to the Corporation, 
immediately direct the request to the Freedom of Information 
and Protection of Privacy Co-ordinator of the Minister's 
Department, and
	(b)	in every case, comply with such directions regarding the 
request as may be provided by the Co-ordinator.
Records
14(1)  All records in the custody or under the control of the 
Corporation that are required in the performance of duties or functions 
or the exercise of powers under this Regulation are subject to the 
Records Management Regulation (AR 224/2001).
(2)  All information and records issued or maintained by the 
Corporation in the course of performing duties or functions or 
exercising powers under this Regulation become and remain the 
property of the Crown in right of Alberta.
(3)  The Corporation shall designate a person to be responsible for 
records management matters.
Expiry
15   For the purpose of ensuring that this Regulation is reviewed for 
ongoing relevancy and necessity, with the option that it may be 
repassed in its present or an amended form following a review, this 
Regulation expires on September 1, 2014.



Alberta Regulation 121/2009
Traffic Safety Act
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SAFETY REGULATION
Filed: May 12, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Transportation (M.O. 03/09) on May 
5, 2009 pursuant to sections 18(2)(a), 21, 81, 116 and 156 of the Traffic Safety Act. 
Table of Contents


Interpretation
	1	Definitions
General Standards
	2	Adoption of standards
Prohibition
	3	Operating an unsafe vehicle
Compliance with Safety Standards
	4	Compliance with safety standards
Compliance with Maintenance Standards
	5	Compliance with maintenance standards
	6	Maintenance and inspection program
	7	Corrective actions
	8	Notice of defect
Trip Inspection Requirements
	9	Definitions
	10	Daily trip inspection requirements
	11	Under-vehicle trip inspection requirements
	12	Trip inspection report
	13	Distribution and retention of reports
	14	Report of defects
	15	Defects observed during operation
	16	Requirements to repair or correct
Cargo Securement Requirements
	17	Cargo securement requirements
School Bus Operation Requirements
	18	Compliance with standards
	19	Limitation on use of school bus
	20	Requirements for other use of school bus
	21	Vehicle no longer used as a school bus
	22	Alteration of school bus
	23	Prohibitions
	24	Fuelling
	25	Use of tobacco, etc.
	26	Embarking and disembarking students
	27	Application of crossing arm outside of urban area
	28	Application of crossing arm inside urban area
	29	Standing, etc., in school bus
	30	Leaving school bus
Driveaway or Towaway Requirements
	31	Driveaway or towaway requirements
Transportation of Anhydrous 
Ammonia Requirements
	32	Transportation of anhydrous ammonia 
and other fertilizers
	33	Brakes on trailer
	34	Brakes on trailers not required
	35	Farm wagon trailer
	36	Self-propelled floater implement of husbandry
Records
	37	Records
	38	Retention of records
	39	Interference with records
Administration
	40	Exemption by Registrar
	41	Notice of administrative penalty
	42	Determination of penalty amount
	43	Limitation period
	44	Offences
Transitional Provisions, Consequential 
Amendments, Repeals, Expiry and 
Coming into Force
	45	Transitional provisions
	46-48	Consequential amendments
	49	Repeals
	50	Expiry
	51	Coming into force 
 
