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EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS CODE

EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS CODE

Chapter E‑9

Table of Contents

                1      Interpretation

Part 1
Application and Operation of this Act

                2      Application of this Act

                3      Civil remedies and greater benefits

                4      Minimum standards cannot be avoided

                5      Employment deemed continuous

Part 2
Standards

                6      Exemptions, modifications and substitutions

Division 1
Paying Earnings

                7      Pay periods

                8      Payment of wages, overtime pay and general holiday pay

                9      Termination of employment by employer - payment of earnings

              10      Termination of employment by employee - payment of earnings

              11      Ways of paying earnings

              12      Deductions from earnings

              13      Notice required before earnings reduced

Division 2
Employment Records

              14      Records to be maintained

              15      Keeping employment records

Division 3
Hours of Work

              16      Hours of work confined

              17      Notice of work times

              18      Rest periods

              19      Days of rest

              20      Compressed work week

Division 4
Overtime and Overtime Pay

              21      Overtime hours

              22      Overtime pay

              23      Overtime agreements

              24      Incentive pay - hourly wage for calculation of overtime

Division 5
General Holidays and General Holiday Pay

              25      General holidays in Alberta

              26      Eligibility for general holiday pay

              27      Resolving doubts about general holiday pay entitlements

              28      General holiday pay - not working on a normal work day

              29      General holiday pay - working on a normal work day

              30      General holiday pay - working on unscheduled work day

              31      General holiday during annual vacation

              32      Incentive pay ‑ hourly wage for calculating general holiday pay

              33      Effect of general holiday on overtime calculation

Division 6
Vacations and Vacation Pay

              34      Basic vacation entitlement

              35      Vacation entitlements with a common anniversary date

              36      Computing 5 or more years of employment

              37      How vacation is to be given

              38      Dates for annual vacations

              39      Vacation pay for employee paid monthly

              40      Vacation pay for employee paid other than monthly

              41      When vacation pay is to be paid

              42      Vacation pay on termination of employment

              43      When vacation pay is considered to be wages

              44      Reductions in vacation and vacation pay

Division 7
Maternity Leave and Parental Leave

              45      Entitlement to maternity leave

              46      Length of maternity leave

              47      Notice of maternity leave

              48      No notice of maternity leave

              49      Notice of employer to start maternity leave

              50      Parental leave

              51      Notice of parental leave

              52      Termination of employment prohibited during maternity leave
and parental leave

              53      Resumption of employment

           53.1      Suspension of operations

Division 7.1
Reservist Leave

           53.2      Reservist leave

           53.3      Request for proof

           53.4      Termination of employment

           53.5      Resumption of employment

           53.6      Suspension of operations

           53.7      Leave and vacation conflict

           53.8      Application

Division 7.2
Compassionate Care Leave

           53.9      Compassionate care leave

         53.91      Termination of employment

         53.92      Resumption of employment

         58.93      Suspension of operations

         53.94      Leave and vacation conflict

Division 8
Termination of Employment

              54      Calculating length of employment for termination notice purposes

              55      Options for employer to terminate employment

              56      Employers termination notice

              57      Termination pay

              58      Termination of employment by an employee

              59      Expediting termination of employment after an employees termination notice

              60      Continuation of employment after termination

              61      Earnings not to change after termination notice given

Layoff and Recall

              62      Temporary layoff

              63      Termination pay after temporary layoff

              64      Effect of failure to return to work after recall

Division 9
Restriction on Employment of Children

              65      Employment of children

              66      Conditions of a childs employment

Division 10
Persons with Disabilities

              67      Employment of persons with disabilities

Part 3
Administration

Division 1
General

              68      Director and Registrar

              69      Appointment and designation of umpires

              70      Liability of officials

              71      Delegation

              72      Services by others

              73      Alternative dispute resolution

              74      Scheme of employment

Division 2
Employment Standards Officers

              75      Certification and appointment of officers

              76      Director exercising powers, etc. of officer

              77      Officers authority

              78      Assistance to officers

              79      Directions

              80      Single employer declaration

              81      Effect of declaration

Division 3
Employment Standards Complaints,
Investigations and Determinations

              82      Employee complaints

              83      When complaints may be refused

              84      Mediation by officer

              85      Decision of officer

              86      Complaints referred to Director

              87      Order of an officer

              88      Appeal to Director

              89      Order for reinstatement or compensation

              90      Limitation periods for orders

              91      General provisions about orders

              92      Limitation on revocations and amendments to orders

              93      Variations or amendments and appeals from them

              94      Settlement or compromise by Director

Division 4
Appeals to Umpires

              95      Appeal to umpire

              96      Appeal referred to umpire

              97      Abandonment of appeal

Conduct of Proceedings

              98      Fair process

              99      Conduct of appeal

            100      Evidence

            101      Judges of the Provincial Court as umpires

            102      Obtaining evidence

            103      Failure to appear

            104      Form of award

            105      Settlement

            106      Correction of errors

            107      Umpires award

            108      Disbursement of money held by Director

Part 4
Orders and Awards and Director
s
Demands to Third Parties

Division 1
Enforcement of Orders and Awards

            109      Deemed trust

            110      Filing of order

            111      Registration of order in land titles office

            112      Liability of directors of corporate employers

            113      Reciprocal enforcement of orders

Division 2
Director
s Demand to Third Parties

            114      Definition

            115      Directors demand to third party

            116      Duties of third party

            117      Right of third party to make deductions

            118      Debt created

            119      Liability of third party not discharged

            120      Receipt issued by Director

            121      Payment of money received


            122      Directors collection notice

            123      Disposition of money received

Part 5
Offences, Procedures and Regulations

Division 1
Offences and Penalties

            124      No dismissal for garnishment proceedings

            125      Discrimination prohibitions

            126      General prohibitions

            127      Premium for employment prohibited

            128      Employer prohibitions

            129      Offences

            130      Specific offences

            131      Corporate offences

            132      Penalty

            133      Prosecutions

Division 2
Procedural Matters

            134      Non‑compellable witness

            135      Service of documents

            136      Certification of copies

            137      Employers duty to notify Minister of terminations

Division 3
Regulations

            138      Regulation‑making authority

Preamble

RECOGNIZING that a mutually effective relationship between employees and employers is critical to the capacity of Albertans to prosper in the competitive world‑wide market economy of which Alberta is a part;

ACKNOWLEDGING that it is fitting that the worth and dignity of all Albertans be recognized by the Legislature of Alberta through legislation that encourages fair and equitable resolution of matters arising over terms and conditions of employment;

REALIZING that the employee‑employer relationship is based on a common interest in the success of the employing organization, best recognized through open and honest communication between affected parties;

RECOGNIZING that employees and employers are best able to manage their affairs when statutory rights and responsibilities are clearly established and understood; and

RECOGNIZING that legislation is an appropriate means of establishing minimum standards for terms and conditions of employment;

HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, enacts as follows:

Interpretation

1(1)   In this Act,

                           (a)    “agreement” includes a collective agreement;

                           (b)    “average daily wage” means

                                  (i)    for employees who have been employed by the same employer for 9 work weeks or more immediately preceding a general holiday, the employee’s daily wage averaged over the days worked during the 9 weeks, or

                                (ii)    for employees who have been employed by the same employer for less than 9 work weeks immediately preceding a general holiday, the employee’s daily wage averaged over the days worked during the employee’s employment with the employer;

                           (c)    “collection notice” means a notice given by the Director under section 122;

                           (d)    “collective agreement” means an agreement in writing between an employer or an employers’ organization and a bargaining agent containing terms or conditions of employment, and may include one or more documents containing one or more agreements;

                        (d.1)    “compassionate care leave” means the rights and obligations described in Part 2, Division 7.2;

                           (e)    “Court” means the Court of Queen’s Bench;

                            (f)    “daily wage” means the wage of an employee on a normal work day;

                           (g)    “date of delivery” means the date when the pregnancy of an employee terminates with the birth of a child or when the pregnancy otherwise terminates;

                           (h)    “Director” means the Director of Employment Standards;

                            (i)    “Director’s demand” means a demand by the Director under section 115 or a further demand under section 116(3);

                            (j)    “earnings” means wages, overtime pay, vacation pay, general holiday pay and termination pay;

                           (k)    “employee” means an individual employed to do work who receives or is entitled to wages and includes a former employee;

                            (l)    “employer” means a person who employs an employee and includes a former employer;

                          (m)    “employment record” means the employment information required by section 14 to be kept up to date and any other record needed to determine whether an employee is entitled to anything under this Act;

                           (n)    “hours of work” means

                                  (i)    the period of time during which an employee works for an employer, and

                                (ii)    time off with pay instead of overtime pay provided by an employer and taken by an employee;

                           (o)    “maternity and parental leave” means the rights and obligations described in Part 2, Division 7;

                           (p)    “medical certificate” includes the signed statement of a physician;

                           (q)    “Minister” means the Minister determined under section 16 of the Government Organization Act as the Minister responsible for this Act;

                            (r)    “officer” means an employment standards officer;

                           (s)    “overtime agreement” means an agreement between an employer and employees under section 23;

                            (t)    “Registrar” means the Registrar of Appeals;

                         (t.1)    “reservist” means a member of the reserve force of the Canadian Forces referred to in subsection 15(3) of the National Defence Act (Canada);

                         (t.2)    “reservist leave” means the rights and obligations described in Part 2, Division 7.1;

                           (u)    “termination pay” means the pay given to an employee instead of a termination notice;

                           (v)    “third party” means a person to whom a Director’s demand is issued, and includes the Crown in right of Alberta;

                          (w)    “umpire” means an umpire appointed under section 69;

                           (x)    “wages” includes salary, pay, money paid for time off instead of overtime pay, commission or remuneration for work, however calculated, but does not include

                                  (i)    overtime pay, vacation pay, general holiday pay and termination pay,

                                (ii)    a payment made as a gift or bonus that is dependent on the discretion of an employer and that is not related to hours of work, production or efficiency,

                               (iii)    expenses or an allowance provided instead of expenses, or

                               (iv)    tips or other gratuities;

                           (y)    “wage rate” means the hourly rate of pay for wages;

                           (z)    “week” means 7 consecutive days;

                         (aa)    “work” includes providing a service;

                         (bb)    “work day” means a 24‑hour period ending at midnight or a 24‑hour period as established by the consistent practice of an employer;

                         (cc)    “work month” means a calendar month or the period from a time on a specific day in a month to the same time on the same day in the following month as established by the consistent practice of an employer;

                         (dd)    “work week” means the period between midnight on a Saturday and midnight on the following Saturday, or 7 consecutive days as established by the consistent practice of an employer;

                         (ee)    “year of employment” means a period of 12 consecutive months.

(2)  A reference to “this Act” includes a regulation made under this Act.

RSA 2000 cE-9 s1;2001 c6 s6;2009 c4 s2;2013 c6 s2

Part 1
Application and Operation of this Act

Application of this Act

2(1)   This Act applies to all employers and employees, including the Crown in right of Alberta and its employees, except as otherwise provided in this section.

(2)   Except for provisions relating to maternity and parental leave, reservist leave or compassionate care leave and other provisions of this Act necessary to give effect to those provisions, this Act does not apply to

                           (a)    employees who are members of a municipal police service appointed pursuant to the Police Act and their employers with respect to the employment of those employees, or

                           (b)    employees and employers to the extent that another Act states that this Act or a provision of it does not apply to them.

(3)  The following Divisions and regulations do not apply to employees and employers specified in subsection (4):

                           (a)    Part 2, Division 3, Hours of Work;

                           (b)    Part 2, Division 4, Overtime and Overtime Pay;

(c)    Part 2, Division 5, General Holidays and General Holiday Pay;

                           (d)    Part 2, Division 6, Vacations and Vacation Pay;

                           (e)    Part 2, Division 9, Restriction on Employment of Children and regulations made under section 138(1)(e), prohibiting or regulating the employment of individuals under 18 years of age;

                            (f)    regulations under section 138(1)(d) respecting vacations, vacation pay, general holidays and general holiday pay;

                           (g)    regulations under section 138(1)(f) respecting the minimum wage.

(4)  The Divisions and regulations specified in subsection (3) do not apply to employees employed on a farm or ranch whose employment is directly related to

                           (a)    the primary production of eggs, milk, grain, seeds, fruit, vegetables, honey, livestock, diversified livestock animals within the meaning of the Livestock Industry Diversification Act, poultry or bees, or

                           (b)    any other primary agricultural operation specified in the regulations,

or to their employer while acting in the capacity as employer.

