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CREDIT UNION ACT

CREDIT UNION ACT

Chapter C‑32

Table of Contents

Part 1
Interpretation and Application

                1      Interpretation

                2      Interpretation respecting related parties

                3      Application generally

                4      Application respecting related parties

                5      Generally accepted accounting principles and auditing standards

Part 2
Administration

                6      Administration of Act

                7      Continuance and composition of Corporation

                8      Corporations board and terms of office

                9      Register

              10      Registration and effective date of certificates

              11      Ministerial or Corporation orders, directions and approvals

              12      Form of documents

              13      Extension of time

              14      Circulation and minuting of letters

              15      Retention of documents

              16      Confidentiality

              17      Service on Minister

Part 3
Continuance, Incorporation and
Commencement of Business

Division 1
Continuance of Existing Credit Unions

              18      Continuance

Division 2
Incorporation of New Credit Unions

              19      Interpretation and application

              20      Entitlement to incorporate

              21      Application for incorporation

              22      Approval or refusal of application

              23      Incorporation and registration of articles, etc.

Division 3
Commencement of Business

              24      Requirements for commencing business

              25      Revocation of certificate of incorporation

Part 4
Organization and Structure

Essential Features of a Credit Union

              26      Purposes and mode of operation

Amendment and Restatement of Articles

              27      Amendment or replacement of articles

              28      Amendment of articles reflecting change in bond

              29      Articles and certificate of amendment

              30      Restatement of articles

Names

              31      Name of credit union

              32      Change of name

              33      Use of name

Addresses, Service and Records

              34      Registered office and addresses

              35      Service on credit union

              36      Record‑keeping

              37      Examination of documents

              38      Form of documents

Seal, Fiscal Year and Annual Return

              39      Seal

              40      Fiscal year

              41      Annual return

Corporate Incidents

              42      Capacity and powers

              43      Absence of constructive notice

              44      Reliance by persons dealing with credit union

              45      Bylaws

General Business Restrictions

              46      Restrictions on business activities

              47      Disposal and acquisition of assets

           48.1      Member and customer complaints process

General Related Party Provisions

              49      Related party and associated transactions generally

           49.1      Personal information

              50      Disclosure and use of confidential information by related parties

              51      General exceptions to related party provision prohibitions

              52      Related party exemptions by Corporation

              53      Professional advisors and related party transactions

              54      Related party transaction procedures

Part 5
General Meetings and Membership

Division 1
General Meetings

              55      Annual general meetings

              56      Special general meetings

              57      Regionalization of meetings

              58      Notice of general meetings

              59      Quorum

              60      Voting at general meetings

           60.1      Participation in general meetings involving non‑physical presence

Division 2
Membership

              61      Qualifications and restrictions

              62      Service of notices and documents on members

Part 6
Directors, Officers, Employees and Committees

Division 1
Constitutional Affairs

              63      Number of directors

              64      Election and appointment of directors

              65      Qualifications of directors

              66      Board meetings

              67      Duties of board

              68      Validity of acts

              69      Notice of change of directors

              70      Service of notices and documents on directors

              71      Remuneration of directors and non‑employee officers

Division 2
Duties and Liabilities of Directors, Officers and Employees

              72      Application

              73      Duty of care of directors and officers

              74      Liability of directors

              75      Liability of directors for delegated share acquisitions

              76      Reporting by directors and officers to Minister

              77      Disclosure of related party and similar transactions

              78      Dissent

              79      Indemnification

Division 3
Committees

              80      Appointment, composition and meetings of committees

              81      Functions of finance committee

              82      General committee provisions

Part 7
Financial Disclosure, Audit and Examination

Division 1
Financial Disclosure

              83      Provision of financial statements, etc., to annual general meeting

              84      Issue and publication of financial statements

              85      Reporting to Minister and Corporation

Division 2
Audit

              86      Application

              87      Functions of the audit committee

              88      Auditor

              89      Appointment and termination of office of auditor

              90      Auditors rights re meetings

              91      Audit for fiscal year

              92      Release of information for audit

              93      Audit and management letter details

              94      Reporting of discrepancies

Division 3
Examination, Special Examination and Review

              95      Examination of credit unions and subsidiaries by Minister

              96      Special examination

              97      Financial review by Corporation

              98      Powers for examination or review purposes

Part 8
Investments

Division 1
Land

              99      Acquisition, holding and disposal of land

Division 2
Non‑liquidity Investments

            100      Investments in securities

            101      Prudent investment standards

            102      Prohibited investments

            103      Investment transactions with related parties generally

            104      Investment in subsidiaries

            105      Investment in affiliates and other non‑subsidiary corporations

Division 3
Liquidity Investments

            106      Borrowing in case of liquidity shortfall

Part 9
Equity and Deposits

Division 1
Equity

            107      Common shares

            108      Other share provisions

            109      Adequacy of capital

            110      Transfer of common shares

            111      Redemption of common shares

            112      Retained earnings and patronage rebates

Division 2
Deposit and Common Share Accounts and Shareholdings

            113      Acceptance of deposits from individuals

            114      Minor members deposits and shareholdings

            115      Deposits from related parties and on preferential basis

            116      Repayment of deposit and share redemption on death

            117      Treatment of larger unclaimed balances by credit unions

            118      Treatment of small unclaimed balances by credit unions

            119      Transfer to Corporation prior to dissolution

            120      Treatment of unclaimed balances by Corporation

            121      Restrictions on methods of withdrawal

            122      Responsibility as to trust money

            123      Participatory savings accounts

            124      Advertising of deposits, etc.

Part 10
Borrowings

            125      Requirement for resolution

            126      Supervision in event of heavy borrowings

            127      Terms of borrowing

Part 11
Loans and Guarantees

            128      Interpretation and application

            129      Prudent lending standards

            130      Loan maximums

            131      Special loans by credit unions

            132      Loans to and guarantees for individuals

            133      Loans and guarantees to related parties, employees, etc. generally

            134      Reporting of loans to directors

            135      Interest on loans

            136      Acquisition of existing loans

            137      Lien and set‑off

Part 12
The Credit Union Deposit Guarantee Corporation

            138      Interpretation

            139      Head office, addresses and service

            140      Use of name, seal and corporate incidents

            141      Board, chair and vice‑chair

            142      Duties and liabilities of Corporation directors, officers, etc.

            143      Corporations committees and special loans committees

            144      Corporations purposes and business activities

            145      Financial assistance by Government to Corporation

            146      Prudent investment standards for Corporation

            147      Corporations subsidiaries

            148      Periodic assessments

            149      Special assessments

            150      Prescribed assessments

            151      Assessments generally

            152      Guarantee of deposits

            153      Corporations fiscal year

            154      Corporations accounting, audit and reporting

            155      Liquidation, dissolution and dividends

Part 13
Credit Union Central Alberta Limited

            156      Continuance of Central

            157      Composition of Central

            158      Centrals purposes

            159      Corporations role re Central

            160      Name, addresses, service, records, seal, annual return and corporate incidents

            161      Centrals bylaws

            162      General meetings and service of notices, etc.

            163      Board and directors

            164      Central directors, officers, employees and committees

            165      Restriction on business activities

            166      Financial disclosure, accounting and audit

            167      Examination, special audit and review

            168      Centrals investments

            169      Centrals subsidiaries

            170      Centrals shares

            171      Acceptance of deposits and borrowings

            172      Loans and guarantees by Central

            173      Supervision of Central

            174      Administration of Central

            175      Responsibility as to trust money

       175.01      Expenses incurred in administering and
enforcing the legislation

Part 13.1
Amalgamation and Continuance Under
the Federal Act

         175.1      Amalgamation involving Central

         175.2      Continuance of credit unions under federal Act

         175.3      Requirements for federal Act

Part 14
Financial Unsoundness

            176      Interpretation

            177      Declaration of supervision by Minister or Corporation

            178      Functions, duties and powers of supervisor

            179      Duties and liabilities of credit union under supervision

            180      Administration of credit union

            181      Duties, functions and powers of administrator

Part 15
Amalgamations and Arrangements

Division 1
Amalgamations

            182      Voluntary amalgamation

            183      Amalgamation agreement under voluntary amalgamation

            184      Articles of amalgamation

            185      Compulsory amalgamation

            186      Certificate and effect of amalgamation

Division 2
Arrangements

            187      Arrangements for credit union’s assets, etc. to be acquired by another

            188      Certificate of approval

            189      Register

Part 16
Dissolution and Liquidation and Dissolution

            190      Interpretation and application

            191      Voluntary dissolution or liquidation and dissolution

            192      Court supervision of voluntary liquidation and dissolution

            193      Involuntary dissolution

            194      Dissolution on cancellation of incorporation

            195      Dissolution or liquidation and dissolution by Court order

            196      Powers of the Court

            197      Effect of order or appointment

            198      Notice of appointment and liquidation

            199      Duties of liquidator

            200      Powers of liquidator

            201      Limitation on liability

            202      Costs of liquidation

            203      Distribution of property

            204      Ranking of claims

            205      Final accounts and end of liquidation

            206      Dissolution and effect of dissolution

            207      Revival

Part 17
Representations, Reviews and Appeals

            208      Definitions

            209      Opportunity to make representations in advance

            210      Representations in respect of supervisors action

            211      Rights with respect to review

            212      Request for review of decision

            213      Appeal without review

            214      Appeal to the Court

            215      Exceptions to right to appeal to Court

            216      Stay

Part 18
Enforcement

            217      Demand for information

            218      Cease and desist orders

            219      Injunction

            220      Remedies for contravention of related party provisions

            221      General offence provisions

            222      Specific offences by bodies corporate and subsidiaries

            223      Offences by persons generally

            224      Penalties

            225      Civil enforcement of certain penalties and interest

            226      Limitation period


            227      Order to comply

Part 19
Miscellaneous

            228      Extra‑provincial institutions

            229      Valuation of property

            230      Lieutenant Governor in Council regulations

            231      Ministerial regulations

            232      Regulations ‑ treatment of subject‑matter

Transitional

            233      Supervision, administration, liquidation and dissolution

            234      Agreements

HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, enacts as follows:

Part 1
Interpretation and Application

Interpretation

1(1)  In this Act,

                           (a)    “affairs” means matters of internal concern to a corporation, including the relationships among the corporation and its members, directors, officers, employees, committees and subsidiaries, or any of them, and matters relating to related party transactions, but does not include any business, other than as aforementioned, carried on by the corporation with any of those other persons;

                           (b)    “affiliate” means an affiliate, if any, of a credit union or Central within the meaning of section 2(6);

                           (c)    “articles” means a credit union’s articles of continuance, incorporation or amalgamation, whether in their original or restated form and whether amended or not, and includes articles of amendment, dissolution and revival;

                           (d)    “at fair market rate”, subject to section 49(6), means

                                  (i)    in respect of the acquisition or disposition of property, including a lease or rental of property, and subject to regulations made with respect to the valuation of property, at the most probable price in terms of money that the property should bring in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale or let and assuming that the price is not affected by undue stimuli, with both seller and buyer acting prudently and knowledgeably,

                                (ii)    subject to subclause (iii), in respect of the acquisition or provision of services, at a consideration that might reasonably be expected to be obtained or given for the services in question in an arm’s length transaction in an open market between willing parties to a transaction of that nature and on terms that, having regard to open market conditions, are competitive and not unreasonable, and

                               (iii)    in respect of the provision of services that are provided generally to customers of the corporation in question, at the rate and on terms that are offered in respect of those services to customers generally in the ordinary course of that corporation’s business;

                           (e)    “audit committee”, subject to section 80, means the audit committee or the audit and finance committee of a body corporate;

                            (f)    “auditor” means the external auditor of a corporation and includes any individual who is responsible for conducting an external audit of the corporation’s financial statements on behalf of its external auditor;

                           (g)    “board” means the directors of the corporation in question;

                           (h)    “body corporate” means a credit union, the Corporation or Central or all or any of them, as the case may be;

                            (i)    “bond of association” means the community of interests, if any, between members or proposed members of a credit union deriving from

                                  (i)    a common occupation, employer, association, religious affiliation or membership of an organization, that exists generally in Alberta or in a particular area of Alberta,

                                (ii)    residence in a particular area of Alberta, other than wholly or predominantly in a city, town, village, summer village or municipal district with a population of more than 5000, or

                               (iii)    any other similar relationship, other than one arising generally from residence in Alberta;

                            (j)    “borrow” does not include the taking of deposits;

                           (k)    “Central” means the Credit Union Central Alberta Limited continued by section 156 provided it has no federal continuance or, where circumstances warrant, the entity prescribed in relation to section 175.1(4)(c)(i);

                            (l)    “committee” means the audit, finance or credit committee of a body corporate;

                          (m)    “Corporation” means the Credit Union Deposit Guarantee Corporation continued by section 7, and includes a special loans committee;

                           (n)    “corporation” means an incorporated body of persons, wherever or however incorporated;

                           (o)    “Court” means the Court of Queen’s Bench;

                           (p)    “credit union” means an existing credit union or a body of persons incorporated under Division 2 of Part 3 or continued as an incorporated credit union or incorporated under Division 1 of Part 15, but does not include a corporation that has secured federal continuance;

                           (q)    “deposit” means money held or to be held by a corporation in a debtor and creditor relationship in the ordinary course of the business of raising money by the acceptance of deposits generally from persons from whom that corporation is legally permitted to receive deposits, that is repayable on demand, after notice, at a fixed date or on the expiry of a fixed term, and includes