Schedules 
Appendix
Interpretation
Definitions
1(1)  In this Regulation,
	(a)	"Act" means the Traffic Safety Act;
	(b)	"bus" means a bus as defined in section 130(1)(a) of the Act;
	(c)	"carrier" means a carrier as defined in section 130(1)(b) of 
the Act;
	(d)	"handi-bus" means a handi-bus as defined in the Vehicle 
Inspection Regulation (AR 211/2006);
	(e)	"motor coach" means a bus of monocoque design 
manufactured with underfloor baggage storage, but does not 
include a transit bus;
	(f)	"notice of defect" means a notice issued by a manufacturer, 
distributor or importer of a vehicle as prescribed by the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada);
	(g)	"owner" means owner as defined in section 1(1)(ee) of the 
Act;
	(h)	"principal place of business" means a principal place of 
business of a carrier as defined in the Drivers' Hours of 
Service Regulation (AR 317/2002);
	(i)	"school" means
	(i)	a charter school as defined in section 1(1)(c) of the 
School Act, or
	(ii)	a school as defined in section 1(1)(y)(i), (ii) or (iii) of 
the School Act;
	(j)	"school board" means
	(i)	a board as defined in section 1(1)(b) of the School Act, 
or
	(ii)	a person or organization that operates a private school 
as defined in section 1(1)(s) of the School Act;
	(k)	"school bus" means a bus that meets the requirements of a 
Type A1, A2, B, C or D school bus described in CSA 
Standard D250-2007 and that is used primarily to transport 
students to and from a school;
	(l)	"student" means a student as defined in section 1(1)(gg) of 
the School Act;
	(m)	"transit bus" means a transit bus as defined in the Vehicle 
Inspection Regulation (AR 211/2006).
(2)  In this Regulation, "retrofit" and "retrofitted" do not include the 
replacement or addition of parts or equipment to rectify a defect in a 
vehicle in respect of which a manufacturer has issued a recall.
General Standards
Adoption of standards
2   The following standards are adopted and apply to commercial 
vehicles under this Regulation:
	(a)	Canadian Standards Association Standard CAN/CSA B651, 
referred to as CAN/CSA B651, as it applies to signs and 
accessibility symbols;
	(b)	Canadian Standards Association Standard D250-2007, 
referred to as CSA D250-2007, as it applies to school buses;
	(c)	Canadian Standards Association Standard Z605, referred to 
as CSA Z605, as it applies to mobility aids and MASOR 
systems;
	(d)	Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 209 Seat Belt 
Assemblies, referred to as CMVSS 209, as it applies to seat 
belt assemblies;
	(e)	Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 210 Seat Belt 
Assembly Anchorages, referred to as CMVSS 210, as it 
applies to seat belt assembly anchorages;
	(f)	National Safety Code for Motor Carriers Standard 10 (Cargo 
Securement), referred to as NSC Standard 10, made by the 
Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators and 
dated September 23, 2004, section 1 (Interpretation) and 
Parts 1 to 4;
	(g)	National Safety Code for Motor Carriers Standard 13, Part 2 
(Trip Inspection), made by the Canadian Council of Motor 
Transport Administrators, referred to as NSC Standard 13, as 
follows:
	(i)	Schedule 1 (Truck, Tractor and Trailer),
	(ii)	Schedule 2 (Bus),
	(iii)	Schedule 3 (Motor Coach - Daily),
	(iv)	Schedule 4 (Motor Coach - 30 Days or 12 000 
Kilometres);
	(h)	Society of Automotive Engineers Standard J774, referred to 
as SAE J774, as it applies to emergency warning devices;
	(i)	Society of Automotive Engineers Standard J941, referred to 
as SAE J941, as it applies to visibility standards for school 
bus drivers;
	(j)	Underwriters' Laboratory of Canada Standard 
CAN-ULC-S508-M, referred to as CAN-ULC-S508-M, as it 
applies to rating and testing of fire extinguishers.
Prohibition
Operating an unsafe vehicle
3   In addition to any other requirements of this Regulation and the 
Schedules to this Regulation, a person shall not operate or permit 
another person to operate a commercial vehicle on a highway if the 
commercial vehicle or any equipment pertaining to the commercial 
vehicle is in a condition that is likely to cause danger to persons or 
property.
Compliance with Safety Standards
Compliance with safety standards
4(1)  Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation or a Schedule to 
this Regulation, a person shall not operate or permit another person to 
operate a commercial vehicle on a highway unless the commercial 
vehicle complies with the safety standards set out in Schedule 1.
(2)  A person shall not modify, retrofit or otherwise equip a 
commercial vehicle in such a way or to such an extent that it no longer 
complies with the applicable standards referred to in this section and in 
section 5.
(3)  Subsection (2) and the provisions of Schedule 1 shall not be 
construed so as to require a school bus to be retrofitted with any 
equipment if that equipment was not originally included in that bus 
when it was manufactured, as long as the bus conformed with the 
version of CSA D250 applicable at the time of manufacture.
Compliance with Maintenance Standards
Compliance with maintenance standards
5(1)  In this section and in section 6 and Schedule 2, "commercial 
vehicle" means
	(a)	a commercial vehicle or a combination of commercial 
vehicles that is registered for a gross weight of more than 
4500 kilograms and that is not a bus, or
	(b)	a bus.
(2)  Unless otherwise provided in this section or in Schedule 2, a 
person shall not operate or permit another person to operate a 
commercial vehicle on a highway unless the commercial vehicle 
complies with the standards
	(a)	prescribed in Schedule 2,
	(b)	prescribed under the Vehicle Equipment Regulation, and
	(c)	required under
	(i)	the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada), and
	(ii)	the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (Canada) 
applicable at the time of manufacture of the vehicle.
(3)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (2), a person shall not 
operate or permit another person to operate a bus that is equipped to 
transport persons with physical disabilities on a highway unless the 
vehicle complies with the standards prescribed in Schedule 3.
(4)  In addition to the requirements of subsections (2) and (3), a person 
shall not operate or permit another person to operate a handi-bus on a 
highway unless the vehicle complies with the standards prescribed in 
Schedule 4.
(5)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (2), a person shall not 
operate or permit another person to operate a school bus on a highway 
unless the vehicle complies with the standards prescribed in
	(a)	Schedule 5, and
	(b)	the requirements of
	(i)	CSA Standard D250-2007, or
	(ii)	a version of CSA D250 adopted by the Canadian 
Standards Association subsequent to CSA D250-2007.
(6)  Despite subsections (2), (3), (4) and (5), if the manufacturer of a 
commercial vehicle constructs a vehicle to standards that are different 
from any of the requirements under subsection (2), (3), (4) or (5), as 
the case may be, a person shall not operate or permit another person to 
operate that vehicle on a highway unless that vehicle is maintained to 
those different standards.
(7)  Subsection (4) does not apply to a handi-bus that was purchased or 
first used as a handi-bus before September 1, 1999.
(8)  Subsections (1) to (5) and the provisions of Schedules 2 to 5 shall 
not be construed so as to require a school bus to be retrofitted with any 
equipment if that equipment was not originally included in that bus 
when it was manufactured, as long as the bus conformed with the 
version of CSA D250 applicable at the time of manufacture.
Maintenance and inspection program
6(1)  A carrier shall prepare and carry out a maintenance and 
inspection program that pertains to the carrier's commercial vehicle.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), the Registrar may require an owner of a 
commercial vehicle or a combination of commercial vehicles who is 
not a carrier to comply with the requirements of subsection (1).
(3)  A maintenance and inspection program under subsection (1) must 
be in writing and provide for a continuous and regular program for the 
inspection, maintenance and repair of the carrier's commercial vehicle 
according to the following requirements, as applicable:
	(a)	this section and Schedules 2, 3, 4 and 5;
	(b)	sections 10 and 11;
	(c)	the Vehicle Inspection Regulation (AR 211/2006).
(4)  A carrier shall maintain a copy of the maintenance and inspection 
program prepared under subsection (1) in each location of the carrier 
where the maintenance and inspection of the carrier's commercial 
vehicles are carried out, and shall ensure that the copy is readily 
accessible to the employees of the carriers who carry out the 
maintenance and inspection program.
(5)  Unless otherwise authorized by the Registrar, in addition to the 
requirements of subsection (4), a copy of the maintenance and 
inspection program prepared under subsection (1) must also be 
maintained at the carrier's principal place of business.
Corrective actions
7   When a commercial vehicle requires repair in order to comply with 
section 5(2), (3), (4), (5) or (6),
	(a)	the replacement parts used in the repair of that vehicle
	(i)	must be designed for the particular application for 
which they are used,
	(ii)	must be in proper working condition, and
	(iii)	must be properly installed,
		and
	(b)	the repair must be completed in a manner so as to ensure the 
safe operation of the vehicle.
Notice of defect
8   When an owner or a carrier receives a notice of a defect in respect 
of one of the owner's or carrier's commercial vehicles, the owner or 
carrier shall immediately
	(a)	repair or otherwise modify the vehicle, or cause it to be 
repaired or modified, in accordance with instructions 
provided by the manufacturer in the notice, or
	(b)	if instructions are not given by the manufacturer, repair or 
otherwise modify the vehicle as necessary to correct the 
defect.
Trip Inspection Requirements
Definitions
9   In this section and sections 10 to 16,
	(a)	"daily trip inspection" means a daily trip inspection 
conducted under this Regulation and includes
	(i)	a daily trip inspection of a truck, truck-tractor or trailer 
conducted under section 10,
	(ii)	a daily trip inspection of a bus other than a motor coach 
conducted under section 10, and
	(iii)	a daily trip inspection of a motor coach conducted under 
section 10;
	(b)	"major defect" means the condition of an item specified as a 
major defect in Schedule 1, 2, 3 or 4 of NSC Standard 13, 
Part 2;
	(c)	"NSC Standard 13, Part 2" means NSC Standard 13, Part 2 
adopted under section 2;
	(d)	"trailer" means a trailer as defined in the Commercial Vehicle 
Dimension and Weight Regulation (AR 315/2002);
	(e)	"trip inspection report" means a report prepared under 
section 12;
	(f)	"truck" means a truck as defined in the Commercial Vehicle 
Dimension and Weight Regulation (AR 315/2002);
	(g)	"truck-tractor" means a truck designed primarily for drawing 
other vehicles and not constructed for carrying any load other 
than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn, and 
includes a tractor as referred to in NSC Standard 13 or a 
vehicle designed to accept a fifth wheel coupling, but does 
not include a crane-equipped breakdown vehicle;
	(h)	"under-vehicle trip inspection" means a 30-day or 12 000 
kilometre trip inspection of a motor coach conducted under 
section 11;
	(i)	"vehicle identification number" means a number or a mark 
referred to in section 2(a), (b) or (c) of Schedule 1.
Daily trip inspection requirements
10(1)  In this section, "commercial vehicle" means
	(a)	a commercial vehicle or a combination of commercial 
vehicles that has a registered gross weight of more than, or 
that weighs more than, 4500 kilograms and that is not a bus, 
or
	(b)	a bus.
(2)  Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation, an owner or a carrier 
shall not permit a driver to drive, and a driver shall not drive, a 
commercial vehicle unless
	(a)	the commercial vehicle has been inspected in accordance 
with the daily trip inspection requirements set out in this 
section, and
	(b)	no major defect was detected in the vehicle during the daily 
trip inspection referred to in clause (a).
(3)  A daily trip inspection is valid for 24 hours from the time recorded 
in the trip inspection report.
(4)  Subject to subsection (10), the driver, the owner, the carrier or the 
person authorized by the carrier or the owner to conduct a daily trip 
inspection under this section shall inspect the operating condition,
	(a)	with respect to a truck, truck-tractor or trailer, of the items 
specified in Schedule 1 of NSC Standard 13, Part 2, and
	(b)	with respect to a bus, of the items specified in Schedule 2 of 
NSC Standard 13, Part 2.
(5)  Despite subsection (4)(b) but subject to subsection (10) and section 
11, the carrier or the person authorized by the carrier of a commercial 
vehicle to conduct a daily trip inspection under this section may, with 
respect to a bus that is a motor coach, inspect the operating condition 
of the items specified in Schedule 3 of NSC Standard 13, Part 2.
(6)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a commercial vehicle that is 
engaged in the transportation of goods or passengers for the purpose of 
providing immediate relief in the case of a natural disaster or disaster 
caused by human intervention.
(7)  The carrier or the owner of a commercial vehicle may authorize a 
person to conduct daily trip inspections of the commercial vehicle and 
to prepare trip inspection reports concerning the commercial vehicle 
under this section.
(8)  If a driver or a person authorized by the owner to conduct a trip 
inspection under this section believes or suspects that there is a safety 
defect in a commercial vehicle inspected under this section, the driver 
or the person authorized by the owner shall report the defect to the 
owner of the commercial vehicle
	(a)	without delay if the defect is a major defect, or
	(b)	in a timely manner, and not later than the next required daily 
trip inspection, in all other cases.
(9)  A carrier shall ensure that a copy of the Schedule referred to in 
subsection (4)(a) or (b) that is applicable to the commercial vehicle, 
including any modifications made to the Schedule in accordance with 
subsection (10), is located in the vehicle.
(10)  A carrier may modify the Schedule applicable to the commercial 
vehicle by
	(a)	including in the Schedule additional information or items to 
be inspected,
	(b)	deleting a portion of the Schedule respecting the inspection 
of a specific component of the vehicle if the vehicle to be 
inspected under that Schedule is not required to have and 
does not have that component, or
	(c)	both including the information or items specified in clause 
(a) and deleting the portions specified in clause (b).
(11)  A driver shall, on the request of a peace officer, produce to the 
peace officer for inspection the Schedule required under subsection (9) 
to be located in the vehicle.
Under-vehicle trip inspection requirements
11(1)  Where a bus that is a motor coach has been inspected under 
section 10(5), unless otherwise provided in this Regulation, a carrier 
shall not permit a driver to drive, and a driver shall not drive, the motor 
coach unless
	(a)	the motor coach has also been inspected in accordance with 
the under-vehicle trip inspection requirements of this section, 
and
	(b)	no major defect was detected in the motor coach during the 
under-vehicle trip inspection.
(2)  The under-vehicle trip inspection referred to in subsection (1) is 
valid
	(a)	for 30 days, or
	(b)	until the day on which the motor coach has travelled 12 000 
kilometres after the under-vehicle trip inspection,
whichever occurs first.
(3)  The person authorized by the carrier of a motor coach to conduct 
an under-vehicle trip inspection under this section shall inspect the 
operating condition of the items specified in Schedule 4 of NSC 
Standard 13, Part 2.
(4)  The under-vehicle trip inspection referred to in subsection (1) must 
be conducted
	(a)	while the motor coach is positioned over a pit or raised in a 
manner that provides adequate access to all of the items 
subject to the inspection, and
	(b)	by a person who holds a subsisting Heavy Equipment 
Technician trade certificate under the Apprenticeship and 
Industry Training Act, or a person meeting the requirements 
specified by the Registrar.
(5)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a motor coach that is engaged in 
the transportation of goods or passengers for the purpose of providing 
immediate relief in the case of a natural disaster or disaster caused by 
human intervention.
(6)  A carrier may authorize a person to conduct under-vehicle trip 
inspections of a motor coach and to prepare under-vehicle trip 
inspection reports concerning the motor coach under this section.
Trip inspection report
12(1)  In this section
	(a)	and in sections 13 to 16, "commercial vehicle" means a 
commercial vehicle referred to in section 2 or 19 of the 
Commercial Vehicle Certificate and Insurance Regulation 
(AR 314/2002) that requires a safety fitness certificate or the 
equivalent authorization issued by a government or 
government agency in the jurisdiction in which the 
commercial vehicle is registered;
	(b)	and in section 13, "home terminal" means a home terminal as 
defined in the Drivers' Hours of Service Regulation 
(AR 317/2002).
(2)  A carrier shall require every driver employed or otherwise engaged 
by the carrier, or a person authorized by the carrier under section 10(7) 
or 11(6), to prepare a trip inspection report in accordance with this 
section.
(3)  The driver or the person authorized by the carrier under section 
10(7) or 11(6) shall prepare, for each commercial vehicle driven, the 
trip inspection report
	(a)	in a legible written format, or
	(b)	in a legible electronic format acceptable to the Registrar.
(4)  The trip inspection report must
	(a)	state the licence plate number, the commercial vehicle 
identification number or unit number of the commercial 
vehicle,
	(b)	record the odometer or hubometer reading of the commercial 
vehicle at the time of the inspection,
	(c)	state the name of the carrier operating the commercial 
vehicle,
	(d)	state the name of the municipality or location on the highway 
where the commercial vehicle was inspected,
	(e)	indicate
	(i)	each defect in the operation of every item required to be 
inspected in accordance with section 10 or 11, as the 
case may be, or
	(ii)	that no defect was detected,
	(f)	state the time and date that the report is made,
	(g)	state the name of the person who inspected the commercial 
vehicle and include a statement signed by that person stating 
that the commercial vehicle has been inspected in accordance 
with the applicable requirements under section 10 or 11, as 
the case may be,
	(h)	contain the name and signature of the driver or the person 
making the report, and
	(i)	in the case of a trip inspection under section 11,
	(i)	record the brake adjustment measurement,
	(ii)	indicate the nature of all repairs carried out to rectify 
defects determined during the inspection, and
	(iii)	state the trade certificate number of the Heavy 
Equipment Technician that conducted the inspection.
(5)  No carrier shall permit a driver to drive, and no driver shall drive, 
a commercial vehicle unless the driver has the trip inspection report of 
a valid inspection conducted under section 10(7) or 11(6) pertaining to 
that commercial vehicle in that driver's possession.
(6)  A driver shall, on the request of a peace officer, produce to the 
peace officer for inspection the trip inspection report prepared under 
this section or a written document under section 15.
(7)  Despite subsections (2), (5) and (6), a driver, other than the driver 
of a school bus, is not required to prepare a trip inspection report under 
this section if
	(a)	the driver operates or is instructed by the carrier to operate a 
commercial vehicle within a radius of 160 kilometres of the 
home terminal,
	(b)	a driver returns to the home terminal each day to begin a 
minimum of 8 consecutive hours off-duty time, and
	(c)	the driver is not driving under a permit issued relating to the 
Drivers' Hours of Service Regulation (AR 317/2002).
(8)  Subsection (7) is repealed on January 1, 2010.
Distribution and retention of reports
13(1)  A driver shall, within 20 days after the completion of a trip 
inspection report, forward the original of the report to the home 
terminal of the carrier who is responsible for the commercial vehicle.
(2)  A carrier shall
	(a)	ensure that the driver forwards the original of the trip 
inspection report as required under subsection (1),
	(b)	deposit the original of the trip inspection report at its 
principal place of business within 30 days of receiving it, and
	(c)	keep each original of the trip inspection report in 
chronological order for each vehicle for at least 6 months 
after receiving it.
Report of defects
14   If the driver or the person authorized by the carrier to prepare a 
trip inspection report under section 10(7) or 11(6) believes or suspects 
there is a safety defect in the commercial vehicle that was inspected 
under section 10(4) and (5) or 11(3) and (4), the driver or the person 
authorized by the carrier shall report the defect to the carrier
	(a)	without delay if the defect is a major defect, or
	(b)	in a timely manner, and not later than the next required daily 
trip inspection, in all other cases.
Defects observed during operation
15   Regardless of whether or not a trip inspection report is required 
under section 12, if a driver observes any safety defects specified in 
Schedule 1, 2, 3 or 4 of NSC Standard 13, as the case may be, in the 
commercial vehicle while driving the vehicle, the driver shall record 
the safety defects in the trip inspection report or otherwise in a written 
document and report that defect to the carrier responsible for the 
vehicle, as the case may be,
	(a)	without delay if the defect is a major defect, or
	(b)	in a timely manner, and not later than the next required daily 
trip inspection, in all other cases.
Requirements to repair or correct
16   A carrier or a person authorized by the carrier under section 10(7) 
or 11(6) shall not permit a driver to drive, and a driver shall not drive, 
a commercial vehicle unless, before doing so, the carrier or the person 
has
	(a)	repaired or corrected any major defect listed on the trip 
inspection report or the written document referred to in 
section 12 or 15, as the case may be, and certified on the 
report that the defect has been repaired or corrected, or
	(b)	certified on the report that repair or correction is unnecessary.
Cargo Securement Requirements
Cargo securement requirements
17(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"commercial vehicle" means a commercial vehicle or a 
combination of commercial vehicles that is registered for a 
gross weight of more than, or that weighs more than, 
4500 kilograms and that is not a bus;
	(b)	"NSC Standard 10" means NSC Standard 10 adopted under 
section 2.
(2)  The vehicles referred to in NSC Standard 10 are deemed to be 
commercial vehicles as defined in subsection (1)(a).
(3)  A carrier or an owner of a commercial vehicle shall not permit a 
driver to operate, and a driver shall not operate, a commercial vehicle 
where the cargo transported in or on the commercial vehicle is not 
contained, immobilized or secured in accordance with NSC 
Standard 10 as it relates to the particular type of commercial vehicle.
(4)  A driver, a carrier or an owner of a commercial vehicle shall 
ensure that cargo transported by a commercial vehicle is contained, 
immobilized or secured so that it cannot
	(a)	leak, spill, blow off, fall from, fall through or otherwise be 
dislodged from the commercial vehicle, or
	(b)	shift upon or within the commercial vehicle to such an extent 
that the commercial vehicle's stability or manoeuvrability is 
adversely affected.
(5)  The provisions of sections 10 and 22 of NSC Standard 10 do not 
apply to a commercial vehicle that is registered as a Class 2 
commercial vehicle under section 77(1)(b) and (2)(g) of the Operator 
Licensing and Vehicle Control Regulation (AR 320/2002), or a 
commercial vehicle that is operated under contract with a farmer for 
the purpose of hauling hay, used either singly or in combination with 
one or more trailers, when it is transporting stacks or round or 
rectangular bales of hay or straw within a 50-kilometre radius of the 
load's place of origin if
	(a)	the vehicle while transporting the load does not exceed
	(i)	the posted speed limit, where the posted speed limit is 
lower than 80 kilometres per hour, or
	(ii)	80 kilometres per hour, where the posted speed limit is 
80 kilometres per hour or higher,
		and
	(b)	the vehicle is not operated on any highway or portion of a 
highway listed in Schedule 7 except to cross the highway.
School Bus Operation Requirements
Compliance with standards
18   Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation, a person shall not 
operate or permit a person to operate a school bus on a highway unless 
the bus complies with the standards prescribed in
	(a)	the Act,
	(b)	Schedule 5, and
	(c)	any other applicable regulations under the Act.
Limitation on use of school bus
19(1)  Subject to subsection (3), section 52 of the School Act and the 
Student Transportation Regulation (AR 250/98), a school board shall 
use only a school bus to transport students to or from a school.
(2)  In addition to subsection (1), a school board may use a school bus 
to
	(a)	transport students, and other persons authorized in writing by 
the school board, to or from extracurricular activities of the 
school if
	(i)	the trip has been authorized in writing by the school 
principal, and
	(ii)	the driver of the school bus has in the driver's 
possession on the bus documents evidencing the 
approval referred to in subclause (i),
	(b)	transport an employee of the school board who, in the course 
of the carrying out of the employee's duties, must travel on 
the school bus to accompany a student, if the transporting of 
that employee is approved by the school board, and
	(c)	transport a preschool child who accompanies the child's 
parent or guardian while the parent or guardian is driving or 
being transported in the school bus if,
	(i)	before the preschool child is so transported, the school 
board has given its written approval setting out the 
times and conditions, if any, under which the preschool 
child may be transported,
	(ii)	the child is secured in a child restraint system that meets 
the requirements of the Vehicle Equipment Regulation, 
and
	(iii)	the child does not occupy a seat required by a student 
who is transported on the bus.
(3)  Despite subsection (2), a school board may use a multi-functional 
activity bus to transport a student for a trip other than that between the 
school and the residence of the student.
(4)  In subsection (3), "multi-functional activity bus" means a bus that 
meets the requirements of a school bus under this Regulation except 
for the following requirements:
	(a)	alternating flashing warning lamps in accordance with 
section 17 of Schedule 5;
	(b)	a stop arm in accordance with section 27 of Schedule 5;
	(c)	a crossing arm in accordance with section 28 of Schedule 5;
	(d)	a school bus sign in accordance with section 15 of Schedule 
5;
	(e)	the colour requirements for a school bus in accordance with 
sections 2 and 8 of Schedule 5.
(5)  Where a school bus becomes temporarily disabled, another school 
bus may be temporarily substituted for it.
(6)  The certificate of registration and the licence plates for the 
disabled school bus must be carried in the cab of the substitute school 
bus at all times during which the substitute school bus is being used in 
that capacity.
(7)  If the substitution referred to in subsection (5) is required for a 
period in excess of 7 days, the registered owner of the disabled school 
bus shall notify the Registrar of the substitution, and the Registrar may 
issue a permit for the substitute school bus for the period required.
Requirements for other use of school bus
20(1)  If a school board or a person uses a school bus for a purpose not 
specified in section 19, the school board or the person, as the case may 
be,
	(a)	shall, in addition to any other applicable provisions under the 
Commercial Vehicle Certificate and Insurance Regulation 
(AR 314/2002), meet the operating authority certificate 
requirements of that Regulation, and
	(b)	shall not use the bus at the same time for a purpose under 
section 19.
(2)  Nothing in this section shall be construed so as to prevent a school 
bus from being operated for the purposes
	(a)	of having it inspected, repaired or serviced, or
	(b)	of moving it from one location to another location unless the 
bus is used for a purpose under section 19.
Vehicle no longer used as a school bus
21   When a school bus is no longer to be used for a purpose under 
section 19, the owner of the bus shall
	(a)	remove or cover all signs on the bus that make reference to 
the fact that the vehicle is a school bus, and
	(b)	remove the alternating flashing warning lamps and stop arm 
required under the Vehicle Equipment Regulation.
Alteration of school bus
22(1)  No person shall change, reconstruct or modify the body or 
seating capacity of a school bus without the written approval of the 
Registrar.
(2)  The Registrar may include any terms and conditions the Registrar 
considers appropriate in an approval granted under subsection (1).
Prohibitions
23(1)  In this section, "guide dog" means a guide dog as defined in the 
Blind Persons' Rights Act.
(2)  When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, no 
person shall convey in or on the school bus
	(a)	animals,
	(b)	firearms,
	(c)	explosives,
	(d)	combustible materials or substances, or
	(e)	anything
	(i)	of a dangerous or objectionable nature, or
	(ii)	that might endanger the lives or safety of persons in the 
bus.
(3)  Subsection (2)(a) does not apply if
	(a)	the animal is a guide dog accompanying a person with a 
physical disability, and
	(b)	while the bus is in motion, the guide dog sits or lies on the 
floor under or in front of a passenger's seat without blocking 
or otherwise obstructing the aisle of the bus.
Fuelling
24   When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, the 
driver of the school bus shall not allow any person, other than the 
driver, in the bus when fuel is put into the fuel tank of the bus.
Use of tobacco, etc.
25(1)  When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, no 
person in the school bus shall
	(a)	consume alcohol or a drug that is a controlled substance 
under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada),
	(b)	be impaired by alcohol or a drug that is a controlled 
substance under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act 
(Canada), or
	(c)	smoke or use tobacco in any manner.
(2)  When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, the 
driver of the school bus shall ensure that no person in the school bus is
	(a)	consuming alcohol or a drug that is a controlled substance 
under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada),
	(b)	impaired by alcohol or a drug that is a controlled substance 
under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada), or
	(c)	smoking or using tobacco in any manner.
Embarking and disembarking students
26(1)  The driver of a school bus shall not embark or disembark 
students onto or from a school bus unless
	(a)	it is at a time and a place that is safe to do so, and
	(b)	where applicable, it is in compliance with section 43 of the 
Use of Highway and Rules of the Road Regulation 
(AR 304/2002).
(2)  When the driver of a school bus disembarks a student from the 
school bus, the driver shall not move the school bus after the 
disembarking until the student is observed by the driver to have 
reached a place that is safe from the traffic.
Application of crossing arm outside of urban area
27   Where a student must cross a highway outside of an urban area 
before embarking onto or after disembarking from a school bus, the 
driver of the school bus shall, as far as practicable, direct the student to 
cross the highway in front of the crossing arm of the school bus with 
the crossing arm in its open position.
Application of crossing arm inside urban area
28(1)  Subject to subsection (2), where a student must cross a highway 
inside an urban area before embarking onto or after disembarking from 
a school bus, the driver of the school bus shall, as far as practicable, 
direct the student to cross the highway in front of the crossing arm of 
the school bus with the crossing arm in its open position or at a 
crosswalk.
(2)  Where a student must cross a highway inside an urban area before 
embarking onto or after disembarking from a school bus, the driver of 
the school bus shall, as far as practicable, direct the student to cross the 
highway at a crosswalk if the council of the urban area has enacted a 
bylaw that prohibits the school bus from using
	(a)	a crossing arm,
	(b)	a stop arm, or
	(c)	alternating flashing warning lamps.
Standing, etc., in school bus
29   When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, no 
person shall
	(a)	stand in the school bus,
	(b)	get up from that person's seat in the school bus, or
	(c)	embark onto or disembark from the school bus
while the school bus is in motion.
Leaving school bus
30   When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, the 
driver of the school bus shall not leave the school bus unless
	(a)	the engine and ignition are turned off,
	(b)	the ignition key is removed, and
	(c)	the parking brake is set.
Driveaway or Towaway Requirements
Driveaway or towaway requirements
31(1)  In this section and in Schedule 6,
	(a)	"driveaway or towaway operation" means an operation in 
which a commercial vehicle transports one or more motor 
vehicles by towing them in circumstances under which at 
least one set of wheels of the towed motor vehicles is in 
contact with the highway during transportation;
	(b)	"towed vehicle" means a motor vehicle being towed by a 
commercial vehicle;
	(c)	"towing vehicle" means a commercial vehicle towing a 
motor vehicle.
(2)  Unless otherwise provided in this section or in Schedule 6, a 
person shall not operate or allow another person to operate the towing 
vehicle in a driveaway or towaway operation unless the towing 
vehicle, the towed vehicle and related equipment used in the operation 
comply with Schedule 6.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to
	(a)	a tow truck that is engaged in the recovery of a vehicle, or
	(b)	a vehicle towing a temporarily disabled vehicle to a place of 
repair.
Transportation of Anhydrous 
Ammonia Requirements
Transportation of anhydrous ammonia and other fertilizers
32(1)  In this section and sections 33 to 36,
	(a)	"applicator" means an implement of husbandry without 
motive power
	(i)	that is specially designed for the field application of 
anhydrous ammonia, and
	(ii)	on which an applicator tank is mounted;
	(b)	"applicator tank" means a container that
	(i)	has a water capacity of not more than 10 000 litres, and
	(ii)	is mounted on an implement of husbandry;
	(c)	"container" means a means of containment as defined in the 
Dangerous Goods Transportation and Handling Act that 
contains anhydrous ammonia;
	(d)	"daytime" means daytime as defined in the Use of Highway 
and Rules of the Road Regulation (AR 304/2002);
	(e)	"dry spreader trailer" means a hopper-type trailer that is 
designed to transport and apply granular fertilizer;
	(f)	"farm wagon trailer" means an implement of husbandry 
without motive power
	(i)	on which a container is mounted,
	(ii)	that is designed to be towed by another vehicle,
	(iii)	that has a set of axles or a trailer converter dolly located 
at or near the front end and that has a set of axles at or 
near the rear end, and
	(iv)	that primarily carries its weight and any load on its 
axles and, if a trailer converter dolly is used, on the 
dolly;
	(g)	"implement of husbandry" means an implement of husbandry 
as defined in the Use of Highway and Rules of the Road 
Regulation (AR 304/2002);
	(h)	"self-propelled floater implement of husbandry" means a 
motor vehicle that is designed, adapted or modified 
exclusively for the field application of fertilizers.
(2)  Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation, a person shall not 
transport or permit another person to transport anhydrous ammonia or 
other fertilizers in or on a commercial vehicle or an implement of 
husbandry unless the vehicle or the implement complies with the 
standards prescribed in this Regulation.
Brakes on trailer
33(1)  Subject to sections 34 and 35, no person shall tow an applicator, 
farm wagon trailer or dry spreader trailer unless the applicator, farm 
wagon trailer or dry spreader trailer is equipped with brakes in 
accordance with the brake requirements in Schedule 2 and of the 
Vehicle Equipment Regulation.
(2)  In addition to subsection (1), any required brakes on an applicator, 
farm wagon trailer or dry spreader trailer must comply with all 
applicable provisions in sections 10 to 16 of Schedule 2.
Brakes on trailers not required
34(1)  An applicator or a farm wagon trailer may be towed without the 
applicator or farm wagon trailer being equipped with brakes if
	(a)	the applicator or farm wagon trailer has a gross trailer weight 
that is
	(i)	2300 kilograms or less and it is being towed by a motor 
vehicle that has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight 
rating of at least 2700 kilograms,
	(ii)	more than 2300 kilograms but not greater than 3100 
kilograms and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that 
has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at 
least 3600 kilograms,
	(iii)	more than 3100 kilograms but not greater than 3900 
kilograms and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that 
has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at 
least 4500 kilograms,
	(iv)	more than 3900 kilograms but not greater than 4300 
kilograms and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that 
has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at 
least 6800 kilograms,
	(v)	more than 4300 kilograms but not more than 5100 
kilograms and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that 
has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at 
least 10 000 kilograms, or
	(vi)	more than 5100 kilograms but not more than 5900 
kilograms and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that 
has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at 
least 13 600 kilograms,
		and
	(b)	in the case of an applicator, the applicator and its towing 
vehicle travel at a speed not exceeding 65 kilometres per 
hour.
(2)  A dry spreader trailer may be towed without the trailer being 
equipped with brakes if the trailer has a gross trailer weight that is
	(a)	5000 kilograms or less,
	(b)	more than 5000 kilograms but not more than 5100 kilograms 
and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that has a 
manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at least 10 000 
kilograms, or
	(c)	more than 5100 kilograms but not more than 5900 kilograms 
and it is being towed by a motor vehicle that has a 
manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at least 13 600 
kilograms.
Farm wagon trailer
35(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no person shall tow a farm wagon 
trailer or dry spreader trailer without brakes unless the towing vehicle 
has a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of at least 2700 
kilograms.
(2)  No person shall tow a farm wagon trailer or dry spreader trailer 
equipped without brakes if,
	(a)	in the case of a farm wagon trailer, the container mounted on 
the trailer has a capacity of 4900 litres or more, or
	(b)	in the case of a dry spreader trailer, the trailer has a capacity 
in excess of 7300 kilograms
unless the manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of the towing 
vehicle is equal to or greater than the gross trailer weight.
(3)  The operator of a vehicle towing a farm wagon trailer or a dry 
spreader trailer shall
	(a)	not travel at a speed that is in excess of 40 kilometres per 
hour,
	(b)	ensure that the front of the container or the trailer bears the 
words "Maximum Speed 40 kilometres per hour" in red 
lettering with at least a 6 millimetre stroke and at least 50 
millimetres in height, and
	(c)	travel during daytime only.
Self-propelled floater implement of husbandry
36   No person shall operate a self-propelled floater implement of 
husbandry on a paved highway at any time during which the 
implement is carrying a load.
Records
Records
37(1)  In this section and section 38, "carrier" includes a carrier 
subject to section 6(1) or a person subject to section 6(2).
(2)  A carrier shall maintain, or cause to be maintained, the following 
records pertaining to each commercial vehicle used in the carrier's 
business:
	(a)	an identification of the vehicle, including
	(i)	a unit number, the manufacturer's serial number or a 
similar identifying mark,
	(ii)	the make of the vehicle, and
	(iii)	the year of manufacture;
	(b)	a record of the inspection of the vehicle under the Vehicle 
Inspection Regulation (AR 211/2006), and repairs, 
lubrication and maintenance for the vehicle, including
	(i)	the nature of the inspection or work performed on the 
vehicle, and
	(ii)	the date on which that inspection or work took place 
and the odometer or hubometer reading on the vehicle at 
that time;
	(c)	notices of defect received from the vehicle manufacturer and 
the corrective work done on the vehicle in relation to those 
notices;
	(d)	trip inspection reports prepared under section 12.
(3)  Unless otherwise authorized by the Registrar, a carrier shall 
maintain, or cause to be maintained, the records referred to in 
subsection (2) at the carrier's principal place of business.
(4)  The carrier shall ensure that the records required to be maintained 
under this section are true, accurate and legible.
Retention of records
38(1)  Subject to subsection (2), the records referred to in section 
37(2) shall be retained by the carrier,
	(a)	except for the records under section 37(2)(d), for the current 
calendar year and the 4 calendar years immediately 
preceding, and
	(b)	in the case of the records under section 37(2)(d), for the 
current month and the 6 months immediately preceding.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), when a commercial vehicle is permanently 
retired from use in business by the carrier or is otherwise disposed of, 
records kept in respect of that vehicle shall be retained for a period of 6 
months from the date that the vehicle was retired or disposed of.
Interference with records
39   No person shall destroy, mutilate, deface, falsify or alter any of 
the records required to be maintained under section 37 or retained 
under section 38.
Administration
Exemption by Registrar
40(1)  The Registrar may at any time exempt a person or vehicle from 
any of the requirements of this Regulation, subject to any terms and 
conditions the Registrar considers appropriate.
(2)  The exemption under subsection (1) may be provided to a specific 
person or vehicle or to a class or group of persons or vehicles.
(3)  A person to whom an exemption under subsection (1) is granted 
shall comply with the terms and conditions, if any, prescribed by the 
Registrar.
Notice of administrative penalty
41(1)  A notice of an administrative penalty imposed under section 
143 of the Act must contain the following information:
	(a)	the name of the person on whom the administrative penalty is 
imposed;
	(b)	the section of this Regulation or a Schedule to this 
Regulation the person has contravened or failed to comply 
with;
	(c)	a brief description of the nature of the contravention or 
failure to comply identified under clause (b);
	(d)	the amount of the administrative penalty imposed;
	(e)	whether the penalty is fixed or accumulates for each day or 
part of a day that the contravention or failure to comply 
occurs or continues;
	(f)	the date the notice of the administrative penalty is issued;
	(g)	the date by which the penalty must be paid, unless the 
penalty is an accumulating penalty;
	(h)	a statement describing the right of a person on whom the 
administrative penalty is imposed to appeal the 
administrative penalty to the Board, the addresses to which 
the appeal is to be sent, how the appeal is to be made and the 
date by which the appeal is to be made.
(2)  The form of the notice of the administrative penalty, containing at 
least the information described in subsection (1), must be the form 
approved by the Registrar.
Determination of penalty amount
42(1)  The Registrar is to determine the amount of the administrative 
penalty to be imposed on a person after considering the following 
factors and the considerations described in subsection (2):
	(a)	the seriousness of the contravention;
	(b)	whether a collision occurred or the danger that a collision 
could have occurred as a result of the contravention;
	(c)	any history of contraventions of this Regulation by the 
person on whom the administrative penalty is imposed;
	(d)	any other factor considered relevant by the Registrar.
(2)  The Registrar is to be guided by the following considerations in 
making the determination referred to in subsection (1):
	(a)	the amount of the administrative penalty imposed should 
reflect the seriousness of the contravention;
	(b)	the greater the danger or possibility that a collision could 
have occurred, or the greater the degree of risk to people or 
property that did occur as a result of the contravention, or the 
fact that a collision did occur, the higher the penalty should 
be;
	(c)	the more times a person has previously been issued an 
administrative penalty, the higher the penalty should be;
	(d)	the greater the degree of wilfulness or neglect in the 
contravention, the higher the penalty should be;
	(e)	any other consideration determined relevant by the Registrar.
Limitation period
43   An administrative penalty may be imposed only within 6 months 
of the date the Registrar first becomes aware of the contravention of 
this Regulation in respect of which the administrative penalty is to be 
imposed.
Offences
44(1)  A person who contravenes or fails to comply with any of the 
following sections is guilty of an offence:
section 3; 
section 4(1), (2); 
section 5(2), (3), (4), (5), (6); 
section 6(1), (2), (3), (4), (5); 
section 7; 
section 8; 
section 10(2), (4), (8), (9), (11); 
section 11(1), (3), (4); 
section 12(2), (3), (4), (5), (6); 
section 13(1), (2); 
section 14; 
section 15; 
section 16; 
section 17(3), (4); 
section 18; 
section 19(1), (6), (7); 
section 20(1); 
section 21; 
section 22(1); 
section 23(2); 
section 24; 
section 25(1), (2); 
section 26(1), (2); 
section 27; 
section 28(1), (2); 
section 29; 
section 30; 
section 31(2); 
section 32(2); 
section 33(1), (2); 
section 35(1), (2), (3); 
section 36; 
section 37(2), (3), (4); 
section 38(1), (2); 
section 39.
(2)  For the purposes of section 4 of this Regulation, it is an offence to 
contravene or fail to comply with the following provisions of Schedule 
1:
section 1(2), (4); 
section 2; 
section 3(2), (3); 
section 4(2), (3); 
section 5(1), (2); 
section 6(1), (2); 
section 7(1); 
section 8; 
section 9(1), (2), (3); 
section 10; 
section 11; 
section 12; 
section 13(1); 
section 14; 
section 15(1), (2); 
section 16(1), (2); 
section 17(1), (2), (3), (4), (5).
(3)  For the purposes of sections 5, 6 and 18 of this Regulation, it is an 
offence to contravene or fail to comply with the following provisions 
of Schedules 2, 3, 4 and 5:
	(a)	in Schedule 2:
section 1(1), (2); 
section 2; 
section 3; 
section 4; 
section 5(2); 
section 6; 
section 7(1), (2); 
section 8; 
section 9(2); 
section 10; 
section 11(2); 
section 12; 
section 13; 
section 14; 
section 15; 
section 16(2); 
section 17; 
section 18; 
section 19; 
section 20(2); 
section 21(2); 
section 22; 
section 23; 
section 24; 
section 25(1), (2); 
section 26; 
section 27; 
section 28(2), (3); 
section 29; 
section 30; 
section 31(1), (2); 
section 32; 
section 33;
	(b)	in Schedule 3:
section 1; 
section 2; 
section 3; 
section 4; 
section 5(1), (2); 
section 6; 
section 7; 
section 8; 
section 9(1), (2);
	(c)	in Schedule 4:
section 2; 
section 3(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11); 
section 4(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10); 
section 5; 
section 6; 
section 7; 
section 8; 
section 9; 
section 10; 
section 11; 
section 12; 
section 13; 
section 14(1), (2);
	(d)	in Schedule 5:
section 2(1), (3), (4); 
section 3(1), (2), (3); 
section 4(1), (2); 
section 5(1), (2); 
section 6(1), (2); 
section 7; 
section 8(1), (2); 
section 9(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6); 
section 10(1), (2), (3); 
section 11(1), (2), (3), (4); 
section 12(1), (2); 
section 13; 
section 14; 
section 15(1), (2), (3); 
section 16; 
section 17; 
section 18; 
section 19; 
section 20; 
section 21; 
section 22(1), (2); 
section 23(2), (3), (4); 
section 24; 
section 25(1), (2); 
section 26; 
section 27; 
section 28; 
section 29; 
section 30; 
section 31.
(4)  For the purposes of section 31 of this Regulation, it is an offence 
to contravene or fail to comply with the following provisions of 
Schedule 6:
section 2; 
section 3(1), (2); 
section 4(1), (2); 
section 5; 
section 6; 
section 7; 
section 8; 
section 9; 
section 10(2), (3), (4); 
section 11(1), (2); 
section 12(1), (2); 
section 13(1), (2), (3); 
section 14(1), (2); 
section 15(1), (2).
(5)  For the purposes of section 17(5)(b) of this Regulation, it is an 
offence to contravene or fail to comply with section 1 of Schedule 7.
Transitional Provisions, Consequential 
Amendments, Repeals, Expiry 
and Coming into Force
Transitional provisions
45(1)  A maintenance and inspection program prepared by a carrier 
that met the requirements of
	(a)	section 5 of the Commercial Vehicle Maintenance Standards 
Regulation (AR 118/89),
	(b)	section 12 of the Commercial Bus Inspection, Equipment and 
Safety Regulation (AR 428/91), or
	(c)	section 7 of the Commercial Bus Equipment and Safety 
Regulation (AR 213/2006)
is deemed to be a maintenance program prepared under this 
Regulation.
(2)  Any records that were created or maintained by a person under
	(a)	section 8 or 9 of the Commercial Vehicle Maintenance 
Standards Regulation (AR 118/89),
	(b)	section 4(1)(a), 15 or 16 of the Commercial Bus Inspection, 
Equipment and Safety Regulation (AR 428/91), or
	(c)	section 4 or 10 of the Commercial Bus Equipment and Safety 
Regulation (AR 213/2006)
are deemed to be records created and maintained under this 
Regulation.
Amends AR 314/2002
46(1)  This section amends the Commercial Vehicle 
Certificate and Insurance Regulation (AR 314/2002).
(2)  Section 4(1)(d) is amended by striking out "Commercial 
Vehicle Maintenance Standards Regulation (AR 118/89)" and 
substituting "Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation".
(3)  Section 10(2)(a) is repealed and the following is 
substituted:
	(a)	is a school bus when it is used for a purpose under section 19 
of the Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation;
(4)  Section 18 is repealed.
(5)  Section 20(2)(d) is amended by striking out "Commercial 
Bus Equipment and Safety Regulation" and substituting 
"Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation".
(6)  The following is added after section 26:
Passenger hazard insurance for school bus
26.1(1)  Every school bus that is used for a purpose under 
section 19 of the Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation must be 
covered by a policy of automobile insurance providing passenger 
hazard coverage in at least the following amounts:
	(a)	$200 000 for bodily injury or death of any one person as 
a result of any single accident;
	(b)	if the manufacturer's seating capacity of the vehicle was 
originally designed for 15 passengers or fewer, 
including the driver, $500 000 for bodily injury or death 
of 2 or more persons as a result of any single accident;
	(c)	if the manufacturer's seating capacity of the vehicle was 
originally designed for 16 passengers or more, including 
the driver, $1 000 000 for bodily injury or death of 2 or 
more persons as a result of any single accident.
(2)  When requested to do so by the Registrar, the owner of the 
school bus must direct the insurer to file with the Registrar, as 
the case may be, evidence of the current policy referred to in 
subsection (1).
(3)  Nothing in this section affects the obligations of a person 
under the Insurance Act.
(7)  Section 40(1)(d) is amended by striking out "flags and 
flares,".
(8)  Section 43(1) is amended 
	(a)	by striking out "Commercial Vehicle Maintenance 
Standards Regulation (AR 118/89) and Vehicle Inspection 
Regulation" and substituting "the Commercial Vehicle 
Safety Regulation";
	(b)	in clause (b) by striking out "for at least 5 years from the 
date they are created, established or received" and 
substituting "for the current year in which they are created, 
established or received and the 4 calendar years immediately 
following".
(9)  Section 55 is amended by adding "section 26.1(1), (2);" 
after "section 26(1), (2);".
Amends AR 315/2002
47(1)  This section amends the Commercial Vehicle 
Dimension and Weight Regulation (AR 315/2002).
(2)  Section 9(1)(a)(iii) is repealed.
(3)  Section 13 is repealed and the following is substituted:
Licence of occupation road
13(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"licence of occupation road" means a road held under a 
licence of occupation granted under the Dispositions 
and Fees Regulation (AR 54/2000);
	(b)	"roadway width" means the width of the travelled 
surface of a licence of occupation road as measured 
from shoulder to shoulder.
(2)  In the case of a commercial vehicle operating on a licence of 
occupation road,
	(a)	sections 4 and 9 do not apply,
	(b)	subject to clause (c), sections 14, 15 and 16 apply to the 
same extent as if the commercial vehicle were being 
operated pursuant to an overdimensional permit, and
	(c)	sections 14, 15 and 16 do not apply if the commercial 
vehicle is carrying a load of logs.
(3)  No person shall, on a licence of occupation road, operate a 
commercial vehicle used to carry logs when the front or rear 
bunk width of the vehicle exceeds that permitted for the roadway 
width as determined by the following table:


Roadway Width
Maximum Bunk Width


Front
Rear
(a)
6 metres or more but less 
than 7.3 metres
 
3.2 metres
 
2.6 metres
(b)
7.3 metres or more but 
less than 9.1 metres
 
3.65 metres
 
3.05 metres
(c)
9.1 metres or more
4.57 metres	
3.96 metres
(4)  Subsection (3) does not apply to an access road, to a landing 
or to a block.
(4)  Section 19(2) is amended by striking out "operated under 
the Log Haul Regulation" and substituting "carrying a load of 
logs".
(5)  Section 21 is amended by adding "section 13(3);" after 
"section 12(4);".
Amends AR 320/2002
48(1)  This section amends the Operator Licensing and 
Vehicle Control Regulation (AR 320/2002).
(2)  Section 78(b) is amended by striking out "School Bus 
Operation Regulation (AR 437/86)" and substituting "Commercial 
Vehicle Safety Regulation".
(3)  Section 105(c) and (d) are amended by striking out 
"School Bus Operation Regulation (AR 437/86)" and substituting 
"Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation".
(4)  Section 106(5)(a) is amended by striking out "driveaway 
and towaway operation" and substituting "driveaway or towaway 
operation as defined in the Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation".
(5)  Section 136(6) is amended by striking out 
"driveway-towaway operation" and substituting "driveaway or 
towaway operation as defined in the Commercial Vehicle Safety 
Regulation".
Repeals
49   The following regulations are repealed:
	(a)	Commercial Vehicle General Equipment and Safety 
Regulation (AR 435/86);
	(b)	Commercial Vehicle Maintenance Standards Regulation 
(AR 118/89);
	(c)	Commercial Bus Equipment and Safety Regulation 
(AR 213/2006);
	(d)	Bus Safety Regulation (AR 212/2006);
	(e)	School Bus Operation Regulation (AR 437/86);
	(f)	Driveaway and Towaway Regulation (AR 427/86);
	(g)	Transportation of Anhydrous Ammonia and Other Fertilizers 
Regulation (AR 436/86);
	(h)	Log Haul Regulation (AR 431/86);
	(i)	Cargo Securement Regulation (AR 1/2005).
Expiry
50   For the purpose of ensuring that this Regulation is reviewed for 
ongoing relevancy and necessity, with the option that it may be 
repassed in its present or an amended form following a review, this 
Regulation expires on July 1, 2016.
Coming into force
51   This Regulation comes into force on July 1, 2009.
Schedule 1 
 