RSA 2000 cE-9 s2;2001 c6 s6;2003 c26 s19;
2009 c4 s3;2013 c6 s3;2011 c12 s33

Civil remedies and greater benefits

3(1)  Nothing in this Act affects

                           (a)    any civil remedy of an employee or an employer;

                           (b)    an agreement, a right at common law or a custom that

                                  (i)    provides to an employee earnings, maternity and parental leave, reservist leave, compassionate care leave or other benefits that are at least equal to those under this Act, or

                                (ii)    imposes on an employer an obligation or duty greater than that under this Act.

(2)  If under an agreement an employee is to receive greater earnings, maternity and parental leave, reservist leave or compassionate care leave than those for which this Act provides, the employer must give those greater benefits.

RSA 2000 cE-9 s3;2001 c6 s6;2009 c4 s4;2013 c6 s4

Minimum standards cannot be avoided

4   An agreement that this Act or a provision of it does not apply, or that the remedies provided by it are not to be available for an employee, is against public policy and void.

1996 cE-10.3 s4

Employment deemed continuous

5   For the purposes of this Act, the employment of an employee is deemed to be continuous and uninterrupted when a business, undertaking or other activity or part of it is sold, leased, transferred or merged or if it continues to operate under a receiver or receiver‑manager.

1996 cE‑10.3 s5

Part 2
Standards

Exemptions, modifications and substitutions

6   Despite anything in this Act, the regulations under section 138 may

                           (a)    exempt an employment, employer or employee from Part 2 or any provision of it, and

                           (b)    modify or substitute any provision of Part 2 in respect of an employment, employer or employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s6

Division 1
Paying Earnings

Pay periods

7(1)  Every employer must establish one or more pay periods for the calculation of wages and overtime pay due to an employee.

(2)  A pay period must not be longer than one work month.

1996 cE-10.3 s7

Payment of wages, overtime pay and general holiday pay

8(1)  Wages, overtime pay and general holiday pay earned in a pay period must be paid by an employer not later than 10 consecutive days after the end of each pay period.

(2)  When employment ends, earnings must be paid by an employer within the time described in section 9 or 10.

1996 cE-10.3 s8

Termination of employment by employer - payment of earnings

9(1)  When an employer terminates an employee’s employment by

                           (a)    a termination notice under section 56,

                           (b)    termination pay under section 57(1) instead of a termination notice, or

                           (c)    a combination of a termination notice and termination pay under section 57(2),

the employer must pay the employee’s earnings not later than 3 consecutive days after the last day of employment.

(2)  When an employer terminates an employee’s employment and no termination notice or termination pay is required to be given, the employer must pay the employee’s earnings not later than 10 consecutive days after the last day of employment.

1996 cE-10.3 s9

Termination of employment by employee - payment of earnings

10(1)  When an employee terminates employment by giving a termination notice under section 58, the employer must pay the employee’s earnings not later than 3 consecutive days after the last day of employment.

(2)  When an employee terminates employment and a termination notice is not required, the employer must pay the employee’s earnings not later than 10 consecutive days after the last day of employment.

(3)  When an employee is required to give a termination notice but terminates employment without doing so, the employer must pay the employee’s earnings not later than 10 consecutive days after the date on which the notice would have expired if it had been given.

1996 cE-10.3 s10

Ways of paying earnings

11(1)  In this section, “authorized financial institution” means a bank, treasury branch, credit union, loan corporation, trust corporation or other corporation insured under the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation Act (Canada).

(2)  An employee’s earnings must be paid by an employer in Canadian currency

                           (a)    in cash or by cheque, bill of exchange or order to pay, payable on demand, drawn on an authorized financial institution, or

                           (b)    if the employer so chooses, by direct deposit to the employee’s account in an authorized financial institution of the employee’s choice.

1996 cE-10.3 s11

Deductions from earnings

12(1)  An employer must not deduct, set off against or claim from the earnings of an employee any sum of money, unless allowed to do so by subsection (2).

(2)  An employer may deduct from the earnings of an employee a sum of money that is

                           (a)    permitted or required to be deducted by an enactment or a judgment or order of a court,

                           (b)    authorized to be deducted by a collective agreement that is binding on the employee, or

                           (c)    personally authorized in writing by the employee to be deducted.

(3)  Despite an authorization in a collective agreement or a written authorization by an employee, an employer may not deduct from earnings a sum for

                           (a)    faulty workmanship, or

                           (b)    cash shortages or loss of property if an individual other than the employee had access to the cash or property.

1996 cE-10.3 s12

Notice required before earnings reduced

13(1)  An employer must give each employee notice of a reduction of the employee’s wage rate, overtime rate, vacation pay, general holiday pay or termination pay before the start of the employee’s pay period in which the reduction is to take effect.

(2)  If an employer does not comply with subsection (1), an employee is entitled to the difference between the employee’s wage rate, overtime rate, vacation pay, general holiday pay or termination pay before the reduction and those rates and pay after the reduction from the time in the pay period in which the reduction was first applied to the end of that pay period.

1996 cE-10.3 s13

Division 2
Employment Records

Records to be maintained

14(1)  Every employer must keep an up-to-date record of the following information for each employee:

                           (a)    regular and overtime hours of work;

                           (b)    wage rate and overtime rate;

                           (c)    earnings paid showing separately each component of the earnings for each pay period;

                           (d)    deductions from earnings and the reason for each deduction;

                           (e)    time off instead of overtime pay provided and taken.

(2)  At the end of each pay period, an employer must provide a written statement to each employee setting out, in respect of the employee,

                           (a)    the information described in subsection (1), and

                           (b)    the period of employment covered by the statement.

(3)  The hours of work of an employee, maintained by an employer under subsection (1)(a), must be recorded daily.

(4)  An employer must keep an up-to-date record of the following additional information for each employee:

                           (a)    name, address and date of birth;

                           (b)    the date that the present period of employment started;

                           (c)    the date on which a general holiday is taken;

                           (d)    each annual vacation, showing the date it started and finished and the period of employment in which the annual vacation was earned;

                           (e)    the wage rate and overtime rate when employment starts, the date of any change to wage rates or overtime rates, and particulars of every change to them;

                            (f)    copies of documentation relating to maternity and parental leave;

                        (f.1)    copies of documentation relating to reservist leave;

                        (f.2)    copies of documentation relating to compassionate care leave;

                           (g)    copies of any termination notice and of written requests to employees to return to work after a temporary layoff.

(5)  On request, an employer must give to an employee a detailed statement of how the employee’s earnings were calculated and the method of calculating any bonus or living allowance paid, whether or not it forms part of wages.

RSA 2000 cE-9 s14;2001 c6 s6;2009 c4 s5;2013 c6 s5

Keeping employment records

15   Employment records must be retained by an employer for at least 3 years from the date each record is made.

1996 cE-10.3 s15

Division 3
Hours of Work

Hours of work confined

16(1)  An employee’s hours of work must be confined within a period of 12 consecutive hours in any one work day, unless

                           (a)    an accident occurs, urgent work is necessary to a plant or machinery or other unforeseeable or unpreventable circumstances occur, or

                           (b)    the Director issues a permit authorizing extended hours of work.

(2)  If hours of work have to be extended, they are to be increased only to the extent necessary to avoid serious interference with the ordinary working of a business, undertaking or other activity.

1996 cE-10.3 s16

Notice of work times

17(1)  Every employer must notify the employees of the time at which work starts and ends by posting notices where they can be seen by the employees, or by any other reasonable method.

(2)  An employer must not require an employee to change from one shift to another without at least 24 hours’ written notice and 8 hours of rest between shifts.

1996 cE-10.3 s17

Rest periods

18   Every employer must allow each employee a total of at least 30 minutes of rest, whether paid or unpaid, during each shift in excess of 5 consecutive hours of work unless

                           (a)    an accident occurs, urgent work is necessary or other unforeseeable or unpreventable circumstances occur,

                           (b)    different rest provisions are agreed to pursuant to a collective agreement, or

                           (c)    it is not reasonable for the employee to take a rest period.

1996 cE-10.3 s18

Days of rest

19(1)  Every employer must allow each employee at least

                           (a)    one day of rest in each work week,

                           (b)    2 consecutive days of rest in each period of 2 consecutive work weeks,

                           (c)    3 consecutive days of rest in each period of 3 consecutive work weeks, or

                           (d)    4 consecutive days of rest in each period of 4 consecutive work weeks.

(2)  Every employer must allow each employee at least 4 consecutive days of rest after each 24 consecutive work days.

1996 cE-10.3 s19

Compressed work week

20(1)  An employer may require or permit an employee to work a compressed work week, consisting of fewer work days in the work week and more hours of work in a work day paid at the employee’s regular wage rate.

(2)  A compressed work week must be scheduled in advance and the schedule must meet the following requirements:

                           (a)    if the compressed work week is part of a cycle, the schedule must show all the work weeks that make up the cycle;

                           (b)    the maximum hours of work that an employee may be scheduled to work in a work day is 12 hours;

                           (c)    the maximum hours of work that an employee may be scheduled to work in a compressed work week is 44 hours;

                           (d)    if the compressed work week is part of a cycle, clause (c) does not apply and the maximum average weekly hours of work that an employee may be scheduled to work in the work weeks that are part of the cycle is 44 hours.

1996 cE-10.3 s20

Division 4
Overtime and Overtime Pay

Overtime hours

21   Overtime hours in respect of a work week are

                           (a)    the total of an employee’s hours of work in excess of 8 on each work day in the work week, or

                           (b)    an employee’s hours of work in excess of 44 hours in the work week,

whichever is greater, and, if the hours in clauses (a) and (b) are the same, the overtime hours are those common hours.

1996 cE-10.3 s21

Overtime pay

22(1)  An employer must pay an employee overtime pay of at least 1.5 times the employee’s wage rate for overtime hours.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to an employer or employee who has entered into an overtime agreement.

1996 cE-10.3 s22

Overtime agreements

23(1)  An employee or the majority of a group of employees may enter into an overtime agreement

                           (a)    as part of a collective agreement, or

                           (b)    if there is no collective agreement, in a written agreement between the employee or group of employees and the employer,

that provides that, wholly or partly instead of overtime pay, the employer will provide, and the employee or group of employees will take, time off with pay instead of overtime pay.

(2)  An agreement referred to in subsection (1) is deemed to include at least the following provisions:

                           (a)    time off with pay instead of overtime pay will be provided, taken and paid at the employee’s wage rate at a time that the employee could have worked and received wages from the employer;

                           (b)    if time off with pay instead of overtime pay is not provided, taken and paid in accordance with clause (a), the employee will be paid overtime pay of at least 1.5 times the employee’s wage rate for the overtime hours worked;

                           (c)    time off with pay instead of overtime pay will be provided, taken and paid to the employee within 3 months of the end of the pay period in which it was earned unless

                                  (i)    the agreement is part of a collective agreement and the collective agreement provides for a longer period within which the time off with pay is to be provided and taken, or

                                (ii)    the Director issues a permit authorizing an agreement that provides for a longer period within which the time off with pay is to be provided and taken;

                           (d)    no amendment or termination of the agreement is to be effective without at least one month’s written notice given by one party to the agreement to the other.

(3)  An employer must provide a copy of the overtime agreement to each employee affected by it.

1996 cE-10.3 s23

Incentive pay - hourly wage for calculation of overtime

24(1)  If an employee is paid entirely on commission or other incentive‑based remuneration, then, for the purpose of calculating overtime pay, the employee’s wage rate is deemed to be the minimum wage prescribed by the regulations.

(2)  If an employee is paid partly by salary and partly by commission or other incentive‑based remuneration, then, for the purpose of calculating overtime pay, the employee’s wage rate

                           (a)    is based on the salary component of the wages, if the salary component is greater than the minimum wage, or

                           (b)    is deemed to be the minimum wage, if the salary component of the employee’s wages is equal to or less than the minimum wage.

1996 cE-10.3 s24

Division 5
General Holidays and
General Holiday Pay

General holidays in Alberta

25   The following days are general holidays in Alberta:

                           (a)    New Year’s Day,

                           (b)    Alberta Family Day,

                           (c)    Good Friday,

                           (d)    Victoria Day,

                           (e)    Canada Day,

                            (f)    Labour Day,

                           (g)    Thanksgiving Day,

                           (h)    Remembrance Day,

                            (i)    Christmas Day,

                            (j)    any other day designated, by regulation, as a general holiday by the Lieutenant Governor in Council, and

                           (k)    any other day designated as a general holiday under an agreement between an employer and employees, or otherwise designated as a general holiday by an employer.