                                  (i)    any earnings on that money,

                                (ii)    the act of paying any such money to or the taking of such money by that corporation, and

                               (iii)    any document evidencing the holding of any such money;

                            (r)    “designated representative” means an individual, whether a member or not, acting in the individual’s representative capacity, who has been designated by a member that is a corporation, partnership or other unincorporated association to represent its membership interests in a credit union;

                           (s)    “director” means

                                  (i)    in relation to the Corporation, a member of its board, and

                                (ii)    in relation to any other corporation, a person occupying the position of director of the corporation, by whatever name called;

                            (t)    “earnings” means interest, dividends, patronage rebates and any other distributions credited or paid in relation to deposits or shares, and includes any such distributions accrued but not yet credited or paid;

                           (u)    “eligible financial institution” means a treasury branch or a member institution of the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation or of any other deposit insurance or guarantee plan prescribed by the Minister;

                           (v)    “existing credit union” means a body that was incorporated as a credit union under the former Act and in existence immediately before November 1, 1989;

                        (v.1)    “federal Act” means a prescribed Act of the Parliament of Canada;

                        (v.2)    “federal continuance” means continuance under the federal Act;

                          (w)    “finance committee”, subject to section 80, means the finance committee or the audit and finance committee of a body corporate;

                           (x)    “financial institution”, subject to clause (u), means

                                  (i)    a securities dealer, or

                                (ii)    a member institution of the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation or of any other deposit insurance or guarantee plan prescribed by the Minister;

                           (y)    “fiscal year” means the fiscal year of the body corporate in question or, where the body corporate is in its initial or last year, the portion of the fiscal year for which it is in existence;

                           (z)    “former Act” means the Credit Union Act, RSA 1980 cC‑31;

                         (aa)    “gazette”

                                  (i)    where used as a noun, means The Alberta Gazette, and

                                (ii)    where used as a verb, means publish in an issue of the gazette a notice of the information in question;

                         (bb)    “general meeting” means

                                  (i)    in relation to a credit union or Central, an annual or special general meeting of its members, and

                                (ii)    in relation to the Corporation, a meeting of its board,

                                    and includes all the regional meetings of a credit union referred to in section 57;

                         (cc)    “individual” means a natural person;

                         (dd)    “insolvent” means, in relation to a corporation, in a situation where

                                  (i)    it is unable to meet its obligations as they generally become due,

                                (ii)    it has ceased to pay its current obligations in the ordinary course of its business as they generally become due, or

                               (iii)    any other prescribed circumstances apply;

                         (ee)    “investment” includes the making of a deposit, but does not include the making of a loan;

                          (ff)    “land” means any estate or interest in land, including improvements to physical land, except an estate or interest

                                  (i)    held by way of security only, or

                                (ii)    acquired on or after November 1, 1989 on the realization of any security so held;

                         (gg)    “large credit union” means a credit union that, at the end of the fiscal year preceding the relevant time, had assets of a value equal to or in excess of the prescribed amount;

                         (hh)    “loan” includes the interest on, and the expenses of, a loan for which the borrower is legally liable to the lender and includes interest that is accrued but not yet payable, but does not include the making of a deposit;

                           (ii)    “member”, where used in relation to a credit union, means a person, including a minor, who, whether alone or jointly with others, complies with section 61 and otherwise qualifies for membership in it under its bylaws, and includes any person who becomes a member as a result of an amalgamation or arrangement under Part 15 and any person having any rights or obligations relative to the credit union that derive through a member;

                           (jj)    “members’ equity” means, in relation to a credit union or Central and subject to any modifications prescribed generally or with respect to specific applications of the expression,

                                  (i)    its retained earnings,

                                (ii)    the stated capital of shares issued by it, and

                               (iii)    the amount in any other prescribed equity account;

                         (kk)    “Minister” means the Minister determined under section 16 of the Government Organization Act as the Minister responsible for this Act;

                           (ll)    “name search report” means a report prescribed by the Minister respecting the name proposed for a credit union;

                       (mm)    “officer” means, in relation to a corporation,

                                  (i)    its chief executive officer, president, chair, vice‑president, vice‑chair, treasurer, secretary, general manager or assistant general manager or any combination of those positions,

                                (ii)    an individual who performs functions for the corporation normally performed by a person mentioned in subclause (i), or

                               (iii)    any other person designated as an officer by the bylaws or by the board of the corporation;

                         (nn)    “ordinary resolution” means a resolution of a body corporate passed by a majority of the votes cast by or on behalf of its members who cast valid votes on that resolution at a general meeting;

                         (oo)    “person” means an individual, a corporation, a government, a partnership or other firm or unincorporated association of persons, or a trustee or personal representative of a person;

                         (pp)    “prescribed”,

                                  (i)    in the expression “prescribed by the Minister”, means prescribed or otherwise provided for by regulations made by the Minister, and

                                (ii)    otherwise, means prescribed or otherwise provided for by regulations made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council;

                         (qq)    “professional advisor” means

                                  (i)    an auditor, accountant, appraiser, engineer or lawyer, or

                                (ii)    any other person membership in whose profession would tend to lend credibility to a statement made or opinion given by the person,

                                    and includes an individual who is a member of or works in a professional capacity for a firm that is a professional advisor;

                          (rr)    “prudent investment standards” means investment standards that, in the overall context of an investment portfolio, a reasonably prudent person would apply to investments made on behalf of another person with whom there exists a fiduciary relationship to make such investments, without undue risk of loss or impairment and with a reasonable expectation of fair return or appreciation;

                          (ss)    “register”,

                                  (i)    where used as a noun, means the register established and maintained under section 9, and

                                (ii)    where used as a verb, means enter into the register pursuant to this Act;

                           (tt)    “registered mail” includes certified mail;

                         (uu)    “related party” means, with respect to a credit union or Central, a person referred to in section 2(4) who is not exempted from the status of related party pursuant to section 52(2), and “party related to” shall be construed accordingly;

                         (vv)    “related party provision” means a provision of this Act or the regulations that relates specifically to a related party transaction and does not relate generally to other business;

                       (ww)    “related party transaction” means a transaction to which a credit union or Central or its subsidiary and a party related to that body corporate are or would be parties, whether or not any other persons are or would be parties to the transaction;

                         (xx)    “remuneration” includes any perquisite, benefit or advantage provided or to be provided to a person directly or indirectly in respect of or purportedly in respect of services rendered or to be rendered in the capacity in question;

                         (yy)    “securities”, subject to clause (zz) and section 3(3), means shares of capital stock, bonds, mortgages, debentures, trust certificates, guaranteed investment certificates or receipts, certificates of deposit, deposit receipts, bills, notes and other evidences of indebtedness or deposits, and includes any other forms of security prescribed by the Minister to be securities and documents evidencing securities, but does not include any items described in this clause that are prescribed by the Minister not to be securities;

                         (zz)    “securities dealer” means a dealer within the meaning of the Securities Act or within the meaning ascribed to any equivalent word or phrase by any equivalent statute of another province or territory;

                       (aaa)    “small credit union” means a credit union that, at the end of the fiscal year preceding the relevant time, had assets of a value amounting to less than the amount prescribed in relation to clause (gg);

                      (bbb)    “special loans committee” means an agency of the Corporation established under section 143(5);

                       (ccc)    “special resolution” means,

                                  (i)    where the reference is to a resolution of a board, a resolution passed at a board meeting by a majority of at least 2/3 of the votes validly cast by the directors present at that meeting, and

                                (ii)    otherwise, a resolution of a body corporate passed by a majority of at least 2/3 of the votes cast by or on behalf of its members who cast valid votes on that resolution at a general meeting;

                      (ddd)    “special shares” means shares, if any, issued by a credit union or Central under regulations made under section 230(b) or, in relation to an existing credit union, continued by section 108(2);

                       (eee)    “subsidiary” means a subsidiary, if any, of a corporation within the meaning of section 2(1);

                         (fff)    “supervisor” means a person under whose supervision a credit union or Central, as the case may be, is placed under this Act;

                       (ggg)    “voting shares” means shares of any class carrying voting rights under all circumstances or carrying voting rights by reason of the occurrence of a contingency that has occurred and is continuing;

                      (hhh)    “withdrawal demand” means a cheque or other bill of exchange, a withdrawal slip, a receipt or any written demand or direction drawn or made on a credit union for the withdrawal, transfer or repayment of a deposit.

(2)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may, for the purposes of this Act or specified provisions of this Act, by regulation define any expression used in this Act but not defined, and the expression has the meaning so defined.

(3)  References in this Act to the acquisition of land include the making of improvements to physical land held under any estate or interest.

(4)  References in this Act to the repayment of a loan are deemed to include payment of the interest and expenses referred to in subsection (1)(hh), and references to the making of a loan are deemed to include any renewal of it.

(5)   Subject to this Act, the regulations, the articles of a credit union and the bylaws of a body corporate,

                           (a)    section 16(a) to (c) of the Interpretation Act apply to bodies corporate as if they were established by this Act, and

                           (b)    section 17(2) of that Act applies to the Corporation, including its special loans committees, and to the committees of a body corporate as if they were a board established by this Act.

(6)  Where this Act requires or permits something to be done by resolution of

                           (a)    the board of a credit union or of Central, or

                           (b)    a specified committee of a credit union or of Central,

then that thing must or may, as the case may be, be done by special resolution, ordinary resolution or resolution of the board or, in the case of clause (b), by resolution of that committee.

(7)  Where any provision of this Act requires or permits something to be done by ordinary resolution, then, if the bylaws require that it be done by special resolution and notwithstanding that provision of this Act, that thing must be done by special resolution.

(8)  Existing credit unions, amalgamated credit unions resulting from amalgamations under this Act, the Corporation and Central shall be treated, for the purposes of any other enactment that refers generally to corporations incorporated by or under an Act of the Legislature, as incorporated by or under this Act, as the case may be.

(9)  In this Act, references to performing an activity are deemed to include omitting to act.

(10)  For the purposes of any enactment, other than Part 3 of this Act, that refers to the articles or certificate of incorporation of a corporation,

                           (a)    articles of continuance or amalgamation, as restated or amended, are deemed to be the articles of incorporation of a credit union that has such articles, and

                           (b)    a certificate of continuance or amalgamation is deemed to be the certificate of incorporation of an existing or amalgamated credit union.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s1;2003 c19 s11

Interpretation respecting related parties

2(1)  For the purposes of this Act, a corporation is a subsidiary of another corporation if

                           (a)    it is controlled by

                                  (i)    that other corporation,

                                (ii)    that other corporation and one or more corporations each of which is controlled by that other corporation, or

                               (iii)    2 or more corporations each of which is controlled by that other corporation,

                               or

                           (b)    it is a subsidiary of a corporation that is that other corporation’s subsidiary.

(2)  For the purposes of this Act, a corporation is controlled by a person or a group of persons if

                           (a)    securities issued by the corporation carrying more than 50% of the votes that may be cast to elect its directors are held, other than by way of security only, by or for the benefit of that person or the persons comprising that group, and the votes carried by those securities are sufficient, if exercised, to elect a majority of its directors, or

                           (b)    that person has or the persons comprising that group have, in relation to the corporation, any direct or indirect influence which, if exercised, would result in control in fact of the corporation.

(3)  For the purposes of this Act, a corporation is the holding corporation of another corporation if that other corporation is its subsidiary.

(4)  For the purposes of this Act, a person is a related party with respect to a credit union or Central if that person

                           (a)    is a director or officer of that body corporate,

                           (b)    is the spouse or adult interdependent partner of such a director or officer,

                           (c)    is a relative of or a relative of the spouse or adult interdependent partner of, and has the same home as, such a director or officer,

                           (d)    is an individual (excluding a partnership firm of individuals) who is the auditor of that body corporate,

                           (e)    is an employee of that body corporate who falls within a prescribed class of employees,

                            (f)    is a corporation more than 10% of whose voting shares are held or beneficially owned, directly or indirectly, by a director or officer of that body corporate,

                           (g)    is a corporation controlled by a person referred to in any of clauses (a) to (e),

                           (h)    is a subsidiary or an affiliate of that body corporate,

                            (i)    is a director or officer of a subsidiary of that body corporate, or

                            (j)    is designated as a related party under subsection (8).

(5)  In subsection (4),

                           (a)    “officer” includes a person who has been appointed or elected or selected for employment as an officer but who has not yet assumed the office;

                           (b)    “relative” means a relative by blood, marriage or adoption or by virtue of an adult interdependent relationship;

                           (c)    “spouse” means the spouse of a married person but does not include a spouse who is living separate and apart from the person if the person and spouse have separated pursuant to a written separation agreement or if their support obligations and family property have been dealt with by a court order.

(6)  For the purposes of this Act, a person is an affiliate of a credit union or of Central if that person is not a subsidiary of that body corporate and

                           (a)    is a corporation more than 10% of whose voting shares are held or beneficially owned, directly or indirectly, by that body corporate,

                           (b)    has entered into a partnership or joint venture with that body corporate or any of its subsidiaries, or

                           (c)    acts in the capacity of trustee in relation to an unincorporated trust more than 10% of the voting interests in which are held or beneficially owned by that body corporate,

but a credit union and Central are not affiliates of each other.