Commercial Vehicle Safety Standards
Proof of compliance
1(1)  In this section, a Compliance Label includes a Final-stage 
Manufacturer's Compliance Label.
(2)  A commercial vehicle shall not be operated unless the vehicle has 
attached to it
	(a)	a Compliance Label, and
	(b)	a National Safety Mark,
issued in accordance with the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and 
the regulations under that Act.
(3)  Despite subsection (2), if a commercial vehicle is an imported 
vehicle, the owner may provide a statement in a form acceptable to the 
Registrar that meets the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act 
(Canada) in place of the National Safety Mark.
(4)  If a commercial vehicle is modified to such degree that it no longer 
conforms to the information contained in that vehicle's original 
Compliance Label, the vehicle shall not be operated unless it
	(a)	has attached to it a new Compliance Label issued in 
accordance with the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and 
the regulations under that Act showing the new information 
respecting the vehicle as modified,
	(b)	carries a certificate issued by a qualified professional 
engineer certifying that the vehicle as modified meets the 
requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and 
the regulations under that Act, or
	(c)	carries a certificate issued by a person approved by the 
Registrar certifying that the vehicle as modified meets the 
requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and 
the regulations under that Act.
(5)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a commercial vehicle 
manufactured on or before December 31, 2011.
(6)  Subsection (4) does not apply in respect of modifications to a 
commercial vehicle completed on or before December 31, 2011.
Vehicle identification number
2   A commercial vehicle shall not be operated unless the vehicle has 
attached to it
	(a)	a vehicle identification number issued in accordance with the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) or a regulation under that 
Act,
	(b)	an assigned identification number issued under the Operator 
Licensing and Vehicle Control Regulation (AR 320/2002), or
	(c)	a number or identifying mark that is accepted by the 
Registrar under the Operator Licensing and Vehicle Control 
Regulation (AR 320/2002)
and the number or mark referred to in clause (a), (b) or (c) is identical 
to the number or mark contained in the certificate of registration issued 
for that vehicle by the Registrar.
Slow moving vehicles
3(1)  In this section, "slow moving vehicle sign" means a sign that 
complies with
	(a)	the Society of Automotive Engineers Standard J943, as 
amended from time to time, or
	(b)	the Canadian Standards Association Standard M671-99: 
Slow-Moving Vehicle Identification Emblem, as amended 
from time to time.
(2)  A commercial vehicle shall not be operated on a highway if it is
	(a)	a slow moving vehicle or a piece of slow moving equipment 
or machinery,
	(b)	an animal-drawn vehicle, or
	(c)	a piece of machinery or equipment used at or designed for a 
maximum speed not exceeding 40 kilometres per hour,
unless a slow moving vehicle sign is displayed on the vehicle.
(3)  The slow moving vehicle sign must be clean, legible and visible 
and must be displayed at the rear of the vehicle, or at the rear of the 
load carried by the vehicle, whichever is farthest from the front of the 
vehicle, in the following manner:
	(a)	with the broad base down;
	(b)	with the sign side facing to the rear;
	(c)	located at or as close to the centre line of the vehicle as is 
practicable;
	(d)	at a height of not less than 0.90 metres or greater than 1.50 
metres above the road surface.
(4)  Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply to any construction or 
maintenance equipment while that equipment is
	(a)	engaged in construction or maintenance work, and
	(b)	operated in the presence of a flagman or where there are 
warning signs notifying persons of the equipment's presence.
Advance warning triangle
4(1)  In this section, "advance warning triangle" means
	(a)	an emergency warning device that complies with the Society 
of Automotive Engineers Standard J774, as amended from 
time to time, and
	(b)	that is visible for a distance of at least 150 metres under 
normal atmospheric conditions.
(2)  A commercial vehicle shall not be operated
	(a)	unless the vehicle carries 2 advance warning triangles, and
	(b)	in the case of a school bus, the bus carries at least 3 advance 
warning triangles.
(3)  The operator of a commercial vehicle to which subsection (2) 
applies shall produce the advance warning triangles on the demand of a 
peace officer.
(4)  This section does not apply when the commercial vehicle, other 
than a school bus, is being operated within the boundaries of an urban 
area or between that urban area and an abutting urban area.
Warning on rear of tank truck
5(1)  A commercial vehicle shall not be operated to transport a tank 
with a capacity of 5000 litres or greater for the purpose of transporting 
flammable liquids or flammable gas or a highway tank used for the 
transportation of flammable liquids or flammable gas unless the 
vehicle is marked at the rear with the words "this truck stops at 
uncontrolled railway crossings" in accordance with the following 
specifications:
	(a)	reflectorized surfacing must be used and its colours must be 
as close to white as is practicable for such material;
	(b)	letters must be black in colour and at least 50 millimetres in 
height, with the exception of the word "stops", which must 
be 75 millimetres in height;
	(c)	stroke width must be uniform throughout and must be at least 
9.5 millimetres in width, with the exception of the word 
"stops", which must be at least 13 millimetres in stroke 
width;
	(d)	series B lettering as defined in the "Standard Alphabets for 
Traffic Control Devices" published by the United States 
Federal Highway Administration must be used;
	(e)	the overall dimensions must be not less than 350 millimetres 
by 600 millimetres;
	(f)	the words "this truck stops at uncontrolled railway crossings" 
must be formatted so as to occupy between 2 and 4 lines of 
lettering.
(2)  The marking referred to in subsection (1) must be maintained in a 
clean and visible condition.
Axle lifted
6(1)  A commercial vehicle may only be operated with an axle lifted 
by one of the following methods:
	(a)	by an axle lift device installed by the original manufacturer 
of the vehicle or by an aftermarket manufacturer of the 
device;
	(b)	by a temporary device that meets the requirements of 
subsection (2), including but not limited to a chain, cable or 
clamp.
(2)  A temporary device referred to in subsection (1)(b) may be used to 
secure an axle off the ground only when the axle is disabled, and must 
comply with the following conditions:
	(a)	the temporary device must be of sufficient strength to 
securely hold the axle of the vehicle in tow;
	(b)	the entire axle must be lifted so that all wheel sets attached to 
the axle are off the ground while the vehicle is in tow;
	(c)	the vehicle must not be transporting a load while it is being 
towed;
	(d)	the vehicle is being towed for the sole purpose of taking it 
directly to a place in order to have it repaired.
Petroleum products carried by trailer
7(1)  A single axle trailer, other than a semi-trailer as defined in 
section 1(nn) of the Commercial Vehicle Dimension and Weight 
Regulation (AR 315/2002), shall not be operated on a highway for the 
purpose of carrying a tank or a combination of tanks transporting 
petroleum products with a total capacity of
	(a)	3000 litres or greater for the purpose of transporting 
flammable liquids, or
	(b)	450 litres or greater for the purpose of transporting 
flammable gas.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a trailer used to transport asphalt 
products used for roofing or filling cracks on a road.
Tire rating
8   A commercial vehicle shall not be operated on a highway at a speed 
or with a load greater than the lowest rating prescribed by the 
manufacturer of any tire installed on the vehicle.
Signs on vehicles
9(1)  A commercial vehicle shall not be operated on a highway unless 
at least
	(a)	the name or logotype of its owner,
	(b)	the weight of the vehicle when it is not carrying a load, and
	(c)	the licensed maximum gross weight of the vehicle
are displayed on the left and right sides of the vehicle in letters and 
numerals of at least 50 millimetres in height.
(2)  The information required under subsection (1) to be displayed on 
the commercial vehicle must be in a contrasting colour to its 
background so that the information is clearly visible.
(3)  A commercial vehicle that is not a school bus shall not be operated 
on a highway with the words "SCHOOL BUS" or with words or 
symbols that suggest that the commercial vehicle is a school bus 
appearing on the body of the vehicle or on a sign attached to the 
vehicle.
(4)  Subsection (1) does not apply to
	(a)	a bus,
	(b)	a vehicle that is registered as a Class 2 commercial vehicle 
under section 77(1) of the Operator Licensing and Vehicle 
Control Regulation (AR 320/2002) if it is primarily used for 
farming purposes,
	(c)	a vehicle that is registered as a Class 2 commercial vehicle 
under section 77(2)(a) of the Operator Licensing and Vehicle 
Control Regulation (AR 320/2002),
	(d)	a commercial vehicle having a licensed maximum gross 
weight of 4500 kilograms or less,
	(e)	a vehicle owned by the Government of Canada, the 
Government of Alberta or the government of another 
province or by a municipality or school board,
	(f)	a vehicle carrying mail as defined in the Canada Post 
Corporation Act (Canada) if it bears the insignia or similar 
identifying mark or name authorized pursuant to the Canada 
Post Corporation Act (Canada), and
	(g)	a trailer, unless the trailer is one to which section 101 of the 
Vehicle Equipment Regulation applies.
Emergency exits
10   A bus shall not be operated if any emergency exit in the vehicle is 
obstructed or locked.
Cleanliness
11   A bus shall not be operated unless
	(a)	the inside and outside of the bus are free of all unnecessary 
projections likely to cause injury, and
	(b)	the inside of the bus and the inside windows are clean and 
sanitary.
Right hand drive
12   A right hand drive vehicle shall not be operated as a bus.
General prohibitions
13(1)  A bus shall not be operated with
	(a)	a greater number of persons being transported than the 
seating capacity of the bus is designed to carry,
	(b)	an object being transported that extends beyond the extreme 
width of the body of the bus or above the height of the bus, 
or
	(c)	a trailer attached to the bus.
(2)  Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a transit bus.
Fuel
14   Fuel shall not be transported on a bus other than in the fuel system 
or tank of the bus.
Luggage, cargo, goods, equipment
15(1)  In addition to the requirements of the Vehicle Equipment 
Regulation regarding transportation of goods, a bus shall not be 
operated unless the luggage, cargo, goods, equipment and tools that are 
carried on the bus are carried in an adequate place provided for the 
carrying of those items.
(2)  The place provided for carrying luggage, cargo, goods, equipment 
or tools under subsection (1) must
	(a)	not interfere with free access to the exits of the bus,
	(b)	be constructed so as to prevent the luggage, cargo, goods, 
equipment or tools from falling on or against a passenger, 
and
	(c)	in the case of passenger luggage, protect the luggage from 
dust and moisture.
First aid kit
16(1)  A bus shall not be operated unless the bus is equipped with,
	(a)	in the case of a bus other than a school bus, an Alberta 
Occupational Health and Safety Code Number 3 Safety Kit 
prescribed under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, or
	(b)	in the case of a school bus, a first aid kit that meets the 
requirements of the version of CSA Standard D250 
applicable at the time of manufacture.
(2)  The first aid kit referred to in subsection (1) must be readily 
accessible to the driver of the bus.
Fire extinguishers
17(1)  A bus shall not be operated unless the bus carries at least one 
fire extinguisher.
(2)  At least one fire extinguisher carried on a bus must
	(a)	in the case of a bus that is not a school bus, be marked and 
rated not less than 2A:10B:C by the manufacturer of the fire 
extinguisher in accordance with the procedures for testing 
and rating fire extinguishers set out in CAN-ULC-S508-M, 
and
	(b)	in the case of a school bus, meet the requirements of the 
version of CSA Standard D250 applicable at the time of 
manufacture of the school bus.
(3)  Where a fire extinguisher required under subsection (1)
	(a)	is of a stored pressure design, it must be equipped with a 
pressure gauge or indicator that shows whether or not the fire 
extinguisher is fully charged, or
	(b)	is of a cartridge operated design, the design must permit, 
without the use of special tools, visual inspection of
	(i)	the gas cartridge seal to see that it is intact, and
	(ii)	the agent container to see that it is fully charged.
(4)  A fire extinguisher required under subsection (1) must be
	(a)	in a charged condition,
	(b)	located in the forward end or near the entrance door of  the 
vehicle so that it is readily accessible to the driver of the 
vehicle, and
	(c)	mounted
	(i)	in a bracket that has a quick release retaining band, and
	(ii)	in a manner so that the fire extinguisher is prevented 
from falling out due to the movements of the vehicle.
(5)  If a fire extinguisher required under subsection (1) is stored in a 
compartment, that compartment must
	(a)	display the words "FIRE EXTINGUISHER INSIDE" in 
letters that are
	(i)	at least 25 millimetres in height, and
	(ii)	in a colour that contrasts with the background on which 
the words are displayed,
		and
	(b)	not be locked or require special tools to open it at any time.
Schedule 2 
 