1996 cE-10.3 s25

Eligibility for general holiday pay

26(1)  An employee is eligible for general holiday pay if the employee has worked for the same employer for 30 work days or more in the 12 months preceding the general holiday.

(2)  An employee is not entitled to general holiday pay if the employee

                           (a)    does not work on a general holiday when required or scheduled to do so, or

                           (b)    is absent from employment without the consent of the employer on the employee’s last regular work day preceding, or the employee’s first regular work day following, a general holiday.

1996 cE-10.3 s26

Resolving doubts about general holiday pay entitlements

27(1)  If an employee works an irregular schedule and there is doubt about whether a general holiday is on a day that would normally have been a work day for the employee, the doubt is to be resolved in accordance with subsection (2).

(2)  If in at least 5 of the 9 weeks preceding the work week in which the general holiday occurs the employee worked on the same day of the week as the day on which the general holiday falls, the general holiday is to be considered a day that would normally have been a work day for the employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s27

General holiday pay - not working on a normal work day

28   If

                           (a)    a general holiday falls on a day that would normally have been a work day for the employee, and

                           (b)    an employee does not work on the general holiday,

the employer must pay the employee general holiday pay of an amount that is at least the average daily wage of the employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s28

General holiday pay - working on a normal work day

29   If a general holiday is on a day that would normally have been a work day for an employee and the employee works on the general holiday, the employer must comply with clause (a) or (b):

                           (a)    pay the employee general holiday pay of

                                  (i)    an amount that is at least the average daily wage of the employee, and

                                (ii)    an amount that is at least 1.5 times the employee’s wage rate for each hour of work of the employee on that day,

                               or

                           (b)    provide the employee with

                                  (i)    an amount that is at least the employee’s wage rate times each hour of work on that day, and

                                (ii)    one day’s holiday, not later than the employee’s next annual vacation, on a day that would normally be a work day for the employee, and general holiday pay for that day of an amount that is at least the employee’s average daily wage.

1996 cE-10.3 s29

General holiday pay - working on unscheduled work day

30   If

                           (a)    a general holiday is on a day that is not normally a work day for an employee, and

                           (b)    the employee works on the general holiday,

the employer must pay the employee general holiday pay of an amount that is at least 1.5 times the wage rate of the employee for each hour of work on that day.

1996 cE-10.3 s30

General holiday during annual vacation

31(1)  If a general holiday occurs during an employee’s annual vacation, the employer must, if the general holiday is one to which the employee would have been entitled had the employee not been on annual vacation, give the employee a holiday with general holiday pay of a sum that is at least equal to the average daily wage of the employee.

(2)  The general holiday must be taken

                           (a)    on what would have been the employee’s first day back to work after the annual vacation, or

                           (b)    by agreement with the employee, on another day after the annual vacation that would normally be a working day for the employee, and provide it before the employee’s next annual vacation.

1996 cE-10.3 s31

Incentive pay - hourly wage for calculating general holiday pay

32(1)  If an employee is paid entirely on commission or other incentive‑based remuneration, then, for the purpose of calculating pay for time worked on a general holiday, the employee’s wage rate is deemed to be the minimum wage prescribed by the regulations.

(2)  If an employee is paid partly by salary and partly by commission or other incentive‑based remuneration, then, for the purpose of calculating pay for time worked on a general holiday, the employee’s wage rate

                           (a)    is based on the salary component of the wages, if the salary component is greater than the minimum wage, or

                           (b)    is deemed to be the minimum wage, if the salary component of the employee’s wages is equal to or less than the minimum wage.

1996 cE-10.3 s32

Effect of general holiday on overtime calculation

33   When an employee works on a general holiday and is paid general holiday pay of at least 1.5 times the employee’s wage rate for each hour worked, the hours worked are not to be counted for the purpose of calculating any entitlement to overtime pay under Part 2, Division 4, Overtime and Overtime Pay, for the work week in which the general holiday occurs.

1996 cE-10.3 s33

Division 6
Vacations and Vacation Pay

Basic vacation entitlement

34   An employee becomes entitled to an annual vacation of at least

                           (a)    2 weeks after each of the first 4 years of employment, and

                           (b)    3 weeks after 5 consecutive years of employment and each year of employment after that,

unless section 35 applies.

1996 cE-10.3 s34

Vacation entitlements with a common anniversary date

35(1)  For the purpose of calculating vacation and vacation pay, an employer may establish a common anniversary date for all employees or a group of them.

(2)  If an employer establishes a common anniversary date, then, despite any other provision in this Division,

                           (a)    the amount of vacation pay, and

                           (b)    the length of an employee’s vacation,

must not be reduced to less than the employee would have received if the common anniversary date had not been established.

(3)  If an employee has a common anniversary date, the employee becomes entitled to an annual vacation as follows:

                           (a)    on the first common anniversary date after employment starts with the employer, at least 2 weeks’ vacation or a proportionately lesser period of vacation if the employee has been employed for less than one year;

                           (b)    on the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th common anniversary date after employment starts with the employer, at least 2 weeks’ vacation;

                           (c)    on the 6th common anniversary date after employment starts with the employer, at least

                                  (i)    3 weeks’ vacation, and

                                (ii)    vacation for the period that the proportion referred to in clause (a), if any, bears to one week;

                           (d)    on the 7th and subsequent common anniversary dates after employment starts with the employer, at least 3 weeks’ vacation.

1996 cE-10.3 s35

Computing 5 or more years of employment

36   When it is necessary to determine whether an employee has been employed by an employer for 5 years of employment, or to determine whether the 6th common anniversary date has occurred, any break in the employee’s employment with the employer of less than 3 months is to be counted as a period of continuous employment.

1996 cE-10.3 s36

How vacation is to be given

37(1)  Employers must give employees their annual vacation in one unbroken period no later than 12 months after an employee becomes entitled to it.

(2)  If an employee so requests in writing, the employer may provide the vacation in two or more periods, so long as each vacation period is at least one day long.

1996 cE-10.3 s37

Dates for annual vacations

38   If an employer and an employee are unable to agree on a mutually satisfactory date to start the employee’s annual vacation, the employer must give the employee at least 2 weeks’ written notice of the date on which the employee’s annual vacation is to start, and the employee must take the vacation at that time.

1996 cE-10.3 s38

Vacation pay for employee paid monthly

39   For each week of vacation, the employer must pay an employee paid by the month vacation pay of an amount at least equal to the employee’s wages for the employee’s normal hours of work in a work month divided by 4 1/3.

1996 cE-10.3 s39

Vacation pay for employee paid other than monthly

40   The employer must pay an employee who is not paid by the month vacation pay of an amount at least equal to,

                           (a)    for an employee entitled to 2 weeks’ vacation or any lesser amount, 4% of the employee’s wages for the year of employment for which vacation is given, or

                           (b)    for an employee entitled to 3 weeks’ vacation, 6% of the employee’s wages for the year of employment for which vacation is given.

1996 cE-10.3 s40

When vacation pay is to be paid

41(1)  An employer may pay vacation pay at any time, but must pay vacation pay to each employee no later than the next regularly scheduled pay‑day after the employee starts annual vacation.

(2)  If vacation pay has not been fully paid to an employee before the annual vacation starts, the employee may request the employer to pay vacation pay at least one day before the vacation starts and the employer must comply with the request.

1996 cE-10.3 s41

Vacation pay on termination of employment

42(1)  If employment terminates before an employee becomes entitled to a first annual vacation, the employer must pay the employee 4% of the employee’s wages earned during the employment.

(2)  If employment terminates after an employee becomes entitled to annual vacation, the employer must pay the employee vacation pay of an amount equal to the vacation pay to which the employee would have been entitled in that year of employment if the employee had remained employed by the employer and

                           (a)    for an employee who is entitled to 2 weeks’ vacation, at least 4% of the employee’s wages for the period from the date the employee last became entitled to an annual vacation to the date employment terminates, or

                           (b)    for an employee who is entitled to 3 weeks’ vacation, at least 6% of the employee’s wages for the period from the date the employee last became entitled to an annual vacation to the date employment terminates.

1996 cE-10.3 s42

When vacation pay is considered to be wages

43   Vacation pay paid to an employee in one year of employment is deemed to be wages for the purpose of calculating the vacation pay payable to the employee in the following year of employment.

1996 cE-10.3 s43

Reductions in vacation and vacation pay

44   When an employee is absent from work, an employer may reduce the employee’s vacation and vacation pay in proportion to the number of days the employee was or would normally have been scheduled to work, but did not.

1996 cE-10.3 s44

Division 7
Maternity Leave and Parental Leave

Entitlement to maternity leave

45   A pregnant employee who has been employed by an employer for at least 52 consecutive weeks is entitled to maternity leave without pay.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s45;2001 c6 s2

Length of maternity leave

46(1)  The maternity leave to which a pregnant employee is entitled is a period of not more than 15 weeks starting at any time during the 12 weeks immediately before the estimated date of delivery.

(2)  An employee who takes maternity leave must take a period of leave of at least 6 weeks immediately following the date of delivery, unless the employee and her employer agree to shorten the period by the employee’s giving her employer a medical certificate indicating that resumption of work will not endanger her health.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s46;2001 c6 s2

Notice of maternity leave

47(1)  A pregnant employee must give her employer at least 6 weeks’ written notice of the date she will start her maternity leave, and if so requested by her employer, the pregnant employee must provide her employer with a medical certificate certifying that she is pregnant and giving the estimated date of delivery.

(2)  A pregnant employee is entitled to start maternity leave on the date specified in the written notice given to her employer under subsection (1).

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s47;2001 c6 s2

No notice of maternity leave

48   An employee who does not give her employer prior notice of maternity leave before starting it is still entitled to maternity leave if, within 2 weeks after she ceases to work, she provides her employer with a medical certificate

                           (a)    indicating that she is not able to work because of a medical condition arising from her pregnancy, and

                           (b)    giving the estimated or actual date of delivery.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s48;2001 c6 s2

Notice of employer to start maternity leave

49   If during the 12 weeks immediately before the estimated date of delivery the pregnancy of an employee interferes with the performance of her duties, an employer may give the employee written notice requiring her to start maternity leave.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s49;2001 c6 s2

Parental leave

50(1)  Subject to subsection (2), an employer must grant parental leave to an employee as follows:

                           (a)    in the case of an employee entitled to maternity leave under this Division, a period of not more than 37 consecutive weeks immediately following the last day of maternity leave;

                           (b)    in the case of a parent who has been employed by the employer for at least 52 consecutive weeks, a period of not more than 37 consecutive weeks within 52 weeks after the child’s birth;

                           (c)    in the case of an adoptive parent who has been employed by the employer for at least 52 consecutive weeks, a period of not more than 37 consecutive weeks within 52 weeks after the child is placed with the adoptive parent for the purpose of adoption.

(2)  If employees described in this section are parents of the same child, the parental leave granted under subsection (1) may

                           (a)    be taken wholly by one of the employees, or

                           (b)    be shared by the employees.

(3)  If employees described in this section are parents of the same child and are employed by the same employer, the employer is not required to grant parental leave to more than one employee at a time.

2001 c6 s2

Notice of parental leave

51(1)  An employee must give the employer at least 6 weeks’ written notice of the date the employee will start parental leave unless

                           (a)    the medical condition of the birth mother or child makes it impossible to comply with this requirement;

                           (b)    the date of the child’s placement with the adoptive parent was not foreseeable.

(2)  If the employee cannot comply with the written notice requirement for any of the reasons stated in subsection (1)(a) or (b), the employee must give the employer written notice at the earliest possible time of the date the employee will start or has started parental leave.

(3)  An employee is entitled to start parental leave on the date specified in the written notice given to the employer under subsection (1) or (2).

(4)  Written notice under section 47(1) is deemed to be notice of parental leave under this section unless the notice specifically provides that it is not notice of parental leave, in which case this section applies.

(5)  Employees who intend to share parental leave must advise their respective employers of their intention to share parental leave.

2001 c6 s2

Termination of employment prohibited during
maternity leave and parental leave

52(1)  No employer may terminate the employment of, or lay off, an employee who

                           (a)    has started her maternity leave, or

                           (b)    is entitled to or has started parental leave.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if an employer suspends or discontinues in whole or in part the business, undertaking or other activity in which the employee is employed, but the obligation of the employer to reinstate the employee or provide the employee with alternative work in accordance with section 53.1 continues to apply.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s51;2001 c6 s2

Resumption of employment

53(1)  Subject to section 46(2), an employee must give the employer at least 4 weeks’ written notice of the date on which the employee intends to resume work and in any event must give notice not later than 4 weeks before the end of the leave period to which the employee is entitled or 4 weeks before the date on which the employee has specified as the end of the employee’s leave period, whichever is earlier.