(7)  For the purposes of this Act, shares held or beneficially owned, directly or indirectly, by a subsidiary of a body corporate are deemed to be so held or owned by that holding body corporate as well.

(8)  The Minister may by order designate any person to be a party related to a credit union or Central if the Minister considers that

                           (a)    the person is acting or has acted in concert with a party related to that body corporate to participate in or enter into a transaction with the body corporate that would be prohibited or restricted by a related party provision if entered into with the body corporate by the related party, or

                           (b)    there exists or has existed between the person and that body corporate an interest or relationship that might reasonably be expected to affect or has affected the exercise of the best judgment of the body corporate with respect to a transaction,

and any such designation applies generally, except to the extent, if any, that the designation specifically limits its applicability to specified transactions or other circumstances.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s2;2002 cA‑4.5 s29;2014 c8 s17

Application generally

3(1)  Parts 3 to 11 and 14 to 16 apply only to credit unions and, where so specifically stated, their subsidiaries and affiliates, and do not apply, except where specifically stated, to the Corporation or Central.

(2)  Notwithstanding anything in the Securities Act, that Act, except to the extent, if any, prescribed,

                           (a)    applies to credit unions and to securities issued by them, except that it does not apply to shares issued by a credit union,

                           (b)    does not apply to the Corporation or to securities issued by the Corporation, and

                           (c)    applies to Central and to securities issued by Central.

(3)  In subsection (2), “securities” means securities within the meaning of the Securities Act.

(4)  The Loan and Trust Corporations Act does not apply to a credit union to the extent that the credit union is lawfully acting as a trustee pursuant to section 46(7).

1989 cC‑31.1 s3;1991 cL‑26.5 s335(15)

Application respecting related parties

4(1)  To the extent that there is a conflict between the Business Corporations Act and this Act or the regulations in their application to a party related to a credit union or Central, this Act or the regulations prevail.

(2)  Where a provision of

                           (a)    the Loan and Trust Corporations Act,

                           (b)    the Securities Act,

                           (c)    a statute of any other province or territory or of Canada equivalent to an Act referred to in clause (a) or (b),

                           (d)    any other prescribed statute, or

                           (e)    the regulations under any such statute

applies to a subsidiary of a body corporate and a similar or corresponding provision of this Act or the regulations under it would, but for this subsection, also apply to that subsidiary, that other enactment applies, and the provision of this Act or the regulations does not apply, to the subsidiary.

(3)  To the extent that there is any inconsistency in their application to a given situation between a related party provision that prohibits or restricts any activity and any other provision of this Act or the regulations, that related party provision prevails.

(4)  To the extent that there is any inconsistency in their application to a given situation between a general provision that is not a related party provision but that prohibits or restricts any activity and a related party provision that would permit that activity, that general provision prevails.

1989 cC‑31.1 s4;1991 cL‑26.5 s335(15)

Generally accepted accounting principles and auditing standards

5(1)  Subject to this Act, the regulations and any order of the Minister under subsection (3),

                           (a)    with respect to the preparation of the financial statements of a body corporate, the body corporate and any other person responsible for the preparation shall apply Canadian generally accepted accounting principles, which are the accounting standards set out in the CPA Canada Handbook, as published by the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada from time to time, and

                           (b)    with respect to the examination by a body corporate’s auditor of its financial statements for the purposes of the auditor’s report and with respect to the report itself, the auditor shall apply generally accepted auditing standards, including the auditing recommendations of that Handbook, as amended from time to time.

(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1)(a), the Minister may prescribe policies or rules that are to apply with respect to the preparation of the financial statements of a credit union or of Central, and a person referred to in subsection (1) shall apply those policies or rules accordingly.

(3)   The Minister may order a credit union or Central to apply or ensure that there are applied any accounting principles, policies or rules that are specified or referred to in the order instead of generally accepted accounting principles or of policies or rules contained in regulations made with reference to subsection (2).

(4)  The Minister may order a credit union or Central to ensure that its auditor

                           (a)    applies any auditing procedures, additional to those contained in generally accepted auditing standards, or

                           (b)    prepares any audit reports, additional to the reports required by subsection (1)(b),

that are specified or referred to in the order.

(5)  The Regulations Act does not apply to generally accepted accounting principles or auditing standards, or to policies, rules or procedures specified or referred to in an order under subsection (3) or (4).

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s5;2014 cC‑10.2 s172

Part 2
Administration

Administration of Act

6(1)  Subject to subsection (2) and except to the extent that this Act or the regulations give the Corporation powers, duties or functions relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act, the Minister shall administer and enforce this Act.

(2)  Without limiting the Minister’s delegation powers  under any other law, the Minister may in writing delegate any of the Minister’s powers, duties and functions under this Act or the regulations to the Corporation, other than the Minister’s powers to make regulations and to administer or enforce this Act as it relates to Central.

1989 cC‑31.1 s6

Continuance and composition of Corporation

7(1)  The Credit Union Stabilization Corporation is continued as a corporation under the name “Credit Union Deposit Guarantee Corporation”.

(2)  The Corporation consists of its members, and the members of the Corporation are those persons who comprise its board of directors.

1989 cC‑31.1 s7

Corporations board and terms of office

8(1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council shall appoint a board of directors for the Corporation consisting of

                           (a)    2 individuals appointed as directors on the nomination of Central, and

                           (b)    7 other individuals,

none of whom is a director, officer or employee of a credit union that is under supervision or administration.

(2)  Where a director of the Corporation is a director, officer or employee of a credit union that becomes subject to supervision or administration, the director shall forthwith tender the director’s resignation as a director of the Corporation to the Lieutenant Governor in Council, through the Minister, and the Lieutenant Governor in Council shall forthwith revoke the director’s appointment.

(3)  The term of office of a director of the Corporation is not to exceed 3 years, except that where a new appointment or the director’s reappointment has not taken place before the expiration of the director’s term of office, the director may continue in office under the expired appointment until

                           (a)    a new appointment is made or the director is reappointed, or

                           (b)    a period of 6 months has elapsed since the expiration of the director’s original term of office,

whichever occurs first.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s8;2003 c19 s12;2008 c4 s2

Register

9(1)  The Minister shall establish and maintain a register into which the Minister shall enter the information and documents respecting bodies corporate that are prescribed or required by this Act to be entered in it.

(2)  The Minister shall maintain separate parts of the register relating to credit unions, the Corporation and Central, respectively.

(3)  Instead of maintaining the register in written documentary form, the Minister may have the contents of the register entered or recorded by any photographic system, any system of mechanical or electronic data processing or any other information storage system that is capable of reproducing the required information in intelligible written form within a reasonable time.

(4)  On the request of any person, the Minister shall, during normal business hours,

                           (a)    permit the person to inspect, and

                           (b)    provide the person with a certified copy of or an extract from,

any part of the register.

1989 cC‑31.1 s9;1998 c12 s3

Registration and effective date of certificates

10(1)  The Minister shall register all certificates issued by the Minister under this Act forthwith after their becoming effective.

(2)  A certificate becomes effective at the beginning of the day shown on it as its effective date.

1989 cC‑31.1 s10

Ministerial or Corporation orders, directions and approvals

11(1)  Subject to subsection (2), where the Minister or the Corporation is empowered or required to make an order or to give a direction or approval under this Act or the regulations, it must be made or given in writing.

(2)  An approval by a special loans committee of the Corporation may be given orally, but that committee shall provide written confirmation of an oral approval to the person to whom the approval was given forthwith after giving the approval.

(3)  An order made or a direction given by the Minister or the Corporation under this Act or the regulations is effective immediately on its being served or at the beginning of the day or any later time that is specified in it on any later date that is specified in it as the effective date.

(4)  An order, direction or approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, the Minister or the Corporation, including an approval of a special loans committee, may be made subject to such terms and conditions as that person or body imposes in it.

(5)  No right of action lies against the Corporation by reason of its approval of the viability of a business plan, or of changes to a business plan, under Part 3.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s11;2003 c19 s13

Form of documents

12   The Minister may direct that any document that is to be provided by the Minister or to the Minister or to the Corporation or to Central under this Act or the regulations is to be in the form authorized and to contain the information required by the Minister, and may similarly direct the number of originals or copies, or both, to be provided.

1989 cC‑31.1 s12

Extension of time

13   Where a person is required to provide the Minister or the Corporation with any document or information under this Act or the regulations, the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, may, on written application made before the expiration of the last day for providing it, extend the time for its provision for any period that the Minister or the Corporation considers appropriate.

1989 cC‑31.1 s13

Circulation and minuting of letters

14   The Minister may direct a body corporate to provide a copy of any letter addressed to it by the Minister and any answer to that letter to each of its directors, and the body corporate, in addition to complying with the direction, shall include a copy of the Minister’s letter in the minutes of the first board meeting following the direction and of the answer in the minutes of the first board meeting following the answer.

1989 cC‑31.1 s14

Retention of documents

15(1)  Subject to this Act, a body corporate shall retain a prescribed document for at least the period of time prescribed in relation to that document.

(2)  Where a credit union or Central is dissolved and was in liquidation, the liquidator shall retain the records and other documents of the body corporate and the liquidator’s final accounts for a period of 2 years following the dissolution, and shall, on the expiration of that period, provide them to the Corporation.

(3)  Where a credit union or Central is imminently about to be dissolved and is not in liquidation, it shall provide all its records and other documents to the Corporation.

(4)  The Corporation shall retain a document provided to it under subsection (2) or (3) for at least the prescribed period following the dissolution and may destroy it after that period has elapsed.

1989 cC‑31.1 s15

Confidentiality

16(1)  Subject to this Act, where, in the course of administering or enforcing this Act, the Minister or the Corporation obtains or produces information, other than information that is registered, relating to the business or affairs of Central, a credit union or a dissolved credit union or relating to an application for incorporation as a credit union, the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, shall not disclose the information except in response to a request made

                           (a)    for access to a record containing the information under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act to which that Act relates, which request must or may be granted pursuant to that Act, or

                           (b)    for the information by Central, that credit union, a person representing that dissolved credit union or an incorporator within the meaning of section 19(1), as the case may be, which request the Minister or the Corporation may, but is not bound to, grant.

(2)  The Minister or the Corporation may in any manner communicate or provide information referred to in subsection (1) whose disclosure the Minister or the Corporation considers to be required

                           (a)    for the proper administration or enforcement of this Act, to

                                  (i)    the Corporation or the Minister, as the case may be, or

                                (ii)    persons acting under the Minister’s or the Corporation’s direction or authority in the administration or enforcement of this Act,

                           (b)    to enable Central to comply with this Act or the regulations, to Central,

                           (c)    for the purpose of enabling the auditor of a body corporate to fulfil the auditor’s functions as such, to that auditor, or

                           (d)    for regular law enforcement purposes, to a law enforcement authority.

(3)  The Minister may in any manner communicate information referred to in subsection (1)

                           (a)    to the government of any other province or territory or of Canada,

                           (b)    for the purposes of the administration or enforcement of the Securities Act, the Loan and Trust Corporations Act or the Insurance Act, to the person responsible for administering that Act or other persons acting under that person’s direction or authority, or

                           (c)    for any prescribed purpose, to any other prescribed person.

(4)  The Corporation may provide prescribed information to a prescribed person.

(5)  Subject to subsection (6), a person to whom information is communicated or provided under subsection (2) or (3)(b) or (c) shall comply with subsection (1) in respect of it.

(6)  Subsection (5) does not apply to any disclosure made by the recipient referred to in that subsection

                           (a)    for the relevant purpose, and to the relevant person, referred to in subsection (2)(c) or (d) or (3)(b) or (c), or

                           (b)    to another person acting under that recipient’s direction or authority or otherwise associated with the recipient in securing that purpose.

(7)  Where, for the purposes of the administration or enforcement of this Act, the Minister receives information communicated to the Minister, or is allowed inspection of or access to any document provided, by the government or a public body of Canada or of any other province or territory, the Minister shall not disclose the information or the contents of the document other than with the consent of that government or public body.

(8)  Subject to subsections (5) and (6), duties under this section apply, as well as to the person referred to in this section, also to any other person acting under that person’s direction or authority or to whose notice information or a document comes as a result of any relationship with that person.

1989 cC‑31.1 s16;1991 cL‑26.5 s335(15);1995 c28 s67;
1998 c12 s4

Service on Minister

17   A person may serve a notice or other document on the Minister by

                           (a)    delivering the document or sending it by registered mail to the government office responsible for the day‑to‑day administration of credit unions, or

                           (b)    personally serving it on the public officer in charge of that office or the officer’s deputy.

1989 cC‑31.1 s17

Part 3
Continuance, Incorporation and
Commencement of Business

Division 1
Continuance of Existing Credit Unions

Continuance

18   Existing credit unions continue to be incorporated credit unions under and subject to this Act, with articles and under a certificate of continuance.

1989 cC‑31.1 s18

Division 2
Incorporation of New Credit Unions

Interpretation and application

19(1)  In this Division, “incorporators” means the individuals subscribing the articles of incorporation.

(2)  This Division does not apply to a credit union that is to result from an amalgamation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s19

Entitlement to incorporate

20   Twenty or more adult individuals, each of whom is a Canadian citizen or has been lawfully admitted into Canada for permanent residence and is ordinarily resident in Alberta, may, subject to this Division, become incorporated as a credit union under this Division.