Commercial Vehicle Maintenance Standards 
 
Body and Frame
Body and seats
1(1)  The standards to be met by the body, doors and seats of a 
commercial vehicle are as follows:
	(a)	each bumper, fender, moulding and other part must
	(i)	not be missing,
	(ii)	not be corroded,
	(iii)	be securely mounted, and
	(iv)	not be broken, bent or have sharp edges;
	(b)	each mud flap, mud guard and splash shield must be in the 
proper position;
	(c)	any hood latch must
	(i)	not be missing, and
	(ii)	hold the hood securely;
	(d)	any tilt cab latch must
	(i)	not be missing, and
	(ii)	hold the cab securely;
	(e)	the safety catch of a front opening hood latch or a tilt cab 
latch must
	(i)	not be missing, and
	(ii)	operate smoothly;
	(f)	each seat must
	(i)	be securely mounted,
	(ii)	not have its cushion or padding missing, torn or worn to 
be ineffective, and
	(iii)	retain its position and adjustment;
	(g)	the main door, and where applicable, the emergency door and 
roof hatch must
	(i)	be securely fastened to the body,
	(ii)	function properly,
	(iii)	be equipped with a lock, latch or spring device that 
holds it securely closed, and
	(iv)	not have missing, loose or torn materials on closing 
edges;
	(h)	any sun visor must
	(i)	be securely mounted, and
	(ii)	maintain a set adjustment.
(2)  In addition to subsection (1), a bus must meet the following 
standards:
	(a)	door controls must operate smoothly and the seals must be in 
good condition;
	(b)	the seating capacity of the bus must not exceed the 
manufacturer's designated seating capacity;
	(c)	the floor pan must not be perforated by rust or exhibit other 
structural damage;
	(d)	the engine compartment doors must latch securely;
	(e)	floor and stepwell coverings must
	(i)	be in good condition, and
	(ii)	have no loose or sharp edges;
	(f)	any baggage racks and package-retaining components must
	(i)	be securely mounted,
	(ii)	not be broken, and
	(iii)	not be worn so as to render them ineffective;
	(g)	each stanchion, grab handle, guard rail and guard panel must 
be securely mounted and fastening parts must not be missing;
	(h)	energy-absorbing material installed by the manufacturer on 
stanchions, guard rails or the tops or sides of seat backs must 
not be missing, torn or damaged;
	(i)	any emergency exit must open freely and close securely 
when the release mechanism is actuated from inside the bus;
	(j)	if the vehicle is fitted with an outside release mechanism for 
an emergency exit, the emergency exit must open freely and 
close securely when the release mechanism is actuated from 
outside the bus;
	(k)	any emergency exit warning device must function as 
intended;
	(l)	adequate markings for the locations and directions for the 
emergency use of the emergency exits must be displayed on 
or adjacent to the exits;
	(m)	any exterior compartment doors must
	(i)	be securely attached,
	(ii)	function properly,
	(iii)	be equipped with a lock, latch or spring device that 
holds it closed securely, and
	(iv)	not have any missing, broken or frayed counterbalance 
cables;
	(n)	for any separate exit door other than a door to be used for 
emergency purposes only, any interlock system, braking 
system and master override controls must function in 
accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
(3)  Subsection (2)(i) and (j) do not apply to a bus used for the purpose 
of transporting a person who is
	(a)	committed to a correctional institution, as defined in the 
Corrections Act, or a jail, including a military guard room, 
remand centre, penitentiary, facility or place designated as a 
place of open or secure custody pursuant to the Youth 
Criminal Justice Act (Canada), a place of custody, as defined 
in the Youth Justice Act, a detention centre or a place where a 
person is held under a warrant of a judge, or
	(b)	under arrest.
Chassis frame
2   The standards to be met by the chassis are as follows:
	(a)	chassis frame or subframe members must not be cracked, 
perforated by corrosion or exhibit structural damage or 
deformation;
	(b)	chassis frame or subframe connecting fasteners must not be 
missing or loose.
Body frame
3   The standards to be met by the unitized or monocoque body frame 
are as follows:
	(a)	structural members must not be cracked or exhibit structural 
damage or deformation;
	(b)	structural members must not be perforated by corrosion;
	(c)	no structural member must be missing;
	(d)	no connecting fasteners must be missing, loose or corroded.
Sliding subframe
4   The standards to be met by the sliding subframe are as follows:
	(a)	the subframe members must not be cracked, perforated by 
corrosion or exhibit structural damage or deformation;
	(b)	locking devices must not be missing, cracked or inoperable;
	(c)	lock pins must not be missing;
	(d)	stops must not be missing or cracked.
Underbody
5(1)  In this section, "underbody" does not include the underbody of a 
separate cargo body.
(2)  The standards to be met by the underbody are as follows:
	(a)	the underbody must not have any perforations or exhibit 
structural damage or deformation;
	(b)	the underbody must not have any openings other than those 
designed by the manufacturer.
Drive shaft
6   The standards to be met by drive shaft hanger brackets and guards 
are as follows:
	(a)	no fasteners, hanger brackets or drive shaft guards must be 
missing, loose or damaged;
	(b)	the drive shaft and universal joints must not
	(i)	be damaged, or
	(ii)	have any loose, missing or damaged bolts or retainers;
	(c)	the universal joints must not be loose or show evidence of 
free play;
	(d)	the drive shaft slip yokes, stub shaft splines and centre 
bearings must not be worn in excess of the manufacturer's 
specifications.
Windows and mirrors
7(1)  The standards to be met by the windshield, windows and mirrors 
are as follows:
	(a)	each mirror must
	(i)	be securely mounted, and
	(ii)	maintain a set adjustment;
	(b)	no mirror must be damaged so as to have any significant 
alteration in its reflective surface;
	(c)	subject to the requirements under the Vehicle Equipment 
Regulation (AR 322/2002), opaque material or any other 
material must not be fitted upon or in place of glazing in the 
windshield or in the 2 front side windows to the left or right 
of the driver's seat;
	(d)	glazing material must not
	(i)	be crazed, discoloured or fogged,
	(ii)	have exposed sharp edges,
	(iii)	have any part missing, or
	(iv)	have any cracks affecting both layers of glass;
	(e)	the windshield must not have
	(i)	any cracks affecting both layers of glass,
	(ii)	any crack that extends from one edge to another edge,
	(iii)	intersecting cracks in an area swept by the wipers, or
	(iv)	cracks or star chips greater than 25 millimetres in 
diameter in an area swept by the wipers;
	(f)	any window to the left of the driver's seat must be capable of 
being opened from the inside.
(2)  In addition to subsection (1), a bus must meet the following 
standards:
	(a)	any emergency window must operate smoothly and the seals 
associated with the emergency window must be in place and 
in good condition;
	(b)	adequate directions for the use of any emergency window 
must be displayed on or adjacent to the emergency window;
	(c)	any emergency warning device fitted for the window must 
function properly;
	(d)	any banding fitted on exposed edges of safety glass must not 
be missing, loose or broken.
Fuel and Exhaust
Fuel
8   The standards to be met by the fuel system are as follows:
	(a)	the mounting or attachment of the fuel tank and fuel lines 
must
	(i)	not be missing, and
	(ii)	be secure;
	(b)	the fuel tank and fuel lines must be protected from abrasion 
or damage;
	(c)	the filler cap must
	(i)	not be missing, and
	(ii)	be secure;
	(d)	the fuel system must not leak;
	(e)	any pressurized fuel system must meet the applicable 
standards prescribed by the Canadian Gas Association, and 
regulations under the Safety Codes Act.
Exhaust
9(1)  In this section, "exhaust system" includes exhaust manifolds.
(2)  The standards to be met by the exhaust system are as follows:
	(a)	no component of the exhaust system must be missing, 
perforated, patched or insecurely mounted;
	(b)	no part of the exhaust system must be closer than 50 
millimetres to wiring, any part of a fuel or brake component 
or any combustible material that is not protected by a shield;
	(c)	no component of the exhaust system must pass through the 
occupant compartment;
	(d)	the exhaust system must be designed and situated so that an 
individual who enters or leaves the vehicle cannot be burned 
by any component;
	(e)	no leakage may occur at any point in the exhaust system, 
except through drain holes provided by the manufacturer;
	(f)	an exhaust system must not be shortened or modified from 
the original equipment so that it fails to direct the outlet of 
the system more than 150 millimetres from the periphery of 
the occupant, sleeper or luggage compartments past which 
the exhaust is directed.
Brakes
Friction components
10   The standards to be met by the brake friction components are as 
follows:
	(a)	a drum or disc must not have any crack on the friction 
surface, other than a normal heat check crack, that may reach 
the edge of the drum bore or periphery of the disc;
	(b)	a drum must not have any fasteners missing or loose;
	(c)	parking brake friction material must not be broken, cracked, 
nor worn thinner than
	(i)	1.6 millimetres when measured at any point of a bonded 
lining or pad other than the chamfered area of the lining,
	(ii)	in the case of a riveted lining or pad, the dimensions 
specified by the vehicle manufacturer, or
	(iii)	in the case of a clamped segmented lining, the 
dimensions specified by the brake manufacturer;
	(d)	a drum or disc must not have any mechanical damage to the 
friction surface, other than normal wear;
	(e)	a ventilated disc must not have broken or visibly cracked 
cooling fins;
	(f)	the inside diameter of a drum must not be greater than
	(i)	the dimension stamped on the drum, or
	(ii)	where the dimension is not stamped on the drum, the 
manufacturer's wear limit;
	(g)	the thickness of a disc must not be less than
	(i)	the dimension stamped on the disc, or
	(ii)	where the dimension is not stamped on the disc, the 
manufacturer's wear limit;
	(h)	bonded lining must not be thinner than 1.6 millimetres when 
measured at the thinnest point;
	(i)	the surface of a riveted lining must not be closer to the rivet 
head than
	(i)	the dimension specified by the vehicle manufacturer, or
	(ii)	0.8 millimetres,
		whichever is greater;
	(j)	a riveted lining must not be thinner than 3.2 millimetres 
when measured at the thinnest point;
	(k)	the riveted lining of an air brake system must not be thinner 
than
	(i)	the dimension specified by the vehicle manufacturer, or
	(ii)	8 millimetres on a trailer or on the rear axle of a bus, 
truck or a truck-tractor and 4.8 millimetres on the front 
axle when measured at the thinnest point other than the 
chamfered area of the lining,
		whichever is greater;
	(l)	the bonded brake pad of an air brake system must not be 
thinner than
	(i)	3.2 millimetres, or
	(ii)	the dimension specified by the vehicle manufacturer;
	(m)	the riveted brake pad of an air brake system must
	(i)	not be thinner than
	(A)	4.8 millimetres, or
	(B)	the dimension specified by the vehicle 
manufacturer,
			and
	(ii)	not be less than 1.6 millimetres above the rivet head;
	(n)	brake linings and pads must not
	(i)	be cracked or broken loose on the shoe or backing plate,
	(ii)	show evidence of contamination that could affect 
braking performance,
	(iii)	be worn to the manufacturer's visual wear indicator,
	(iv)	be worn beyond the dimensions specified by the brake 
manufacturer, or
	(v)	be so worn as to indicate a defective drum, disc, caliper 
or shoe;
	(o)	all brakes must be adjusted to the manufacturer's 
specifications without brake drag;
	(p)	if the vehicle was originally equipped with a self-adjusting 
brake, it must be maintained and be operating properly.
Hydraulic and vacuum-assisted brake components
11(1)  In this section, "hydraulic and vacuum-assisted brake 
components" includes cylinders, reservoirs, fittings, valves, supports, 
hose clamps, connections, air chambers, air cleaners, hoses and tubes 
of the brake systems.
(2)  The standards to be met by the brake systems are as follows:
	(a)	there must be no hydraulic or vacuum leak when
	(i)	vacuum, hydraulic or air boost systems are fully 
charged, and
	(ii)	the service brakes are fully applied or released;
	(b)	hose and tubing must not
	(i)	be abraded, restricted, crimped, bulged, cracked, broken 
or disconnected,
	(ii)	rub against any part of the vehicle, or
	(iii)	have damaged or missing clamps or supports;
	(c)	the brake hose and tubing must not show any indication of 
leakage or heavy corrosion scaling;
	(d)	the minimum hydraulic fluid level in any reservoir must
	(i)	not be lower than the level specified by the 
manufacturer, or
	(ii)	if no specification is made by the manufacturer, not be 
more than 10 millimetres below the lowest edge of each 
filler opening;
	(e)	where the system is composed of power-boosted hydraulic 
brakes, the brake pedal must move toward the applied 
position when the vacuum, air or hydraulic pressure is first 
depleted by stopping the engine and moderate pressure is 
applied on the brake pedal and the engine is then started;
	(f)	where the system is equipped with hydraulically-boosted 
hydraulic brakes and an electrically driven hydraulic pump 
for the reserve power system,
	(i)	the pump must start and run, and
	(ii)	the brake pedal must move toward the applied position 
when the hydraulic boost is first depleted by stopping 
the engine and moderate pressure is then applied on the 
brake pedal while moving the ignition switch to the 
"on" position;
	(g)	the air cleaner of the vacuum system or air compressor must 
not be clogged;
	(h)	a hydraulic brake cylinder must not show evidence of 
leakage;
	(i)	a hydraulic brake piston must not fail to move when 
moderate pressure is applied to the brake pedal.
Mechanical components
12   The standards to be met by the components of the brake and 
parking brake systems are as follows:
	(a)	no mechanical or structural part must be misaligned, worn so 
as to render it ineffective, missing, frayed, stretched, cracked, 
broken, binding, seized, disconnected or insecurely attached;
	(b)	no grease retainer must be missing or leaking.
Brake pedal
13   The standards to be met by the brake pedal assembly of a 
hydraulic brake are as follows:
	(a)	any movement of the service brake pedal toward the applied 
position must be within the manufacturer's specifications 
when
	(i)	moderate foot force is maintained on the service brake 
pedal for 10 seconds, and
	(ii)	where the brakes are power-boosted, the force referred 
to in subclause (i) is applied while the engine is 
running;
	(b)	where the assembly is equipped with a brake pedal pad, the 
brake pedal pad must be present, secure and not worn so as to 
render it ineffective;
	(c)	where the assembly is equipped with a brake pedal anti-skid 
surface, the brake pedal anti-skid surface must not be worn 
so as to render it ineffective;
	(d)	the pedal and other components must not bind or cause high 
friction;
	(e)	the pedal lever assembly must be aligned and positioned in 
accordance with the manufacturer's specifications;
	(f)	the total pedal travel shall not exceed 80% of the total 
available travel when
	(i)	heavy foot force is applied to the brake pedal, and
	(ii)	where the brakes are power-boosted, the force referred 
to in subclause (i) is applied while the engine is 
running;
	(g)	despite clause (f), where the vehicle is equipped with a 
power-boosted braking system, the foot force applied to the 
pedal for the purposes of clause (f)(i) must be a light foot 
force;
	(h)	the hydraulic master cylinder push rod must be properly 
adjusted and aligned;
	(i)	the brake failure warning lamp must operate in accordance 
with the manufacturer's specifications;
	(j)	any vacuum gauge must be operative;
	(k)	with the engine stopped, and with its ignition switch in the 
"on" position, any low vacuum warning device must operate.
Air brake system
14   The standards to be met by the air brake system are as follows:
	(a)	hoses, tubes and connections must not
	(i)	leak or be restricted, abraded, crimped, bulged, cracked 
or broken,
	(ii)	rub against any part of the vehicle,
	(iii)	have damaged or missing clamps or supports, or
	(iv)	have connections showing evidence of non-standard 
field repair;
	(b)	the air safety valve must operate in accordance with the 
manufacturer's specifications;
	(c)	the tractor protection valve must maintain air in the power 
unit air system as the manufacturer's design allows;
	(d)	the air parking and emergency system must, on application 
and release or as a result of a sudden air loss or on a bus if 
fitted, by activation of the interlock system, fully apply the 
brakes on application and release positively;
	(e)	any compressor drive belt must
	(i)	be adjusted to the tension specified by the manufacturer, 
and
	(ii)	not be cut, frayed or worn so as to render it ineffective;
	(f)	the air pressure gauge must be operative;
	(g)	the time required to build up air pressure from 350 kPa to 
600 kPa must not exceed 3 minutes when the engine is 
running at a steady fast idle;
	(h)	each air reservoir drain valve must function properly when 
the air system is fully charged and the engine is running;
	(i)	the governor cut in pressure must not be lower than 560 kPa 
gauge pressure and the cut out pressure must not be higher 
than 945 kPa gauge pressure unless other pressures are 
specified by the manufacturer;
	(j)	compressed air reserve must be sufficient to permit one full 
brake application from the fully charged air brake system 
without lowering reservoir pressure more than 20% when the 
engine is stopped;
	(k)	with the air brake system fully charged, spring brake released 
and the engine stopped, air pressure drop must not exceed
	(i)	with the brake released, 2 psi per minute on a single unit 
or 3 psi per minute on a combination, and
	(ii)	with the brake fully applied, 3 psi per minute on a single 
unit or 4 psi per minute on a combination;
	(l)	any low pressure warning device must operate when system 
pressure is reduced to 382 kPa.
Parking brake
15   The standards to be met by the parking brake system are as 
follows:
	(a)	the parking brake, when fully applied and not held by foot or 
hand force or by hydraulic or air pressure, must hold the 
vehicle stationary against the engine momentarily while the 
vehicle is operated in reverse gear and low forward gear at a 
light throttle setting;
	(b)	the mechanism while in the "off" position must fully release 
the brakes;
	(c)	when the mechanism is in the fully applied position, there 
must be reserve travel available.
Brake system
16(1)  In this section, a "truck tractor" means a truck tractor as defined 
in the Commercial Vehicle Dimension and Weight Regulation 
(AR 315/2002).
(2)  The standards to be met by the brake system are as follows:
	(a)	the vehicle must be equipped with a brake system acting on 
all wheels;
	(b)	the vehicle must not pull to the right or the left when the 
brake is applied;
	(c)	the brake must release immediately when pressure is released 
from the pedal;
	(d)	braking performance must be within the manufacturer's 
specifications.
(3)  Subsection (2)(a) does not apply to
	(a)	a 3 axle truck tractor that was manufactured without front 
wheel brakes, or
	(b)	a vehicle whose brakes are not operable when an axle is 
lifted.
(4)  Subsection (2) comes into force on January 1, 2012.
Engine controls
17   The standards to be met by the engine control system are as 
follows:
	(a)	the engine speed must drop to idle when the accelerator pedal 
is released;
	(b)	where the engine is equipped with an emergency braking 
device, the engine must stop when the control is actuated.
Steering column and box
18   The standards to be met by the steering column and box are as 
follows:
	(a)	the steering column and box must not be loose in their 
mountings to the body and frame;
	(b)	no bolt or nut must be loose or missing from a mounting;
	(c)	the steering shaft coupling and spline must be secure with no
	(i)	visible separation of flex couplings, or
	(ii)	visible sign of wear at the splines or universal joints;
	(d)	where the steering column is equipped with an 
energy-absorbing section, that section must not appear on 
visual inspection to be damaged so as to reduce its 
effectiveness;
	(e)	the power steering drive belt must not be missing, cut, frayed 
or worn so as to render it ineffective;
	(f)	the fluid in the power steering reservoir must not be lower 
than the minimum level specified by the vehicle 
manufacturer;
	(g)	when the engine is running,
	(i)	the power steering system must operate as intended, and
	(ii)	the hydraulic system must not show evidence of active 
fluid leakage.
Wheel alignment
19   The wheels must be aligned so that the wheels are not visibly out 
of alignment while all the wheels are on the ground and the front 
wheels are in the straight ahead position.
C-dolly steering
20(1)  In this section, "C-dolly" means a C-dolly as defined in the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (Canada), as amended from time to 
time.
(2)  The standards to be met by the C-dolly steering system are as 
follows:
	(a)	while the wheels are being turned through a full right and left 
turn
	(i)	the operation must not bind or jam during the cycle, and
	(ii)	the steering stops must not be missing or improperly 
adjusted on applicable vehicles;
	(b)	yaw dampening diaphragms must not be missing, inoperable 
or leaking;
	(c)	the steering lock must
	(i)	not be missing or inoperable,
	(ii)	be centred in the "zero" locked position, and
	(iii)	be equipped with a manual locking system independent 
of the remote locking system;
	(d)	steering dampers must not be missing, inoperable or leaking 
on applicable vehicles;
	(e)	the air pressure regulator must not be missing or inoperable;
	(f)	the air pressure gauge must
	(i)	not be missing, inoperable or inaccurate, and
	(ii)	be equipped with a label indicating the minimum design 
pressure required to comply with centring force 
requirements;
	(g)	the C-dolly must be equipped with an operating plate stating 
the speed at which the axle locks.
Steering linkage
21(1)  In this section and sections 29, 31 and 32 of this Schedule, 
"field welding" describes a method of repair by welding that does not 
meet the original equipment manufacturer's design standards.
(2)  The standards to be met by the steering system are as follows:
	(a)	while the front wheels are on the ground in the straight ahead 
position, and in the case of a vehicle equipped with 
power-boosted steering, with the engine running, and with no 
movement of the front wheels, free movement of the steering 
wheel rim must not exceed
	(i)	30 degrees or,
	(ii)	where a limit is designated by the manufacturer, that 
limit;
	(b)	there must be no visible play in a ball and socket joint when 
measured with hand pressure only;
	(c)	while the front wheels are on the ground in the straight ahead 
position, and in the case of a vehicle equipped with 
power-boosted steering, with the engine running, the steering 
mechanism must move smoothly when the front wheels are 
turned from full right to full left and back again;
	(d)	in the case of king pins, when the vehicle is supported so that 
the steering linkage is in its normal attitude, no front wheel 
must have
	(i)	a vertical movement in excess of 2.5 millimetres or the 
vehicle manufacturer's specifications, and
	(ii)	a rocking play about a horizontal axis in excess of 
4.8 millimetres for wheels 510 millimetres and larger, 
and 3.2 millimetres for wheels under 510 millimetres;
	(e)	no component of the steering linkage system may be loose or 
damaged;
	(f)	no component of the steering linkage system may be repaired 
by field welding or modified so as to weaken the linkage 
system or affect the proper steering of the vehicle;
	(g)	no nut, bolt, clamp or cotter pin may be loose, badly worn or 
missing;
	(h)	there must be a minimum clearance of 25 millimetres 
between a steering tire and frame, fender or other part.
Suspension
Suspension
22   The standards to be met by the suspension are as follows:
	(a)	ball joints must not have play in excess of the manufacturer's 
specifications;
	(b)	the control arm inner pivots must not have excessive play;
	(c)	wheel and axle bearings must not have excessive wear, play, 
binding or damage;
	(d)	shock absorbers must not be loose, bent, disconnected, 
missing or damaged, or show evidence of active fluid 
leakage;
	(e)	front and rear springs, shackles, U-bolts, centre-bolts, radius 
rods, control arms, torque arms, equalizers, sway-bars, 
stabilizers and their supports and attachments must not be 
loose, bent, cracked, broken, disconnected, displaced, 
perforated by corrosion or missing;
	(f)	the rear axle or axles and their wheels must track properly so 
as not to adversely affect control of the vehicle;
	(g)	where a vehicle is equipped with full air brakes and the 
engine is started with zero gauge air in the air brake system, 
air must not begin to flow into the suspension system until 
the pressure in the system reaches 450 kPa gauge pressure;
	(h)	no air leakage may occur when air in the suspension system 
is at normal operating pressure and the pusher or tag axle, if 
fitted, is tested in the load and reduced load sharing modes;
	(i)	where the system has a pusher or tag axle, the pusher or tag 
axle must respond to its load sharing control switch or valve 
when air in the suspension system is at normal operating 
pressure;
	(j)	when air in the suspension system is at normal operating 
pressure, the vehicle body and chassis frame must
	(i)	be supported clear of all axles, and
	(ii)	appear to be level;
	(k)	suspension joints of a variable load sharing axle with 
independent suspension must not be worn beyond the limits 
specified by the manufacturer;
	(l)	the air bag or air line shall not be missing, cut, bruised, 
crushed or leaking and the air bag must not be cracked to the 
braid or mounted insecurely.
Electrical Components
General requirements
23   The standards to be met by the electrical components are as 
follows:
	(a)	an electrical component must be secure on its mounting;
	(b)	the horn operating mechanism must function in accordance 
with the manufacturer's specifications;
	(c)	the electric wiring and any trailer cord must not be loose so 
as to contact moving parts, rubbed through the insulation, 
peeled, cut or deteriorated;
	(d)	the battery must be securely mounted, and must not be loose, 
missing or have hold downs missing.
Windshield wipers and washers
24   The standards to be met by the windshield wipers and washers are 
as follows:
	(a)	the windshield washer system must function in accordance 
with the manufacturer's specifications;
	(b)	each wiper arm and blade assembly must sweep the area 
specified by the manufacturer;
	(c)	each part of the windshield wiper system must be in place 
and in a condition so that its effectiveness is not impaired.
Heating and defrosting systems
25(1)  The standards to be met by the heating system and the 
defrosting system are as follows:
	(a)	the heating system must function in accordance with the 
manufacturer's specifications;
	(b)	the visible portions of the hoses and piping for the interior 
heaters routed within the occupant compartment must not be 
abraded, cracked or leaking;
	(c)	the windshield defroster system must deliver heated air to the 
windshield and, where fitted, to the side windows to the left 
and right of the driver.
(2)  Despite subsection (1)(c), the windshield defroster system of a bus 
must deliver heated air to the windshield, the driver's side window and 
the door glass panels, unless the service door is equipped with 
frost-resistant glass panels.
Starting switch
26   The standards to be met by the neutral safety starting switch are as 
follows:
	(a)	the neutral safety starting switch must not be missing;
	(b)	the starter must operate only when the gear selector or 
transmission is in the park or neutral position.
Lamps and reflectors
27   The standards to be met by lamps and reflectors are as follows:
	(a)	each circuit must light and activate the required lamps on that 
circuit when the appropriate switch is in the "on" position;
	(b)	each indicator lamp must operate in accordance with the 
manufacturer's specifications;
	(c)	a circuit must not interfere with any other circuit;
	(d)	each lamp, lens and reflex reflector must
	(i)	not be missing in whole or in part,
	(ii)	not be discoloured,
	(iii)	be correctly installed,
	(iv)	be securely mounted, and
	(v)	operate in accordance with the manufacturer's 
specifications;
	(e)	a lamp must not be covered with translucent or opaque 
material;
	(f)	a lamp must not be modified by the attachment of any device 
to the lamp or the vehicle that reduces
	(i)	the effective area of the lens, or
	(ii)	the brightness of the light;
	(g)	each headlamp shutter or retracting headlamp must either
	(i)	operate over the full range of movement, or
	(ii)	be secured in the fully open position;
	(h)	all headlamps must be aligned according to the 
manufacturer's specifications;
	(i)	retroreflective markings must not be damaged, obscured or 
contaminated in such a way to render them ineffective.
Wheels and Tires
Tires
28(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"construction type" means a type of tire carcass construction 
and includes
	(i)	bias ply,
	(ii)	belted-bias, and
	(iii)	radial ply,
		but does not include variations in tread pattern or in cord 
material used in building a tire carcass;
	(b)	"steering axle" means a steering axle under the Commercial 
Vehicle Dimension and Weight Regulation (AR 315/2002).
(2)  The standards to be met by the tires are as follows:
	(a)	all tire pressures must be maintained in accordance with the 
manufacturer's specifications;
	(b)	subject to clause (c), the tire on a steering axle must not be 
worn so that less than 3.2 millimetres of tread remain in any 
2 adjacent major grooves;
	(c)	despite clause (b), a tire must not be worn so that
	(i)	any tread wear indicator contacts the road, and
	(ii)	less than 1.6 millimetres of tread remain in any 2 
adjacent major grooves;
	(d)	a tire must not have exposed cord;
	(e)	a tire must not have cuts or snags deep enough to
	(i)	expose the cord, or
	(ii)	affect the safety of the tires;
	(f)	a tire must not have any abnormal visible bump, bulge or 
knot related to tread or side-wall separation or to failure or 
partial failure of the tire, including the bead areas;
	(g)	except for a tire designed for recutting and marked by the 
manufacturer as being so designed, a tire must not have been 
regrooved or recut below the original new tire groove depth;
	(h)	a retreaded tire must not
	(i)	be fitted to a steering axle, or
	(ii)	have a peeled surface;
	(i)	no tire may be mounted or inflated so as to be in contact with 
any part of the vehicle;
	(j)	a tire must not be of a smaller size than the minimum size 
specified by the manufacturer of the vehicle;
	(k)	except where a vehicle has dual rear tires, a vehicle shall not 
be fitted with both radial ply and bias or belted-bias ply tires 
unless the combination of types of tires is in accordance with 
the tire manufacturer's specifications;
	(l)	a vehicle must not be fitted with a combination of 
construction types or sizes of tires on an axle unless that 
combination is stated by the manufacturer to be equivalent by 
tire industry standards;
	(m)	dual tires must not
	(i)	be in contact with each other, or
	(ii)	differ from each other by more than 13 millimetres in 
diameter or by more than 38 millimetres in 
circumference;
	(n)	a vehicle must not be fitted with a tire that
	(i)	bears the wording "not for highway use", "farm use 
only", "competition circuit use only" or any other 
wording or lettering indicating that the tire was not 
designed for highway use, or
	(ii)	bears the letters "SL", "NHS" or "TG" after the tire 
designation.
(3)  In addition to subsection (2), where a bus is equipped with one rear 
axle and the axle is equipped with 2 tires, neither tire may be retreaded.
Wheels
29   The standards to be met by the wheel studs, hub, rims and wheel 
bearings installed on axles are as follows:
	(a)	a wheel stud, bolt, clamp, nut or lug must not be loose, 
missing, damaged, broken or mismatched;
	(b)	the nut must be fully engaged with the stud;
	(c)	a disc wheel assembly must not
	(i)	have any visible crack or elongated bolt hole,
	(ii)	have any indication of repair by field welding, or
	(iii)	be so bent or damaged as to affect the safe operation of 
the vehicle;
	(d)	a wheel rim and lock ring must not be mismatched, bent, 
sprung or otherwise damaged so as to affect the safe 
operation of the vehicle;
	(e)	a spacer band must not be bent, sprung or otherwise damaged 
so as to affect the safe operation of the vehicle;
	(f)	a cast wheel must not show evidence of excessive wear in the 
clamp area;
	(g)	wheel spokes must not be missing, loose, repaired, welded or 
broken;
	(h)	a hub must not be
	(i)	repaired by field welding,
	(ii)	cracked, broken, bent, distorted, worn or missing, or
	(iii)	show evidence of active leaking lubricant from the hub 
seal or from the oil cap.
Lubrication
Lubrication
30   The standards to be met for the lubrication of a commercial 
vehicle are as follows:
	(a)	the vehicle must be properly lubricated;
	(b)	the vehicle must not have active oil or grease leaks.
Fifth Wheel Coupling Device
Fifth wheel coupling device
31(1)  The standards to be met by the fifth wheel coupling device 
lower half are as follows:
	(a)	the fifth wheel must be securely attached to the towing 
vehicle;
	(b)	where a fifth wheel is secured to the vehicle frame by means 
of U-bolts, positive stops must be provided to prevent the 
fifth wheel from shifting on the frame;
	(c)	the jaw closure and locking mechanism must
	(i)	be in good working order, and
	(ii)	not be worn to exceed 6.4 millimetres, cracked or 
broken;
	(d)	the fifth wheel plate or the fifth wheel saddle must not be 
cracked, broken or distorted;
	(e)	the fifth wheel plate or the fifth wheel saddle must not be 
repaired by welding or heating;
	(f)	if the fifth wheel is equipped with slider mechanisms, the 
mechanisms must
	(i)	lock securely,
	(ii)	not show any signs of failure or of being worn to an 
extent that would render it ineffective, and
	(iii)	be equipped with stops;
	(g)	saddle bushings must not be worn in excess of the 
manufacturer's specifications;
	(h)	the fifth wheel device must be so equipped that the upper and 
lower halves cannot be separated without a positive manual 
release.
(2)  The standards to be met by the fifth wheel coupling device upper 
half are as follows:
	(a)	the upper plate must not be loose, cracked or warped;
	(b)	the upper plate king pin must not be loose, cracked, deformed 
or have wear in excess of 3.2 millimetres;
	(c)	the upper plate king pin must not be repaired by field 
welding;
	(d)	if fitted, a ball bearing turntable must not be
	(i)	cracked or have loose or missing mounting bolts, or
	(ii)	be worn so as to allow the upper flange half to touch the 
lower flange half.
Trailers
Trailer hitch, trailer mount and connecting devices
32   The standards to be met by a hitch system are as follows:
	(a)	a trailer hitch or a towing structure to which a trailer hitch is 
attached must be securely mounted;
	(b)	latch mechanisms must close securely;
	(c)	a part must not be missing, cracked, broken, bent, seized or 
worn so as to render it ineffective;
	(d)	no cast or forged hitch must show any indication that repairs 
were effected by means of brazing or field welding;
	(e)	no connecting devices provided at the rear of a vehicle for 
the attachment of a safety chain or cable must be insecurely 
fastened, missing, cracked, broken or worn so as to render it 
ineffective.
Rear impact guard
33   The standards to be met by a rear impact guard are as follows:
	(a)	the guard must not be missing, bent or broken;
	(b)	the guard must not have cracked welds;
	(c)	the guard must be securely mounted.
Schedule 3 
 
Maintenance Standards for Transportation of 
Persons with Physical Disabilities in Buses
Mobility aid securement devices
1   Any mobility aid securement and occupant restraint device must 
comply with the following:
	(a)	each anchorage device must be secure;
	(b)	each component part must operate as intended;
	(c)	any component part must not have damage apparent on 
visual inspection that would reduce its effectiveness.
Ramps and lifts general requirements
2   Any ramps or lifts must meet the following requirements:
	(a)	the means of attachment of the ramp or lift to the vehicle 
must be in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions;
	(b)	when the ramp or lift is in the stored position, the ramp or lift 
must be secured in such a manner as to pose no potential 
hazard to occupants of the vehicle or other persons;
	(c)	the ramp or lift must be capable of functioning in an ambient 
temperature of between -40§C and +40§C;
	(d)	the functioning of the ramp or lift must not be impaired by 
accumulation of water, snow, ice or sand;
	(e)	the guards on the sides of the lift platform or ramp platform 
must be a minimum of 50 millimetres in height and shall 
extend the full length of the platform on each side;
	(f)	the outside of the guards on the lift platform or ramp 
platform must be clearly marked with black and yellow 
retroreflective diagonal strips to indicate the presence of the 
unfolded platform or ramp;
	(g)	no plate, cover or energy-absorbing material required to 
protect persons from projections or hazards likely to cause 
injury may be missing or damaged so as to reduce its 
effectiveness;
	(h)	moving parts must have adequate guards.
Ramp and lift controls
3   The ramp and lift controls must meet the following requirements:
	(a)	there must be only one control for the ramp and one control 
for the lift, and each must be
	(i)	capable of preventing accidental operation of the ramp 
or the lift, as the case may be, and
	(ii)	stored in a safe place when not being used by the 
operator;
	(b)	the control must be in a location that permits the operator to 
stand anywhere around the edge of the lift and view the 
platform when operating the lift;
	(c)	the control must be operable using one hand only, and shall 
use continuous pressure operation;
	(d)	the manual override device must enable the operator to raise 
and lower the ramp or the platform, with or without load, as 
the case may be, and return the ramp or the lift to the stowed 
position in the case of a power failure;
	(e)	the manual override device must be accessible for use by the 
operator, and a notice outlining detailed step-by-step 
instructions for the operating procedure must be posted 
alongside the actuation point;
	(f)	subject to clause (g), the interlock device of the ramp or lift 
linked to the vehicle brakes or transmission must be in a 
condition to prevent
	(i)	the movement of the bus if the ramp or the lift is not 
stowed or the ramp door or lift door is not securely 
closed, or
	(ii)	the deployment of the ramp or lift unless the interlocks 
or systems are engaged;
	(g)	the interlock device of a transit bus shall prevent kneeling of 
the bus if the lift is not stowed, the lift door is not securely 
closed or the interlocks or systems are disengaged.
Lift capacity
4   A lift must be maintained to enable a minimum lifting capacity of 
275 kilograms.
Lift platform requirements
5(1)  If the lift has a powered closing lift platform, it must not fold 
when there is a weight of 34 kilograms or more on the centre of the 
platform.
(2)  The lift platform must meet the following requirements:
	(a)	it shall be at least 725 millimetres in width and 1.22 metres in 
length;
	(b)	it must have a skid-resistant surface and adequate drainage;
	(c)	it must operate smoothly when activated by the appropriate 
controls;
	(d)	the roll stop at the inner and outer edges must be maintained 
in a condition such that
	(i)	they are approximately in the vertical position when the 
platform is in the lifting and lowering mode,
	(ii)	they have a minimum of 100 millimetres in height in the 
raised position,
	(iii)	the outer edge roll stop retracts when the platform 
reaches the lower limit of travel, and
	(iv)	the inner edge roll stop retracts when the platform 
reaches the upper limit of travel;
	(e)	where the lift platform extends outside the bus body, the 
handrail on each side must be maintained so that it is
	(i)	750 millimetres to 950 millimetres in height,
	(ii)	at least 200 millimetres in length, and
	(iii)	between 30 and 35 millimetres in diameter,
		and the handrail must remain at a constant height while in 
operation;
	(f)	where the lift platform extends outside the bus body, it must 
be provided with a restraining device that is positioned not 
less than 625 millimetres and not more than 950 millimetres 
above the platform when the platform is in the operating 
position, to prevent the mobility aid and its occupant from 
rolling off the platform.
Warning notice
6   A notice or pictogram must be posted on the lift, containing the 
caution to stand clear with the lettering
	(a)	at least 25 millimetres in height in the case of a notice and at 
least 50 millimetres in height if the lettering is accompanied 
by a pictogram, and
	(b)	in a colour that contrasts with the background.
Ramp requirements
7   A ramp must meet the following requirements:
	(a)	the ramp must be capable of handling a load of at least 
275 kilograms placed at the centroid of the ramp, and 
distributed over an area of 660 x 660 millimetres;
	(b)	the maximum gradient of the ramp must be 1 in 4;
	(c)	the ramp must be at least 760 millimetres wide;
	(d)	the surface of the ramp must be skid-resistant.
Storage of ramp in passenger compartment
8   If the ramp is stored in the passenger compartment, it must be 
secured in accordance with the ramp manufacturer's instructions.
Symbol
9(1)  An accessibility symbol posted adjacent to the entrance door and 
adjacent to other doors used for accessible boarding must be 
maintained in good condition.
(2)  The symbol under subsection (1) shall comply with Figure 1 of the 
Appendix.
Schedule 4 
 