(2)  If an employee has given notice that she intends to resume work on a date that is before the end of the 6‑week period referred to in section 46(2), the employee is entitled without further notice to an additional period of leave sufficient to meet the requirements of section 46(2).

(3)  The additional period of leave referred to in subsection (2) is to be charged first against any remaining maternity leave to which the employee is entitled and then against parental leave, and if it is charged against parental leave the amount of parental leave referred to in section 50 is reduced accordingly.

(4)  An employee is not entitled to resume working until the date specified in the written notice referred to in subsection (1) or the end of the additional period referred to in subsection (2), as the case may be.

(5)  An employee must resume work on the date specified in the written notice or immediately following the end of the additional period, as the case may be, and if the employee fails to return to work on that date the employee is not entitled to resume work subsequently unless the failure to return to work resulted from unforeseeable or unpreventable circumstances.

(6)  If an employee fails to provide at least 4 weeks’ notice before the end of the leave period to which the employee is entitled, the employee is not entitled to resume work unless the failure to provide the notice resulted from unforeseeable or unpreventable circumstances.

(7)  Where an employee is entitled to resume work under this section, the employer must

                           (a)    reinstate the employee in the position occupied when maternity or parental leave started, or

                           (b)    provide the employee with alternative work of a comparable nature

at not less than the earnings and other benefits that had accrued to the employee when the maternity or parental leave started.

(8)  An employee who does not wish to resume employment after maternity or parental leave must give the employer at least 4 weeks’ written notice of intention to terminate employment.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s52;2001 c6 s2

Suspension of operations

53.1   If the business, undertaking or other activity of an employer is suspended or discontinued in whole or in part during an employee’s maternity or parental leave and the employer has not resumed operations when the employee’s leave ends, the employer must, if the operation is subsequently resumed within 52 weeks following the end of the leave,

                           (a)    reinstate the employee in the position occupied at the time the maternity or parental leave started, at not less than the earnings and other benefits that had accrued to the employee, or

                           (b)    provide the employee with alternative work in accordance with an established seniority system or practice of the employer in force at the time the employee’s maternity or parental leave started, with no loss of seniority or other benefits accrued to the employee.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s53;2001 c6 s2

Division 7.1
Reservist Leave

Reservist leave

53.2(1)  Subject to the regulations, an employee who has completed at least 26 consecutive weeks of employment with an employer and is a reservist is entitled to reservist leave without pay to take part in the following operations or activities:

                           (a)    deployment to a Canadian Forces operation outside Canada;

                           (b)    deployment to a Canadian Forces operation inside Canada that is or will be providing assistance in dealing with an emergency or with its aftermath;

                           (c)    subject to the regulations, annual training, including related travel time, for an amount of up to 20 days in a calendar year;

                           (d)    an operation or activity set out in the regulations made under subsection (7).

(2)  Participation, whether inside or outside Canada, in pre‑deployment or post‑deployment operations or activities that are required by the Canadian Forces in connection with an operation described in subsection (1)(a) or (b) is considered deployment to the operation for the purposes of that subsection.

(3)  An employee is entitled to reservist leave for the period of time prescribed by the regulations or, if no period is prescribed, for as long as subsection (1)(a), (b), (c) or (d) applies to the employee.

(4)  An employee who intends to take reservist leave must give the employer at least 4 weeks’ written notice of the date the reservist leave is to start and the notice must also include

                           (a)    in the case of leave in respect of an operation or activity referred to in subsection (1)(a), (b) or (d), the estimated date on which the employee intends to resume work, or

                           (b)    in the case of leave for annual training referred to in subsection (1)(c), the actual date on which the employee intends to resume work.

(5)  If an employee cannot comply with the notice requirement under subsection (4)(a) because of deployment in urgent circumstances, the employee must advise the employer in writing of the reservist leave as soon as is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances.

(6)  Unless there is a valid reason for not doing so, an employee who takes reservist leave must advise the employer in writing of any change in the length of the leave as soon as is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances.

(7)  The Minister may make regulations

                           (a)    setting out operations or activities for the purpose of subsection (1)(d);

                           (b)    respecting the circumstances in which annual training may be taken and the maximum amount of time that may be taken for training;

                           (c)    respecting conditions that must be met before a 2nd or subsequent reservist leave may be taken;

                           (d)    prescribing the period of time for the purposes of subsection (3).

2009 c4 s6

Request for proof

53.3   If an employer requests proof that an employee is entitled to reservist leave, the employee must provide the employer with a document from the employee’s commanding officer specifying

                           (a)    that the employee is taking or has taken part in an operation or activity referred to in section 53.2(1),

                           (b)    the day on which the leave is to start or started, and

                           (c)    the estimated or actual length of the leave.

2009 c4 s6

Termination of employment

53.4(1)  No employer may terminate the employment of, or lay off, an employee who has started reservist leave.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if an employer suspends or discontinues in whole or in part the business, undertaking or other activity in which the employee is employed, but the obligation of the employer to reinstate the employee or provide the employee with alternative work in accordance with section 53.6 continues to apply.

2009 c4 s6

Resumption of employment

53.5(1)  If an employee has been on reservist leave for more than 4 weeks, the employee must give at least 4 weeks’ written notice of the day on which the employee intends to resume work.

(2)  If an employee has been on reservist leave for 4 weeks or less, the employee must, as soon as possible before resuming work, give the employer written notice of the date on which the employee intends to resume work.

(3)  If an employee who has been on reservist leave in respect of annual training referred to in section 53.2(1)(c) intends to resume work on the date set out in the notice referred to in section 53.2(4)(b), the employee is not required to give written notice under subsection (1) or (2).

(4)  If an employee fails to comply with subsection (1), the employer may postpone the employee’s return to work for a period of up to 4 weeks after the day on which the employee notifies the employer of the employee’s intention to resume work.

(5)  If the employer informs the employee in writing that the employee’s return to work is postponed, the employee is not entitled to return to work until the day that is indicated by the employer.

(6)  During the period of postponement, the employee is deemed to continue to be on reservist leave.

(7)  Where an employee is entitled to resume work under this section, the employer must

                           (a)    reinstate the employee in the position occupied when the reservist leave started, or

                           (b)    provide the employee with alternative work of a comparable nature

at not less than the earnings and other benefits that had accrued to the employee when the reservist leave started.

(8)  An employee who does not wish to resume employment after reservist leave must give the employer at least 4 weeks’ written notice of intention to terminate employment.

2009 c4 s6

Suspension of operations

53.6   If the business, undertaking or other activity of an employer is suspended or discontinued in whole or in part during an employee’s reservist leave and the employer has not resumed operations when the leave ends, the employer must, if the operation is subsequently resumed within 52 weeks following the end of the leave,

                           (a)    reinstate the employee in the position occupied at the time the leave started, at not less than the earnings and other benefits that had accrued to the employee, or

                           (b)    provide the employee with alternative work in accordance with an established seniority system or practice of the employer in force at the time the employee’s leave started, with no loss of seniority or other benefits accrued to the employee.

2009 c4 s6

Leave and vacation conflict

53.7   Notwithstanding section 37(1), if an employee is on reservist leave on the day by which his or her vacation must be used, any unused part of the vacation must be used immediately after the leave expires or, if the employer and employee agree to a later date, by that later date.

2009 c4 s6

Application

53.8   This Division applies only if

                           (a)    the employee’s participation in an operation or activity referred to in section 53.2(1) begins on or after the day that subsection comes into force, and

                           (b)    notice under section 53.2(4) or (5) is given on or after the day described in clause (a).

2009 c4 s6

Division 7.2
Compassionate Care Leave

Compassionate care leave

53.9   In this division,

                           (a)    “common‑law partner” means a person who at the relevant time cohabits in a conjugal relationship with the employee and has so cohabited with the employee for a continuous period of at least one year;

                           (b)    “family member”, in relation to an employee, means

                                  (i)    a spouse or common‑law partner of the employee,

                                (ii)    a child of the employee or a child of the employee’s spouse or common‑law partner,

                               (iii)    a parent of the employee or a spouse or common‑law partner of the parent, and

                               (iv)    any other person who is a member of a class of persons designated in the regulations for the purpose of this definition;

                           (c)    “physician” means a physician who provides care to a family member and who is entitled to practise medicine under the laws of the jurisdiction in which the care is provided;

                           (d)    “primary caregiver” means an individual who has primary responsibility for providing care or support to a seriously ill family member for that family.

(2)  Subject to subsections (3) to (7), an employee who has completed at least 52 consecutive weeks with an employer is entitled to compassionate care leave of up to 8 weeks to provide care or support to a seriously ill family member if the employee is the primary caregiver.

(3)  For an employee to be eligible for leave, a physician must issue a certificate stating that

                           (a)    a family member of the employee has a serious medical condition with a significant risk of death within 26 weeks from

                                  (i)    the day the certificate is issued, or

                                (ii)    if the leave was begun before the certificate was issued, the day the leave began,

                               and

                           (b)    the family member requires the care or support of one or more family members.

(4)  An employee who wishes to take a leave under this section must give the employer notice of at least 2 weeks, unless circumstances necessitate a shorter period.

(5)  Except in emergency situations, the employee must give the employer a copy of the physician’s certificate prior to commencing compassionate care leave.

(6)  An employee may take up to 2 periods of compassionate care leave totalling no more than 8 weeks, but any second period of leave must end no later than 26 weeks after the first period of leave began.

(7)  No period of leave may be less than one week’s duration.

2013 c6 s6

Termination of employment

53.91(1)  No employer may terminate the employment of, or lay off, an employee who has started compassionate care leave.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if an employer suspends or discontinues in whole or in part the business, undertaking or other activity in which the employee is employed, but the obligation of the employer to reinstate the employee or provide the employee with alternative work in accordance with section 53.93 continues to apply.

2013 c6 s6

Resumption of employment

53.92(1)  If an employee has been on compassionate care leave, he or she must provide 2 weeks’ written notice of the date the employee intends to resume work.

(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), nothing precludes an employer and an employee from agreeing in writing to a return to work date on less than 2 weeks’ notice.

(3)  If an employee fails to comply with subsection (1) or (2), the employer may postpone the employee’s return to work for a period of up to 4 weeks after the day on which the employee notifies the employer of the employee’s intention to resume work.

(4)  If the employer informs the employee in writing that the employee’s return to work is postponed, the employee is not entitled to return to work until the day that is indicated by the employer.

(5)  During the period of postponement, the employee is deemed to continue to be on compassionate care leave.

(6)  Where an employee is entitled to resume work under this section, the employer must

                           (a)    reinstate the employee in the position occupied when the compassionate care leave started, or

                           (b)    provide the employee with alternative work of a comparable nature

at not less than the earnings and other benefits that had accrued to the employee when the compassionate care leave started.

(7)  An employee who does not wish to resume employment after compassionate care leave must give the employer at least 2 weeks’ written notice of intention to terminate employment.

2013 c6 s6

Suspension of operations

53.93   If the business, undertaking or other activity of an employer is suspended or discontinued in whole or in part during an employee’s compassionate care leave and the employer has not resumed operations when the leave ends, the employer must, if the operation is subsequently resumed within 52 weeks following the end of the leave,

                           (a)    reinstate the employee in the position occupied at the time the leave started at not less than the earnings and other benefits that had accrued to the employee, or

                           (b)    provide the employee with alternative work in accordance with an established seniority system or practice of the employer in force at the time the employee’s leave started, with no loss of seniority or other benefits accrued to the employee.

2013 c6 s6

Leave and vacation conflict

53.94   Notwithstanding section 37(1), if an employee is on compassionate care leave on the day by which his or her vacation must be used, any unused part of the vacation must be used immediately after the leave expires or, if the employer and employee agree to a later date, by that later date.

2013 c6 s6

Division 8
Termination of Employment

Calculating length of employment for termination notice purposes

54   For the purposes of determining the correct termination notice to be given by an employer or employee or termination pay to be given by an employer, when an employee has been employed by the same employer more than once, the periods of employment with that employer are considered to be one period of employment if not more than 3 months has elapsed between the periods of employment.

1996 cE-10.3 s54

Options for employer to terminate employment

55(1)  Unless subsection (2) applies, an employer may terminate the employment of an employee only by giving the employee

                           (a)    a termination notice under section 56,

                           (b)    termination pay under section 57(1), or

                           (c)    a combination of termination notice and termination pay under section 57(2).