1989 cC‑31.1 s20

Application for incorporation

21(1)  An application for the incorporation of a credit union under this Division is made by providing to the Minister the articles of incorporation of the proposed credit union.

(2)  The articles of incorporation must set out, in respect of the proposed credit union,

                           (a)    its name,

                           (b)    the full name and mailing address of each incorporator,

                           (c)    in the case of a credit union that is to have a bond of association, a statement of that bond,

                           (d)    in the case of a credit union that is not to have a bond of association, a statement that there is no bond of association, and

                           (e)    a statement of any restrictions or prohibitions, other than those imposed by law, on the businesses that the credit union may carry on.

(3)  The articles of incorporation must be subscribed by at least 20 individuals who qualify under section 20 and who desire to be associated together as members of the proposed credit union.

(4)  The articles of incorporation must be accompanied with

                           (a)    a copy, subscribed by all the incorporators, of the proposed bylaws,

                           (b)    a notice that contains the full name and mailing address of each of the proposed first directors,

                           (c)    a name search report,

                           (d)    a notice containing the address of the proposed registered office, and

                           (e)    a business plan, including a statement of the proposed expenses relating to the incorporation and initial organization of the credit union,

and the credit union shall also provide the Corporation with a copy of the business plan.

(5)  The articles of incorporation must contain an affidavit verifying the signatures of all persons subscribing the articles of incorporation and the bylaws.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s21;2008 c4 s2

Approval or refusal of application

22   The Minister shall approve the application for incorporation

                           (a)    if the Minister is satisfied that

                                  (i)    sections 12 and 21 have been complied with,

                                (ii)    the proposed bylaws comply with this Act and the regulations,

                               (iii)    the proposed first directors are qualified to become directors under section 65, and

                               (iv)    the name proposed for the credit union complies with section 31,

                           (b)    if the Corporation has notified the Minister in writing that it is satisfied that the business plan is viable, and

                           (c)    unless the Minister considers that the application is contrary to the public interest.

1989 cC‑31.1 s22

Incorporation and registration of articles, etc.

23(1)  If the Minister approves the application, the Minister shall issue a certificate of the incorporation of the incorporators as a credit union under this Act stating that they are so incorporated under the name stated in the certificate of incorporation and shall assign to the credit union a registration number.

(2)  When the Minister issues the certificate of incorporation, the Minister shall enter into the register, in addition to the certificate of incorporation,

                           (a)    the articles of incorporation,

                           (b)    the bylaws,

                           (c)    notice of the registration number of the credit union,

                           (d)    the notice of directors referred to in section 21(4)(b), and

                           (e)    the notice of registered office referred to in section 21(4)(d).

(3)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of incorporation, the incorporators become incorporated as a credit union on the basis set out in the certificate.

(4)  Except in proceedings under section 195, a certificate of incorporation is conclusive proof of the facts set out in it and that the provisions of this Act and the regulations in respect of incorporation and all requirements precedent to incorporation have been complied with.

1989 cC‑31.1 s23

Division 3
Commencement of Business

Requirements for commencing business

24(1)  Subject to subsection (3), a credit union incorporated under Division 2 shall not commence business until the Minister has approved the commencement of business by it.

(2)  The Minister shall not approve the commencement of business unless

                           (a)    the credit union has submitted to the Minister any changes made by it to its business plan,

                           (b)    the Corporation has notified the Minister in writing that it is satisfied that any changes made to the business plan do not affect its viability, and

                           (c)    the Minister is satisfied that

                                  (i)    the credit union has at least 50 members, if it has a bond of association, and 250 members if it does not,

                                (ii)    the members collectively have subscribed and paid in full for at least the prescribed number of common shares on the condition that they may not be redeemed under any circumstances within one year after the date of the approval,

                               (iii)    the members collectively have deposited at least the prescribed amount and agreed to maintain the deposits with the credit union until at least 6 months after the date of the approval,

                               (iv)    the credit union has demonstrated evidence of its capacity for effective management and direction of its business and affairs,

                                 (v)    the certificate of incorporation has not been procured by the fraud or misrepresentation of any person,

                               (vi)    the credit union will not be used for an illegal purpose, and

                              (vii)    the credit union will fulfil the purposes and mode of operation of a credit union generally under section 26.

(3)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit the carrying on of such business as is necessary to enable the credit union to meet the requirements of subsection (2).

(4)  The credit union shall pay to Central all deposits and share subscriptions taken before the credit union is permitted to commence business, and Central shall hold them, subject to allowing any prescribed withdrawals, on the prescribed conditions for the members by whom or on whose behalf they were paid, pending the commencement of business.

(5)  The credit union shall report withdrawals allowed under subsection (4) for the payment of incorporation and initial organization expenses to the Corporation on the prescribed basis.

1989 cC‑31.1 s24

Revocation of certificate of incorporation

25(1)  The Minister, on giving a credit union at least 3 months’ written notice of the Minister’s intention to do so, may issue a certificate revoking its certificate of incorporation if the requirements of section 24(2) have not been met within 2 years after its incorporation.

(2)  Where the Minister receives the written request of the board of a credit union that has not issued any shares and has no property or liabilities, the Minister may issue a certificate revoking the credit union’s certificate of incorporation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s25

Part 4
Organization and Structure

Essential Features of a Credit Union

Purposes and mode of operation

26(1)  The purposes of a credit union are, subject to the restrictions set out in this Act and the regulations, to provide on a co‑operative basis financial services wholly or primarily for its members, and its principal purposes are to receive deposits from, and to make loans to, its members.

(2)  A credit union shall operate on a co‑operative basis such that

                           (a)    subject to section 60, a member has no more than one vote at its general meetings or in respect of elections of its directors and officers,

                           (b)    there is no provision for proxy voting,

                           (c)    membership in it is voluntary, and

                           (d)    repealed 2016 c27 s2,

                           (e)    net income accruing from its business is

                                  (i)    distributed to members,

                                (ii)    used to develop its business,

                               (iii)    used to provide services for its customers,

                               (iv)    used for the enhancement of its reserves or retained earnings, or

                                 (v)    used for another purpose approved by the members.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s26;2016 c27 s2

Amendment and Restatement of Articles

Amendment or replacement of articles

27(1)  Subject to this Part, a credit union may by special resolution amend any part of its articles so long as the amended articles set out the matters referred to in section 21(2)(a), (c), (d) and (e) and otherwise comply with this Act and the regulations.

(2)  A clerical error in the articles may be amended by the board.

(3)  For the purposes of this section and section 29, the repeal and replacement of articles are deemed to be an amendment of them.

1989 cC‑31.1 s27

Amendment of articles reflecting change in bond

28(1)  A credit union may not change from being one with a bond of association to being one without a bond of association unless it satisfies the Minister that

                           (a)    section 24(2)(c)(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), as those subclauses apply in respect of a credit union without a bond of association, have been complied with, with references in those subclauses to the approval to commence business being replaced by references to the coming into effect of the amendment of the articles effecting the change, and

                           (b)    the change is not contrary to the public interest.

(2)  A credit union may not change from being one without a bond of association to one with a bond of association unless the prescribed conditions, if any, are met.

1989 cC‑31.1 s28

Articles and certificate of amendment

29(1)  The credit union must, to enable the amendment to become effective, send to the Minister articles of amendment respecting the amendment.

(2)  The Minister, on receiving the articles of amendment, shall register them and issue a certificate of amendment, unless the Minister considers that the amendment does not comply with this Act or the regulations.

(3)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of amendment, the articles are amended in accordance with the certificate.

(4)  The amendment does not affect any existing cause of action, claim or liability to prosecution in favour of or against any person or any action or proceeding with respect to it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s29

Restatement of articles

30(1)  A credit union

                           (a)    may, at any time, and

                           (b)    shall, when so directed by the Minister and within the period specified in the direction,

restate articles that have previously been amended by providing the restated articles to the Minister.

(2)  Restated articles may not contain any amendments to the articles other than amendments that have previously been registered.

(3)  On the Minister’s receipt of restated articles that comply with this section, the Minister shall issue a certificate of restated articles.

(4)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of restated articles, the restated articles supersede the original articles and all amendments to them.

1989 cC‑31.1 s30

Names

Name of credit union

31(1)  Subject to this section, a credit union may not have a name

                           (a)    that is the subject of any prohibitions, or that does not meet the requirements, prescribed by the Minister,

                           (b)    that is identical to the name of a corporation or other organization appearing on a name search report,

                           (c)    that so nearly resembles the name of any such corporation or organization that, in the opinion of the Minister, the use of that name would or might be deceiving or misleading to persons dealing with the credit union or the other entity, or

                           (d)    that is otherwise objectionable on grounds of public policy.

(2)  A credit union must have the phrase “Credit Union” or “Caisse Populaire” as part of its name.

(3)  An existing credit union is not required to change the name that it had on May 13, 1987 to comply with this section.

1989 cC‑31.1 s31

Change of name

32(1)  Where a credit union wishes to change its name pursuant to section 27 it must, unless it has approval to the contrary from the Minister, provide to the Minister a name search report.

(2)  The change of name is subject to the approval of the Minister, who shall determine whether the proposed new name complies with this Part and the regulations.

(3)  If the Minister approves the change of name, the Minister shall, in addition to complying with section 29, gazette notice of the change of name unless the Minister considers that the change is so minor that no person will have reason to be confused or misled as to the identity of the credit union following the change.

1989 cC‑31.1 s32

Use of name

33(1)  A credit union shall ensure that its name is set out in legible characters on all its contracts, invoices, negotiable instruments and orders for services and all publications advertising its services that are provided to any person by it or on its behalf.

(2)  Where the name of the credit union ends in “Limited”, “Limitée”, “Ltd.” or “Ltée”, the credit union may use and may be legally designated by use of either the full or the abbreviated form.

(3)  Subject to subsection (2), a credit union shall ensure that each of its premises where business with customers is conducted has at least one permanent sign posted that advertises the credit union’s full name in prominent characters and in a location clearly visible to customers.

1989 cC‑31.1 s33

Addresses, Service and Records

Registered office and addresses

34(1)  A credit union shall have a registered office in Alberta.

(2)  A credit union may at any time, by giving written notice to the Minister, designate either or both

                           (a)    a separate records office in Alberta for itself, and

                           (b)    an address in Alberta for service by mail of it.

(3)  The credit union may at any time, by giving written notice to the Minister, change the address of its registered office or revoke or change a designation under subsection (2).

(4)  The credit union shall not designate a post office box as its registered office or separate records office.

(5)  The Minister, on receiving notice under subsection (2) or (3), shall register it.

(6)  Unless a designation of a separate records office is in force, the credit union’s registered office is also its records office.

1989 cC‑31.1 s34

Service on credit union

35   A person may serve a document on a credit union by

                           (a)    delivering the document to the credit union’s registered office during its usual business hours,

                           (b)    personally serving it on any director or officer or, where applicable, the administrator or liquidator, of the credit union, or

                           (c)    sending it by registered mail to

                                  (i)    its registered office, or

                                (ii)    the address for service by mail designated in the latest registered notice of it under section 34.

1989 cC‑31.1 s35

Record-keeping

36(1)  A credit union shall keep at its records office

                           (a)    its articles and bylaws, including all amendments to them,

                           (b)    the minutes of its general meetings, including resolutions passed,

                           (c)    the minutes of its board and committee meetings, including resolutions passed,

                           (d)    a current list of the names and latest known residential addresses and any mailing addresses of all persons who are or have within the past year been directors or officers, with the dates on which each directorship or office commenced and, where applicable, ended,

                           (e)    a current list of the names and latest known residential addresses of all individual members and the registered office and post office box, if any, designated as its address for service by mail, in the case of a corporate member, and

                            (f)    its financial statements, including any auditor’s reports.

(2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), a list is current if it accurately reflects the situation existing at any given date within the 3‑month period immediately preceding the time in question.

(3)  A credit union shall take such precautions to

                           (a)    prevent loss or destruction of,

                           (b)    prevent falsification of, and

                           (c)    facilitate detection and correction of inaccuracies in,

the documentary information that this Act or the regulations require it to keep as are appropriate to the means used to record that information.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s36;2003 cP‑6.5 s67

Examination of documents

37(1)  A credit union shall permit its members or their agents to examine its documents described in section 36(1)(a), (b) and (d) and, subject to section 84, section 36(1)(f).

(1.1)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), a credit union shall not disclose any residential address kept by the credit union under section 36(1)(d).

(2)  A credit union shall permit any customer or the customer’s agent to examine a statement of the customer’s transactions with the credit union.

(3)  Where a bylaw under section 45(4)(j) gives rights to members or their agents to examine the list of members referred to in section 36(1)(e), the credit union shall, by bylaw,

                           (a)    provide those rights conditionally or unconditionally, and

                           (b)    where those rights are conditional, specify the conditions under which those persons may do so.

(4)  A person entitled to make an examination under this section is entitled to make the examination only during the usual business hours of the credit union and on giving the credit union reasonable notice.

(5)  The credit union shall permit the person referred to in subsection (4) to make copies, or shall provide the person with copies, of the documents in question, but the credit union is not required to provide any person with a copy of the list of members referred to in section 36(1)(e).

(6)  A person entitled to examine the list of members pursuant to a bylaw under subsection (3) or to have a copy of that list shall not use the list of members for any purpose not legitimately related to the affairs of the credit union.