Maintenance Standards for Handi-buses
Definitions
1   In this Schedule,
	(a)	"anchor point" means a point or area on a handi-bus to which 
anchorage is attached;
	(b)	"anchorage" means the means of attachment on a mobility 
aid and a handi-bus for the purpose of transferring forces 
between the mobility aid and the vehicle through a MASOR 
system;
	(c)	"belt" means a length of energy-absorbing webbing material 
used as part of an occupant restraint system;
	(d)	"forward-facing" means the orientation in which the mobility 
aid occupant faces the front of the handi-bus, with the 
mobility aid reference plane within plus or minus 5 degrees 
of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle;
	(e)	"mobility aid occupant" means an occupant of a handi-bus 
who uses a mobility aid;
	(f)	"mobility aid securement and occupant restraint system" or 
"MASOR system" means a device or system intended
	(i)	to secure a mobility aid in a handi-bus, and
	(ii)	to restrain an occupant seated in a mobility aid during a 
frontal vehicle impact;
	(g)	"occupant restraint" means a device or system intended to 
restrain the occupant seated in a mobility aid during a frontal 
collision of the handi-bus, and includes
	(i)	a lap belt for restraining movement of the pelvis 
(referred to as a Type 1 occupant restraint),
	(ii)	a combination pelvis and upper torso restraint (referred 
to as a Type 2 occupant restraint), and
	(iii)	an upper torso restraint for use only in conjunction with 
a pelvis restraint to form a Type 2 occupant restraint 
(referred to as a Type 2A occupant restraint);
	(h)	"rearward-facing" means the orientation in which the 
mobility aid occupant faces the rear of the handi-bus, with 
the mobility aid reference plane within plus or minus 
5 degrees of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle;
	(i)	"seat belt assembly" means any strap, webbing or similar 
device designed to secure a person in a handi-bus in order to 
mitigate the results of a collision, and includes all necessary 
buckles and other fasteners and all hardware;
	(j)	"securement point" means a load bearing strong point on a 
mobility aid intended for use with a MASOR system;
	(k)	"webbing" means a narrow fabric woven with continuous 
filling yarns that has finished edges.
MASOR system required
2   A handi-bus must be provided with a mobility aid securement and 
occupant restraint (MASOR) system for each mobility aid position in 
accordance with CSA Standard Z605.
MASOR system requirements
3(1)  The securement system for a MASOR system must meet the 
following requirements:
	(a)	it must consist of 2 belts on the front and 2 belts on the back 
for attachment to the mobility aid securement points;
	(b)	it must incorporate a means of adjustment to remove slack 
from each mobility aid securement point.
(2)  The securement for a mobility aid must be provided independently 
of the occupant restraint.
(3)  Components of a MASOR system must function
	(a)	so as to minimize the possibility of inadvertent release, and
	(b)	so that any parts, such as pins or fasteners, that are required 
for proper operation are secured.
(4)  Threaded fasteners of an occupant restraint must be provided with 
a means of preventing them from vibrating loose.
(5)  Mechanisms for the release of a mobility aid occupant from an 
occupant restraint must not require engagement or disengagement of 
threaded fasteners.
(6)  A MASOR system anchor point must permit installation at no 
more than 16 millimetres above the floor of the handi-bus.
(7)  Devices provided to adjust a MASOR system to fit a mobility aid 
or an occupant must be capable of being operated without the use of 
tools.
(8)  The hardware components of a MASOR system that attach to the 
mobility aid must not disengage from the securement point if any 
portion of the system goes slack.
(9)  The hardware components of a MASOR system must be 
maintained so that any installation or re-installation would not involve
	(a)	removal of material from the mobility aid frame by means 
such as cutting or drilling,
	(b)	deformation of the mobility aid, or
	(c)	the use of an adhesive process.
(10)  Hardware components of a MASOR system that, under normal 
use, make contact with a mobility aid occupant or are handled by an 
attendant must not have burrs or sharp edges.
(11)  The surface of each securement end fitting must be smooth, and 
corners and edges must be free of burrs and sharp edges.
Mobility aid and occupant restraint requirements
4(1)  A minimum floor space of 685 millimetres x 1.22 metres must be 
provided for each mobility aid.
(2)  A handi-bus must be maintained so that, except for MASOR 
system components, there is no part of the fixed vehicle structure 
within the clear zone shown in
	(a)	Figure 2 of the Appendix, where a Type 1 occupant restraint 
is used, or
	(b)	Figure 3 of the Appendix, where a Type 2 occupant restraint 
is used.
(3)  Each anchor point for the mobility aid securement system must be 
capable of withstanding a forward and rearward static loading of 
1600 kilograms.
(4)  A Type 2 occupant restraint must meet the requirements of CSA 
Standard Z605 Mobility Aid Securement and Occupant Restraint 
(MASOR) Systems for Motor Vehicles.
(5)  A Type 2 occupant restraint must be provided at each outboard 
mobility aid position.
(6)  A Type 1 or Type 2 occupant restraint must be provided at each 
inboard mobility aid position.
(7)  Where a Type 2A occupant restraint is used on a mobility aid, it 
must be maintained such that the MASOR system must
	(a)	pass over either the left or right shoulder of the mobility aid 
occupant, or
	(b)	be marked to indicate the intended orientation with respect to 
the right or left shoulder of the mobility aid occupant if the 
shoulder restraint is designed for only one shoulder.
(8)  All seat belt assembly components must meet the requirements of 
CMVSS Standard 209.
(9)  Anchor points for the occupant restraint system must meet the 
strength requirements of CMVSS Standard 210, and the upper torso 
anchor point must be maintained within the zone shown in Figure 4 of 
the Appendix.
(10)  If the mobility aid securement system and the occupant restraint 
system share a common anchor point, the common anchor point must 
be capable of meeting the loading requirements under subsections (3) 
and (9) simultaneously.
Protection materials
5   The padding on stanchions, guard rails, exposed stationary parts of 
lifts and ramps and grab bars and handles, other than those at an 
entrance to the handi-bus, must be of the following or another material 
that offers equivalent protection:
	(a)	a closed-cell urethane foam, rubber or vinyl-type material 
that is at least 5 millimetres thick;
	(b)	extruded polyvinyl chloride tubing having a minimum 
nominal thickness of 13 millimetres.
Exhaust system
6   The exhaust system of a handi-bus must be maintained so that 
exhaust will be directed away from the body of the bus and from the 
loading area.
Rear bumper
7   The rear bumper of a handi-bus must be attached directly to the 
chassis frame in a manner that permits it to be removed.
Doors
8   The ambulatory entrance doors of a handi-bus must meet the 
following requirements:
	(a)	there shall be an ambulatory entrance door on the right side 
of the bus, and where only one mobility aid entrance is 
provided, it shall not be on the left side of the bus;
	(b)	the ambulatory entrance doors must be provided with a 
means to secure them against unintended closing during 
loading or unloading of passengers;
	(c)	on a split-type door, if one section opens inward and the 
other opens outward, the door must be maintained so that the 
front section opens outward;
	(d)	vertical closing edges of a split-type or jack-knife type door 
must be provided with at least a total of 25 millimetres of 
flexible material between the 2 door panels to minimize the 
possibility of injury to fingers;
	(e)	any emergency exits must be provided with a means to 
secure them against unintended closing during unloading of 
passengers;
	(f)	where an ambulatory entrance door opening is less than 1.93 
metres in height, it must be padded at the top interior edge;
	(g)	all doors must be provided with a drip moulding above the 
door opening to direct water to either side of the opening;
	(h)	a mobility aid entrance must have the following minimum 
dimensions, with lift or ramp installed:
	(i)	760 millimetres in width;
	(ii)	1.4 metres in height.
Steps
9   Steps on a handi-bus must meet the following requirements:
	(a)	the step covering material must be skid-resistant;
	(b)	there must be a colour stripe, which is in contrast to the 
background, not less than 38 millimetres and not more than 
75 millimetres wide, on the leading edge of the horizontal 
surface of each step and on the floor surface at the step 
entrance;
	(c)	the dimensions of steps at the ambulatory entrance door must 
be as follows:
	(i)	the height of the first step must not be higher than 380 
millimetres from ground level;
	(ii)	the height of steps in the bus must not exceed 230 
millimetres;
	(iii)	the variation in the height of steps in the bus must not 
exceed 25 millimetres;
	(iv)	the depth of each step (front to back) must be at least 
215 millimetres;
	(v)	the width of each step (side to side) must be at least 400 
millimetres;
	(d)	all steps must be of the same depth, except for auxiliary 
steps;
	(e)	step nosing at the floor level must be flush with the floor.
Additional lighting
10   A handi-bus must be provided with
	(a)	a light at the lift door that automatically operates when the 
door opens and illuminates the lift platform or ramp, and
	(b)	a light above or beside each passenger access door that 
illuminates the steps and operates automatically when the 
door opens.
Floor covering
11   Floor covering material must remain skid-resistant.
Seats
12   All passenger seats must comply with the following:
	(a)	for a vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 
7000 kilograms, the mobility aid position must be forward 
facing;
	(b)	for a vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating of 7000 
kilograms or greater, the mobility aid position must be 
forward or rearward facing;
	(c)	in the case of ambulatory passenger seating:
	(i)	the distance from the front of each seat back to the back 
of the seat ahead, measured on a horizontal plane at the 
centre of the seat cushion's surface, must be at least 685 
millimetres;
	(ii)	the minimum rump width allowed for each person must 
be at least 380 millimetres;
	(iii)	the height of the seat cushion above the floor must be 
not less than 400 millimetres nor more than 480 
millimetres;
	(iv)	the depth of the seat must be not less than 380 
millimetres nor more than 430 millimetres;
	(v)	seat cushions must be level or sloped downwards 
toward the seat back;
	(vi)	seat backs must be at least 380 millimetres high;
	(d)	in the case of all passenger seating,
	(i)	where a passageway is required for movement of a 
mobility aid, there must be a clear width of at least 760 
millimetres between fixed objects, and
	(ii)	for each seat designated for use by a person with a 
physical disability, there must be at least a Type 1 
occupant restraint provided;
	(e)	excluding those mounted on seats or doors, the diameter of 
grab bars or handles must be
	(i)	not less than 20 millimetres, and
	(ii)	not more than 50 millimetres if unpadded, or
	(iii)	not more than 75 millimetres if padded;
	(f)	the interior of the handi-bus must be free of all non-essential 
projections that could cause injury;
	(g)	any of the following structures that could cause injury to 
passengers in their seated position must be equipped with 
non-rotating padding:
	(i)	stanchions;
	(ii)	grab bars and handles, except those at an entrance to the 
handi-bus;
	(iii)	guard rails;
	(iv)	exposed stationary parts of lifts and ramps.
Emergency equipment
13   The location of emergency equipment must be clearly marked if it 
is not visible.
Signs
14(1)  A handi-bus must have affixed to it at the following locations 
on the handi-bus an accessibility symbol:
	(a)	on the rear of the handi-bus, left of centre;
	(b)	on the front of the handi-bus, right of centre;
	(c)	on both sides of the body of the handi-bus, just behind the 
driver's station.
(2)  The accessibility symbol must comply with CSA Standard 
CAN/CSA B651.
Schedule 5 
 
School Bus Maintenance Standards
Transportation of persons with physical disabilities
1   Sections 2, 3, 4, 5 and 14 of Schedule 4 apply to a school bus, if it 
is used to transport persons with physical disabilities.
Division 1 
Chassis Requirements
Colour
2(1)  The chassis and the front bumper of a school bus must be black 
in colour.
(2)  The wheels, rims and grills of a school bus, including the headlight 
bezels, may be the manufacturer's standard painted colour or plating if 
it does not conflict with subsection (4).
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), the hood, cowl and fenders of a school 
bus shall be National School Bus Yellow.
(4)  All outside surfaces of a school bus, except glazing material, that 
are in the direct line of the seated driver's vision must be painted 
lustreless black.
(5)  For the purpose of establishing the direct line of a seated driver's 
vision in subsection (4), the driver's eye location is that described for a 
95th percentile male driver in SAE J941.
Exhaust
3(1)  The exhaust system must meet the following requirements:
	(a)	it must be attached to the chassis, except that the last tailpipe 
hanger may be attached to the body;
	(b)	the cross sectional area of the tailpipe must not be reduced 
after it leaves the muffler;
	(c)	the exhaust must be directed behind the rear axle away from 
the body.
(2)  Despite section 9(2)(f) of Schedule 2, the tailpipe of a Type B, C 
or D school bus must extend at least to the rear edge of the rear bumper 
but
	(a)	it must not extend farther than 25 millimetres beyond the rear 
edge, and
	(b)	it must not be located within 150 millimetres of the left or 
right of an emergency exit opening.
(3)  Despite subsection (2) and in the event that the tailpipe of the 
school bus cannot be extended to the rear edge of the rear bumper 
because of obstructions such as fuel tanks, air suspension and rear 
luggage compartments, the exhaust may terminate at the right side of 
the body behind the rear axle but the exhaust must not exit directly 
beneath an emergency exit.
Instruments and instrument panel
4(1)  The following instruments of a school bus must function 
properly:
	(a)	a speedometer;
	(b)	an odometer;
	(c)	an ammeter or voltmeter;
	(d)	an oil pressure gauge or indicator;
	(e)	a coolant temperature gauge or indicator;
	(f)	a fuel gauge;
	(g)	a high beam headlamp indicator;
	(h)	a turn signal indicator;
	(i)	a hazard light indicator.
(2)  If a school bus is equipped with air ride suspension, the bus must 
have the air system pressure gauge properly maintained in accordance 
with the manufacturer's specifications.
Steering gear and linkage
5(1)  There must not be any modifications made to the steering 
apparatus of a school bus.
(2)  A minimum clearance of 50 millimetres must be maintained 
between the steering wheel rim and the cowl, instrument panel, 
windshield or any other surface of a school bus.
Tires
6(1)  All tires of a school bus, including any spare tires, must be of the 
same size and load rating.
(2)  Any spare tires of a school bus must be mounted underneath the 
bus.
Division 2 
Body Requirements
Rear bumper
7   The rear bumper of a school bus must be maintained in such a 
manner that it is properly attached directly to the chassis frame and 
will prevent hitching and riding on it.
Colour
8(1)  Unless otherwise permitted in this Schedule, the school bus body 
must be National School Bus Yellow.
(2)  The rear bumper of a school bus body must be
	(a)	black, or
	(b)	covered with black retroreflective material.
(3)  Despite subsection (1), outside body trim of a school bus may be 
painted black.
Service door
9(1)  The flexible materials of the vertical closing edges of a service 
door must not be missing, damaged, hardened or worn so as to be 
rendered ineffective.
(2)  The padding at the top interior edge of the service door opening of 
a school bus must be maintained to conform with the following 
requirements:
	(a)	a minimum 75 millimetres wide;
	(b)	a minimum 25 millimetres thick;
	(c)	extend the full width of the door opening.
(3)  The manual emergency release mechanism of a school bus must be 
properly maintained so that it can be operated smoothly from the 
interior and exterior of the bus.
(4)  Subject to section 8, the words "EMERGENCY DOOR 
RELEASE" must be displayed adjacent to the manual emergency 
release mechanism of a school bus and must be properly maintained so 
that they are clearly visible and conform with the following 
requirements:
	(a)	the words must be in black lettering;
	(b)	the lettering must be at least 25 millimetres high;
	(c)	the stroke width of the lettering must be at least 4 millimetres 
or 1/6 of the height of the letter, whichever is wider;
	(d)	exterior lettering must have a yellow background in 
accordance with section 8(1).
(5)  If the exterior emergency release mechanism is located on an area 
of the school bus body that is coloured black, the exterior lettering 
identifying and adjacent to the mechanism must be white, yellow or 
another colour contrasting with the black background.
(6)  The service door of a school bus must be properly maintained so 
that it can be operated smoothly and meet the following minimum 
dimensions:
	(a)	1.727 metres high;
	(b)	584 millimetres wide in the case of a Type A bus;
	(c)	610 millimetres wide in the case of a Type B, C or D bus.
Emergency exit - general requirements
10(1)  All emergency exits of a school bus must meet the original 
manufacturer's specifications.
(2)  The emergency door, roof hatch or window above the rear divan 
seat of a school bus must be capable of being opened from the inside 
and outside of the bus whenever the bus is in operation.
(3)  The emergency exit device of a school bus that prevents the 
operation of the bus if the exit is locked must function properly.
Emergency doors
11(1)  The rear emergency door of a school bus must be prevented 
from swinging to the degree that contact is made with the rear of the 
bus.
(2)  The positive door-opening device of an emergency door of a 
school bus must function properly so that it can maintain the door in an 
open position a minimum of 90 degrees from the bus body.
(3)  The padding of an emergency door of a school bus must meet the 
following requirements:
	(a)	a minimum 75 millimetres wide;
	(b)	a minimum 25 millimetres thick;
	(c)	extend the full width of the top interior edge of the door 
opening.
(4)  There must be no steps on the exterior leading to the emergency 
door of a school bus.
Safety equipment
12(1)  All safety equipment of a school bus such as first aid kits, 
advance warning triangles and fire extinguishers
	(a)	must be located within 2 metres of the centre of the top of the 
driver's seat cushion,
	(b)	must be secured by bracketing,
	(c)	must not require the removal or adjustment of any related 
objects in order to access or to release the mechanism of the 
equipment, and
	(d)	must not be obstructed in such a manner that the equipment 
cannot be manoeuvred from its mounted position in order to 
use it.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), the first aid kit, advance warning triangles 
and fire extinguisher of a school bus may be stored in a locked 
compartment if the compartment
	(a)	is in a location readily accessible to the driver,
	(b)	is equipped with a locking device connected to an automatic 
audible warning signal that notifies the driver that the 
compartment is locked when the ignition is turned on, and
	(c)	is clearly labelled to identify the equipment contained in it.
Floor covering
13   The floor covering in the aisle and entrance areas of a school bus 
must be
	(a)	skid-resistant, and
	(b)	not worn or damaged so as to become a hazard to the 
passengers.
Heater
14   The heater system of a school bus must be maintained in 
accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Signage
15(1)  The words "SCHOOL BUS" with lettering conforming to the 
following requirements must appear on the front and rear of the body 
of a school bus, or on signs attached to the front and rear of the body of 
the bus:
	(a)	it must be black in colour;
	(b)	it must have a National School Bus Yellow background if the 
lettering is not on the body;
	(c)	it must be at least 200 millimetres high with a minimum 
stroke width of 32 millimetres;
	(d)	it must be placed as high as possible without reducing its 
visibility;
	(e)	it must be above the windshield and the rear window not 
more than 10 degrees off the vertical;
	(f)	it must be approximately in the same horizontal plane as the 
8-lamp advance warning system and within 200 millimetres 
of the vertical plane of the red signal lamps.
(2)  The words "DO NOT PASS WHEN RED LIGHTS FLASHING" 
with lettering conforming to the following requirements must be 
displayed on the rear of a school bus:
	(a)	it must be at least 75 millimetres but not more than 125 
millimetres in height;
	(b)	the stroke width of the lettering must be at least 1/6 of the 
height of the letter.
(3)  The words describing the type of fuel used by a school bus must be 
indicated on the body, immediately adjacent to the filler pipe.
Inside height
16   The inside body height of a Type A2, B, C or D school bus must 
be maintained to have a minimum dimension of 1.8 metres measured 
at any point on the longitudinal centre line from the front vertical bow 
to the rear vertical bow.
Alternating flashing warning lamps
17   The alternating flashing warning lamps of a school bus must be 
properly maintained so that they can be operated in accordance with 
the manufacturer's specifications.
Floor level side marker lamps
18   The marker lamps of a school bus must be properly maintained so 
that they operate in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Interior lamps
19   The interior lamps of a school bus must adequately illuminate the 
aisle and entrance areas.
Exterior lamps
20   Where tail lamps, side marker lamps, clearance lamps and 
identification lamps of a school bus are activated with the daytime 
running lamp system, the system must be properly maintained so that it 
operates in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Mirrors
21   All mirrors on a school bus must function as intended and in 
accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Body mounting
22(1)  The body of a school bus must not
	(a)	be shifted or separated from the chassis frame, and
	(b)	have any missing, loose or damaged mounts or fasteners.
(2)  The front of the body of a Type C school bus must be properly 
attached and sealed to the chassis cowl in such a manner as to prevent 
entry of water, dust or fumes.
Noise suppression
23(1)  This section does not apply to the original manufacturer 
installed equipment accessories contained in the front section chassis 
of a Type A school bus, if the body of the bus was not manufactured 
by the front section chassis manufacturer.
(2)  The noise suppression switch of a school bus must be properly 
maintained so that the switch will simultaneously disable the following 
accessories, if the bus is equipped with such accessories:
	(a)	windshield and window defroster fans;
	(b)	driver and passenger heater fans;
	(c)	circulation fans;
	(d)	powered roof ventilation;
	(e)	air-conditioning systems;
	(f)	radios and radio speaker.
(3)  The noise suppression switch of a school bus must be
	(a)	identified with the words "NOISE SUPPRESS" or "NOISE 
SUPP" on or adjacent to it, and
	(b)	located within easy reach of a seated driver.
(4)  Speakers used for music or entertainment must not be located 
within 2 passenger seating rows of the driver's seating position in a 
school bus.
Rub rails
24   Rub rails of a school bus must not be
	(a)	missing,
	(b)	damaged so as to have sharp edges, or
	(c)	visibly separated from the school bus body.
Steps
25(1)  The surface of steps in a school bus must be properly 
maintained so that it
	(a)	remains skid-resistant, and
	(b)	is not worn or damaged so as to become a hazard to the 
passengers.
(2)  The lamp on the stepwell of a school bus must provide adequate 
illumination.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a Type A school bus.
Stirrup steps
26   The stirrup step of a Type C or Type D school bus must be 
properly maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's 
specifications.
Stop arm
27   The stop arm, including the tie-in switch to the door mechanism, 
must operate smoothly and in accordance with the manufacturer's 
specifications.
Crossing arm
28   The crossing arm of a school bus must meet the following 
requirements:
	(a)	it must be located at the right front corner of the chassis;
	(b)	it must extend a minimum of 1.80 metres forward of the right 
front face of the chassis bumper;
	(c)	it must automatically open to its fully extended position 
whenever the school bus stop arm is activated;
	(d)	it must return to its park position when the stop arm is 
deactivated;
	(e)	it must be electrically operated or air-operated;
	(f)	it may incorporate an override system to allow for off-street 
or confined parking.
Sun visor
29   The sun visor in a Type B, C or D school bus must be properly 
maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's standards.
Undercoating
30   The rust proofing compound on the underside of a school bus 
must not be missing in whole or in part, or be cracked, broken or worn 
so as to render it ineffective.
Ventilation
31   The ventilation system, including the static-type exhaust 
ventilators and circulation fans, must be properly maintained in 
accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Schedule 6 
 
Driveaway or Towaway Requirements
Definitions
1   In this Schedule,
	(a)	"full mounted" means an operation in which a commercial 
vehicle transports another motor vehicle where all wheels of 
the transported motor vehicle are on the transporting vehicle;
	(b)	"saddle-mount" means a device that is used in a driveaway or 
towaway operation to perform the functions of a 
conventional fifth wheel and is designed and constructed so 
that it is readily detachable.
Means of towing
2   No means of towing other than a tow-bar or saddle-mount may be 
used for towing in a driveaway or towaway operation.
Number in combination
3(1)  Not more than 3 vehicles in combination may be towed at the 
same time by saddle-mounts.
(2)  Not more than one vehicle may be towed at the same time by 
means of a tow-bar.
Carrying vehicles on towed vehicles
4(1)  A vehicle hauling a full mounted vehicle may not be towed by 
means of a tow-bar.
(2)  No vehicle may be full mounted on a vehicle towed by means of a 
saddle-mount unless the centre of the rear axle of the full mounted 
vehicle lies forward of the centre line of the rear axle of the 
saddle-mounted vehicle.
Front wheel restraint
5   The front wheels of a vehicle towed by means of a saddle-mount 
must be removed or restrained if, under any condition of turning of the 
wheels, they would project beyond the widest part of either the towed 
or towing vehicle.
Front end mount
6   A vehicle towed by means of a saddle-mount must be towed with 
the front end mounted on the towing vehicle unless the steering 
mechanism is adequately locked in a straight-forward position.
Tracking
7   A saddle-mount must be designed, constructed, installed and 
maintained so that the towed vehicle or vehicles will follow in the path 
of the towing vehicle without swerving and will not deviate more than 
76 millimetres to either side of the path of the towing vehicle when 
moving in a straight line.
Frame bending
8   Where necessary, blocks must be inserted inside the frame channel 
of the towing vehicle to prevent kinking of the frame of the towing 
vehicle.
Location of saddle-mount
9   No saddle-mount must be located at a point to the rear of the centre 
line of the rear axle or axles of the towing vehicle.
Upper half of saddle-mount
10(1)  The upper half of a saddle-mount must meet the requirements 
of this section.
(2)  The upper half must be securely attached to the axle of the towed 
vehicle by means of a pivot block and jaw assembly, U-bolts or other 
means providing at least equivalent security.
(3)  In addition to any fifth wheel or frame type saddle-mount, each 
piggyback unit must be secured by safety chains of equivalent strength 
as the saddle.
(4)  The safety chains in subsection (3) must be
	(a)	attached in such a manner that significant side-to-side motion 
will be prevented should the saddle-mount bracket loosen, 
and only provide sufficient slack to allow normal articulation 
between the mounted unit and towing unit,
	(b)	assembled using proper hooks, clevises or pins, and
	(c)	Transport 7-Grade 7 chain.
Lower half of saddle-mount
11(1)  Adequate provision must be made by design and installation to 
ensure against any movement between the lower half of the 
saddle-mount and the towing vehicle.
(2)  To prevent marking or scratching of the frame, blocks of suitable 
material may be used between the lower half of the saddle-mount and 
the frame of the towing vehicle.
Tow-bar requirements
12(1)  A tow-bar must be properly installed and adequate means must 
be provided for securely fastening the tow-bar to the towed and towing 
vehicles.
(2)  The tow-bar must be designed, constructed, mounted and 
maintained so as to cause the towed motor vehicle to follow 
substantially in the path of the towing vehicle and so as not to permit 
the towed vehicle to deviate more than 76 millimetres to either side of 
the path of the towing vehicle when moving in a straight line.
Safety chains and cables
13(1)  A vehicle that is towed by means of a tow-bar must be 
connected to the towing motor vehicle by means of at least 2 safety 
chains or cables.
(2)  The safety chain in subsection (1) must be Transport 7-Grade 7 
chain, or shall have a strength at least equal to Transport 7-Grade 7 
chain.
(3)  The chains or cables must be crossed underneath the tow-bar and 
attached to the chassis of both motor vehicles near the points of 
attachment.
Brake requirements
14(1)  If so equipped, the brakes on every axle in contact with the 
ground must be actuated via the truck-tractor's service line.
(2)  If so equipped, the spring brakes on every axle in contact with the 
ground must be actuated via the truck-tractor's supply line and 
automatically applied on failure of the supply line.
Lamps
15(1)  Any required lamps of the rear mounted or towed vehicle must 
be operational.
(2)  The tail lamps, side marker lamps, clearance lamps, turn signal 
lamps and brake lamps of rear piggyback units must be operational.
Schedule 7 
 
Commercial Vehicle Restrictions
1   For the purposes of section 17(5)(b), the highways or portions of 
highways on which a commercial vehicle may not be operated except 
to cross the highway are as follows:
	(a)	Highway 1 from the border of Banff National Park to the 
Alberta-Saskatchewan border;
	(b)	Highway 2 from the City of Edmonton to the Town of Fort 
Macleod;
	(c)	Highway 3 from the British Columbia-Alberta border to the 
City of Medicine Hat;
	(d)	Highway 4 from the City of Lethbridge to the Alberta-United 
States border;
	(e)	Highway 16 from the border of Jasper National Park to the 
Alberta-Saskatchewan border;
	(f)	Highway 16A from the junction with Highway 16 to the 
western limit of the City of Edmonton;
	(g)	Highway 43 from Highway 16 to the City of Grande Prairie;
	(h)	Highway 216 from the northwest corner of section 9, 
township 52, range 23, west of the 4th meridian to the 
northwest corner of section 9, township 53, range 23, west of 
the 4th meridian.
Appendix 
 
Figure 1 
 
Accessibility Symbol
 
Figure 2 
 
Clear Zone Around a Mobility Aid Position 
when an Upper Torso Restraint is Not Used

 
	 		        Side View	Front View         
Figure 3 
 
Clear Zone Around a Mobility Aid Position 
when an Upper Torso Restraint is Used

 
	 		        Side View	Front View         
Figure 4 
 
Location of Anchor Points for an  
Upper Torso Restraint Belt

 
		       Side View	Front View       
R = Distance between the seating reference plane and upper anchor 
point.