(2)  Termination notice is not required

                           (a)    to terminate the employment of an employee for just cause,

                           (b)    when an employee has been employed by the employer for 3 months or less,

                           (c)    when the employee is employed for a definite term or task for a period not exceeding 12 months on completion of which the employment terminates,

                           (d)    when the employee is laid off after refusing an offer by the employer of reasonable alternative work,

                           (e)    if the employee refuses work made available through a seniority system,

                            (f)    if the employee is not provided with work by the employer by reason of a strike or lockout occurring at the employee’s place of employment,

                           (g)    when the employee is employed under an agreement by which the employee may elect either to work or not to work for a temporary period when requested to work by the employer,

                           (h)    if the contract of employment is or has become impossible for the employer to perform by reason of unforeseeable or unpreventable causes beyond the control of the employer,

                            (i)    if the employee is employed on a seasonal basis and on the completion of the season the employee’s employment is terminated, or

                            (j)    when employment ends in the circumstances described in sections 62 to 64.

1996 cE-10.3 s55

Employers termination notice

56   To terminate employment an employer must give an employee written termination notice of at least

                           (a)    one week, if the employee has been employed by the employer for more than 3 months but less than 2 years,

                           (b)    2 weeks, if the employee has been employed by the employer for 2 years or more but less than 4 years,

                           (c)    4 weeks, if the employee has been employed by the employer for 4 years or more but less than 6 years,

                           (d)    5 weeks, if the employee has been employed by the employer for 6 years or more but less than 8 years,

                           (e)    6 weeks, if the employee has been employed by the employer for 8 years or more but less than 10 years, or

                            (f)    8 weeks, if the employee has been employed by the employer for 10 years or more.

1996 cE-10.3 s56

Termination pay

57(1)  Instead of giving a termination notice, an employer may pay an employee termination pay of an amount at least equal to the wages the employee would have earned if the employee had worked the regular hours of work for the applicable termination notice period.

(2)  An employer may give an employee a combination of termination pay and termination notice, in which case the termination pay must be at least equal to the wages the employee would have earned for the applicable termination notice period that is not covered by the notice.

(3)  If the wages of an employee vary from one pay period to another, the average of the employee’s wages for the 3‑month period immediately preceding the date of termination of employment is to be used to determine the employee’s termination pay.

1996 cE-10.3 s57

Termination of employment by an employee

58(1)  Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2), to terminate employment an employee must give the employer a written termination notice of at least

                           (a)    one week, if the employee has been employed by the employer for more than 3 months but less than 2 years, or

                           (b)    2 weeks, if the employee has been employed by the employer for 2 years or more.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply when

                           (a)    there is an established custom or practice in any industry respecting the termination of employment that is contrary in whole or in part to subsection (1),

                           (b)    an employee terminates employment because the employee’s personal health or safety would be in danger if the employee continued to be employed by the employer,

                           (c)    the contract of employment is or has become impossible for the employee to perform by reason of unforeseeable or unpreventable causes beyond the control of the employee,

                           (d)    the employee has been employed by the employer for 3 months or less,

                           (e)    the employee is temporarily laid off,

                            (f)    the employee is laid off after refusing an offer by the employer of reasonable alternative work,

                           (g)    the employee is not provided with work by the employer by reason of a strike or lockout occurring at the employee’s place of employment,

                           (h)    the employee is employed under an agreement by which the employee may elect either to work or not to work for a temporary period when requested to work by the employer, or

                            (i)    an employee terminates the employment because of a reduction in wage rate, overtime rate, vacation pay, general holiday pay or termination pay.

1996 cE-10.3 s58

Expediting termination of employment after an employees termination notice

59(1)  If an employee gives a termination notice that is the minimum notice required to be given by the employee and the employer wishes to terminate the employee’s employment before the end of the employee’s notice period, the employer must pay the employee an amount at least equal to the wages that the employee would have earned if the employee had worked the employee’s regular hours of work for the remainder of the notice period given by the employee.

(2)  If an employee gives a termination notice that is longer than the minimum notice required to be given by the employee and the employer wishes to terminate the employee’s employment before the end of the employee’s notice period, the employer must pay the employee an amount at least equal to the wages the employee would have earned if the employee had worked the employee’s regular hours for the remainder of the termination notice period that the employer is required to give to the employee under section 56.

1996 cE-10.3 s59

Continuation of employment after termination

60   A termination notice is of no effect if an employee continues to be employed by the same employer after the date specified for termination of employment.

1996 cE-10.3 s60

Earnings not to change after termination notice given

61(1)  Neither the wages, wage rate, nor any other term or condition of employment may be reduced by an employer between the time termination notice is given by the employer or employee and the date employment terminates, whether or not work is required to be performed during that period.

(2)  During the period between the date a termination notice is given by an employer or employee and termination of the employment, the employee remains employed by the employer unless

                           (a)    the employer gives the employee termination pay, or

                           (b)    the employer terminates employment of the employee

                                  (i)    for just cause,

                                (ii)    if the employee is laid off after refusing an offer by the employer of reasonable alternative work,

                               (iii)    if the employee refuses work made available through a seniority system,

                               (iv)    if the employee is not provided with work by the employer by reason of a strike or lockout occurring at the employee’s place of employment, or

                                 (v)    if the employment contract is or has become impossible for the employer to perform by reason of unforeseeable or unpreventable causes beyond the control of the employer.

1996 cE-10.3 s61

Layoff and Recall

Temporary layoff

62   If an employer wishes to maintain an employment relationship without terminating the employment of an employee, the employer may temporarily lay off the employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s62

Termination pay after temporary layoff

63(1)  On the 60th consecutive day of temporary layoff, an employee’s employment terminates and the employer must pay the employee termination pay on that day.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if

                           (a)    after the layoff starts, and by agreement between the employer and employee, an employer pays the employee wages or an amount instead of wages, in which case the employment terminates and termination pay is payable when the agreement ends;

                           (b)    the employer makes payments for the benefit of the laid‑off employee in accordance with a pension or employee insurance plan or the like, in which case employment terminates and termination pay is payable when the payments cease;

                           (c)    there is a collective agreement binding the employer and employee containing recall rights for employees following layoff, in which case employment terminates and termination pay is payable when the recall rights expire.

1996 cE-10.3 s63

Effect of failure to return to work after recall

64(1)  If an employee fails to return to work within 7 consecutive days after being requested to do so in writing by the employer, the employee is not entitled to termination notice or termination pay if the employer decides to terminate the employee’s employment as a result of the employee’s failure to return to work in accordance with the recall notice.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to an employee bound by a collective agreement containing recall rights for employees following a layoff.

1996 cE-10.3 s64

Division 9
Restriction on Employment of Children

Employment of children

65(1)  No person may, during normal school hours, employ, or permit to work on the person’s premises, an individual who is required to attend school under the School Act, unless the conditions specified in section 66 are complied with.

(2)  No individual under 15 years old may be employed without the written consent of the individual’s parent or guardian and the approval of the Director, unless the regulations and the condition specified in section 66 are complied with.

1996 cE-10.3 s65

Conditions of a childs employment

66   The condition referred to in section 65 is that the individual must be enrolled in an off‑campus education program provided under the School Act.

1996 cE-10.3 s66;1998 c27 s6

Division 10
Persons with Disabilities

Employment of persons with disabilities

67(1)  If the Director is satisfied that a proposed employment arrangement between an employer and a prospective employee who has a disability is satisfactory for both of them in all the circumstances, the Director may issue to the employer a permit authorizing

                           (a)    the employer to pay the prospective employee a wage less than the minimum wage prescribed by the regulations, and

                           (b)    the prospective employee to receive less than the minimum wage.

(2)  A copy of the permit must be served on the employer and the prospective employee.

(3)  The employer or the prospective employee to whom a permit applies may appeal the permit to an umpire.

1996 cE-10.3 s67

Part 3
Administration

Division 1
General

Director and Registrar

68(1)  The Minister must appoint an individual who is an employee under the Public Service Act as the Director of Employment Standards.

(2)  The Minister must appoint an individual as the Registrar of Appeals.

1996 cE-10.3 s68

Appointment and designation of umpires

69(1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may

                           (a)    appoint individuals as umpires;

                           (b)    authorize the Minister to appoint as umpires individuals who are members of a class of persons designated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council;

                           (c)    designate a class of persons, the members of which are deemed to have been appointed umpires.

(2)  The Minister may establish a code for the ethical conduct of umpires.

1996 cE-10.3 s69

Liability of officials

70   No action for damages may be commenced against the Director, an officer, the Registrar or an umpire for anything done or not done in good faith in the performance or exercise or purported performance or exercise of their functions, powers or duties under this Act.

1996 cE-10.3 s70

Delegation

71(1)  The Director may delegate the performance or exercise of any function, power or duty of the Director to one or more individuals.

(2)  A delegation may be

                           (a)    general or specific to one or more functions, powers or duties, and

                           (b)    subject to conditions or applicable in the circumstances specified by the Director.

(3)  The Director may not delegate the Director’s power to issue a reinstatement or compensation order under section 89.

1996 cE-10.3 s71

Services by others

72(1)  The Director may engage persons

                           (a)    to administer this Act or any provision of it, or

                           (b)    to perform services for and otherwise assist the Director and officers in administering this Act.

(2)  The Director may establish fees that a person referred to in subsection (1) is entitled to for anything done under subsection (1), and the person may collect those fees in accordance with the regulations.

1996 cE-10.3 s72

Alternative dispute resolution

73(1)  The Director may initiate and encourage the voluntary efforts of employers and employees

                           (a)    to design fair processes in which to resolve complaints or concerns arising under this Act, with or without the assistance of an officer, and

                           (b)    to settle complaints under this Act by appointing or facilitating the appointment of an impartial third party mediator, fact-finder or other person to assist the parties in settling their dispute.

(2)       The Registrar may

                           (a)    initiate any system of appeal management in order to expedite the fair resolution of an appeal;

                           (b)    with the agreement of the parties, appoint or facilitate the appointment of an impartial third party mediator, fact‑finder or other person to assist the parties in settling their dispute;

                           (c)    design processes to manage appeals that, at the option and with the agreement of the parties, may be used to resolve an appeal.

(3)  Nothing in this section affects the right of an employee to make a complaint and to have it processed in accordance with this Act.

1996 cE-10.3 s73

Scheme of employment

74(1)  The Director may approve a scheme of employment with respect to an employer and the employer’s employees or prospective employees that applies despite any provision to the contrary in this Act.

(2)  The Director may revoke, amend or vary an approval for a scheme of employment at any time.

1996 cE-10.3 s74

Division 2
Employment Standards Officers

Certification and appointment of officers

75(1)  The Director must establish competency and eligibility requirements to be met by individuals wishing to provide employment standards services, including those that are a function of an officer or that entail a power or duty of an officer.

(2)  When an individual satisfies the Director that the individual meets the competency and eligibility requirements referred to in subsection (1), the Director may certify the individual as eligible for appointment as an officer.

(3)  The Minister may appoint as employment standards officers only those individuals who are certified as eligible for appointment by the Director.

(4)  The authority of an officer under this Act may be limited by conditions imposed by the Minister.

1996 cE-10.3 s75

Director exercising powers, etc. of officer

76   The Director may exercise any power or perform any function or duty of an officer.

1996 cE-10.3 s76

Officers authority

77(1)  An officer may

                           (a)    at any reasonable time, enter any premises or other place in which the officer has reason to believe that an individual is or was employed, to inspect employment records and make copies of them;

                           (b)    require an employer, employee or any other person to provide oral or written statements about any matter relating to employment or employment records at a specified time, date and place;

                           (c)    make an inspection, investigation and inquiry that is necessary to ascertain whether this Act or any order, award, demand, declaration, permit, approval or notice under this Act has been or is being complied with;

                           (d)    question an employee, during the employee’s regular hours of work or otherwise, without the employer’s being present, to ascertain whether this Act or an order, award, demand, declaration, permit, approval or notice under this Act has been or is being complied with;

                           (e)    require a person supplying information or giving an oral or written statement to give any of them in the form of a written statement under oath;

                            (f)    by written notice, demand the production of employment records for inspection at a time, date and place specified in the notice;

                           (g)    on giving a receipt for it, remove an employment record, for not more than 48 hours, to make copies of it;

                           (h)    by written notice, require an employer to record the times at which the employees start and stop work each day they work;

                            (i)    by written notice, require an employer to post notices, information bulletins or extracts from this Act at locations at the employer’s place of business specified in the notice.