(6.1)   Where a bylaw under section 45(4)(j) does not provide for access to the list of members, or does not provide for reasonable access to it as referred to in subsection (3), the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations

                           (a)    establishing the right of a member to direct the credit union to distribute to all members the information specified by that member and to direct the method of distribution, and

                           (b)    with respect to any such direction, establishing the rights and obligations of the credit union, including the right to impose on the member a reasonable charge for the distribution.

(7)  Notwithstanding anything in this section but subject to section 84(2), the credit union may make the provision of any of its services under this section and section 38(2) subject to the payment of a reasonable fee for the services.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s37;2003 cP‑6.5 s67;2016 c27 s3

Form of documents

38(1)  Documentary information that a credit union is required to keep under this Act or the regulations may be maintained in writing or entered or recorded by a system referred to in section 9(3).

(2)  Where a person is entitled to examine a document that is kept by a credit union in a form other than in writing and makes a request of the credit union to that effect, the credit union shall make the information available to that person in an accurate and intelligible form within a reasonable time and shall, on request, produce to the person a written copy of the information.

1989 cC‑31.1 s38

Seal, Fiscal Year and Annual Return

Seal

39(1)  Subject to section 33(2), a credit union’s seal, if any, must contain the full name of the credit union in legible characters.

(2)  A document executed by or on behalf of a credit union is not invalid by reason only that the seal is not affixed to it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s39

Fiscal year

40   The fiscal year of a credit union is November 1 to the following October 31.

1989 cC‑31.1 s40

Annual return

41(1)  A credit union shall, within 30 days after its annual general meeting, provide to the Minister and the Corporation a return showing

                           (a)    the name of the credit union,

                           (b)    the date of that annual general meeting,

                           (c)    the full name and mailing address of each director,

                        (c.1)    the full name, mailing address, business address, business telephone number and office held in the credit union of each officer who is not a director,

                           (d)    the address of the credit union’s registered office,

                           (e)    the address of its separate records office, if any,

                            (f)    the address designated for service of it by mail, if any, and

                           (g)    the names of the credit union’s subsidiaries.

(2)  On receiving the annual return, the Minister shall register it.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s41;2008 c4 s2

Corporate Incidents

Capacity and powers

42(1)  A credit union has the capacity and, subject to this Act and the regulations, the rights, powers and privileges of an individual.

(2)  Subject to this Act, a credit union may carry on its business, conduct its affairs and exercise its powers in any jurisdiction outside Alberta to the extent that the laws of that jurisdiction permit.

(3)  A credit union shall not do anything that is prohibited by, or do anything in a manner that contravenes, its articles.

(4)  An act of a credit union, including the transfer or receipt of property by it, is not invalid by reason only that the act is contrary to this Act, the regulations or its articles or bylaws or is inconsistent with its purposes or the mode of operation referred to in section 26(2).

1989 cC‑31.1 s42

Absence of constructive notice

43(1)  Subject to subsection (2), a person is not affected by or deemed to have notice or knowledge of the contents of a document concerning a credit union by reason only that the document is registered or is available for inspection at an office of a body corporate or of the Minister.

(2)  A member, in the member’s capacity as such, is bound by, and is to be treated as having notice and knowledge of the contents of, the articles and the bylaws of the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s43

Reliance by persons dealing with credit union

44   Without limiting a person’s rights or obligations under any other law, a credit union or a guarantor of an obligation of a credit union may not assert against a person dealing with the credit union or dealing with any person who has acquired rights from the credit union that

                           (a)    the articles, bylaws or any resolution of the credit union has not been complied with,

                           (b)    the persons named as directors in the most recently registered return or notice under section 21(4)(b), 41 or 69 are not the directors,

                           (c)    the place named as its registered office in the most recently registered return or notice under section 21(4)(d), 34 or 41 is not its registered office,

                           (d)    the address designated for service by mail in the most recently registered return or notice under section 34 or 41 is not its address for service by mail,

                           (e)    a person held out by the credit union as a director, officer or agent of the credit union

                                  (i)    has not been duly elected or appointed, or

                                (ii)    has no authority to exercise a power or perform a duty that the director, officer or agent might reasonably be expected to exercise or perform,

                            (f)    a document issued by a director, officer or agent of the credit union with actual or usual authority to issue the document is not valid or not genuine, or

                           (g)    a sale, lease or exchange of property referred to in section 47(1) was not authorized,

except where that person has, or by virtue of that person’s position with or relationship to the credit union ought to have, knowledge of those facts at the relevant time.

1989 cC‑31.1 s44

Bylaws

45(1)  In this section, “bylaws” includes any amendment, repeal or repeal and replacement of the bylaws.

(2)  A credit union shall by ordinary resolution make bylaws in accordance with this section.

(3)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act except subsection (4), bylaws are to govern only the administration, management and regulation of the credit union’s affairs.

(4)  The bylaws must provide, subject to this Act and the regulations, for such of the following matters as are applicable to the credit union but are not provided for by this Act or the regulations or set out in the articles:

                           (a)    membership, including qualifications and applications for, approval, continuation, termination and suspension of, and expulsion from, membership, and the rights and obligations of holders of joint membership;

                           (b)    the calling and holding of, notice for, and the procedure and quorums and the business that must or may be conducted at, general, board and committee meetings, including the agenda at annual general meetings;

                           (c)    voting in respect of general, board and committee meetings, including the manner and form of voting;

                           (d)    the minimum number of board meetings that must be held in any specified one‑year period;

                           (e)    the actual number or any restrictions on the number of directors;

                            (f)    in respect of directors and officers, their election or appointment, qualifications, terms of office, suspension and removal and the cessation of their office and the filling of vacancies among their number;

                           (g)    any restrictions on powers that the credit union, or the board, committees, officers or individual directors, would otherwise have, and any requirement that a specified matter may be dealt with only by special or ordinary resolution;

                           (h)    transfers of, and redemption rights for, shares;

                            (i)    the restrictions, if any, on the formation or acquisition of subsidiaries;

                            (j)    a statement of whether members or their agents are to have the right to examine the list of members referred to in section 36(1)(e);

                           (k)    all other matters that are required by this Act or the regulations to be dealt with in the bylaws.

(5)  The credit union may, by ordinary resolution,

                           (a)    make bylaws providing for any matter that this Act or the regulations provide may be dealt with by bylaw, and

                           (b)    amend and repeal its bylaws.

(6)  Where this Act or the regulations impose a restriction on a credit union or on its board or any of its committees, the bylaws may provide for still more restrictive requirements, but in no case may they diminish the requirements of this Act or the regulations.

(7)  The credit union shall provide the Minister and the Corporation with a certified copy of each bylaw within 30 days after the ordinary resolution making it, and the Minister shall register the bylaw.

(8)  The articles may contain any provision that may be contained in the bylaws and where the articles contain any such provision, references in this Act to the bylaws are to be construed accordingly.

1989 cC‑31.1 s45

General Business Restrictions

Restrictions on business activities

46(1)   A credit union or its subsidiary or affiliate shall not carry on any business unless the carrying on of that business is authorized by or under this section and is otherwise consistent with this section.

(2)  Subsections (3) to (5) and (7) are subject to section 42(3) and any related party provision or other law that prohibits, restricts or otherwise regulates any activity that would otherwise be permitted by or under those subsections.

(3)  A credit union may carry on

                           (a)    except as prescribed, any business that is entailed in the fulfilment of any of the purposes of a credit union,

                           (b)    as an ancillary business, the business of operating a post office within the meaning of the Canada Post Corporation Act (Canada), or

                           (c)    any business that is prescribed.

(4)  Subject to any prescribed terms and conditions and any other law, a subsidiary or affiliate may carry on

                           (a)    any business that a credit union is allowed by law to carry on, subject however to the restrictions imposed by this Act and the regulations on credit unions,

                           (b)    the business of

                                  (i)    a corporation within the meaning of the Loan and Trust Corporations Act or within the meaning ascribed to any equivalent expression by any equivalent statute of another province or territory or of Canada,

                                (ii)    a securities dealer, or

                               (iii)    an insurance agent, within the meaning of the Insurance Act, limited to the class of life insurance under that Act,

                               or

                           (c)    any other prescribed business.

(5)   A subsidiary or affiliate shall not engage generally in the business of accepting deposits or lending money unless it is

                           (a)    a financial institution that is legally permitted to do so, or

                           (b)    prescribed as being entitled to do so.

(6)  A credit union or a person acting in the person’s capacity as a director, officer or employee of a credit union shall not act as an insurer, insurance agent or adjuster, within the meanings respectively ascribed to those expressions by the Insurance Act.

(6.1)  Notwithstanding subsection (6), a credit union may hold a restricted insurance agent’s certificate of authority under the Insurance Act and a credit union that holds such a certificate and its officers, directors and employees may act as an insurance agent only to the extent authorized by the certificate.

(7)  A credit union may act as trustee for a trust in respect of a prescribed class of transaction.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s46;RSA 2000 cI‑3 s854;2003 c19 s14

Disposal and acquisition of assets

47(1)  A credit union shall not sell, lease or exchange all or substantially all of its assets other than in the ordinary course of its business unless the disposal is approved by a special resolution.

(2)  A credit union may dispose of property to a related party that is a financial institution at fair market rate so long as the consideration is fully paid in money, but, without the prior approval of the Corporation, it shall not, in any fiscal year, dispose of assets under this subsection having an aggregate value in excess of 10% of its assets as at the end of the previous fiscal year.

(3)  A credit union may, if its board has previously authorized and the Corporation has previously approved the transaction, enter into a transaction with a related party that is a financial institution if the transaction involves the acquisition or disposal of assets as part of a restructuring of the credit union or an amalgamation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s47

48   Repealed 2016 c27 s5.

Member and customer complaints process

48.1   A credit union shall

                           (a)    establish written procedures to deal with complaints by its members and other customers,

                           (b)    designate an officer or a senior employee to be responsible for implementing those procedures, and

                           (c)    make those procedures available

                                  (i)    in the form of a brochure at locations where its products or services are offered,

                                (ii)    on its websites, if any, through which its products or services are offered, and

                               (iii)    in writing to any member or other customer who requests them.

2008 c4 s2

General Related Party Provisions

Related party and associated transactions generally

49(1)  Except to the extent, if any, permitted by or under a related party provision, a credit union or its subsidiary shall not directly or indirectly enter into any transaction with a party related to that credit union.

(2)  Except to the extent, if any, permitted by or under a related party provision, a party related to a credit union shall not directly or indirectly enter into any transaction with the credit union or any of its subsidiaries.

(3)  A credit union or its subsidiary shall not directly or indirectly enter into any transaction with any person who ceased to be a party related to that credit union during the previous 12 months which, if that person were still a related party, would require the prior authorization of the credit union’s board, and such a former related party shall not directly or indirectly enter into such a transaction with the credit union or a subsidiary, unless the transaction

                           (a)    has been authorized by the board of the credit union, and

                           (b)    is at fair market rate.

(4)  For the purposes of subsections (1) to (3), a transaction is entered into if an existing transaction, including one entered into before November 1, 1989, is modified, added to, extended or renewed.

(5)  Where a credit union or a subsidiary is permitted by or under a related party provision to enter into a transaction with a related party, that related party may enter into that transaction with that corporation.

(6)  Where a transaction is required by or under a related party provision or subsection (3) to be at fair market rate, that requirement is satisfied, except where the transaction is between a credit union and a subsidiary or between subsidiaries of a credit union, if the transaction is at a rate and on terms that exceed or do not exceed fair market rate, as the case may be, if that rate and those terms are more financially advantageous to the credit union or subsidiary than actual fair market rate.

(7)  The onus is on a related party or former related party and the credit union or subsidiary to prove, with reference to any related party provision that requires proof of fair market rate or to subsection (3), that the transaction in question is at or exceeds or does not exceed, as the case may be, fair market rate.

1989 cC‑31.1 s49

Personal information

49.1(1)  In this section, “personal information” means personal information as defined in the Personal Information Protection Act other than business contact information to which that Act does not apply by virtue of section 4(3)(d) of that Act.

(2)  For the purposes of complying with related party provisions or any regulations made under this Act respecting related parties, a credit union may collect and use personal information about persons who are related parties without obtaining their consent.

(3)  Persons who are not related parties shall provide personal information as is necessary for the credit union to comply with related party provisions or any regulations made under this Act respecting related parties.

2003 cP‑6.5 s67

Disclosure and use of confidential information by related parties

50(1)  A party related to a credit union shall not enter into a transaction if the party knows or ought reasonably to know that, in respect of the transaction, the party would make use of information that is confidential to the credit union or any subsidiary in order directly or indirectly to obtain a benefit or advantage wholly or primarily for the party or any person other than the credit union or subsidiary.

(2)  Subject to section 77, a related party who is or is about to be a party to a related party transaction for which the authorization of the credit union’s board is or will be required shall disclose in writing to the credit union the nature of the related party’s interest in that transaction or proposed transaction forthwith after becoming aware of the facts that bring the related party within the application of this subsection.

(3)  A former related party referred to in section 49(3) who is or is about to be a party to any transaction with the credit union or its subsidiary referred to in that subsection shall disclose in writing to the credit union the nature of the former related party’s interest in that transaction or proposed transaction forthwith after becoming aware of the facts that bring the former related party within the application of this subsection.

(4)  The credit union’s board shall ensure that a disclosure under subsection (2) or (3) is entered in the minutes of the first board meeting occurring after the making of the disclosure.