--------------------------------
Alberta Regulation 122/2009
Traffic Safety Act
VEHICLE EQUIPMENT REGULATION
Filed: May 12, 2009
For information only:   Made by the Minister of Transportation (M.O. 04/09) on May 
5, 2009 pursuant to section 81 of the Traffic Safety Act. 
Table of Contents
	1	Interpretation
	2	Emergency response unit
	3	Required maintenance
Part 1 
Vehicle Lamps
	4	General standards
	5	Antique motor vehicles
Division 1 
Headlamps
	6	Location
	7	High and low beams
	8	High beam indicator
	9	Single beam headlamps
	10	Cycle headlamps
	11	Tractor headlamps, etc.
	12	Daytime running lamps
Division 2 
Rear Lamps
	13	Tail lamps
	14	Licence plate lamp
	15	Exemptions
	16	Overhanging load
	17	Colour
	18	Brake lamp
	19	Brake lamp location
	20	Lit brake lamp
Division 3 
Turn Signal Lamps
	21	Turn signal lamps
	22	Trailer turn signal lamps
	23	Signal lamp standards
Division 4 
Flashing Lamps
	24	Prohibition
	25	Police vehicles
	26	Ambulance
	27	Fire fighting vehicle
	28	Municipal fire fighter
	29	Emergency response unit
	30	Gas units
	31	Tow truck
	32	Vehicles carrying explosives
	33	Funeral procession
	34	Other vehicles
	35	Flashing headlamps
	36	Indicator lamp
Division 5 
Other Lamps
	37	Side marker lamps
	38	Hazard warning lamps
	39	Identification lamps
	40	Clearance lamps
	41	Search light
	42	Auxiliary driving lamps or fog lamps
	43	Daytime running lamps
	44	Visibility of lamps
	45	Blocked lamps and reflectors
	46	Multifunction lamps
Part 2 
Reflectors
	47	Reflector standards
	48	Reflectors
	49	Reflective tape
	50	Moped, power bicycle reflectors
	51	Boat trailer reflectors
	52	Conspicuity systems
Part 3 
Brakes
	53	Brake fluid standards
	54	Brakes required
	55	Adequate brakes
	56	Trailer brakes
	57	Brake maintenance
Part 4 
Other Equipment
	58	General standards
	59	Pneumatic tire
	60	Horn, bell
	61	Mufflers
	62	Windshield wipers, etc.
	63	Windshield wiper on antique motor vehicle
	64	Mudguards
	65	Transporting goods
	66	Wide loads
	67	Hood latches
	68	Door latches
	69	Windshield
	70	Window glazing
	71	Glazing standards
	72	Prohibition
	73	Mirror standards
	74	Rear view mirror
	75	Mirror view of buses
	76	Speedometer and odometer
	77	Siren
	78	Video entertainment systems
	79	Bumpers
Part 5 
Occupant Restraint Systems
	80	Definitions
	81	Occupant restraint system
	82	Seat belts required
	83	Occupant restraint system installation
	84	Exempt motor vehicles
	85	Exempt drivers
	86	Ambulance attendants
	87	Persons in custody
	88	Special exemptions
Part 6 
Equipment by Vehicle Type
Division 1 
School Buses
	89	General standards
	90	Flashing lamps and stop arm
	91	Retro reflective markings
	92	Rear view mirrors
	93	Bumpers
	94	Gauges
	95	Rub rails
Division 2 
Trailers
	96	General standards
	97	Towing prohibitions
	98	Attachment standards
	99	Rear impact guard
	100	Towing standards
	101	Trailer rental prohibition
	102	Recreational vehicle CSA Standard
Division 3 
Log Haul
	103	Definitions
	104	Exemptions
	105	Overhanging load
	106	Conspicuity
Division 4 
Cycles
	107	Cycle safety helmet
	108	Safety helmet standards
	109	Passenger equipment
	110	Side mirror
Division 5 
Bicycles
	111	Bicycle safety helmet
	112	Safety helmet standards
	113	Bicycle equipment
Part 7 
General
	114	Exemption by Registrar
	115	Offences
	116	Parking tags
	117	Repeal
	118	Expiry
	119	Coming into force 
 