(2)  An officer must not enter a private dwelling without the consent of the occupier of the dwelling.

1996 cE-10.3 s77

Assistance to officers

78   Every employer and person acting on the employer’s behalf and every employee must give whatever assistance is necessary to an officer to enable the officer to make an entry, inspection, investigation or inquiry.

1996 cE-10.3 s78

Directions

79(1)  An officer as a result of an inspection, investigation or inquiry under section 77 may direct an employer or employee to comply with this Act or any order, award, demand, declaration, permit, approval or notice under this Act.

(2)  The direction may be made with or without conditions and may be revoked, amended or varied at any time.

1996 cE-10.3 s79

Single employer declaration

80(1)  If, in the opinion of an officer, a business, undertaking or other activity is carried on or has been carried on by or through 2 or more employers or other persons, or a combination of them, the officer may make a single employer declaration, declaring that the employers or persons named, or combination of them, are a single employer for the purposes of this Act.

(2)  A copy of the declaration must be served on the employers or persons, or both, and on the employees affected by it.

(3)  An employer, employee or person affected by the declaration may appeal the declaration to an umpire.

1996 cE-10.3 s80

Effect of declaration

81   If an officer or, on appeal, an umpire makes a single employer declaration, the persons affected by the declaration are jointly and severally liable for the payment of earnings to those individuals who, as a result of the declaration, are considered to be employees of the single employer.

1996 cE-10.3 s81

Division 3
Employment Standards Complaints, Investigations and Determinations

Employee complaints

82(1)  An employee may make a written complaint to an officer that

                           (a)    the employee is entitled to earnings;

                           (b)    the employment of the employee was suspended or terminated or the employee was laid off

                                  (i)    contrary to section 52(1) after the employee started maternity leave or because the employee was entitled to or had started parental leave,

                              (i.1)    contrary to section 52.91 of the Public Health Act,

                              (i.2)    contrary to section 53.4 after the employee started reservist leave;

                              (i.3)    contrary to section 53.91 after the employee started compassionate care leave; 

                                (ii)    for the sole reason that garnishment proceedings are being or might be taken against the employee,

                               (iii)    because the employee gave evidence or may give evidence at any inquiry or in any proceeding or prosecution under this Act,

                               (iv)    because the employee requested or demanded anything to which the employee is entitled under this Act, or

                                 (v)    because the employee made or is about to make any statement or disclosure that may be required of the employee under this Act.

(2)  A complaint may be made at any time while the employee is employed by the employer and, if the employee’s employment is terminated, at any time up to 6 months after the date on which the employment is terminated.

(3)  When the Director considers that there are extenuating circumstances, the Director may extend the 6‑month period, before or after it expires.

(4)  An employee may not be charged a fee for making a complaint or for the investigation of a complaint.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s82;2001 c6 s3;2007 c23 s2;
2009 c4 s7;2013 c6 s7

When complaints may be refused

83   An officer may refuse to accept or investigate a complaint if

                           (a)    the officer considers that

                                  (i)    the complaint is frivolous or vexatious,

                                (ii)    there is insufficient evidence to substantiate the complaint, or

                               (iii)    there are other means available to the employee to deal with the subject‑matter of the complaint that should be pursued before the complaint is accepted or investigated,

                               or

                           (b)    the employee is proceeding with another action in respect of the subject‑matter of the complaint or has sought and obtained recourse in respect of the subject‑matter of the complaint before a court, tribunal or arbitrator or by some other form of adjudication.

1996 cE-10.3 s83

Mediation by officer

84(1)  An officer may mediate between an employer and an employee for the purpose of settling or compromising differences between them and in doing so may

                           (a)    receive from an employer, on behalf of an employee, the money agreed on by the parties in settlement of their differences;

                           (b)    pay to an employee money received on the employee’s behalf;

                           (c)    do any other things necessary to assist an employer and employee to settle their differences.

(2)  If an officer assists or attempts to assist an employer or an employee, or both, to reach a settlement or compromise, the officer is under no liability to either of them in respect of the settlement or compromise.

(3)  When an officer pays to an employee money received as a result of a settlement or compromise, the employer is discharged from further liability to the employee with respect to the amount received by the employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s84

Decision of officer

85(1)  If an officer

                           (a)    determines that the employee making a written complaint is not entitled to earnings,

                           (b)    determines that the employment of the employee was not suspended or terminated or that the employee was not laid off in the circumstances or for the reasons described in section 82(1)(b), or

                           (c)    refuses to accept or investigate a complaint,

the officer must serve the employee with notice of that decision.

(2)  The employee may appeal the decision of the officer to the Director under section 88.

1996 cE-10.3 s85

Complaints referred to Director

86   If an officer, after investigating a complaint of an employee, has reason to believe that

                           (a)    the employment of the employee was suspended or terminated, or

                           (b)    the employee was laid off

in the circumstances or for the reasons described in section 82(1)(b) and the officer is unable to mediate, settle or compromise the difference between the employer and employee, the officer must refer the complaint to the Director.

1996 cE-10.3 s86

Order of an officer

87(1)  If an officer determines that earnings are due to an employee and is unable to mediate, settle or compromise the difference between the employer and employee, the officer must make an order requiring the employer to pay to the employee, or to pay to the Director on behalf of the employee, earnings to which the employee is entitled.

(2)  If an officer is unable to determine the amount of earnings that are due to an employee because the employer has not made or kept complete and accurate employment records, or has failed to make those records available to the officer for inspection, the officer may determine the amount in any manner that the officer considers appropriate.

(3)  The employer or employee may appeal the order of the officer to an umpire.

1996 cE-10.3 s87

Appeal to Director

88(1)  Within 21 days from the date the employee is served with the notice of a decision under section 85, the employee may appeal to the Director by serving on the Director a written notice of appeal specifying the reasons for it.

(2)  A notice of appeal that is postmarked by the Canada Post Corporation within the 21 days referred to in subsection (1) and that is received by the Director outside the 21‑day period is deemed to have been received within the 21 days.

(3)  On receipt of the notice of appeal, the Director may

                           (a)    review the matter personally, or

                           (b)    refer the matter to another officer.

(4)  The Director or the reviewing officer may

                           (a)    make any decision or order that the original officer could have made, or

                           (b)    direct the original officer or another officer to accept or investigate the complaint if the Director or reviewing officer is of the opinion that the refusal to accept the complaint or to investigate it was not justified.

(5)  There is no appeal of a decision of the Director or the reviewing officer if the decision is that

                           (a)    the employee is not entitled to earnings, or

                           (b)    the original officer was justified in refusing to accept or investigate the complaint.

(6)  The employer or employee may appeal to an umpire a Director’s or reviewing officer’s order to pay earnings.

1996 cE-10.3 s88

Order for reinstatement or compensation

89(1)  This section applies when a complaint that

                           (a)    the employment of an employee was suspended or terminated, or

                           (b)    the employee was laid off

in the circumstances or for the reasons described in section 82(1)(b) is referred to the Director.

(2)  If the Director determines that

                           (a)    the employment of an employee was suspended or terminated, or

                           (b)    the employee was laid off

in the circumstances or for the reasons described in section 82(1)(b) and the Director is unable to mediate, settle or compromise a difference between the employer and the employee, the Director must make an order for reinstatement or compensation or both.

(3)  An order of the Director for reinstatement or compensation may direct an employer to do one or both of the following:

                           (a)    reinstate an employee, or

                           (b)    pay to the employee, or to the Director on the employee’s behalf, compensation of an amount not exceeding the sum the employee would have earned if

                                  (i)    the employment of the employee had not been suspended or terminated, or

                                (ii)    the employee had not been laid off

                                    in the circumstances or for the reasons described in section 82(1)(b).

(4)  The employer or employee may appeal a Director’s order for reinstatement or compensation to an umpire.

(5)  If the Director determines that

                           (a)    the employment of the employee was not suspended or terminated, or

                           (b)    the employee was not laid off

in the circumstances or for the reasons described in section 82(1)(b), the Director must serve the employee with notice of that decision.

(6)  There is no appeal of the Director’s decision under subsection (5).

1996 cE-10.3 s89

Limitation periods for orders

90(1)  No order under this Division may be made with respect to earnings

                           (a)    after one year from the date on which the earnings should have been paid, if the employee is still employed by the employer, and

                           (b)    after one year from the date the employment terminates, if the employee is no longer employed by the employer.

(2)  No order of the Director for reinstatement or compensation may be made after one year from the date that the employment of the employee was suspended or terminated or that the employee was laid off.

(3)  The Director may extend the limitation period under subsection (1) or (2) by an additional period of up to one year if the Director is satisfied that extenuating circumstances warrant the extension.

(4)  An order under this Division may direct

                           (a)    payment of wages or overtime pay, or both, for a period not exceeding 6 months from whichever first occurs:

                                  (i)    the order, or

                                (ii)    the employee’s termination of employment, if the employee’s employment is terminated;

                           (b)    payment of vacation pay or general holiday pay, or both, for a period not exceeding 2 years from whichever first occurs:

                                  (i)    the order, or

                                (ii)    the employee’s termination of employment, if the employee’s employment is terminated.

(5)  An order of the Director for compensation under section 89(3)(b) may direct payment for a period not exceeding 6 months from the date that the employment of the employee was suspended or terminated, that the employee was laid off or that the employer failed to reinstate the employee or to provide the employee with alternative work, in accordance with Part 2, Division 7, Maternity Leave and Parental Leave, Part 2, Division 7.1, Reservist Leave or Division 7.2, Compassionate Care Leave.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s90;2005 c28 s4;2009 c4 s8;2013 c6 s8

General provisions about orders

91(1)  An order under this Division must

                           (a)    name the employer to whom the order is directed,

                           (b)    name the one or more employees in respect of whom the order is made, and

                           (c)    specify the amount payable in respect of each employee named in the order.

(2)  An order under this Division may also require an employer to pay to the Director any fees payable to the Government under the regulations that are unpaid.

(3)  A copy of an order under this Division must be served on

                           (a)    the employer to whom it is directed, and

                           (b)    each employee in respect of whom it is made.

(4)  An order under this Division may take into account deductions authorized or permitted under this Act but must not take into account a claim, counterclaim or set‑off by an employer against an employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s91

Limitation on revocations and amendments to orders

92(1)  An officer’s order or single employer declaration may be revoked, amended or varied by the officer who made it at any time before the time for an appeal to an umpire has expired, but not after that time.

(2)  The Director may vary or amend a collection notice at any time before the time for an appeal to an umpire has expired, but not after that time.

(3)  Even though an appeal has been made to an umpire, the Director may, before the umpire issues an award, revoke

                           (a)    an order of an officer or the Director under this Division or a certificate under section 112(4)(b) at any time before the order or certificate is filed in the Court, or

                           (b)    a single employer declaration or a collection notice at any time.

(4)  If the Director revokes an order that has been appealed to an umpire, the Director must return to the appellant any money paid to the Director when the appeal was made.

1996 cE-10.3 s92

Variations or amendments and appeals from them

93(1)   If an order under this Division, a single employer declaration or a collection notice is varied or amended, a copy of the variation or amendment must be served on each person on whom the original order, declaration or notice was served.

(2)   A person who receives a variation or amendment may appeal to an umpire, and the time for making the appeal starts from the date of service of the variation or amendment.

1996 cE-10.3 s93

Settlement or compromise by Director

94(1)   Despite anything in this Act, the Director may

                           (a)    refuse to institute or to continue any proceeding or prosecution for the failure of an employer or employee to comply with this Act, or

                           (b)    settle or compromise any difference between an employer and an employee and receive money on behalf of the employee in settlement of the difference.

(2)  When the Director pays to an employee any money received on the employee’s behalf, the employer is discharged from further liability to the employee with respect to the amount received by the employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s94

Division 4
Appeals to Umpires

Appeal to umpire

95(1)  A person who has a right of appeal to an umpire may appeal by serving on the Registrar written notice of appeal specifying the reasons for it.

(2)  A notice of appeal must be served on the Registrar within 21 days after the date of service on the appellant of a copy of

                           (a)    a permit for the employment of an employee who has a disability,

                           (b)    a single employer declaration,

                           (c)    an order under Division 3,

                           (d)    a collection notice, or

                           (e)    a certificate under section 112(4)(b).

(3)  A notice of appeal that is postmarked by the Canada Post Corporation within the 21 days referred to in subsection (2) and that is received by the Registrar outside the 21‑day period is deemed to have been received within the 21 days.