1989 cC‑31.1 s50

General exceptions to related party provision prohibitions

51(1)  A credit union or its subsidiary may, if the board of the credit union has previously authorized the transaction,

                           (a)    enter into a written contract with a related party for the provision of management services to or by the credit union or subsidiary if it is reasonable that the credit union or the subsidiary obtain or supply the services, and so long as the consideration is at fair market rate,

                           (b)    enter into a written lease of personal property with a related party for the use of the credit union or subsidiary in carrying on its business or affairs at fair market rate, so long as the term of the lease and of any potential renewals of the term under the lease does not exceed 5 years,

                           (c)    enter into a written contract with a related party for pension and benefit plans and other reasonable commitments incidental to the employment of officers and employees of the credit union or subsidiary,

                           (d)    subject to section 65, enter into a contract of employment with a director, officer or prospective officer of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries,

                           (e)    enter into a written contract with a related party for the purchase at fair market rate of goods or services, other than management services, required by the credit union or subsidiary in carrying on its business or affairs, so long as there is appropriate documentation evidencing the consideration and the term of the contract and of any potential renewals of the term under the contract does not exceed 5 years, and

                            (f)    enter into any other related party transaction, not otherwise specified in this Act, that is prescribed as requiring prior board authorization.

(2)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1), a credit union or a subsidiary may, without the prior authorization of the board of the credit union unless the bylaws require it,

                           (a)    enter into a contract of employment with a related party who is not a director, officer or prospective officer of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries,

                           (b)    enter into a transaction with a related party at fair market rate for the sale of goods or the provision of services that are not otherwise provided for by a related party provision, and

                           (c)    enter into any other related party transaction, not otherwise specified in this Act,

                                  (i)    that does not cause the expenditures by that corporation in all transactions between it and all related parties during any fiscal year of the credit union to exceed the amount approved by the Corporation, on application to it by the credit union, in relation to that corporation for that fiscal year, or

                                (ii)    that is prescribed as not requiring prior board authorization.

(3)  In this section, “prospective officer” means a person referred to in section 2(5)(a).

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s51;2003 c19 s15

Related party exemptions by Corporation

52(1)  On written application being made to the Corporation before a transaction, with a copy being contemporaneously provided to the Minister, the Corporation may give its prior approval to a credit union’s or its subsidiary’s entering into a related party transaction or to a class of related party transactions that would otherwise be prohibited or restricted by this Act or the regulations if in the Corporation’s opinion the transaction or class of transactions is necessary or beneficial to the well‑being of the credit union and is not prejudicial to the interests of its members or customers.

(2)  Where the Corporation is satisfied that a subsidiary or affiliate of a credit union functions wholly or primarily for the purpose of providing a service, other than a financial service, to the credit union or its subsidiary, the Corporation may approve an application by that credit union for the exemption of the subsidiary or affiliate from the status of related party.

1989 cC‑31.1 s52

Professional advisors and related party transactions

53(1)  A professional advisor of a credit union who in the professional advisor’s capacity as such becomes aware of a contravention of a related party provision or of the terms and conditions of an approval given in relation to a related party provision shall forthwith ensure that the credit union’s board and auditor are or become aware of the contravention.

(2)  The auditor of a credit union shall forthwith report to the board of the credit union and to the Minister any contravention of a related party provision of which the auditor is notified or otherwise becomes aware.

(3)  Nothing in this section abrogates any privilege existing between a solicitor and client.

(4)  A person who in good faith makes a report under this section is not liable in any civil action arising from the report.

1989 cC‑31.1 s53

Related party transaction procedures

54   Unless otherwise prescribed, a credit union shall have written procedures, approved by resolution of the board, to be followed by the credit union and its directors, officers and employees to ensure compliance with related party provisions.

1989 cC‑31.1 s54

Part 5
General Meetings and Membership

Division 1
General Meetings

Annual general meetings

55   The board shall call the annual general meeting of a credit union, to be held within 5 months after the end of each fiscal year.

1989 cC‑31.1 s55

Special general meetings

56(1)  The board may at any time call a special general meeting of the credit union, and shall do so on receiving a written request to that effect signed

                           (a)    by or on behalf of the audit committee,

                           (b)    in the case of a large credit union, by at least the greater of

                                  (i)    100 members, and

                                (ii)    1% of the total membership as at the date the request is received,

                               or

                           (c)    in the case of a small credit union, by at least the greater of

                                  (i)    50 members, and

                                (ii)    10% of that membership.

(2)  A request referred to in subsection (1) must state the business to be transacted at the proposed meeting.

(3)  If the board does not, within 30 days after receiving the request, call a special general meeting, any member who signed the request or the audit committee, as the case may be, may call the meeting.

(4)  The only business that may be discussed at a meeting called on the request or under subsection (3) is

                           (a)    business specified in the request, and

                           (b)    business that is required by this Act to be dealt with at the general meeting occurring next after the occurrence of a specific event.

(5)  The credit union may by ordinary resolution reimburse members for the expenses reasonably incurred by them in requesting, calling and holding the meeting.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s56;2016 c27 s6

Regionalization of meetings

57(1)  A credit union may by bylaw divide the territory in Alberta in which it carries on business and has members into regions for the purpose of holding separate general meetings in each region for the members who reside or have accounts in that region instead of holding one general meeting for all its members.

(2)  Subject to this section, where a bylaw under subsection (1) is in force, the provisions of this Part and any other law applicable to general meetings apply to regional meetings held under this section.

(3)  A resolution presented at regional meetings is passed by the credit union only if the resolution

                           (a)    is presented at regional meetings covering all the territory referred to in subsection (1), and

                           (b)    receives the approval, over all the regional meetings taken as a whole, of such aggregate majority of the aggregate votes validly cast at all the regional meetings as would suffice to carry the resolution at a single general meeting of the whole credit union.

(4)  The bylaws must provide for the procedures, if any, specific to regional meetings that must be followed.

1989 cC‑31.1 s57

Notice of general meetings

58(1)  Subject to this section and section 62, a credit union shall give at least 10 and not more than 40 days’ notice of a general meeting to every member, specifying the date, time and place at which it is to be held and, where applicable, specifying the intention to propose a special resolution.

(2)  Notice of a general meeting at which there is to be transacted any business other than business that this Act requires to be transacted at an annual general meeting or the reappointment of the incumbent auditor, must state

                           (a)    the nature of that business in sufficient detail to enable the members to form a reasoned judgment on the business,

                           (b)    where a special resolution is to be submitted to the meeting, the text of it, and

                           (c)    where the voluntary dissolution or liquidation and dissolution of the credit union is to be proposed, the full terms and conditions on which it is proposed to take place.

(3)  Notice of a meeting to be held pursuant to the adjournment of a general meeting must be given under this section except where

                           (a)    the general meeting is adjourned by one or more adjournments for an aggregate of 40 days or less,

                           (b)    notice of the date, time and place of the reassembled meeting is given by announcement at the time of the adjournment, and

                           (c)    the bylaws do not require notice to be given under this section.

(4)  The proceedings and the business transacted at a general meeting are not invalidated by reason only that a member did not receive notice of the meeting.

1989 cC‑31.1 s58

Quorum

59(1)  Subject to this section, the quorum at a general meeting is

                           (a)    50 members if the credit union has assets of less than $500 000 000, and

                           (b)    100 members if it has assets of or exceeding $500 000 000.

(1.1)  Where a vote is to be held on a special resolution, the quorum for that vote is

                           (a)    75 members if the credit union has assets of less than $500 000 000, and

                           (b)    150 members if it has assets of or exceeding $500 000 000.

(1.2)  Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (1.1), the bylaws may increase the number of members required for a quorum over the numbers respectively specified in those subsections.

 (2)  Unless the bylaws otherwise provide, where a quorum is present at the opening of a general meeting, the members present may proceed with the business of the meeting notwithstanding that a quorum is not present throughout the meeting.

(3)  Subject to subsection (4), where a quorum is not present at the opening of a general meeting, the members present may adjourn the meeting but may not transact any other business.

(4)  If the credit union has received the prior written approval of the Minister (whether before or after the adjourned meeting) to hold a reassembled meeting held pursuant to an adjournment under subsection (3) with the reduced quorum specified by the Minister, the members present may proceed at that meeting with that reduced quorum, for which purpose subsection (2) applies.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s59;2016 c27 s7

Voting at general meetings

60(1)  This section applies to voting at general meetings.

(2)  Subject to subsection (6), only members are entitled to vote.

(3)  Subject to this section and the bylaws referred to in subsection (4), each member has one vote on any question that may be voted on.

(4)  The bylaws must

                           (a)    specify what constitutes a spoiled or invalid vote,

                           (b)    specify the number of votes that may be cast, and the basis for voting, by holders of joint membership,

                           (c)    set out the basis for and the manner of voting by designated representatives, and

                           (d)    contain a prohibition against or restrictions on voting by all or some of the members who are minors.

(5)  A member may not vote by proxy.

(6)  The rights of a member entitled to have a designated representative may be exercised by that representative, and a designated representative who is a member may cast, in addition to that representative’s own membership vote and in accordance with the bylaws, a representative vote.

(7)  Repealed 2008 c4 s2.

(8)  A member at a general meeting may demand a vote by ballot before or on the declaration of the result of a vote by show of hands, and the result of the vote by ballot is the decision of the members.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s60;2008 c4 s2

Participation in general meetings involving
non‑physical presence

60.1(1)  A credit union may by bylaw provide

                           (a)    that a member or any other person who is entitled to attend a general meeting may participate in the meeting (including voting) to the same but to no greater extent than if personally present, by means of a telephonic, electronic or other communication facility that complies with the regulations, if any, and that permits all persons participating in the meeting to communicate adequately with each other during the meeting, and

                           (b)    for the making available of such a facility.

(2)  Where the circumstances described in subsection (1) apply, then, for the purposes of this Act,

                           (a)    there is deemed to be a meeting if there is otherwise no actual meeting at law, and

                           (b)    persons who lawfully participate in the meeting by one of the means described in subsection (1) are deemed to be present at the meeting.

2008 c4 s2

Division 2
Membership

Qualifications and restrictions

61(1)  A person is not qualified to be or to remain a member unless the person holds at least the minimum number of common shares issued by the credit union that is required by the bylaws.

(1.1)  Notwithstanding anything in this section, membership of a credit union is limited to

                           (a)    individuals who are resident in Alberta and, in the case of a credit union with a bond of association, who fall within the membership limitations imposed by the bond,

                           (b)    individuals who were members before ceasing to be resident in Alberta and who have, without any break, maintained their membership in that credit union,

                           (c)    persons who are members by virtue of amalgamations or arrangements or having rights or obligations referred to in section 1(1)(ii), and

                           (d)    except as prescribed by the Minister, other entities, not being individuals, that have their headquarters or that have material business interests in Alberta,

and who otherwise qualify as members of it.

(2)  For the purpose of determining all matters respecting membership, a partnership or other unincorporated association of persons is deemed to be a corporation.

(3)  A credit union may not be a member of another credit union.

(4)  Repealed 2016 c27 s8.

(5)  Subject to this Act, a related party may be a member so long as the related party is given no rights or privileges arising from membership that are not held by the general membership, but no subsidiary or affiliate may be a member.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s61;2016 c27 s8

Service of notices and documents on members

62(1)  A notice or other document required by this Act or the regulations or the bylaws of a credit union to be provided to a member is sufficiently served, for the purposes of this Act, only if and to the extent that this section is complied with.

(2)  The document may be

                           (a)    served personally on the member or, if the member is a corporation, partnership or other firm or unincorporated association of persons, on a director, partner, officer or designated representative thereof or any other member of the governing body thereof, however called,

                           (b)    sent by mail addressed to the member at the member’s latest mailing address as shown in the records of the credit union,

                        (b.1)    subject to subsection (2.1), sent by means of a system of electronic mail delivery,

                           (c)    delivered, addressed to the member, to the member’s residential address, in the case of an individual, and its registered office in the case of a corporation, or

                           (d)    in the case of a credit union with a bond of association that has or has the use of a receptacle for the purpose of providing documents to the member and whose bylaws so permit, deposited in that receptacle.

(2.1)  An electronic mail delivery system may not be used to send any of the following documents that are to be sent to a member except with the member’s prior written consent given generally or in respect of the particular communication:

                           (a)    a notice of a meeting under section 58;

                           (b)    a document to be sent pursuant to section 183.

(3)  If a credit union’s bylaws so permit, a notice may be

                           (a)    advertised in prominent display notices in newspapers circulated in all the territory served by the credit union, and

                           (b)    posted in places that are prominent and accessible to members and are designated in the bylaws.

(4)  A credit union that has a bond of association such that a notice posted on notice boards in specific premises is likely to be seen by all or a substantial majority of the members may, if its bylaws so permit, post the notice on those notice boards, whereupon the credit union shall keep it there for the duration of its currency.

(5)  Compliance with subsection (4) is sufficient service in respect of members who might reasonably be expected by the credit union to have adequate opportunity to examine the notice, but the credit union shall serve the notice by another method on all other members.

(6)  If a credit union sends a notice to a member in accordance with subsection (2)(b) or sends it for delivery in accordance with subsection (2)(c) and the notice is returned because the member cannot be found, the credit union shall make reasonable efforts to locate the member and, if afterwards the member still cannot be found, the credit union is not required to provide any further notices to the member until the member informs the credit union in writing of the member’s new address.