Schedule
Interpretation
1(1)  In this Regulation,
	(a)	"Act" means the Traffic Safety Act;
	(b)	"antique motor vehicle" means antique motor vehicle as 
defined in the Operator Licensing and Vehicle Control 
Regulation (AR 320/2002);
	(c)	"bicycle" means a cycle propelled solely by human power on 
which a person may ride that has 2 wheels, and includes a 
bicycle with training wheels;
	(d)	"boat trailer" means a vehicle drawn by a motor vehicle and 
primarily designed to be used for the transportation of a boat;
	(e)	"camper unit" means a living unit that is not a vehicle but 
that is designed to be mounted or installed on a motor 
vehicle;
	(f)	"CSA" means the Canadian Standards Association;
	(g)	"daytime" means the period commencing one hour before 
sunrise and ending one hour after the following sunset;
	(h)	"emergency response unit" means a vehicle designated under 
section 2;
	(i)	"flashing lamp" includes a stationary or rotating flashing 
lamp, a strobe lamp or a 360-degree warning lamp but does 
not include a turn signal lamp or a vehicle hazard warning 
lamp required under this Regulation;
	(j)	"implement of husbandry" means an implement of husbandry 
as defined in the Use of Highway and Rules of the Road 
Regulation (AR 304/2002);
	(k)	"mobile home" means a mobile home as defined in CSA 
Standard Z240 MH Series Mobile Home;
	(l)	"moped" means a moped as defined in the Use of Highway 
and Rules of the Road Regulation (AR 304/2002);
	(m)	"nighttime" means the period commencing one hour after 
sunset and ending one hour before the following sunrise;
	(n)	"passenger car" means a passenger car as defined in the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor Vehicle 
Safety Act (Canada);
	(o)	"police vehicle" means a vehicle that is driven or operated by 
a peace officer in carrying out the peace officer's duties;
	(p)	"power bicycle" means a power bicycle as defined in the Use 
of Highway and Rules of the Road Regulation 
(AR 304/2002);
	(q)	"recreational vehicle" means a vehicle that is primarily 
designed to provide temporary living quarters for recreational 
camping, travel or seasonally use, whether it has its own 
motor power or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle;
	(r)	"SAE" means the Society of Automotive Engineers;
	(s)	"school bus" means a school bus as defined in section 1(1)(k) 
of the Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation;
	(t)	"stop" means stop as defined in the Use of Highway and 
Rules of the Road Regulation (AR 304/2002).
(2)  This Regulation does not apply to an off-highway vehicle as 
defined in section 117(a) of the Act.
Emergency response unit
2   The following are designated as emergency response units for the 
purposes of the Act and this Regulation:
	(a)	a motor vehicle that
	(i)	is used by a peace officer for the purpose of carrying out 
the duties of a peace officer, and
	(ii)	is owned or leased by the Government of Alberta or the 
municipality or corporation that employs the peace 
officer;
	(b)	a motor vehicle that
	(i)	is driven or operated by employees of the Government 
of Canada in the Correctional Service of Canada in the 
Department of the Solicitor General (Canada) in 
carrying out their duties, and
	(ii)	is owned or leased by the Government of Canada;
	(c)	a motor vehicle that
	(i)	is registered in the name of a person
	(A)	who is responsible for the operation of an energy 
resource pipeline or well, or
	(B)	who responds to and initiates measures to control 
significant accidental releases of substances from 
energy resource pipelines or wells,
	(ii)	is equipped and used for responding to and providing 
services at energy resource related emergencies that 
pose a serious threat to public safety or the 
environment, and
	(iii)	is driven or operated by an employee of the registered 
owner who
	(A)	is trained in fire fighting and first aid,
	(B)	is trained to respond to emergencies arising from a 
malfunction in an energy resource pipeline or well, 
and
	(C)	has successfully completed the Canada Safety 
Council Professional Driver Improvement Course 
within the previous 2 years or has met the 
requirements specified by the Registrar;
	(d)	a motor vehicle that
	(i)	is an ambulance as defined in the Ambulance Services 
Act and is registered in the name of a person who is 
licensed as an operator of an ambulance service under 
that Act,
	(ii)	carries equipment that is used to provide services at 
emergencies,
	(iii)	is used for providing services at emergencies, and
	(iv)	is driven or operated by an employee of the registered 
owner who has successfully completed a professional 
driver improvement course acceptable to the Registrar 
within the previous 2 years.
Required maintenance
3   Any equipment or safety system installed in a vehicle by the 
manufacturer of the vehicle must be maintained in good working order 
and in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Part 1 
Vehicle Lamps
General standards
4(1)  The following standards respecting lamps on vehicles are 
adopted and apply to a light or lamp incorporated in or attached to a 
vehicle:
	(a)	section 108 of the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under 
the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada), including Technical 
Standards Document No. 108;
	(b)	the alternative standards adopted by section 108.1 of the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor Vehicle 
Safety Act (Canada);
	(c)	SAE Standard J583 Revised June 1993 applies to fog lamps 
marked SAE F;
	(d)	SAE Standard J595 applies to warning lamps marked SAE W 
for emergency, maintenance and service vehicles;
	(e)	SAE Standard J845 applies to 360-degree emergency 
warning lamps marked SAE W3;
	(f)	SAE Standard J1318 applies to 360-degree gaseous discharge 
lamps marked SAE W5;
	(g)	SAE Standard J581 applies to driving lamps marked SAE Y.
 (2)  A lamp on a vehicle, wherever it is located,
	(a)	must comply with the appropriate standard under the Motor 
Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) on the date it is incorporated in 
or attached to the vehicle, or
	(b)	must comply with the SAE standard applicable on the date on 
which the motor vehicle is manufactured.
(3)  A lamp or replacement lamp on a vehicle complies with this 
section if it
	(a)	meets the manufacturer's specification for the vehicle it is 
incorporated in or attached to, or
	(b)	has a mark or label on it that indicates in words or symbols 
that the appropriate standard has been met.
(4)  A person shall not drive or operate a vehicle that has a lamp unless 
the lamp is required or allowed by this Regulation or another 
regulation under the Act.
Antique motor vehicles
5   This Part applies to an antique motor vehicle that is driven or 
operated on a highway during nighttime.
Division 1 
Headlamps
Location
6(1)  A motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle or moped, must have at 
least 2 headlamps, one on each side of the front of the motor vehicle.
(2)  A headlamp must be mounted so that the centre of the headlamp is 
not more than 1.4 metres and not less than 560 millimetres above 
ground level when the motor vehicle is not loaded.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a snowplough truck with a front 
mounted plough.
(4)  The light from a headlamp must be white, and the lens and bulb of 
the headlamp must be made of clear, untinted glazing.
(5)  A person shall not attach or apply anything that colours the light 
from a headlamp to the headlamp, part of the headlamp or a bulb in the 
headlamps.
High and low beams
7(1)  The headlamps on a motor vehicle, other than a moped, must 
comply with subsections (2), (3) and (4).
(2)  A headlamp must have a low beam that can reveal a person or 
another vehicle that is at least 30 metres ahead.
(3)  A headlamp must have a high beam 
	(a)	that can reveal a person or another vehicle that is at least 100 
metres ahead, and
	(b)	that does not shine in the eyes of an approaching driver.
(4)  A motor vehicle must be equipped so that the driver is able to 
choose either
	(a)	to change the headlamps to high beams or to low beams by 
hand, or
	(b)	to switch to the control that automatically changes the 
headlamps to high beams or to low beams.
High beam indicator
8(1)  A high beam indicator must be located on the dashboard of a 
vehicle so that the driver is able to see the high beam indicator when 
the high beam of a headlamp is lit.
(2)  A high beam indicator must not glare in the driver's eyes.
Single beam headlamps
9(1)  Headlamps on the following motor vehicles may be arranged to 
provide a single distribution of light instead of that required by section 
7:
	(a)	motor vehicles, other than motor cycles, manufactured and 
sold before April 1, 1956;
	(b)	motor cycles manufactured and sold before January 1, 1969.
(2)  Headlamps arranged to provide a single distribution of light must 
be aimed so that they reveal a person or a vehicle that is at least 60 
metres ahead. 
Cycle headlamps
10(1)  A cycle must have at least one headlamp.
(2)  A headlamp of a moped or power bicycle must 
	(a)	be mounted not more than 1.5 metres and not less than 510 
millimetres above ground level,
	(b)	provide a high beam not higher than 1.06 metres above 
ground level at a distance of 23 metres ahead, and
	(c)	reveal a person or another vehicle at a distance of at least 60 
metres ahead at nighttime during normal atmospheric 
conditions.
(3)  If a motor cycle is equipped with a headlamp modulator, the 
headlight modulator
	(a)	must be the only one installed on the motor cycle, and
	(b)	must comply with the requirements of the Motor Vehicle 
Safety Act (Canada) respecting headlight modulators.
Tractor headlamps, etc.
11(1)  A self-propelled implement of husbandry that has headlamps 
must have at least 2 and not more than 4 headlamps.
(2)  The headlamps may be single beam or multiple beam.
(3)  The headlamps must be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or 
another vehicle at a distance of at least 60 metres ahead.
Daytime running lamps
12   The daytime running lamps on a motor vehicle may emit amber or 
white light.
Division 2 
Rear Lamps
Tail lamps
13(1)  A self-propelled implement of husbandry, a trailer, the last 
vehicle in a train of vehicles and a motor vehicle, other than a motor 
cycle or moped, must have at least 2 tail lamps mounted at the rear.
(2)  A motor cycle, a moped, a power bicycle and a trailer that is less 
than 760 millimetres wide, including its load, must have at least one 
tail lamp mounted at the rear.
(3)  The tail lamps must be as widely spaced laterally as practicable.
(4)  A tail lamp must be capable of emitting a red light that is visible 
from at least 150 metres to the rear.
(5)  The centre of a tail lamp must not be less than 380 millimetres or 
more than 2 metres above ground level when the vehicle is not loaded.
(6)  A tail lamp must turn on and stay lit when the headlamps or 
auxiliary driving lamps are lit.
Licence plate lamp
14(1)  The licence plate of a vehicle must be illuminated by a tail lamp 
or a separate licence plate lamp so that the licence plate is clearly 
visible from at least 15 metres to the rear.
(2)  A separate licence plate lamp for illuminating the rear licence plate 
must turn on and stay lit when the headlamps are lit.
(3)  A separate licence plate lamp must emit white light.
Exemptions 
15   Sections 13 and 14 do not apply during daytime to the following:
	(a)	implements of husbandry;
	(b)	highway construction and maintenance equipment;
	(c)	portable livestock scales.
Overhanging load
16(1)  During nighttime, a load that overhangs the rear of the vehicle 
carrying it by 1.5 metres or more must have a lit red lamp on the back 
of the load.
(2)  During daytime, a load that overhangs the rear of the vehicle 
carrying it by 1.5 metres or more must have a red or orange flag that is 
not less than 300 millimetres square on the back of the load. 
Colour 
17(1)  A lamp on the rear of a vehicle must emit red light unless this 
Regulation permits another colour.
(2)  Back-up lamps that are lit only when a vehicle is backing up may 
emit white light.
Brake lamp
18(1)  A motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle or moped, and the 
last vehicle in a train of vehicles must have at least 2 brake lamps 
mounted at the rear.
(2)  A motor cycle, moped or power bicycle must have at least one 
brake lamp mounted at the rear.
(3)  A trailer must have at least 2 brake lamps mounted at the rear if it 
is 760 millimetres wide or wider.
(4)  A trailer that is less than 760 millimetres wide, including its load, 
must have at least one brake lamp mounted at the rear.
(5)  The brake lamps on the right and left rear of the widest vehicle in a 
train of vehicles must be visible from behind the last vehicle in the 
train of vehicles.
(6)  If a motor vehicle has a centre high mounted brake lamp installed 
by the manufacturer of the vehicle, the centre high mounted brake 
lamp must be maintained in good working order and to the 
manufacturer's specifications.
Brake lamp location
19(1)  A brake lamp must be permanently mounted on a rigid part of 
the vehicle.
(2)  The centre of a brake lamp must not be less than 380 millimetres 
or more than 2 metres above ground level when the vehicle is not 
loaded.
(3)  A single brake lamp on a motor cycle, moped or power bicycle 
must be located on the vertical centre line. 
(4)  Multiple brake lamps must be as far apart as is practicable and 
located symmetrically about the vertical centre line.
(5)  A centre high mounted brake lamp must be located as follows:
	(a)	with its center at any place on the vertical centre line of the 
vehicle, including the glazing, as the vehicle is viewed from 
the rear;
	(b)	if the lamp is mounted below the rear window of the vehicle, 
in such a way that no portion of the lens is lower than 
153 millimetres below the rear window on a convertible or 
77 millimetres below the rear window on other passenger 
cars.
(6)  If a centre high mounted brake lamp is mounted inside the vehicle, 
means must be provided to minimize reflections from the light of the 
lamp on the rear window glazing that might be visible to the driver 
when viewed either directly or indirectly in the rear view mirror.
(7)  Subsections (1) to (6) do not apply to vehicles manufactured 
before January 1, 1971.
Lit brake lamp 
20(1)  A brake lamp on a vehicle must light up when the service brake 
is applied.
(2)  A lit brake lamp on a vehicle, other than a moped or power 
bicycle, must be clearly visible from at least 250 metres to the rear.
(3)  A lit brake lamp on a moped or power bicycle must be clearly 
visible from at least 30 metres to the rear.
Division 3 
Turn Signal Lamps
Turn signal lamps
21(1)  This section applies to a motor vehicle manufactured on or after 
January 1, 1971.
(2)  This section does not apply to a moped.
(3)  A person shall not sell, offer for sale, drive or operate a motor 
vehicle unless it has front and rear turn signal lamps that are visible 
from both the front and rear.
(4)  A person shall not sell, offer for sale, drive or operate a motor 
vehicle unless it has turn signal lamps that operate on one side of the 
vehicle at a time.
Trailer turn signal lamps
22   A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle that is pulling 
a trailer unless both the motor vehicle and the trailer have turn signal 
lamps or mechanical turn signal devices, whether the motor vehicle or 
the trailer was manufactured before or after January 1, 1971.
Signal lamp standards
23(1)  This section applies to a vehicle, other than a towed implement 
of husbandry, manufactured on or after January 1, 1971.
(2)  One set of turn signal lamps on a vehicle that has turn signal lamps 
must comply with the following:
	(a)	they must be located at or near the front of the vehicle;
	(b)	they must be on the same level and as widely spaced laterally 
as practicable;
	(c)	when lit, they must emit amber light that is plainly visible 
from at least 250 metres ahead.
(3)  One set of turn signal lamps on a vehicle that has turn signal lamps 
must comply with the following:
	(a)	they must be located at or near the rear of the vehicle;
	(b)	they must be on the same level and as widely spaced laterally 
as practicable;
	(c)	when lit, they must emit red or amber light that is plainly 
visible from at least 250 metres to the rear.
(4)  The turn signal lamps or mechanical turn signal devices must be 
self-cancelling on a vehicle that is less than 2.05 metres wide, 
including its load.
(5)  A turn signal lamp or a mechanical turn signal device on a vehicle 
must be mounted on a rigid part of the vehicle that is not glazing.
(6)  A turn signal lamp on a vehicle must be mounted so that the centre 
of the lamp is not less than 380 millimetres or more than 2.11 metres 
above ground level when the vehicle is not loaded.
(7)  A truck tractor with front turn signal lamps that are double faced 
and meet the visibility requirements in subsection (2) need not have a 
set of rear turn signal lamps.
(8)  A vehicle or trailer must be equipped so that the driver is able to 
indicate the direction in which the driver intends to turn the vehicle or 
trailer
	(a)	by turning on and flashing the front and rear turn signal 
lamps on the side of the vehicle towards which the turn is to 
be made, or
	(b)	by using the mechanical turn signal device on the side of the 
vehicle towards which the turn is to be made.
(9)  A mechanical turn signal device must be self-illuminating if it is 
used at nighttime.
(10)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a trailer.
(11)  Subsection (4) does not apply to a motor cycle.
Division 4 
Flashing Lamps
Prohibition
24(1)  A person shall not drive or operate a vehicle that has a flashing 
lamp unless the flashing lamp is allowed or required under this 
Regulation or another regulation under the Act.
(2)  A flashing lamp that is allowed or required under this Regulation 
or another regulation under the Act may remain mounted on the 
vehicle even if the lamp is off.
(3)  A flashing lamp must be removed from a vehicle that is no longer 
used in performing the duties for which a flashing lamp is allowed or 
required under this Regulation or another regulation under the Act.
Police vehicles
25(1)  A police vehicle may have red flashing lamps or blue flashing 
lamps or both.
(2)  If a police vehicle has flashing lamps, the lamps must be mounted 
in accordance with subsection (3), (4) or (5) but not in any other 
configuration.
(3)  The flashing lamps on a police vehicle may be mounted so that
	(a)	the blue lamps are on the right side, and
	(b)	the red lamps are on the left side.
(4)  A police vehicle may have both red and blue flashing lamps 
mounted on the left exterior of the vehicle
	(a)	if the red lamp is mounted directly above the blue lamp, or
	(b)	if the blue lamp is mounted immediately to the right of the 
red lamp.
(5)  A police vehicle may have mounted in its interior
	(a)	a flashing blue lamp or a flashing red lamp,
	(b)	a flashing red lamp and a flashing blue lamp
	(i)	if the red lamp is mounted directly above the blue lamp, 
or
	(ii)	if the blue lamp is mounted to the right of the red lamp,
		or
	(c)	a lamp that flashes blue and red alternately.
(6)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing lamps on a police 
vehicle unless the vehicle is being used by a peace officer in carrying 
out the officer's duties.
Ambulance
26(1)  In this section, "ambulance" means an ambulance as defined in 
the Ambulance Services Act that is registered in the name of a person 
who is licensed as an operator of an ambulance service under that Act.
(2)  An ambulance must have one or more flashing red lamps or a 
combination of flashing red and white lamps.
(3)  The red light emitted by a flashing lamp on an ambulance must be 
visible from all directions outside the vehicle.
(4)  The white light emitted by a flashing lamp on an ambulance must 
not be visible from behind the vehicle.
(5)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing lamps on an 
ambulance unless the ambulance is being used in response to a medical 
emergency.
Fire fighting vehicle
27(1)  An emergency vehicle used primarily for the transportation of 
fire fighters or other emergency response workers or fire fighting 
equipment must have one or more flashing red lamps or a combination 
of flashing red and white lamps.
(2)  The red light emitted by a flashing lamp on an emergency vehicle 
referred to in subsection (1) must be visible from all directions outside 
the vehicle.
(3)  The white light emitted by a flashing lamp on an emergency 
vehicle referred to in subsection (1) must not be visible from behind 
the vehicle.
(4)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing lamps on an 
emergency vehicle referred to in subsection (1) unless the vehicle is 
being used in response to a fire or other emergency.
Municipal fire fighter
28(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"full-time fire fighter" means a person who is regularly 
employed in the fire protection services of a municipality;
	(b)	"volunteer fire fighter" means a person who voluntarily acts 
as a fire fighter in the fire protection services of a 
municipality for a nominal consideration or honorarium.
(2)  If a bylaw of the municipality allows it, a vehicle, other than an 
emergency vehicle, that is transporting a full-time fire fighter or a 
volunteer fire fighter may have flashing green lamps.
(3)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing green lamps unless 
the vehicle is being used in response to a fire or other emergency.
Emergency response unit
29(1)  An emergency response unit, other than an emergency response 
unit referred to in section 2(a), may have flashing red lamps that are 
visible from all directions outside the vehicle.
(2)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing red lamps on an 
emergency response unit referred to
	(a)	in section 2(b) unless the vehicle is being used by the 
employee of the Government of Canada in the execution of 
the employee's duties, or
	(b)	in section 2(c) or 2(d) unless the vehicle is being used in 
response to an emergency.
Gas units
30(1)  A vehicle used by a public utility company as a gas 
disconnecting unit may be equipped with flashing red lamps that are 
visible from all directions outside the vehicle.
(2)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing red lamps on a gas 
disconnecting unit unless the vehicle is being used in response to an 
emergency call that may involve disconnecting a gas supply or 
stopping escaping gas.
Tow truck 
31(1)  A tow truck must be equipped with one or more amber warning 
lamps that are visible from all directions outside the vehicle.
(2)  A person shall not turn on or use the amber warning lamps on a 
tow truck unless the tow truck is 
	(a)	being attached to another vehicle,
	(b)	drawing another vehicle onto or along the travelled portion of 
a highway, or
	(c)	being used to help a person repair, start or move a vehicle 
that is stopped on a highway.
(3)  A vehicle, other than a tow truck, that is operated by an association 
whose purposes include helping a person whose vehicle is stopped on a 
highway or by a towing business, a service station or a garage may 
have amber warning lamps that are visible from all directions outside 
the vehicle.
(4)  A person shall not turn on or use the amber warning lamps on a 
vehicle referred to in subsection (3) unless the vehicle is stopped on a 
highway and being used to help a person repair, start or move another 
vehicle that is stopped on the highway.
Vehicles carrying explosives
32(1)  In this section, "explosives" means explosives as defined in the 
Explosives Act (Canada).
(2)  A vehicle primarily used for the transportation of explosives may 
have
	(a)	3 sequentially flashing amber lamps that are visible from in 
front of the vehicle, and
	(b)	3 sequentially flashing red lamps that are visible from behind 
the vehicle.
(3)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing lamps on a vehicle 
used for transporting explosives unless the vehicle is transporting 
explosives.
Funeral procession
33(1)  A motor vehicle used for leading a funeral procession may have 
a flashing purple lamp that is visible from all directions outside the 
vehicle.
(2)  A person shall not turn on or use a flashing purple lamp on a motor 
vehicle unless it is leading, or getting ready to lead, a funeral 
procession.
Other vehicles
34(1)  The flashing lamps allowed under this section must be amber 
and visible from all directions outside the vehicle.
(2)  A vehicle that is used in highway construction, inspection, 
maintenance or safety investigation may have flashing lamps and may 
have them on only when the vehicle is being used in highway 
construction, inspection, maintenance or safety investigation.
(3)  A vehicle that is used in land surveying or survey control may 
have flashing lamps and may have them on only when the vehicle is 
being used in land surveying or survey control.
(4)  A vehicle that is used in inspecting, monitoring, maintenance or 
other matters concerning environmental protection may have flashing 
lamps and may have them on only
	(a)	if the vehicle is driven or operated by employees of the 
Government of Alberta who are under the administration of 
the Minister of Environment,
	(b)	when the vehicle is stationary, and
	(c)	if the vehicle is being used in matters concerning 
environmental protection.
(5)  A vehicle that is used in seismic exploration may have flashing 
lamps and may have them on only when the vehicle is being used in 
seismic exploration and is stationary.
(6)  A vehicle that is servicing public utilities may have flashing lamps 
and may have them on only when the vehicle is stationary and 
servicing public utilities.
(7)  A vehicle that is used for emergency duties at an airport may have 
flashing lamps. 
(8)  A vehicle that is used for forestry inspection may have flashing 
lamps and may have them on only when the vehicle is being used for 
forestry inspection.
(9)  A vehicle that is used in animal control may have flashing lamps 
and may have them on only if the vehicle 
	(a)	is driven or operated by a person who is employed by or 
under contract to the Government of Alberta, the 
Government of Canada or a municipality, and
	(b)	is being used in controlling animals located on or in the 
vicinity of a highway.
Flashing headlamps
35(1)  An emergency vehicle that is allowed flashing lamps under this 
Regulation may also have headlamps that flash when the high beams 
are on.
(2)  A person shall not turn on or use the flashing headlamps on a 
vehicle unless the vehicle's flashing lamps are operating as allowed 
under this Regulation.
Indicator lamp
36   A motor vehicle that has a flashing lamp must have an indicator 
lamp inside the vehicle that
	(a)	can be seen by the driver of the vehicle, and
	(b)	indicates that the flashing lamp is on.
Division 5 
Other Lamps
Side marker lamps 
37(1)  A motor vehicle or trailer must have the following:
	(a)	one amber side marker lamp on each side and as close to the 
front, excluding a trailer tongue, as is practicable;
	(b)	one red side marker lamp on each side and as close to the 
rear as is practicable;
	(c)	if it is more than 9.2 metres long, one amber intermediate 
side marker lamp at or near the midpoint.
(2)  The side marker lamp on a motor vehicle or a trailer must not be 
less than 400 millimetres above the ground level when the motor 
vehicle or trailer is not loaded.
(3)  Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a trailer that is less than 1.83 
metres long, including the trailer tongue.
(4)  Subsection (1)(b) does not apply to a truck tractor.
(5)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a motor vehicle or trailer that was 
manufactured before January 1, 1971.
(6)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a motor cycle.
Hazard warning lamps
38(1)  A motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle or moped, must have 
hazard warning lamps that all flash simultaneously.
(2)  Hazard warning lamps must comply with the requirements of 
section 23(1), (2), (4) and (5).
(3)  This section does not apply to a motor vehicle that was 
manufactured before January 1, 1971 and was not originally equipped 
with a hazard warning lamp system.
(4)  A trailer that is being towed by a motor vehicle to which 
subsection (1) applies must have hazard warning lamps showing to the 
rear that comply with section 23(2) and (4) and that flash 
simultaneously with each other and with the hazard warning lamps of 
the tow vehicle.
Identification lamps
39(1)  A motor vehicle that is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its 
load, must have 3 amber identification lamps on the front.
(2)  A motor vehicle that is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its 
load, must have 3 red identification lamps on the rear.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a truck tractor.
(4)  A trailer that is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its load, must 
have 3 red identification lamps on the rear.
(5)  The identification lamps on a vehicle must be located as follows:
	(a)	as close as practicable to the top and in a horizontal row 
symmetrically about the vertical centre line;
	(b)	so that no 2 lamp centres are closer to each other than 150 
millimetres or farther apart than 300 millimetres.
(6)  The identification lamps on a vehicle must be controlled by a 
circuit that is independent of the circuit that controls the headlamps 
and tail lamps of the vehicle. 
(7)  This section does not apply to a motor vehicle or trailer that was 
manufactured before January 1, 1971 and was not originally equipped 
with identification lamps.
Clearance lamps 
40(1)  A motor vehicle that is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its 
load, must have 2 amber clearance lamps on the front. 
(2)  A motor vehicle that is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its 
load, must have 2 red clearance lamps on the rear.
(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to a truck tractor. 
(4)  A trailer that is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its load, must 
have 2 amber clearance lamps on the front and 2 red clearance lamps 
on the rear.
(5)  The clearance lamps on a vehicle must be controlled by a circuit 
that is independent of the circuit that controls the headlamps and tail 
lamps of the vehicle.
(6)  The clearance lamps on a vehicle must 
	(a)	be located as close as practicable to the top of the vehicle,
	(b)	be in a horizontal row symmetrically about the vertical centre 
line, and
	(c)	indicate the width of the vehicle, including its load.
(7)  Despite subsection (6), the front clearance lamps on a truck tractor 
may indicate the width of the cab only.
(8)  Despite subsections (4) and (6), a boat trailer that is less than 6 
metres long, including the tongue, may have a clearance lamp on each 
side that emits amber light to the front and red light to the rear if the 
lamps indicate the overall width of the boat and the trailer.
Search light
41   A person shall not drive or own a motor vehicle that has a lamp 
that is commonly known as a search light.
Auxiliary driving lamps or fog lamps 
42(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"auxiliary driving lamp" means a SAE Standard J581 type Y 
lamp;
	(b)	"fog lamp" means a SAE Standard J583 type F lamp.
(2)  If a motor vehicle has auxiliary driving lamps or fog lamps, they 
must be mounted on the front of the motor vehicle and the centres of 
the auxiliary driving lamps or fog lamps must be lower than the centres 
of the headlamps.
(3)  Two auxiliary driving lamps may be mounted, one on each side of 
the vertical centre line.
(4)  Two fog lamps may be mounted, one on each side of the vertical 
centre line.
(5)  Auxiliary driving lamps on a motor vehicle must be used only at 
the same time the high beams on the headlamps are used.
(6)  Fog lamps on a motor vehicle must be used only at the same time 
the low beams on the headlamps are used.
(7)  Despite subsection (6), fog lamps may be used without headlamps 
if the weather and road conditions make the use of headlamps 
disadvantageous.
(8)  A person shall not drive or operate or own a motor vehicle that has 
a total of more than 2 auxiliary driving lamps and 2 fog lamps.
(9)  A person shall not drive a motor vehicle with both auxiliary 
driving lamps and fog lamps lit at the same time.
(10)  An auxiliary driving lamp or fog lamp on an unloaded motor 
vehicle must be adjusted and aimed so that none of the high-intensity 
portion of the light to the left of centre of the vehicle projects, at a 
distance of 8 metres ahead, higher than 100 millimetres below the 
centre of the lamp from which the light is projected.
(11)  Fog lamps on a motor vehicle may only emit amber or white 
light.
Daytime running lamps
43   If a motor vehicle is equipped with daytime running lamps 
installed by the manufacturer of the motor vehicle, the daytime running 
lamps must be maintained in good working order and to the 
manufacturer's specifications.
Visibility of lamps 
44   Side marker lamps, hazard warning lamps, identification lamps 
and clearance lamps must be visible from 150 metres at nighttime.
Blocked lamps and reflectors
45   If a lamp or reflective device on a vehicle is temporarily 
obstructed and is required under this Regulation, the vehicle must have 
an additional lamp or reflective device that temporarily performs the 
same function as the obstructed one.
Multifunction lamps 
46(1)  A lamp or reflective device may be used for more than one 
function if it complies with this Regulation in respect of each function 
for which it is used. 
(2)  A clearance lamp must not be combined optically with a tail lamp 
or an identification lamp.
Part 2 
Reflectors
Reflector standards
47   SAE Standard J594 Reflex Reflectors is adopted and applies to 
reflectors required by this Regulation.
Reflectors
48(1)  A motor vehicle or a trailer that is 760 millimetres or more 
wide, including its load, must have the following permanently mounted 
on a rigid part, other than glazing:
	(a)	one amber reflector on each side and as close to the front, 
excluding the trailer tongue, as is practicable;
	(b)	one red reflector on each side and as close to the rear as is 
practicable;
	(c)	if it is more than 9.2 metres long, one amber reflector on each 
side at or near the midpoint.
(2)  A motor vehicle or a trailer that is less than 760 millimetres wide, 
including its load, must have 
	(a)	one red reflector on the rear that is permanently mounted on 
the vertical centre line and on a rigid part, other than glazing, 
or
	(b)	one red reflector on each side of the rear permanently 
mounted at the same height above the ground and on a rigid 
part, other than glazing.
(3)  A motor vehicle or a trailer that is 760 millimetres or more wide, 
including its load, must have one red reflector on each side of the rear 
permanently mounted at the same height above the ground and on a 
rigid part, other than glazing.
(4)  The reflectors on a motor vehicle or trailer must comply with the 
following:
	(a)	the distance between the centre of the reflector and ground 
level must be not less than 400 millimetres or more than 1.6 
metres when the vehicle is not loaded;
	(b)	they must be visible from 150 metres at nighttime if the high 
beam of an approaching motor vehicle shines on them.
(5)  Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a trailer that is less than 1.8 
metres long, including the trailer tongue.
(6)  Despite subsection (4)(a), the reflectors on a truck tractor must be 
mounted on the back of the cab not less than 100 millimetres above the 
top of the rear tires or more than 1.6 metres above ground level when 
the truck tractor in not loaded.
(7)  Subsection (1)(b) does not apply to a truck tractor.
Reflective tape
49   Despite section 48, a trailer that has a conspicuity treatment must 
comply with the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor 
Vehicle Safety Act (Canada), including Technical Standards Document 
No. 108.
Moped, power bicycle reflectors
50(1)  A moped or power bicycle must have the following:
	(a)	an amber reflector on each side toward the front that is 
visible from that side;
	(b)	a red reflector on each side toward the rear that is visible 
from that side;
	(c)	a red reflector on the rear that is visible from behind;
	(d)	an amber reflector mounted on each side of each pedal.
(2)  Moped and power bicycle reflectors must be visible to 
approaching motorists from 100 metres at nighttime.
Boat trailer reflectors
51   In addition to the other reflectors a trailer requires under this 
Regulation, if a boat is being transported on the trailer so that the boat 
hangs over the back of the trailer, a reflector that reflects the light from 
the lamps of a motor vehicle approaching from behind must be 
attached to the end of the boat overhang.
Conspicuity systems
52(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"conspicuity system" means the display of reflective 
markings on trailers;
	(b)	"federal legislation" means the Motor Vehicle Safety Act 
(Canada) and the regulations under that Act;
	(c)	"reflective markings" means retro reflective sheeting, reflex 
reflectors or a combination of both;
	(d)	"trailer" means a trailer that meets all the following:
	(i)	it has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 4536 
kilograms;
	(ii)	it is 2.05 metres or more wide, including its load;
	(iii)	it is not used or intended for use exclusively as living 
quarters or a business office or both.
(2)  Reflective markings on a trailer must conform to the standards 
under the federal legislation for retro reflective sheeting or reflex 
reflectors or, if a combination of both, to the standards for both.
(3)  A trailer, regardless of the date on which it is manufactured, must 
comply with the requirements under the federal legislation for 
conspicuity systems on trailers manufactured after January 24, 1997.
Part 3 
Brakes
Brake fluid standards
53(1)  SAE Standard J1703 and SAE Standard J1705 respecting motor 
vehicle brake fluids are adopted and apply to hydraulic brake fluids 
used in vehicles.
(2)  Hydraulic brake fluid sold for use in a motor vehicle or injected 
into the system of a motor vehicle must comply with the standards 
referred to in subsection (1).
(3)  A container in which hydraulic brake fluid is kept or offered for 
sale must be legibly and distinctly marked to show which SAE 
standards referred to in subsection (1) the hydraulic brake fluid 
complies with.
Brakes required
54(1)  Unless otherwise exempted by the Act, a regulation under the 
Act or the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada), a person shall not drive 
or operate a motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle or moped, unless it 
has 
	(a)	adequate brakes, and
	(b)	an adequate emergency or parking brake.
(2)  A motor vehicle referred to in subsection (1) must be equipped so 
that the driver is able to operate each type of brake separately from the 
other.
(3)  A person shall not drive or operate a self-propelled implement of 
husbandry unless it has an adequate brake.
(4)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor cycle, moped or power 
bicycle unless each wheel of the vehicle has an adequate brake.
(5)  For the purposes of this section, brakes, an emergency brake or a 
parking brake are adequate if they meet the requirements of the 
applicable provision of section 55.
Adequate brakes
55(1)  The brakes on a motor cycle, moped, power bicycle or 
self-propelled implement of husbandry are adequate if they can bring 
the vehicle to a stop
	(a)	if the vehicle is moving at 30 kilometres per hour and loaded 
to capacity when the brakes are applied,
	(b)	on a level surface free from loose materials and consisting of 
dry paving of asphalt or concrete, and 
	(c)	within 12 metres from the point at which the brakes are 
applied.
(2)  The brakes on a motor vehicle, other than a motor vehicle that is 
exempt in accordance with subsection (1), or on a combination of 
vehicles are adequate if they can bring the motor vehicle or 
combination of vehicles to a stop
	(a)	if the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles is moving at 
30 kilometres per hour and loaded to capacity when the 
brakes are applied, 
	(b)	on a level surface free from loose materials and consisting of 
dry paving of asphalt or concrete, and 
	(c)	within 10 metres from the point at which the brakes are 
applied.
(3)  The emergency or parking brake on a motor vehicle or on a 
combination of vehicles is adequate if it can bring the motor vehicle or 
combination of vehicles to a stop
	(a)	if the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles is moving at 
30 kilometres per hour and loaded to capacity when the brake 
is applied,
	(b)	on a level surface free from loose materials and consisting of 
dry paving of asphalt or concrete, and 
	(c)	within 16 metres from the point at which the brake is applied.
(4)  The brakes on a vehicle that tows a trailer are adequate if they are 
capable of controlling the safe movement of the towing unit.
(5)  The emergency brake or parking brake system of a motor vehicle 
or combination of vehicles must hold the motor vehicle or combination 
of vehicles at a stop if the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles is 
loaded to capacity and facing up or down a 20% grade.
Trailer brakes
56(1)  A person shall not drive or operate a vehicle that tows a trailer 
unless the trailer has brakes that are adequate to control the safe 
movement of the trailer whether loaded or unloaded.
(2)  The brakes of the trailer referred to in subsection (1) must, if the 
trailer breaks away from the towing vehicle,
	(a)	at the time that the trailer breaks away, be automatically 
applied, and
	(b)	remain applied for at least 15 minutes.
(3)  Despite subsection (1), a trailer is not required to have brakes if at 
the time of manufacture of the trailer brakes were not required under 
the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) or the regulations under that 
Act.
(4)  Despite subsection (1), and in addition to subsection (3), the 
following trailers are not required to have brakes:
	(a)	if the towing vehicle is a private passenger vehicle,
	(i)	a trailer with a maximum gross weight of not more than 
910 kilograms, or
	(ii)	a trailer with a maximum gross weight of less than half 
of the unladen weight of the towing vehicle;
	(b)	if the towing vehicle is a commercial vehicle,
	(i)	a trailer, other than a pole trailer, that has a maximum 
gross weight of not more than 2300 kilograms, if the 
maximum gross weight of the trailer is less than half of 
the unladen weight of the towing vehicle,
	(ii)	a pole trailer that has a maximum gross weight of not 
more than 6800 kilograms, if the maximum gross 
weight of the trailer is less than half of the unladen 
weight of the towing vehicle,
	(iii)	a trailer used to transport agricultural products that has a 
maximum gross weight of not more than 3650 
kilograms when being towed unladen, or
	(iv)	a trailer used to transport agricultural products that has a 
maximum gross weight of not more than 3650 
kilograms when being towed at a speed not in excess of 
25 kilometres per hour.
Brake maintenance
57(1)  The brake pressure on the wheels on each side of a vehicle must 
be as equal as possible.
(2)  If a vehicle is equipped with an anti-lock braking system installed 
by the manufacturer of the vehicle, the anti-lock braking system must 
be maintained in good working order and to the manufacturer's 
specifications.
Part 4 
Other Equipment
General standards
58(1)  The Motor Vehicle Tire Safety Regulations, 1995 under the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) are adopted and apply to pneumatic 
tires on a motor vehicle or a trailer.
(2)  SAE Standard J682 is adopted and applies to rear wheel splash and 
stone-throw protection equipment on vehicles.
(3)  The American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for 
Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on 
Land Highways - Safety Standard ANSI/SAE Z26.1 is adopted and 
applies to glazing installed in the windshield or other windows of a 
motor vehicle.
(4)  Standard 111 under the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under 
the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) is adopted and applies to 
mirrors on a motor vehicle to the extent that it applied at the time of 
manufacture of the motor vehicle.
Pneumatic tire
59(1)  A pneumatic tire that is intended to be used on a motor vehicle 
or a trailer or is used on a motor vehicle or a trailer must comply with 
the Motor Vehicle Tire Safety Regulations, 1995 under the Motor 
Vehicle Safety Act (Canada).
(2)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle or tow a trailer 
that was equipped by its manufacturer with pneumatic tires unless all 