(4)  A notice of appeal must be accompanied with

                           (a)    any fee payable under the regulations, and

                           (b)    any amount the employer is required to pay under an order under Division 3, which must be provided in the form of a money order or certified cheque payable to the Director.

(5)  When the Registrar considers that there are extenuating circumstances that warrant doing so, the Registrar may

                           (a)    waive or reduce a fee or other amount required to be paid when the notice of appeal is served, or

                           (b)    accept security for the amount payable in another form and amount acceptable to the Registrar.

1996 cE-10.3 s95

Appeal referred to umpire

96(1)  If a notice of appeal meets all the requirements for an appeal, the Registrar must

                           (a)    refer the appeal to an umpire, and

                           (b)    give to the appellant and to each employee and employer who is a party to the appeal, and to the Director, written notice of the date, time and place at which the appeal will be considered.

(2)  The Director is a party to every appeal to an umpire and every proceeding resulting from an order or resulting from an umpire’s award.

1996 cE-10.3 s96

Abandonment of appeal

97   An appellant may abandon an appeal by serving written notice on the Registrar and by giving copies of the notice to the other parties concerned.

1996 cE-10.3 s97

Conduct of Proceedings

Fair process

98(1)  An umpire must treat all parties to an appeal fairly.

(2)  Each party must be given an opportunity to present a case and to respond to the other parties’ cases.

(3)  An umpire may conduct an appeal without requiring oral representations, but if a party requests an opportunity to make oral representations, the umpire must provide the opportunity.

(4)  An umpire may determine the procedure to be followed in the appeal.

1996 cE-10.3 s98

Conduct of appeal

99   An umpire may conduct the appeal through video‑conference, electronic conferencing or other means satisfactory to the umpire.

1996 cE-10.3 s99

Evidence

100(1)  An umpire is not bound by the rules of evidence or any other law applicable to judicial proceedings and has power to determine the admissibility, relevance and weight of any evidence.

(2)  An umpire may determine the manner in which evidence is to be admitted.

(3)  An umpire may administer oaths, affirmations and declarations.

(4)  An umpire may require witnesses to testify under oath, affirmation or declaration.

1996 cE-10.3 s100

Judges of the Provincial Court as umpires

101(1)  An umpire who is a judge of the Provincial Court may issue or direct an employee of the Crown in right of Alberta to issue a subpoena to any person who in the opinion of the umpire may be able to give evidence that relates to the appeal before the umpire.

(2)  An umpire who is a judge of the Provincial Court has the same powers

                           (a)    to compel the attendance of witnesses, and

                           (b)    to punish a witness for

                                  (i)    disobeying a subpoena to appear,

                                (ii)    refusing to be sworn, or

                               (iii)    refusing to give evidence

as are conferred on a judge of the Provincial Court by the Criminal Code (Canada).

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s101;2008 c32 s11

Obtaining evidence

102(1)  A party to an appeal may request an umpire to issue a person with a notice requiring the person to attend and give evidence at the appeal at the time and place named in the notice.

(2)  A notice under subsection (1) must be served on the person concerned and has the same effect as a notice in a court proceeding requiring a witness to attend at a hearing or produce documents.

(3)  If a person fails to comply with an umpire’s notice issued under this section or acts in a manner that may be in contempt of the umpire or the umpire’s proceedings, the umpire may apply to the Court for an order directing compliance with the umpire’s order or restraining any conduct found by the Court to be in contempt of the umpire or the proceedings.

(4)  On application, the Court may grant any order that, in the opinion of the Court, is necessary to enable the umpire to carry out the umpire’s duties.

1996 cE-10.3 s102

Failure to appear

103   At a hearing,

                           (a)    if the appellant fails to appear, the umpire may declare the appeal abandoned or adjourn the matter, or

                           (b)    if any other person fails to appear, the umpire may adjourn the matter or proceed in the absence of the person who fails to appear.

1996 cE-10.3 s103

Form of award

104(1)  An umpire’s award must be in writing.

(2)  The award must indicate the place at which and the date on which it is made and must be signed by the umpire.

(3)  A copy of each award must be provided to the Registrar, who must provide it to each party to the appeal.

(4)  The Registrar must keep, as a public record, a copy of all awards issued by umpires.

1996 cE-10.3 s104

Settlement

105   If the parties settle the matters in dispute themselves after an appeal has been referred to an umpire, an umpire may record the settlement in the form of an award.

1996 cE-10.3 s105

Correction of errors

106(1)  An umpire may

                           (a)    correct typographical errors, errors of calculation and similar errors in an award, or

                           (b)    amend an award so as to correct an injustice caused by an oversight on the part of the umpire.

(2)  A copy of a corrected or amended award must be provided to the Registrar, who must provide it to each party to the appeal.

1996 cE-10.3 s106

Umpires award

107(1)  An umpire may make an award

                           (a)    confirming, varying, revoking or substituting anything that is the subject of an appeal;

                           (b)    doing anything that an officer or the Director could have done under this Act;

                           (c)    ordering an employer or any employee of the employer to attend an educational program in employment standards specified by the umpire, and determining who is to pay the costs of the program and the attendance;

                           (d)    imposing costs, subject to the regulations.

(2)  An umpire’s award may take into account deductions authorized or permitted under this Act but must not take into account a claim, counterclaim or set‑off by an employer against an employee.

(3)  There is no appeal of an umpire’s award.

1996 cE-10.3 s107

Disbursement of money held by Director

108(1)  When an umpire’s award orders an employer to pay an amount to an employee, the Registrar must pay out any money paid when the appeal was filed, in accordance with the umpire’s award.

(2)  No interest is payable on money paid under subsection (1).

(3)  If the amount of money paid by the Registrar under subsection (1) is less than the amount ordered to be paid to the employee, the Director may, in accordance with this Act, enforce the unpaid portion of the order.

1996 cE-10.3 s108

Part 4
Orders and Awards and Director
s Demands to Third Parties

Division 1
Enforcement of Orders and Awards

Deemed trust

109(1)  In this section, “purchase‑money security interest” and “security interest” have the meanings given to them in the Personal Property Security Act.

(2)  Despite any other Act, every employer is deemed to hold all wages, overtime pay, vacation pay and general holiday pay accruing or due to an employee in trust for the employee, whether or not the amount accruing due or due has in fact been kept separate and apart by the employer.

(3)  Subject to subsection (4) and section 111, wages, overtime pay, vacation pay and general holiday pay accruing due or due to an employee are deemed to be secured by a security interest on the property and assets of the employer to a maximum of $7500, whether or not that property or those assets are subject to other security interests, and are payable in priority to any other claim or right in the property or assets, including

                           (a)    any claim or right of the Crown in right of Alberta, including, without limitation, claims or rights of The Workers’ Compensation Board, and

                           (b)    any security interest, lien, charge, encumbrance, mortgage, assignment, including an assignment of book debts, debenture or other security of whatever kind of any person, whether or not perfected within the meaning of the Personal Property Security Act,

made, given, accepted or issued before or after the wages, overtime pay, vacation pay or general holiday pay accrued due, without registration or other perfection of the deemed security interest.

(4)  The security interest referred to in subsection (3) does not take priority over a purchase‑money security interest that is

                           (a)    taken prior to the wages, overtime pay, vacation pay or general holiday pay accruing due, and

                           (b)    registered within the time periods referred to in section 22 of the Personal Property Security Act.

(5)  This section and section 111 apply despite any other Act but with the same force as sections 58, 60 and 61 of the Employment Pension Plans Act.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s109;2012 cE‑8.1 s160

Filing of order

110   If

                           (a)    an order of an officer or of the Director is not complied with and the time for an appeal has expired, or

                           (b)    an umpire’s award is not complied with,

the Director may file the order or award with the clerk of the Court at the judicial centre closest to the place where the order or award was made, and the order or award is then enforceable as an order or judgment of the Court.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s110;2009 c53 s58

Registration of order in land titles office

111(1)  The Director may provide the Registrar of Land Titles with an order of an officer or of the Director or an umpire’s award respecting wages, overtime pay, vacation pay, general holiday pay or an amount payable under an order of the Director for compensation and require the Registrar of Land Titles to register the order on a certificate of title for land described by the Director in which the employer has an interest.

(2)  The registration of an order or award referred to in subsection (1) on a certificate of title creates a secured charge in favour of the Director, on behalf of the employee, against the interests in land owned or held by the employer included in the certificate of title.

(3)  A secured charge referred to in subsection (2) has the same priority it would have if it were a mortgage registered against an interest in land.

(4)  If the amount payable under the order or award is paid, the Director must cause a registration under this section to be discharged.

1996 cE-10.3 s111

Liability of directors of corporate employers

112(1)   In this section, “corporation” does not include a society incorporated under the Societies Act or a company referred to in art 9 of the Companies Act.

(2)  Despite any other Act, the directors of a corporation are jointly and severally liable to an employee of the corporation for unpaid wages earned during a period not exceeding 6 months.

(3)  Subsection (2) does not make a person liable for unpaid wages if

                           (a)    the person was not a director when the unpaid wages were earned,

                           (b)    for the reasons stated in section 119(2) or (3)(b) or (c) of the Business Corporations Act the person would not be liable, or

                           (c)    for the reasons stated in section 79(2) or (3)(b) or (c) of the Cooperatives Act the person would not be liable.

(4)  When wages owed to an employee by a corporate employer are not paid, the Director of Employment Standards may serve on each of the directors and former directors of the corporation who, in the opinion of the Director, are liable under subsection (2) for the unpaid wages

                           (a)    a copy of the order or award filed in the Court, and

                           (b)    a certificate stating that wages in a stated amount are due and unpaid by the employer and that the directors or former directors are liable for that amount.

(5)  A director or former director of a corporation who is served with the certificate may appeal to an umpire.

(6)  If a director or former director does not appeal within 21 days from the date on which the director or former director is served with the certificate, or if a director or former director appeals but is unsuccessful, the Director of Employment Standards may file the certificate with the clerk of the Court and the certificate is then enforceable against the director or former director as an order or judgment of that Court.

(7)  No certificate may be filed against a former director more than 2 years after the date the person ceased to be a director.

(8)  Section 119(6) and (7) of the Business Corporations Act and section 79(6) and (7) of the Cooperatives Act apply to a director who has satisfied a claim under this section.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s112;2001 cC‑28.1 s450

Reciprocal enforcement of orders

113(1)  If the Lieutenant Governor in Council is satisfied that reciprocal provisions are in effect or will be made by another jurisdiction for the enforcement of orders of officers or of the Director or umpires’ awards, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may

                           (a)    declare that jurisdiction to be a reciprocating jurisdiction for the purpose of enforcing orders, awards, certificates or judgments for the payment of earnings made under an enactment of that jurisdiction, and

                           (b)    designate an authority within that jurisdiction as the authority who may make applications or issue certificates under this section.

(2)  If an order, award, certificate or judgment for the payment of earnings has been obtained under an enactment of a reciprocating jurisdiction, the designated authority may apply to the Director to enforce the order, award, certificate or judgment.

(3)  On receipt of a copy of the order, award, certificate or judgment for the payment of earnings

                           (a)    certified to be a true copy by the court in which the order, award, certificate or judgment is registered, or

                           (b)    if there is no provision in the reciprocating jurisdiction for registration, certified to be a true copy by the designated authority,

and on being satisfied that the earnings or an amount payable is still owing, the Director must file the copy of the order, award, certificate or judgment with the clerk of the Court and the order is then enforceable under this Act.

1996 cE-10.3 s113

Division 2
Director
s Demand to Third Parties

Definition

114   In this Division, “employer” includes a director or former director in respect of whom a certificate has been filed in the Court under section 112(6).

1996 cE-10.3 s114

Directors demand to third party

115(1)  If the Director knows or has reason to believe that

                           (a)    an employer has failed or is likely to fail to pay

                                  (i)    earnings to an employee, or

                                (ii)    an amount of compensation that the Director may order payable under section 89(3)(b) to an employee,

                               and

                           (b)    a third party is or is about to become indebted to the employer for a sum of money or is about to pay a sum of money to the employer,

the Director may, even though the Director has not determined the amount to which an employee is entitled, issue a demand and serve it on the third party.

(2)  The Director’s demand may direct the third party to remit to the Director the amount specified in the demand.

1996 cE-10.3 s115

Duties of third party

116(1)  On service of the Director’s demand, the third party must

                           (a)    if the third party is indebted to the employer, pay the Director the amount of the indebtedness or the amount specified, whichever is less,

                           (b)    if the third party is not indebted to the employer and will not or is not likely to become indebted to the employer, reply to the Director accordingly, or

                           (c)    if the third party is not indebted to the employer but indebtedness is likely to arise or will arise at a future date or on the happening of a future specified event, reply to the Director accordingly.