(7)  Where a credit union is required to provide a document to its members with a notice of a general meeting and it inserts the notice of the meeting in a newspaper under subsection (3), it may effect service of the document

                           (a)    by giving information about the document in the notices given under subsection (3)(a) and (b), including an adequate description of the nature of the document, and

                           (b)    by providing a copy of the document free of charge to any member who requests it.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s62;2008 c4 s2

Part 6
Directors, Officers, Employees
and Committees

Division 1
Constitutional Affairs

Number of directors

63   A credit union shall have a board of directors consisting of at least 5 directors.

1989 cC‑31.1 s63

Election and appointment of directors

64(1)  Directors of a credit union may be elected only at an annual general meeting except that directors may be

                           (a)    appointed or elected to fill vacancies in another manner provided for by the bylaws,

                           (b)    appointed in accordance with bylaws made under subsection (1.1), or

                           (c)    elected in accordance with bylaws made under subsection (1.2).

(1.1)  The bylaws may provide for the appointment by the board of a number of additional directors not exceeding 1/3 of the number of incumbent directors (excluding directors appointed under this subsection) as at the end of the previous annual general meeting, but the term of each such appointment may not extend beyond the annual general meeting next following the appointment.

(1.2)  The bylaws may provide for a method of electing directors before the holding of an annual general meeting.

(1.3)  Bylaws made before the commencement of subsection (1)(c), to the extent that they provided for the election of directors before annual general meetings held, and elections held pursuant to those bylaws, before that commencement, are validated notwithstanding any lack of authorization to make those bylaws and to hold those elections at the time they were made or held.

(1.4)  The board shall ensure that the results of elections held in accordance with bylaws made under subsection (1.2) are announced at the next annual general meeting following the elections.

(2)  Subject to this Act, a credit union may by bylaw divide the membership of the credit union into divisions for the purpose of enabling all or a specified number of the directors to be elected only by members comprising those divisions, and any such bylaw must provide for

                           (a)    the description of each division,

                           (b)    the number of the directors to be elected by each division, and

                           (c)    any procedures that must be followed in the election of directors under the bylaw.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s64;2008 c4 s2;2009 c3 s2

Qualifications of directors

65(1)  A person is not qualified to become, and shall not act or continue to act as, nor permit the person to be elected or appointed as, a director of a credit union, and the credit union shall not knowingly permit any of those acts, unless the person satisfies the qualifications specified and referred to in this section.

(2)  A person is not qualified to be a director of a credit union

                           (a)    unless the person is

                                  (i)    an individual of adult age,

                                (ii)    a member or a designated representative, and

                               (iii)    a Canadian citizen or a person who has been lawfully admitted into Canada for permanent residence;

                           (b)    if the person has the status of a bankrupt;

                           (c)    subject to subsection (5), if the person is, or within the 3‑year period immediately preceding the person’s election or appointment to the board was, an employee of any body corporate;

                           (d)    if the person is a professional advisor to the credit union;

                           (e)    subject to subsection (5), if the person is a director or officer of another credit union or of the Corporation;

                            (f)    if the person is employed in the public service of Alberta or by a Provincial agency within the meaning of the Financial Administration Act and to which that Act applies, whether under a contract of service or a contract for services, whose substantive duties are directly concerned with the business or affairs of credit unions or of Central;

                           (g)    if, within the immediately preceding 5 years, the person has been convicted of

                                  (i)    an indictable offence that is of a kind that is related to the qualifications, functions or duties of a corporate director, or

                                (ii)    an offence against this Act,

                                    and either the time for making an appeal has expired without the appeal’s having been made or the appeal has been finally disposed of by the courts or abandoned;

                           (h)    if the person has a loan from that credit union in respect of which the repayment of principal or interest is in arrears for the prescribed period;

                            (i)    if the person is a represented adult as defined in the Adult Guardianship and Trusteeship Act or is the subject of a certificate of incapacity that is in effect under the Public Trustee Act;

                            (j)    if the person is a formal patient as defined in the Mental Health Act;

                           (k)    if the person has been found to be a person of unsound mind by a court elsewhere than in Alberta;

                            (l)    if the person is disqualified by, or unless the person satisfies any other qualification requirements of, the bylaws.

(3)  A person is not qualified to remain a director if the person fails without good cause to attend the minimum number of board meetings that the person is required by the bylaws to attend.

(4)  Three‑quarters of the directors must at all times be ordinarily resident in Alberta.

(5)  The Minister may approve an exemption from the application of subsection (2)(c) and (e) in respect of a person’s employment with, or a person’s service as a director or officer of, the Corporation.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s65;2008 cA‑4.2 s126

Board meetings

66(1)  A credit union shall ensure that a meeting of the board is held within 30 days after each annual general meeting.

(2)  A credit union shall, on a written request signed

                           (a)    by at least 1/4 of the directors, or

                           (b)    by or on behalf of the audit committee,

ensure that a meeting of the board is held within 10 days after the request.

(3)  Notwithstanding any other law, the bylaws may provide that

                           (a)    a director may participate in a board meeting, or

                           (b)    a board meeting may be held,

by means of telephone or other communication facilities that permit all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other, and, for the purposes of this Act, the directors participating by those means are deemed to be present at a board meeting.

1989 cC‑31.1 s66

Duties of board

67(1)  Subject to this Act and the regulations and the bylaws of a credit union, the board is responsible for the general management of the business and affairs of the credit union.

(2)  The board may appoint from among the directors an executive committee consisting of not less than 3 directors.

(3)  Subject to this Act, the board may delegate any of its powers, duties or functions under this Act or the regulations in accordance with a prescribed authorization.

1989 cC‑31.1 s67

Validity of acts

68(1)  An act of a director or officer of a credit union is valid notwithstanding an irregularity in the director’s or officer’s election or appointment or a defect in the director’s or officer’s qualification.

(2)  An act of the credit union’s board is valid notwithstanding non‑compliance with section 65(4).

1989 cC‑31.1 s68

Notice of change of directors

69(1)  Within 10 days after a change in the composition of the board of a credit union occurs, the credit union shall provide to the Minister and the Corporation a notice setting out the change in directors.

(2)  The Minister shall register the notice of the change.

(3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that the change in directors is reflected in the annual return registered under section 41.

1989 cC‑31.1 s69

Service of notices and documents on directors

70   A notice or other document required by this Act or the regulations or the bylaws of a credit union to be provided to a director of a credit union in the director’s capacity as such is sufficiently served, for the purposes of this Act, only if and to the extent that the mode of service referred to in section 62(2) or (4) is complied with, for which purpose section 62(5) applies.

1989 cC‑31.1 s70

Remuneration of directors and non-employee officers

71(1)  In this section, “officers” means officers of a corporation who are not employees of it.

(2)  A credit union shall make bylaws with respect to the provision of remuneration by it to its directors and officers.

(3)  Subject to the bylaws, a credit union may provide remuneration to its directors and officers.

(4)  A credit union shall not provide any perquisite, benefit or advantage to a director or officer of another credit union or its subsidiary that is not enjoyed by or available to the members of the first‑mentioned credit union generally or a substantial proportion of its membership.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s71;2003 c19 s16

Division 2
Duties and Liabilities of Directors,
Officers and Employees

Application

72(1)  This Division does not operate so as to limit the duties and liabilities that a director, officer or employee of a corporation may have under any other law.

(2)  No provision in a contract or the articles or the bylaws or a resolution of a credit union relieves a director or officer from the duty to act in accordance with this Act and the regulations or relieves the Director or officer from liability for a breach of this Act or the regulations.

1989 cC‑31.1 s72

Duty of care of directors and officers

73(1)  A director or officer of a credit union, in exercising the director’s or officer’s powers and performing the director’s or officer’s duties, shall

                           (a)    act honestly, in good faith and with a view to the best interests of the credit union as a whole,

                           (b)    exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances, and

                           (c)    comply with the articles and the bylaws.

(2)  In considering whether a particular transaction or course of action is in the best interests of the credit union as a whole, a director or officer shall also have due regard to the interests of all customers who have deposits with it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s73

Liability of directors

74(1)  Where the board of a credit union passes a resolution authorizing

                           (a)    the provision of any remuneration in contravention of section 71 or the bylaws made under that section,

                           (b)    the payment of an indemnity described in section 79 in contravention of that section,

                           (c)    an acquisition of common shares in contravention of section 111,

                           (d)    a payment of a dividend or patronage rebate contrary to section 112(1),

                           (e)    any illegal act with respect to the payment of compensation to a member, director or officer the effect of which is to reduce the aggregate or any part of its members’ equity, or

                            (f)    any related party transaction that contravenes this Act and involves any payment or the provision or distribution of property by the credit union,

the directors who voted for or consented to the resolution are jointly and severally liable to restore to the credit union any amount so paid and the value of any property so provided or distributed and not otherwise recovered by the credit union, with interest at the rate prescribed by the Minister.

(2)  A director who has satisfied a judgment rendered under this section is entitled to contribution from all other directors who by virtue of subsection (1) are also liable.

(3)  On an application by the credit union, by a director who is liable under subsection (1), by a member or by any person who was a customer or creditor of the credit union at the time of the action complained of, the Court may make an order, if it considers it equitable to do so,

                           (a)    to compel a recipient to restore to the credit union any money or other property that was improperly paid, provided or distributed to the recipient in connection with any of the circumstances specified in subsection (1)(a) to (f),

                           (b)    to compel the credit union to return common shares to a person from whom it has improperly acquired them or to issue common shares to a person whose shares it has improperly redeemed and cancelled, or

                           (c)    to make such other provision as it considers fit.

(4)  A director is not liable under this section if

                           (a)    the director proves that the director did not know and could not reasonably have known that the facts underlying the act authorized by the resolution were such as to occasion a contravention of the relevant law,

                           (b)    the director relies in good faith on

                                  (i)    financial statements of the credit union represented by any of its officers qualified to make such a representation or in a written report of its auditor as reflecting fairly the financial condition of the credit union, or

                                (ii)    the written opinion or report of any of its professional advisors or officers qualified to give such an opinion or to make such a report,

                               or

                           (c)    the director exercises the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances.

(5)  An action to enforce any liability imposed by this section may not be commenced after 2 years from the date of the resolution authorizing the action complained of.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s74;2008 c4 s2

Liability of directors for delegated share acquisitions

75(1)  Where the board is authorized to and does delegate the power pursuant to section 67 to authorize the acquisition of common shares under section 111 and the delegate acquires common shares on the credit union’s behalf in contravention of that section, all the directors have the joint and several liability specified in section 74(1).

(2)  Section 74(2) applies with respect to this section.

(3)  Section 74(3) applies with respect to this section except that the reference to clauses (a) to (f) of section 74(1) is deemed deleted.

(4)  A director is not liable under this section if

                           (a)    the delegation referred to in subsection (1) is established by a resolution of the board which also establishes policies and procedures designed to ensure that section 111 is complied with, that the delegate is provided with all the information needed to make lawful decisions on the acquisitions and that the delegate provides adequate reporting to the board on such transactions, or

                           (b)    the delegate relied in good faith on financial statements or an opinion or report referred to in section 74(4).

(5)  An action to enforce any liability imposed by this section may not be commenced after 2 years from the acquisition.

(6)  A resolution referred to in subsection (4)(a) expires on the anniversary of its becoming effective unless the board has previously passed a resolution re‑validating it, and any re‑validating resolution similarly expires after one year unless so re‑validated.

1994 c12 s7;1998 c12 s8

Reporting by directors and officers to Minister

76(1)  When a director or officer of a credit union first becomes aware that the credit union has engaged in any illegal activity, the director or officer shall, within 7 days after first becoming so aware, report that fact in writing to the Minister.

(2)  A person does not contravene subsection (1) if the person establishes that the fact to be reported has already been reported in writing to the Minister, or that the Minister is already aware or should reasonably be aware of the fact.

1989 cC‑31.1 s75

Disclosure of related party and similar transactions

77(1)  This section applies to a director or officer of a credit union who

                           (a)    is required to make a disclosure under section 50(2), or

                           (b)    in relation to a corporation that is or is to be a party to a transaction to which the credit union or its subsidiary is or will also be a party, whether or not any other persons are or will be parties to the transaction,

                                  (i)    is a director or officer, or

                                (ii)    holds 10% or more of the shares issued by it.

(2)  A director or officer described in subsection (1) shall, forthwith after becoming aware of the facts that bring the director or officer within the application of subsection (1), disclose in writing to the credit union in detail, and request to have entered in the minutes of a credit union board meeting, the nature of the transaction or the proposed transaction, the nature and extent of the director’s or officer’s relationship with it or with any corporation referred to in subsection (1)(b) and the interest of any such corporation in the transaction or proposed transaction.

(3)  The director or officer shall not

                           (a)    vote or attempt in any way to influence the voting on any resolution to approve the transaction or proposed transaction, or

                           (b)    be present while the subject‑matter of the resolution is being discussed or the vote is being conducted.