wheels of the motor vehicle or trailer have pneumatic tires that comply 
with the requirements under the Motor Vehicle Tire Safety 
Regulations, 1995 under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada).
Horn, bell
60   A motor vehicle, power bicycle and bicycle must have a horn or 
bell.
Mufflers
61(1)  A motor vehicle propelled by an internal combustion engine 
must have an exhaust muffler that cools and expels the exhaust gases 
from the engine without excessive noise and without producing flames 
or sparks.
(2)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle propelled by an 
internal combustion engine if the exhaust outlet of the muffler has been 
widened.
(3)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle propelled by an 
internal combustion engine if a device is attached to the exhaust 
system or the muffler that increases the noise made by the expulsion of 
gases from the engine or allows a flame to be ignited from the exhaust 
system.
(4)  This section applies to a power bicycle that is propelled by an 
internal combustion engine. 
Windshield wipers, etc.
62(1)  A motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, moped or antique 
motor vehicle, that has a windshield must also have a self-operating 
windshield wiper and washer system that removes water, road splash 
and other opaque material from the outside of the windshield.
(2)  A motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, moped or antique motor 
vehicle, that has a windshield must also have a self-operating 
defrosting and defogging system on each half of the windshield that 
removes moisture and frost from the inside of the windshield.
(3)  The controls for equipment required by this section must be 
located so that the driver of the motor vehicle is able to operate the 
equipment from the driver's seat.
Windshield wiper on antique motor vehicle 
63   An antique motor vehicle that has a windshield must also have an 
automatic or manual windshield wiper system that removes water, road 
splash and other opaque material from the outside of the windshield if 
the antique motor vehicle is on a highway and the weather requires a 
wiper system.
Mudguards
64(1)  A motor vehicle or trailer must have a part of its body, a fender 
or a mudguard that covers the width of each tire.
(2)  The body part, fender or mudguard referred to in subsection (1) 
must be above each wheel and
	(a)	extend downwards at the rear of each axle or axle group to at 
least the centre line of the axle, or
	(b)	be a distance away from the ground equivalent to at least 1/3 
of the horizontal distance from the bottom edge of the 
mudguard to the centre line of the axle, but not closer to the 
ground than 150 millimetres when the vehicle is loaded.
(3)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (1), the following 
types of vehicle must be equipped with rear wheel splash and 
stone-throw protection that complies with SAE Standard J682:
	(a)	a commercial vehicle or combination of commercial vehicles 
that is registered for a gross weight of more than, or that 
weighs more than, 4500 kilograms and that is not a bus;
	(b)	a bus;
	(c)	a trailer.
(4)  A passenger car is not required to have a mudguard.
(5)  This section does not apply to a trailer designed and constructed 
for drive-on and drive-off low loads.
Transporting goods
65(1)  A person shall not use a vehicle to transport goods unless
	(a)	the vehicle is constructed to carry the goods, and
	(b)	there is equipment on the vehicle or attached to the vehicle 
that is capable of securing the goods to ensure that the 
vehicle can be operated safely when loaded and without 
danger of
	(i)	turning over the vehicle, or
	(ii)	the load shifting, swaying, blowing off, falling off, 
leaking or otherwise escaping.
(2)  A person shall not operate a vehicle that is transporting goods 
unless the equipment referred to in subsection (1)(b) is properly used 
to secure the goods.
(3)  The equipment referred to in subsection (1)(b) may be 
permanently attached to the vehicle or temporarily attached to the 
vehicle for the purpose of transporting a particular load of goods.
Wide loads
66(1)  For the purposes of this section, the maximum width of a 
vehicle includes the maximum width of any load carried or trailer or 
mobile home towed by the vehicle.
(2)  A person shall not operate a vehicle whose maximum width 
exceeds
	(a)	2.6 metres, where the vehicle carries a load or tows a trailer 
other than a mobile home, or
	(b)	3.05 metres, where the vehicle tows a mobile home
unless the person has applied for and received a permit issued under 
section 62 of the Act that authorizes a wide load.
(3)  In determining the maximum width of a vehicle under this section,
	(a)	an outside rear view mirror is not included unless the mirror 
protrudes more than 300 millimetres beyond the widest part 
of the vehicle, its load or a trailer or mobile home towed by 
the vehicle, and
	(b)	a non-load-bearing device used to secure, contain or cover 
any load on a vehicle or trailer is not included unless the 
device protrudes more than 100 millimetres beyond the 
widest part of the vehicle, its load or the trailer.
Hood latches 
67(1)  A motor vehicle's hood that opens from the front must have a 
primary and a secondary hood latch mechanism.
(2)  The secondary hood latch mechanism must prevent the hood from 
opening if the primary hood latch mechanism fails.
(3)  This section does not apply to motor vehicles manufactured before 
January 1, 1971.
Door latches 
68(1)  A hinged door on a motor vehicle that leads directly to a 
driver's seat or a passenger seat must have a door latch and striker 
assembly that have a fully latched closed position and a secondary 
latched closed position.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a cargo door, sliding door, rolling 
door or folding door or to a 2-part door that closes by one part latching 
to the other part.
(3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a motor vehicle manufactured 
before January 1, 1971.
Windshield
69   A motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle or moped, must have a 
windshield.
Window glazing
70(1)  A person shall not install, replace or cover the window glazing 
in a windshield or in a left or right side window of a motor vehicle that 
is beside or forward of the driver with a transparent, translucent or 
opaque material. 
(2)  A person shall not install, replace or cover the rear window glazing 
in a motor vehicle with a transparent, translucent or opaque material 
unless the motor vehicle has outside rear view mirrors on both the left 
and right that comply with section 74(2).
(3)  A person shall not install, replace or cover the window glazing in a 
motor vehicle with a material that reflects the headlamps of 
approaching vehicles into the eyes of the driver of another vehicle.
(4)  A person shall not install, replace or cover the window glazing in a 
motor vehicle with a material that reflects sunlight into the eyes of the 
driver of another vehicle.
(5)  A person may replace the window glazing installed by the 
manufacturer of a motor vehicle with the same type of glazing.
(6)  A person may apply clear untinted frost shields to a window of a 
motor vehicle only if they do not impair the view through the window 
by discolouring, scratching or damaging the glazing. 
(7)  A person may apply stickers to the window of a motor vehicle 
only if they do not limit the driver's field of vision or otherwise impair 
the safe operation of the motor vehicle.
Glazing standards
71(1)  For the purposes of this section, "American National Standard" 
means the standard adopted under section 58(3).
(2)  The glazing referred to in subsection (3) must be appropriate to the 
make and model of the motor vehicle.
(3)  A person shall not keep or use window glazing for motor vehicles 
unless the glazing complies with the specifications and standards set 
out in the American National Standard.
(4)  A windshield must be made of laminated safety glass.
(5)  A window in a motor vehicle, other than a windshield, may be 
made of laminated safety glass or heat treated safety glass.
(6)  A windshield, side window or rear window in a motor vehicle 
must be made of glass unless another glazing material is prescribed by 
the American National Standard. 
(7)  A piece of safety glass manufactured for use in accordance with 
the American National Standard must be visibly, legibly and 
permanently marked
	(a)	with "American Standard" or "AS",
	(b)	with the manufacturer's distinctive designation, trademark or 
name, and
	(c)	with the appropriate numeral as set out in section 6 of the 
American National Standard.
(8)  Replacement glazing that is cut from flat sheets and installed in a 
motor vehicle need not be marked if the glazing supplier certifies in 
writing that the replacement glazing otherwise complies with this 
section.
(9)  A camper unit must have windows that are glazed in accordance 
with this section.
Prohibition
72(1)  A person shall not install a windshield or glazing in a motor 
vehicle unless the glazing complies with sections 70 and 71.
(2)  A person shall not install glazing in a camper unit unless the 
glazing complies with section 70.
(3)  A person shall not operate a motor vehicle on a highway unless the 
windshield and window glazing comply with sections 70 and 71.
Mirror standards
73   Where any mirror of a motor vehicle was subject to the 
requirements of Standard 111 under the Motor Vehicle Safety 
Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) that applied 
at the time of manufacture of the motor vehicle, the mirror and any 
replacement for the mirror must be maintained in accordance with that 
Standard.
Rear view mirror 
74(1)  A motor vehicle must have an inside rear view mirror that gives 
the driver a clear view of the roadway behind the vehicle and of any 
other vehicle approaching from behind.
(2)  If the view in the rear view mirror is obstructed or interfered with 
in any way, a motor vehicle must have side mirrors on each side that 
give the driver a clear view of the roadway behind and on each side of 
the motor vehicle.
(3)  If a motor vehicle is equipped by a manufacturer with an outside 
rear view mirror attached to the left side of the motor vehicle, the rear 
view mirror must be maintained in good working order.
(4)  A self-propelled implement of husbandry must have a rear view 
mirror that gives the driver a clear view of the roadway behind the 
implement of husbandry and of any other vehicle approaching from 
behind.
Mirror view of buses
75   In addition to the requirements of sections 73 and 74, no person 
shall operate or permit a person to operate a bus unless the bus has
	(a)	at least one mirror that affords to the driver of the bus from 
the driver's normal operating position a complete view of the 
interior of the bus, and
	(b)	in the case of a bus that has an exit located at a position other 
than on the right side of the bus at the front of the bus, at 
least one mirror that affords to the driver of the bus from the 
driver's normal operating position a complete view of that 
other exit and the steps leading to that exit.
Speedometer and odometer
76(1)  A motor vehicle must have a speedometer that indicates the 
speed of the vehicle when it is moving forward.
(2)  If a motor vehicle is equipped with an odometer, the odometer 
must indicate the accumulated distance the vehicle has travelled since 
it was manufactured.
Siren
77   A person shall not drive or operate a vehicle that has a siren 
unless the vehicle is an emergency vehicle.
Video entertainment systems
78   A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle that is 
equipped with a video entertainment system if the driver can see the 
screen when the vehicle is moving.
Bumpers
79(1)  A passenger car must have both a front and a rear bumper.
(2)  A person shall not install or alter a bumper on a passenger car 
unless the design of the bumper is equivalent to, and the bumper is 
mounted in substantially the same manner as, the bumper installed by 
the manufacturer of the passenger car.
(3)  A person shall not alter a passenger car in such a way that the main 
structural component of a bumper is more than 500 millimetres or less 
than 400 millimetres above ground level when the passenger car is not 
loaded.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (3), components that are commonly 
known as bumperettes or overriders are not part of the main structural 
component of a bumper or of the projected vertical facing of a bumper.
(5)  Subsection (3) does not apply to passenger cars manufactured 
before April 1, 1976.
(6)  A person shall not alter a car manufactured before April 1, 1976 in 
such a way that the bumper is more than 100 millimetres higher or 
lower than it was at the time the car was manufactured.
Part 5 
Occupant Restraint Systems
Definitions
80   In sections 81 to 83,
	(a)	"child" means a child under 6 years old;
	(b)	"child restraint system" means a device that
	(i)	is installed by the manufacturer of a vehicle at the time 
of manufacture or is designed to be installed in the 
vehicle from time to time,
	(ii)	is capable of restraining the movement of a child in 
order to prevent or mitigate injury to the child, and
	(iii)	meets the standards prescribed under the Motor Vehicle 
Safety Act (Canada) and the regulations under that Act;
	(c)	"motor vehicle" does not include a motor cycle or moped;
	(d)	"occupant restraint system" means a seat belt assembly and 
other components installed in a vehicle for the purpose of 
restraining the movement of an occupant in order to prevent 
or mitigate injury, and includes a child restraint system;
	(e)	"seat belt assembly" means a device or assembly that
	(i)	is securely fastened to a motor vehicle,
	(ii)	is composed of straps, webbing or similar material and 
includes a pelvic restraint or an upper torso restraint, or 
both,
	(iii)	is capable of restraining the movement of a person in 
order to prevent or mitigate injury to the person, and
	(iv)	meets the standards prescribed under the Motor Vehicle 
Safety Act (Canada) and the regulations under that Act.
Occupant restraint system
81   The Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and the regulations under 
that Act are adopted and apply to seat belt assemblies, child restraint 
systems and other components of an occupant restraint system in 
motor vehicles.
Seat belts required
82(1)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle in which a 
child who weighs 18 kilograms or less is a passenger unless
	(a)	the motor vehicle is equipped with a child restraint system,
	(b)	the child restraint system is properly installed, and
	(c)	the child is properly secured in the child restraint system.
(2)  If a motor vehicle is being driven and it has a seat belt assembly
	(a)	in the driver's seat position, the driver shall wear the 
complete seat belt assembly, and
	(b)	in the passenger seat position, the passenger shall wear the 
complete seat belt assembly.
(3)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle that has a seat 
belt assembly in the passenger seat position unless the passenger in the 
seat is wearing the complete seat belt assembly if the passenger
	(a)	is 6 years old or older but under the age of 16 years, or
	(b)	is a child who weighs more than 18 kilograms.
(4)  A person who is required to wear a seat belt assembly under 
subsection (2) or (3) shall wear the seat belt assembly properly 
adjusted and securely fastened.
(5)  A person shall not, with respect to a seat belt assembly in a motor 
vehicle, remove it, render it partly or wholly inoperative or modify it 
so as to reduce its effectiveness if the motor vehicle was equipped with 
the seat belt assembly at the time it was manufactured as required by 
the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and the regulations under that 
Act.
(6)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle that was 
equipped with a seat belt assembly at the time it was manufactured as 
required by the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and the regulations 
under that Act if the seat belt assembly has been removed, rendered 
partly or wholly inoperative or modified so as to reduce its 
effectiveness.
Occupant restraint system installation
83(1)  A person must install seat belt assemblies or other components 
of an occupant restraint system in a motor vehicle in such a way that 
they and their installation comply with the requirements under the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) and the regulations under that Act.
(2)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle in which a seat 
belt assembly or other component of an occupant restraint system that 
was installed at the time of the manufacture of the motor vehicle has 
been replaced unless the replacement meets the standards required 
under section 81.
Exempt motor vehicles
84(1)  Section 82 does not apply to the following:
	(a)	motor vehicles that were not designed or equipped with seat 
belt assemblies by their manufacturers;
	(b)	motor vehicles while they are driven in reverse;
	(c)	motor vehicles when they are used in the course of making 
deliveries or picking up items, while they are driven at a 
speed of not more than 40 kilometres per hour;
	(d) 	motor vehicles while they are driven in a parade authorized 
by a municipality.
(2)  Section 82(1) does not apply to the following vehicles:
	(a)	taxis;
	(b)	emergency vehicles;
	(c)	motor vehicles that are rented or leased for periods of not 
more than 14 consecutive days at a time.
Exempt drivers
85   Section 82(2)(a) does not apply to the following drivers:
	(a)	the operator of a taxi while the taxi is carrying a passenger 
for compensation or hire; 
	(b)	the operator of a bus that is part of a municipal passenger 
transportation system while the bus is being driven or 
operated, directly or indirectly, as part of that system.
Ambulance attendants
86   Section 82(2) does not apply to an ambulance attendant in an 
ambulance that is carrying a patient.
Persons in custody
87   Section 82 does not apply if the motor vehicle is driven by a peace 
officer and the passenger is any of the following:
	(a)	a person who is under arrest;
	(b)	a person committed to a correctional institution, as defined in 
the Corrections Act, or a jail, including a military guard 
room, remand centre, penitentiary, facility or place 
designated as a place of open or secure custody pursuant to 
the Youth Criminal Justice Act (Canada), a place of custody, 
as defined in the Youth Justice Act (Alberta), detention centre 
or a place where a person is held under a warrant of a judge.
Special exemptions
88(1)  Section 82 does not apply to a person if a duly qualified 
medical practitioner has signed a letter certifying that the person,
	(a)	for the period stated in the certificate, is unable for medical 
reasons to be secured in a child seating assembly or seat belt 
assembly, or
	(b)	because of size, build or other physical characteristics, cannot 
be secured in a child seating assembly or seat belt assembly.
(2)  A letter referred to in subsection (1) must
	(a)	be written on the letterhead of the medical practitioner,
	(b)	include the name and address of the person exempted and the 
reasons for the exemption, and
	(c)	state the dates on which the exemption begins and ends.
(3)  An exemption under subsection (1) must be for a period of not 
more than one year.
(4)  The driver of a motor vehicle carrying a person who is exempted 
under subsection (1) must have a copy of the letter referred to in 
subsection (1).
Part 6  
Equipment by Vehicle Type
Division 1 
School Buses
General standards
89(1)  In this Division, in addition to the application of section 4(2) to 
(4), SAE Standard J887 is adopted and applies to warning lamps 
marked SAE W2 for school buses.
(2)  Standard 131: School Bus Pedestrian Safety Devices under the 
Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act 
(Canada) is adopted and applies to a stop arm mounted on a school 
bus.
(3)  Unless specified otherwise in the Act or this Regulation, or in 
other regulations under the Act, CSA Standard D250 is adopted and 
applies to a school bus to the extent that it applied at the time of 
manufacture of the school bus.
(4)  Standard 111: Mirrors under the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations 
under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) is adopted and applies to 
mirrors on a school bus.
Flashing lamps and stop arm
90(1)  Prior to September 1, 2010, a school bus must have 4 red and 
may have 4 amber alternating flashing warning lamps mounted outside 
of the bus at or near the roof line in the following configuration:
	(a)	one red lamp, and one amber lamp if installed, on each side 
of the bus at the front, and
	(b)	one red lamp, and one amber lamp if installed, on each side 
of the bus at the rear.
(2)  On and after September 1, 2010, a school bus must have 4 red and 
4 amber alternating flashing warning lamps mounted outside of the bus 
at or near the roof line in the following configuration:
	(a)	one red and one amber lamp on each side of the bus at the 
front, and
	(b)	one red and one amber lamp on each side of the bus at the 
rear.
(3)  Prior to September 1, 2010, a school bus may have a white 
flashing strobe lamp that complies with the requirements of CSA 
Standard D250-07.
(4)  On and after September 1, 2010, a school bus must have a white 
flashing strobe lamp that complies with the requirements of CSA 
Standard D250-07.
(5)  Despite subsections (2) and (4), where a regulation made under the 
Act or a municipal bylaw prohibits the use of alternating flashing 
warning lamps or strobe lamps on school buses, a school bus need not 
be equipped with alternating flashing warning lamps or a strobe lamp.
(6)  A school bus must have a stop arm mounted on the left side of the 
bus that complies with the requirements of Standard 131: School Bus 
Pedestrian Safety Devices under the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations 
under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada).
(7)  The red flashing lamps referred to in subsections (1) and (2) must,
	(a)	in the case of those mounted at the front of the bus, flash 
alternately so that they are visible from in front of the bus, 
and
	(b)	in the case of those mounted at the rear of the bus, flash 
alternately so that they are visible from behind the bus.
(8)  The amber flashing lamps referred to in subsections (1) and (2) 
must, if installed,
	(a)	in the case of those mounted at the front of the bus, flash 
alternately so that they are visible from in front of the bus,
	(b)	in the case of those mounted at the rear of the bus, flash 
alternately so that they are visible from behind the bus, and
	(c)	when the red flashing lamps are turned on, turn off 
automatically.
(9)  The stop arm on a school bus and the red flashing lamp on the stop 
arm
	(a)	must automatically turn on and remain on while the red 
flashing lamps on the school bus are turned on, and
	(b)	must be visible both from in front of and behind the bus.
Retro reflective markings
91(1)  In this section, "retro reflective material" means retro reflective 
material that meets the requirements of the United States Department 
of Transportation grade DOT C2.
(2)  Prior to September 1, 2010, a school bus may be marked with retro 
reflective material as follows:
	(a)	on the rear of the body of the bus,
	(i)	2 parallel horizontal strips running from the left to the 
right rear corner of the bus, with the upper strip located 
above the rear window and the lower strip above the 
rear bumper, and
	(ii)	2 parallel vertical strips, one at the left rear corner and 
one at the right rear corner of the bus, connecting the 
horizontal strips;
	(b)	on each side of the bus,
	(i)	2 parallel horizontal strips extending the length of the 
body of the bus, with the upper strip located above the 
windows and the lower strip between the rub rails just 
above the floor line, and
	(ii)	2 parallel vertical strips, one at the front corner and one 
at the rear corner of the side of the bus, connecting the 
horizontal strips.
(3)  On and after September 1, 2010, the outside of the body of a 
school bus must be marked with retro reflective material as follows:
	(a)	on the rear of the body of the bus,
	(i)	2 parallel horizontal strips running from the left to the 
right rear corner of the bus, with the upper strip located 
above the rear window and the lower strip above the 
rear bumper, and
	(ii)	2 parallel vertical strips, one at the left rear corner and 
one at the right rear corner of the bus, connecting the 
horizontal strips;
	(b)	on each side of the bus,
	(i)	2 parallel horizontal strips extending the length of the 
body of the bus, with the upper strip located above the 
windows and the lower strip between the rub rails just 
above the floor line, and
	(ii)	2 parallel vertical strips, one at the front corner and one 
at the rear corner of the side of the bus, connecting the 
horizontal strips.
(4)  The retro reflective material referred to in subsections (2) and (3) 
must be a minimum of 25 millimetres wide and must cover and be 
visible on a minimum of 90% of the passenger compartment of the 
bus.
(5)  Notwithstanding subsections (3) and (4), a school bus may also be 
equipped with retro reflective material that meets the requirements of 
CSA Standard D250-07 as amended from time to time.
Rear view mirrors
92(1)  In the case of a Type B, C or D school bus, the inside rear view 
mirror referred to in section 74(1) must be at least 150 millimetres high 
and 760 millimetres wide.
(2)  A school bus must have two outside rear view mirrors that must
	(a)	be heated, and
	(b)	comply with the requirements of Standard 111: Mirrors under 
the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor 
Vehicle Safety Act (Canada).
Bumpers
93   A school bus must be equipped with a front bumper that extends 
beyond the forwardmost part of the body and to the outer edge of the 
front sheet metal.
Gauges
94   A school bus must be equipped with the following gauges or 
indicators attached to its chassis:
	(a)	a speedometer;
	(b)	an odometer;
	(c)	an ammeter or voltmeter;
	(d)	an oil pressure gauge or indicator;
	(e)	a coolant temperature gauge or indicator;
	(f)	a fuel gauge;
	(g)	a high-beam headlamp indicator;
	(h)	a turn signal indicator.
Rub rails
95   A school bus must be equipped with rub rails on the outside body 
of the bus in accordance with the requirements of CSA Standard D250 
applicable at the time of manufacture of the school bus.
Division 2 
Trailers
General standards
96   In this Division,
	(a)	Standard 223 under the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations 
under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada) is adopted and 
applies to rear impact guards for trailers;
	(b)	Standard 224 under Part 571.224 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (United States), Title 49, is adopted and applies 
to rear impact guards for trailers manufactured on or before 
August 31, 2007.
Towing prohibitions
97(1)  A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle or tow a 
trailer
	(a)	that is more than 2.6 metres wide, or
	(b)	that is more than 4.0 metres high as measured from level 
ground.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the trailer is a mobile home that is 
not more than 3.05 metres wide.
(3)  A person shall not drive or operate a combination of a towing unit 
and one or more trailers if the combination of vehicles is more than 20 
metres long.
(4)  A person may drive or operate a combination of a towing unit and 
2 trailers only if the combination of vehicles meets the following 
requirements:
	(a)	the lead trailer must be towed by a pin and plate fifth wheel 
coupling mounted over the rear axle of the towing vehicle 
and fastened to
	(i)	its frame, or
	(ii)	the main longitudinal channel sections of a unibody 
truck construction;
	(b)	the lead trailer must have 2 or more axles in tandem;
	(c)	the longer trailer must be the lead trailer;
	(d)	the hitch connecting the lead trailer and the 2nd trailer must 
be fastened to the frame of the lead trailer.
(5)  This section does not apply to a combination of commercial 
vehicles.
Attachment standards
98(1)  A person shall not drive or operate a vehicle that is towing a 
trailer unless the trailer is attached to the towing vehicle by 2 separate 
means of attachment designed so that the failure of one attachment 
does not permit the trailer to separate from the towing vehicle.
(2)  Each means of attachment must have sufficient strength to pull all 
the weight towed by the towing vehicle.
(3)  The secondary means of attachment must be capable of
	(a)	towing the trailer so that the trailer substantially follows in 
the track of the towing vehicle, and
	(b)	preventing the drawbar of the trailer or the primary means of 
attachment from touching the road surface.
(4)  The lead trailer in a combination of vehicles is the towing vehicle 
for the 2nd trailer.
(5)  This section does not require a second means of attachment in the 
case of a fifth wheel trailer.
Rear impact guard
99(1)  In this section,
	(a)	"low-chassis trailer", "pulpwood trailer", "rear impact guard" 
and "wheels back trailer" have the same meanings as they 
have in Standard 223 under the Motor Vehicle Safety 
Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada);
	(b)	"pole trailer" means a pole trailer as defined in section 103.
(2)  This section applies to a trailer that has a gross vehicle weight 
rating of 4536 kilograms or more other than
	(a)	a low-chassis trailer,
	(b)	a pulpwood trailer,
	(c)	a wheels back trailer,
	(d)	a pole trailer,
	(e)	a trailer designed to be used as temporary living quarters, or
	(f)	a trailer designed to interact with, or having, 
work-performing equipment that meets the exemption 
requirements of Standard 223 under the Motor Vehicle Safety 
Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Canada).
(3)  A trailer manufactured on or after September 23, 2005 must be 
equipped with a rear impact guard in accordance with Standard 223 
under the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor Vehicle 
Safety Act (Canada).
(4)  Despite subsection (3), a trailer that was manufactured between 
September 23, 2005 and August 31, 2007 may be equipped with a rear 
impact guard in accordance with Standard 224 under Part 571.224 of 
the Code of Federal Regulations (United States), Title 49, applicable at 
the date of manufacture.
Towing standards
100   A person shall not drive or operate a motor vehicle that tows 
another motor vehicle unless the means of attachment
	(a)	is of sufficient strength to pull all the weight that is being 
towed, and
	(b)	is designed so that the towed motor vehicle substantially 
follows in the track of the towing unit.
Trailer rental prohibition
101   A person shall not possess a trailer for rental purposes unless the 
trailer has the maximum laden weight at which it may be operated 
printed visibly, legibly and conspicuously on both sides of the trailer in 
letters and numerals that are at least 50 millimetres high.
Recreational vehicle CSA Standard
102(1)  CSA Standard Z240 RV and the United States Recreational 
Vehicle Industry Association certification process are adopted and 
apply to recreational vehicles.
(2)  A person shall not construct, manufacture or cause to be 
constructed or manufactured a recreational vehicle unless it complies 
with subsection (1).
(3)  A person shall not advertise or lease a recreational vehicle 
manufactured after July 1, 1971 unless it complies with subsection (1).
(4)  A vehicle that complies with subsection (1) must have a mark 
authorized by the CSA or the United States Recreational Vehicle 
Industry Association on the vehicle or be certified by another method 
adopted by the CSA.
(5)  Despite subsections (1), (2) and (3), a recreational vehicle may 
have an awning that projects not more than 100 millimetres from the 
right or left side.
Division 3 
Log Haul
Definitions
103   In this Division,
	(a)	"fluorescent materials" means a material coloured day-glo 
fire orange and includes retro reflective material coloured
	(i)	day-glo fire orange, or
	(ii)	red and white;
	(b)	"licence of occupation road" means a licence of occupation 
road as defined in the Commercial Vehicle Dimension and 
Weight Regulation (AR 315/2002);
	(c)	"long logs" means logs more than 4.9 metres in length;
	(d)	"pole trailer" means a trailer that does not have more than 
one axle group and that
	(i)	is drawn by a towing vehicle to which it is attached by a 
variable reach pole, and
	(ii)	is used to transport a load that is capable of sustaining 
itself as a beam between a support located on the towing 
vehicle and a second support located on the trailer;
	(e)	"short logs" means logs 4.9 metres or less in length;
	(f)	"streamer marker" means a bunch of 10 or more lengths of 
flexible fluorescent materials, each length of material being 
at least one metre long and 25 millimetres wide;
	(g)	"two-way headache rack lamps" means a system of lamps 
that is connected to the brake and signal lamp circuits and 
mounted on each side of the vehicle, 150 millimetres beyond 
the width of the load, consisting of
	(i)	one lamp on each side of the vehicle with double side 
construction having an amber clearance lamp facing 
forward and a red stop-turn tail lamp facing the rear, 
each with a minimum combined lens area of 17 600 
square millimetres, or
	(ii)	a set of 2 simultaneously operating lamps mounted 
within 50 millimetres of each other on each side of the 
vehicle, with a minimum combined lens area of 17 600 
square millimetres in each set.
Exemptions
104(1)  The following provisions of this Regulation do not apply to a 
commercial vehicle carrying long logs on a licence of occupation road:
	(a)	section 13(1);
	(b)	section 16;
	(c)	section 18(1) and (3);
	(d)	section 48;
	(e)	section 61;
	(f)	section 64;
	(g)	section 105.
(2)  The following provisions of this Regulation do not apply to a pole 
trailer carrying long logs:
	(a)	section 37;
	(b)	section 48.
Overhanging load
105   Despite section 16, a commercial vehicle carrying a load of logs 
that overhangs the rear of the vehicle by 1.5 metres or more must have
	(a)	a set of two-way headache rack lamps mounted on the power 
unit of the vehicle at approximately cab height,
	(b)	during nighttime, 2 lit red lamps attached to the back of the 
load, with one lamp being as close to the right edge and the 
other as close to the left edge of the load as is practicable, 
and
	(c)	during daytime, at least 2 streamer markers at the rear of the 
load, with at least one streamer as close to the right edge and 
another as close to the left edge of the load as is practicable.
Conspicuity
106(1)  Subject to subsection (2), on a commercial vehicle carrying a 
load of logs, the front and rear bunk stakes on each side of the vehicle 
must have fluorescent materials at least 50 millimetres wide, displayed 
for a length of 1.5 metres from the bottom of the bunk stake, on the 3 
exposed sides of the stake.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if
	(a)	the load is 2.6 metres or less in width, or
	(b)	the logs are short logs loaded crosswise.
Division 4 
Cycles
Cycle safety helmet
107(1)  This division does not apply to bicycles.
(2)  No person shall operate or ride as a passenger on a cycle unless 
that person is properly wearing a safety helmet.
Safety helmet standards
108(1)  A safety helmet intended for the use of an operator or a 
passenger of a cycle must meet one or more of the standards for motor 
cycle safety helmets adopted under subsection (3) in effect on the date 
on which it was manufactured.
(2)  The following are adopted and apply to safety helmets in 
accordance with subsection (1):
	(a)	CSA Standard CAN3-D230-M85;
	(b)	Standard 218 under Part 571.218 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (United States), Title 49;
	(c)	British Standards Institute Standard BS 6658 - 1985;
	(d)	Snell Memorial Foundation Standard M2000;
	(e)	Snell Memorial Foundation Standard M2005.
(3)  A safety helmet must have the mark or label CSA, DOT or BSI or 
the mark or label of the organization in subsection (2)(e) indicating 
that the safety helmet met one or more of the specifications required on 
the date on which it was manufactured.
(4)  No person shall buy, sell or offer for sale a safety helmet intended 
for the use of operators or passengers of cycles unless it complies with 
subsections (1) to (3).
Passenger equipment
109   A person shall not drive or operate a motor cycle that is carrying 
a passenger unless the motor cycle has the following for the passenger:
	(a)	an adequate pillion seat;
	(b)	adequate hand grips;
	(c)	adequate foot rests.
Side mirror
110   A moped or power bicycle must have a mirror securely attached 
to the left side of it so that the driver has a clear view of the roadway 
behind.
Division 5 
Bicycles
Bicycle safety helmet
111(1)  No person who is less than 18 years old shall operate or ride 
as a passenger on a bicycle unless that person is properly wearing a 
safety helmet.
(2)  A parent or guardian of a person who is less than 18 years old shall 
not authorize or knowingly permit the person to operate or ride as a 
passenger on a bicycle unless that person is properly wearing a safety 
helmet.
(3)  No person shall operate a bicycle on which a passenger who is less 
than 18 years old is riding unless the passenger is properly wearing a 
safety helmet.
Safety helmet standards
112(1)  For the purposes of section 111, a safety helmet intended for 
the use of an operator or a passenger of a bicycle or worn by an 
operator or a passenger of a bicycle must meet the standards adopted 
under subsection (2) in effect on the date on which it was 
manufactured.
(2)  The following are adopted and apply to safety helmets in 
accordance with subsection (1):
	(a)	Canadian Standards Association Standard CAN/CSA 
D113.2-M89 (Cycling Helmets);
	(b)	Consumer Product Safety Commission, Title 16 Code of U.S. 
Federal Regulations Part 1203 (Safety Standard for Bicycle 
Helmets);
	(c)	Snell Memorial Foundation Standard B-90 (1990 Standard 
for Protective Headgear for Use with Bicycles);
	(d)	Snell Memorial Foundation Standard B-95 (1995 Standard 
for Protective Headgear for Use with Bicycles);
	(e)	Snell Memorial Foundation Standard N-94 (1994 Standard 
for Protective Headgear in Non-motorized Sports);
	(f)	American Society for Testing and Materials 
ASTM F1447-97 (Standard Specification for Protective 
Headgear Used in Bicycling);
	(g)	CEN European Standard EN 1078 (Helmets for Pedal 
Cyclists and for Users of Skateboards and Roller Skates, 
February 1997);
	(h)	British Standards Institute BS 6863:1989 (British Standard 
Specification for Pedal Cyclists Helmets);
	(i)	Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand 2063-1996 
(Pedal Cycle Helmets);
	(j)	American National Standards Institute ANSI Z90.4-1984 
(American National Standard for Protective Headgear for 
Bicyclists).
(3)  A safety helmet must have the mark of one of the organizations 
referred to in subsection (2), or the manufacturer, indicating that the 
helmet met one or more of the specifications required on its date of 
manufacture.
(4)  A safety helmet must be constructed so that it
	(a)	has a hard, smooth outer shell, and
	(b)	is capable of absorbing energy on impact.
(5)  A safety helmet must be designed and equipped so that it is 
securely attached to a strap that is to be fastened around the chin of the 
person wearing the safety helmet.
(6)  A safety helmet must be free of damage or modification that would 
reduce its effectiveness.
(7)  No person shall buy, sell or offer for sale a safety helmet intended 
for the use of operators or passengers of bicycles who are less than 18 
years old unless it complies with subsections (1) to (6).
Bicycle equipment
113(1)  A person shall not ride a bicycle at nighttime unless the 
bicycle has the following:
	(a)	at least one headlamp but not more than 2 headlamps;
	(b)	at least one red tail lamp;
	(c)	at least one red reflector mounted on the rear.
(2)  A person shall not ride a bicycle unless the bicycle has a brake.
Part 7 
General
Exemption by Registrar
114(1)  The Registrar may at any time exempt a person, organization 
or vehicle from any of the requirements of this Regulation, subject to 
any terms and conditions the Registrar considers appropriate.
(2)  An exemption under subsection (1) may apply to a specific person, 
organization or vehicle, or a class or group of persons, organizations or 
vehicles.
(3)  The Registrar may inform the person, organization or the owner of 
the vehicle that is the subject of an exemption under subsection (1) of 
the status of the exemption by
	(a)	providing written notice to the person, organization or owner 
in accordance with section 6(a), (b) or (c) of the Act,
	(b)	publishing the notice of exemption electronically on the 
website of the Minister's Department, or
	(c)	doing both (a) and (b).
(4)  A person, organization or owner to whom an exemption applies 
shall comply with the terms and conditions prescribed by the Registrar 
under subsection (1).
Offences
115   A person who contravenes or fails to comply with any of the 
following provisions is guilty of an offence:
section 3;
section 4(2), (4);
section 6(1), (2), (4), (5);
section 7(2), (3), (4);
section 8(1), (2);
section 9(2);
section 10(1), (2), (3);
section 11(1), (3);
section 13(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6);
section 14(1), (2), (3);
section 16(1), (2);
section 17(1);
section 18(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6);
section 19(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6);
section 20(1), (2), (3);
section 21(3), (4);
section 22;
section 23(2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (8), (9);
section 24(1), (3);
section 25(2), (6);
section 26(2), (3), (4), (5);
section 27(1), (2), (3), (4);
section 28(3);
section 29(2);
section 30(2);
section 31(1), (2), (4);
section 32(3);
section 33(2);
section 34(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (8), (9);
section 35(2);
section 36;
section 37(1), (2);
section 38(1), (2), (4);
section 39(1), (2), (4), (5), (6);
section 40(1), (2), (4), (5), (6);
section 41;
section 42(2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (8), (9), (10), (11);
section 43;
section 44;
section 45;
section 46(1), (2);
section 48(1), (2), (3), (4), (6);
section 49;
section 50(1), (2);
section 51;
section 52(2), (3);
section 53(2), (3);
section 54(1), (2), (3), (4);
section 55(5);
section 56(1), (2);
section 57(1), (2);
section 59(1), (2);
section 60;
section 61(1), (2), (3);
section 62(1), (2), (3);
section 63;
section 64(1), (2), (3);
section 65(1), (2);
section 66(2);
section 67(1), (2);
section 68(1);
section 69;
section 70(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (7);
section 71(2), (3), (4), (6), (7), (9);
section 72(1), (2), (3);
section 73;
section 74(1), (2), (3), (4);
section 75;
section 76(1), (2);
section 77;
section 78;
section 79(1), (2), (3), (6);
section 82(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6);
section 83(1), (2);
section 88(4);
section 90(1), (2), (4), (6), (7), (8), (9);
section 91(3), (4);
section 92(1), (2);
section 93;
section 94;
section 95;
section 97(1), (3), (4);
section 98(1), (2), (3);
section 99(3);
section 100;
section 101;
section 102(2), (3), (4);
section 105;
section 106(1);
section 107(2);
section 108(1), (3), (4);
section 109;
section 110;
section 111(1), (2), (3);
section 112(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7);
section 113(1), (2);
section 114(4).
Parking tags
116   The form in the Schedule is prescribed for parking tags issued 
pursuant to bylaws made by a municipality under section 13(1)(r) and 
(s) of the Act.
Repeal
117   The Vehicle Equipment Regulation (AR 322/2002) is repealed.
Expiry
118   For the purpose of ensuring that this Regulation is reviewed for 
ongoing relevancy and necessity, with the option that it may be 
repassed in its present or an amended form following a review, this 
Regulation expires on July 1, 2019.
Coming into force
119   This Regulation comes into force on July 1, 2009.
Schedule
PARKING TAG
THIS TAG IS ISSUED FOR BREACH OF SECTION       
[          BYLAW NO.              TRAFFIC SAFETY ACT ]
     PENALTY
LICENSE & YR.          MAKE   
DATE                         TIME   M
OFFENCE AND LOCATION   
                       METER NO.   
YOU MAY AVOID PROSECUTION FOR THIS OFFENCE BY 
PAYING THE PENALTY CIRCLED 
ABOVE WITHIN 7 DAYS AT THE ADDRESS INDICATED 
ABOVE.  FAILURE MAY RESULT IN 
PROSECUTION IN PROVINCIAL COURT.
PENALTY MAY BE REMITTED BY MAIL, CHEQUE OR 
MONEY ORDER ONLY BUT MUST BE 
ACCOMPANIED BY THIS TAG.  RECEIPT SUPPLIED ON 
REQUEST IF SENDER'S NAME 
AND ADDRESS ARE FURNISHED.
FURTHER INFORMATION REQUIRED REGARDING THIS 
OFFENCE MAY BE OBTAINED AT 
THE POLICE DEPARTMENT.
ISSUER     
THIS TAG MUST BE PRESENTED.