(2)  If the Director is satisfied that the third party is neither indebted nor likely to become indebted to the employer, the Director must revoke the Director’s demand.

(3)  On receipt of a reply that future indebtedness will or is likely to arise, the Director may revoke the demand and serve a further Director’s demand on the third party to take effect at a future date or on the happening of a future specified event.

(4)  A further Director’s demand has ongoing effect and the third party must, as soon as indebtedness to the employer arises, pay to the Director the amount of the indebtedness or the amount specified in the demand, whichever is less.

1996 cE-10.3 s116

Right of third party to make deductions

117   Despite anything in this Division, when a Director’s demand is received by a third party, the third party may deduct from a payment made to the Director any amounts that the employer owes to the third party.

1996 cE-10.3 s117

Debt created

118(1)  A Director’s demand constitutes a debt owed by the third party to the Director on behalf of the employees in respect of whom the Director’s demand is issued for the amount specified in the demand, and the debt arises

                           (a)    at the time the demand is received, if the third party is then indebted to the employer, or

                           (b)    when the indebtedness of the third party arises if the third party is not indebted to the employer when the demand is received and the demand is not revoked.

(2)  The Director may recover the amount specified in a Director’s demand by civil action, and the third party may raise any defence to the action that could have been raised against the employer if the employer had sued the third party for recovery of the indebtedness.

(3)  The debt arising under this section is discharged if

                           (a)    the third party pays to the Director the sum required to be paid in the Director’s demand,

                           (b)    the Director’s demand is revoked, or

                           (c)    the employer pays the employees the amount payable in respect of which the Director’s demand was issued.

1996 cE-10.3 s118

Liability of third party not discharged

119   A third party in receipt of a Director’s demand does not discharge the third party’s indebtedness to an employer

                           (a)    unless the Director’s demand is revoked or the third party receives the approval of the Director in writing to discharge all or part of the debt, or

                           (b)    until the third party complies with the Director’s demand.

1996 cE-10.3 s119

Receipt issued by Director

120   A receipt issued by the Director for money paid in accordance with a Director’s demand is an absolute discharge of the liability of the third party to the employer to the extent of the amount shown on the receipt.

1996 cE-10.3 s120

Payment of money received

121   When money is received in accordance with a Director’s demand and an order or award has been filed in the Court, the Director may pay the money in accordance with the order or award.

1996 cE-10.3 s121

Directors collection notice

122(1)  When money is received in accordance with a Director’s demand and no order or award has been made or, if made, has not been filed in the Court, the Director must as soon as possible serve the employer and employees concerned with a written collection notice stating

                           (a)    the date of receipt of the money,

                           (b)    the amount received,

                           (c)    the amount of earnings claimed by the employees or amount of compensation claimed by the employees that the Director may order payable or, if an order or award has been made, the amount of earnings or compensation that the employer is required to pay under the order or award, and

                           (d)    that, unless an appeal is made, the Director will, on expiration of the period for appeal, pay

                                  (i)    the amount received under the Director’s demand, or

                                (ii)    the amount claimed as unpaid earnings or an amount payable under an order of the Director for compensation,

                                    whichever is less, to the employees concerned, and any balance remaining to the employer.

(2)  An employer or employee affected by the collection notice may appeal to an umpire.

1996 cE-10.3 s122

Disposition of money received

123(1)  If a collection notice is not appealed to an umpire, the Director may pay the money in accordance with the collection notice.

(2)  If there is an appeal to an umpire, the Director must hold the money pending disposition of the appeal by the umpire.

1996 cE-10.3 s123

Part 5
Offences, Procedures
and Regulations

Division 1
Offences and Penalties

No dismissal for garnishment proceedings

124   No employer or other person may suspend, lay off or terminate an employee for the sole reason that garnishment proceedings are being or may be taken against the employee.

1996 cE-10.3 s124

Discrimination prohibitions

125   No employer or any other person may terminate or restrict the employment of or in any manner discriminate against an individual because the individual

                           (a)    has made a complaint under this Act,

                           (b)    has given evidence or may give evidence at any inquiry or in any proceeding or prosecution under this Act,

                           (c)    requests or demands anything to which the person is entitled under this Act, or

                           (d)    has made or is about to make any statement or disclosure that may be required under this Act.

1996 cE-10.3 s125

General prohibitions

126   No employer, employee or other person may

                           (a)    contravene or fail to comply with a notice of an officer or an order, award, permit or certificate under this Act;

                           (b)    delay or obstruct an officer in the exercise of a power or performance of a function or duty under this Act;

                           (c)    falsify an employment record or give any false or misleading information in respect of employment records;

                           (d)    make a complaint to an officer knowing it to be untrue.

1996 cE-10.3 s126

Premium for employment prohibited

127   No employer may receive a payment directly or indirectly from a person for the purpose of employing that person.

1996 cE-10.3 s127

Employer prohibitions

128   No employer may

                           (a)    fail to pay earnings to an employee or to provide anything to which an employee is entitled under this Act;

                           (b)    require an employee to work hours in excess of the hours of work permitted under this Act;

                           (c)    fail to reinstate an employee or provide an employee with alternative work in accordance with section 53, 53.1, 53.5, 53.6, 53.92 or 53.93;

                           (d)    fail to keep employment records as required by this Act.

RSA 2000 cE-9 s128;2001 c6 s4;2009 c4 s9;2013 c6 s9

Offences

129   A person who contravenes section 52, 53.4, 53.91, 65, 124, 125, 126, 127 or 128 or a regulation made under section 138(1)(e) is guilty of an offence.

RSA 2000 cE‑9 s129;2001 c6 s5;2009 c4 s10;2013 c6 s10

Specific offences

130(1)  If an employee works for less than the minimum wage prescribed by the regulations, both the employer and the employee are guilty of an offence.

(2)  If an employee works for less than the overtime rate to which the employee is entitled, both the employer and the employee are guilty of an offence.

(3)  If an employee directly or indirectly returns to the employer all or part of the employee’s wages, so effecting a reduction of the earnings actually received and retained by the employee to an amount less than the minimum wage prescribed by the regulations or less than the overtime rate to which the employee is entitled, both the employee and the employer are guilty of an offence.

1996 cE-10.3 s130

Corporate offences

131   When a corporation commits an offence under this Act, every director or officer of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, permitted, participated in or acquiesced in the offence is guilty of the offence, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

1996 cE-10.3 s131

Penalty

132(1)  An employer, employee, director, officer or other person who is guilty of an offence under this Act is liable,

                           (a)    in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $100 000, and

                           (b)    in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $50 000.

(2)  In addition to any other penalty imposed under subsection (1), the judge who convicts the person may make an order requiring payment, within the time fixed by the judge, to the Director on behalf of each employee affected, of an amount not exceeding the sum that an officer, the Director or an umpire could have ordered or awarded.

1996 cE-10.3 s132

Prosecutions

133   A prosecution for an offence under this Act may be commenced within one year from the date on which the alleged offence occurred.

1996 cE-10.3 s133

Division 2
Procedural Matters

Non-compellable witness

134(1)   In this section, “adjudicator” means the Court of Queen’s Bench or any other court and includes the Labour Relations Board or any other board or person having by law or by the consent of the parties authority to hear, receive and examine evidence, but does not include a commissioner making an inquiry under the Public Inquiries Act.

(2)  The Minister, a person employed or engaged in the administration of this Act or any person designated by the Minister or the Director or selected by the parties to endeavour to effect settlement of any matter to which this Act applies is not a compellable witness in proceedings before an adjudicator respecting any information, material or report obtained by the Minister or person under this Act.

1996 cE-10.3 s134

Service of documents

135(1)  If anything is required or permitted to be served under this Act it may, in addition to any other method provided by law, be served

                           (a)    in the case of service on an individual,

                                  (i)    personally or by being left for the individual at the individual’s last or most usual place of abode with a person who appears to be at least 18 years old, or

                                (ii)    by being sent to the individual by double registered mail or certified mail to the individual’s residence, place of business or last known postal address;

                           (b)    in the case of service on a corporation,

                                  (i)    personally on a director, officer or the manager or person in charge of a place where the corporation carries on business,

                                (ii)    by being left with a person who appears to be at least 18 years old at, or by sending it by double registered or certified mail to,

                                      (A)    the registered head office of the corporation, or

                                      (B)    the office of the attorney of an extra‑provincial corporation,

                                     or

                               (iii)    by being sent by double registered or certified mail to a director of the corporation at the director’s residence or last known postal address;

                           (c)    in the case of service on a partnership,

                                  (i)    personally or by double registered or certified mail on any one or more of the partners, or a person having, at the time of service, control or management of the partnership business at the principal place of business of the partnership, or

                                (ii)    by being sent by double registered or certified mail to any one or more of the partners at their residence or last known postal address.

(2)  When it is necessary to prove service of anything in the course of any proceeding or prosecution under this Act,

                           (a)    if service is effected personally, the date on which it is served is the date of service;

                           (b)    if service is effected by double registered or certified mail, service of it is deemed to occur on

                                  (i)    the date of actual receipt, or

                                (ii)    7 days after the date of mailing where proof of service is received without evidence of the date received;

                           (c)    if service is effected by leaving it with a person, service of it is deemed to occur on the date it was so left.

1996 cE-10.3 s135

Certification of copies

136   In a proceeding or prosecution under this Act,

                           (a)    a copy of an order, award, approval, demand, declaration, permit or notice certified by an officer or an umpire to be a true copy,

                           (b)    a copy of an employment record or other document or an extract of an employment record certified to be a true copy by an officer or an employee of the Crown in right of Alberta employed in the administration of this Act, or

                           (c)    a certificate of the Director that an employer has failed to comply with an order, award, permit, certificate or notice

is to be  admitted in evidence as proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, of the matters stated in it without proof that the certificate was signed by the person purporting to sign it or of the appointment of the person signing.

1996 cE-10.3 s136

Employers duty to notify Minister of terminations

137   If an employer intends to terminate the employment of 50 or more employees at a single location within a 4‑week period, the employer must give the Minister 4 weeks’ written notice of intention to do so, specifying the number of employees whose employment will be terminated and the effective date of the terminations, unless the employees are employed on a seasonal basis or for a definite term or task.

1996 cE-10.3 s137

Division 3
Regulations

Regulation-making authority

138(1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations

                           (a)    exempting an employment, employer or employee from Part 2 or any provision of it;

                           (b)    modifying or substituting any provision of Part 2 in respect of an employment, employer or employee;

                           (c)    respecting fees for the purposes of this Act, including who may establish the fees, who is liable to pay the fees and the manner in which the fees may be recovered;

                           (d)    requiring an employer in an employment described in the regulations to provide an amount of money instead of providing an annual vacation and vacation pay or an amount of money instead of giving a general holiday with general holiday pay, the conditions of entitlement, what constitutes vacation pay and general holiday pay, the method of computing them, and when they must be paid, and designating days as general holidays;

                           (e)    prohibiting or regulating the employment of individuals under 18 years of age on the basis of their age, nature of employment or other circumstances and authorizing the Director to approve exceptions and to impose conditions on the employment;

                            (f)    fixing one or more minimum wages to be paid by employers to employees and authorizing the Director to approve exceptions, prohibiting or permitting deductions from the minimum wage and fixing the maximum amount to be charged for board or lodging, or both, that are provided by employers to employees;

                           (g)    authorizing an umpire to make an award concerning the imposition of  costs specified in regulations, and specifying how those costs are to be recovered;

                           (h)    authorizing a person who collects money owing to an employee under an order filed in the Court to recover the costs of collection from the person against whom the order was made and respecting the manner in which the costs may be recovered;

                            (i)    respecting appeals from decisions of the Director on the certification of an individual under section 75 and the circumstances under which a certification under section 75 may be reviewed or revoked;

                            (j)    respecting the conduct of officers;

                           (k)    respecting the collection of the fees charged by a person engaged by the Director under section 72, who is liable to pay the fees and the manner in which they may be recovered;

                            (l)    specifying an operation to be a “primary agricultural operation” for the purpose of section 2.

(2)  A regulation may be of particular or general application and applicable at particular times or in particular circumstances, may be subject to conditions and may delegate to or impose on the Director functions, powers or duties.

(3)  A regulation under subsection (1)(a) or (b) and any action or decision taken under or in accordance with the regulations under subsection (1)(a) or (b) apply despite anything in the Act to the contrary, except that no regulation overrides section 2.

1996 cE-10.3 s138