(4)  Where the director or officer complied with subsection (2) and the transaction or proposed transaction was approved by resolution of the board, was reasonable and fair to the credit union or the subsidiary at the time it was so approved and does not contravene a related party provision,

                           (a)    the contract is neither void nor voidable by reason only of the circumstances bringing the director or officer within the application of subsection (1), or by reason only that the director or officer was present at or was counted to determine the presence of a quorum at any meeting that authorized the contract, and

                           (b)    if a profit accrues to the director or officer as a result of the making of the contract, the director or officer is not liable to account to the credit union or the subsidiary for that profit by reason only of the circumstances bringing the director or officer within the application of subsection (1).

(5)  If a person required to comply with this section fails to do so, the Court may, on the application of the credit union or a member, customer or creditor, set aside the transaction on any terms it thinks fit.

(6)  Nothing in this section entitles any person to enter into any transaction into which the person is not otherwise legally entitled to enter.

1989 cC‑31.1 s76

Dissent

78(1)  A director or committee member of a credit union who was present at a board or committee meeting, as the case may be, is deemed for the purposes of this Act to have consented to any resolution passed or action taken at the meeting, unless

                           (a)    the director or committee member requested that the director’s or member’s abstention or dissent be, or the director’s or member’s abstention or dissent is, entered in the minutes of the meeting,

                           (b)    the director or committee member provided the director’s or member’s written dissent to the secretary of the meeting before the meeting was adjourned,

                           (c)    the director or committee member sent the director’s or member’s dissent by registered mail or delivered it to the registered office of the credit union within 14 days after the meeting was adjourned, or

                           (d)    the director or committee member otherwise proves that the director or member did not consent to the resolution or action.

(2)  A director or committee member who voted for a resolution is not entitled to dissent under subsection (1).

(3)  On receipt of a written dissent, the credit union shall

                           (a)    have the date, time and place it was received certified on it, and

                           (b)    have it placed and kept with the minutes of the meeting at which the resolution was passed or the action taken.

1989 cC‑31.1 s77

Indemnification

79(1)  Except in respect of an action by or on behalf of the credit union to procure a judgment in its favour, a credit union may, by resolution of the board, indemnify a present or former director or officer or a person who acts or acted at the credit union’s request as a director or officer of a corporation of which the credit union is or was a shareholder or creditor (in this section referred to as the “other corporation”) against costs, charges and expenses, including any amount paid to settle an action or satisfy a judgment, reasonably incurred by that person with respect to a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding to which that person is made a party by reason of that person being or having been such a director or officer, but only in accordance with this section.

(2)  Notwithstanding anything in this section, the credit union may indemnify the person only if

                           (a)    the person acted honestly, in good faith and, subject to section 73(2), with a view to the best interests

                                  (i)    where applicable, of the other corporation, and

                                (ii)    subject to subclause (i), of the credit union as a whole,

                               and

                           (b)    in the case of a criminal or administrative action or proceeding, the person had reasonable grounds for believing that the conduct was lawful.

(3)  Notwithstanding anything in this section except subsection (2), the person is entitled to indemnity from the credit union in respect of all costs, charges and expenses reasonably incurred by the person with respect to the defence of any civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding to which the person is made a party by reason of the person being or having been a director or officer referred to in subsection (1) if the person was substantially successful on the merits in the person’s defence of the action or proceeding and the person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity.

(4)  A credit union shall not purchase or maintain insurance for the benefit of any person acting in the capacity referred to in subsection (1) against any liability incurred by the person in that capacity if the insurance would cover liability relating to the person’s failure to comply with subsection (2)(a).

(5)  A credit union or a person referred to in subsection (1) may apply to the Court for an order approving an indemnity under this section and the Court may so order and make any further order it thinks fit.

(6)  An applicant under subsection (5) shall give the Minister and the Corporation notice of the application, and the Minister and the Corporation are entitled to appear and be heard.

1989 cC‑31.1 s78

Division 3
Committees

Appointment, composition and meetings of committees

80(1)  Subject to subsection (2), the board of a credit union shall by resolution appoint for the credit union

                           (a)    one or more credit committees, and

                           (b)    either

                                  (i)    an audit committee and a finance committee, or

                                (ii)    an audit and finance committee.

(2)  The board of a credit union that does not have an auditor need not appoint an audit committee, a finance committee or an audit and finance committee but, if it does not do so, the board itself, without delegation, shall perform the functions and duties, and has the powers, that that committee would have had if appointed.

(3)  A finance committee, an audit committee or an audit and finance committee must

                           (a)    consist exclusively of members, and

                           (b)    include at least 3 directors.

(4)  A credit committee must consist of at least 3 members.

(5)  The auditor and the internal auditor are entitled to receive notice of and to attend any meeting of the audit or audit and finance committee.

(6)  Repealed 2008 c4 s2.

(7)  Section 66(3) applies in respect of the relationship between committee members and committee meetings.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s80;2008 c4 s2

Functions of finance committee

81   The finance committee of a credit union shall perform the following functions:

                           (a)    recommend to the board the annual budget for the following fiscal year;

                           (b)    consider the credit union’s business performance for each quarter of the fiscal year with respect to its annual budget, and report on it to the board;

                           (c)    make recommendations to the board on the investment procedures referred to in section 101(2) and the prudent lending standards referred to in section 129;

                           (d)    recommend, for approval by the board, financial policies relating to the credit union’s investments and lending;

                           (e)    perform any other duties that are prescribed by the Minister or assigned to it by a board resolution.

1989 cC‑31.1 s80;1998 c12 s10

General committee provisions

82(1)  Each of the committees is a committee of, and is responsible to, the board, and shall provide a written report of matters falling within its functions and duties

                           (a)    to the annual general meeting, in respect of the previous fiscal year’s business and affairs, and

                           (b)    to the board forthwith after each of the committee’s meetings in respect of the business and affairs since the previous such report.

(2)  Notwithstanding anything in this Part, the board itself is, without delegation, responsible for ensuring that the committees perform their respective functions and duties and may assume to itself any of those functions or duties and exercise any of the committees’ powers.

(3)  The bylaws may provide for the delegation by a committee to a committee member or officer of any of its powers, duties or functions, other than those prescribed, but no such delegation relieves a committee or the board from any duty that it has under this Act or the regulations.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s82;2008 c4 s2;2009 c3 s3

Part 7
Financial Disclosure, Audit
and Examination

Division 1
Financial Disclosure

Provision of financial statements, etc., to annual general meeting

83(1)  At each annual general meeting, the board of a credit union shall place before the members, in addition to any other information required by this Act or prescribed to be required,

                           (a)    except in the case of a credit union that does not have an auditor, the annual financial statements for the previous fiscal year of the credit union with the auditor’s report on them, and

                           (b)    in the case of a credit union that does not have an auditor, the unaudited annual financial statements for the previous fiscal year of the credit union.

(2)  Where, as a result of the application of section 5, the financial statements required by subsection (1) would be on a basis that consolidates the financial statements with those of the credit union’s subsidiaries, subsection (1) shall be treated as also requiring separate financial statements for the credit union.

(3)  The annual financial statements must show, as notations to them,

                           (a)    separately in respect of each corporation, the aggregate amount provided during the previous fiscal year to all the directors, and all the officers who are not employees, of the credit union and its subsidiaries

                                  (i)    as remuneration, and

                                (ii)    separately, as reimbursement or allowance for expenses incurred on the business and affairs of the credit union and its subsidiaries,

                        (a.1)    the arithmetic mean amount of remuneration paid to the directors of the credit union during the previous fiscal year,

                        (a.2)    the highest and lowest amounts of remuneration paid to directors of the credit union during the previous fiscal year,

                           (b)    the aggregate amounts of loans referred to in section 134 in respect of which the repayment of principal or interest, as of the end of the previous fiscal year, is overdue by 45 days or more,

                           (c)    the amount of loans outstanding to each subsidiary and affiliate at the end of the previous fiscal year,

                           (d)    the amount of guarantees outstanding in favour of each subsidiary and affiliate at that date, and

                           (e)    any other information that is prescribed.

(4)  At least at every 5th annual general meeting, the board of a credit union shall place before its members a resolution in the prescribed form respecting the disclosure of the remuneration of the credit union’s executive managers.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s83;2003 c19 s17

Issue and publication of financial statements

84(1)  Subject to sections 83 and 85(2), a credit union shall not issue, publish or circulate copies of the annual financial statements referred to in section 83 unless those financial statements

                           (a)    have previously been approved specifically by the board and the board’s approval is evidenced by the signatures of 2 or more directors on the statements, and

                           (b)    except in the case of a credit union that does not have an auditor, are accompanied with the auditor’s report on them.

(2)  Subject to subsection (1), where a member so requests, a credit union shall provide to the member a summary or, if the member specifically so requests or if the credit union so desires, a copy

                           (a)    free of charge, of its most recent annual financial statements, and

                           (b)    on the payment of a reasonable fee, of previous annual financial statements

of the credit union, with the accompanying auditor’s report where applicable.

1989 cC‑31.1 s83;1998 c12 s13

Reporting to Minister and Corporation

85(1)  A credit union shall provide

                           (a)    such periodic reports,

                           (b)    on or before such dates, and

                           (c)    to whichever of the Minister, the Corporation or Central,

as are prescribed by the Minister.

(2)  A credit union shall, within 3 months after the end of each fiscal year, provide to the Minister and to the Corporation, with respect to that year,

                           (a)    a copy of all annual financial statements, with auditors’ reports, required by section 83,

                           (b)    copies of the separate annual financial statements for each of the credit union’s subsidiaries, with the auditors’ reports, if any, on them, and

                           (c)    in the case of a large credit union, the internal operations report referred to in section 93(1)(b).

(3)  The Minister shall register the copies of the annual financial statements required by section 83(1), with auditors’ reports where required, on receiving them under subsection (2).

(4)  Where an auditor at any time prepares a management letter, unless it is required by section 93(1), the auditor shall forthwith provide a copy of it to the Minister and to the Corporation.

(5)  A credit union shall provide to the Corporation such documents and information as the Corporation requires to enable it to perform its functions under section 131 and as it so directs, and shall provide them at the times specified in the direction.

1989 cC‑31.1 s84;1998 c12 s14

Division 2
Audit

Application

86   Except where otherwise specifically stated, this Division applies in relation to credit unions that have an auditor.

1989 cC‑31.1 s85;1998 c12 s15

Functions of the audit committee

87   A credit union’s audit committee shall perform the following functions:

                           (a)    review the annual audited financial statements before they are approved by the board and make such recommendations on them to the board as the committee considers appropriate;

                           (b)    review and make recommendations to the board on

                                  (i)    the appointment and remuneration of the auditor and the internal auditor, and

                                (ii)    the methods and scope of conducting audits to be adopted by the internal auditor;

                           (c)    review with the auditor the scope of an audit before the auditor commences the audit;

                           (d)    review any management letters, recommendations and reports prepared by the auditor or the internal auditor respecting the credit union’s business or financial statements, and make recommendations to the board on them;

                           (e)    review all financial reports that have been provided under section 85(1) since the last meeting, to ensure that they are complete and accurate;

                            (f)    recommend, for approval by the board, arrangements to safeguard the credit union’s assets, to ensure the timeliness, accuracy and reliability of accounting data, to promote operational efficiency and maintain adherence to the board’s policies and to provide for any other matters relating to the credit union’s financial policies;

                           (g)    report to the board any significant changes in the accounting principles and practices followed by the credit union;

                           (h)    ensure that any recommendations of the auditor receive the attention of the board;

                            (i)    perform such other duties as are provided for in this Division or prescribed by the Minister or assigned to it by a board resolution.

1989 cC‑31.1 s86

Auditor

88(1)  A person is not qualified to become, and shall not act or continue to act as, and shall not permit the person to be appointed as, the auditor of a credit union, and the credit union shall not knowingly permit any of those acts, unless that person is

                           (a)    an individual permitted by law to engage, not under the direct supervision of any other person, in an audit intended to be relied on by third parties, or

                           (b)    a firm on whose behalf individuals referred to in clause (a) engage in such audits,

and unless that person is independent within the meaning prescribed by the Minister.

(2)  A subsidiary of a credit union must have an auditor, but, unless the Minister otherwise approves, the auditor of a credit union is also the auditor of its subsidiaries, except that where another person was appointed auditor by a corporation before it became a subsidiary, that auditor may complete the term for which that auditor was appointed.

(3)  An auditor or former auditor who in good faith makes an oral or written statement or report in accordance with a duty or power contained in this Act is not liable in any civil action arising from it, but this subsection does not apply to the auditor’s report on annual financial statements.

1989 cC‑31.1 s87

Appointment and termination of office of auditor

89(1)  A credit union that, at the end of the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in question, had assets of a value amounting to

                           (a)    $5 000 000 or more must have an auditor, or

                           (b)    less than $5 000 000 must have an auditor unless there is in force an ordinary resolution of the credit union specifying that it is not to have an auditor.

(2)  Where a vacancy in the office of auditor exists, the board shall, after taking into account the recommendations of the audit committee under section 87(b), by resolution appoint an auditor for the credit union.

(3)  The credit union shall forthwith give the Minister written notice of the removal, resignation or other termination of office of the auditor, with the reason for it.

(4)  The Corporation may, with the prior approval of the Minister, remove the auditor of a credit union that is under supervision or administration on giving written notice to the credit union, the supervisor or administrator and that auditor, and may appoint a person qualified under section 88 to act as auditor.

(5)  The board of a credit union that has an auditor appointed under subsection (4) shall not appoint an auditor with effect from any date falling within the term of the appointment under subsection (4).

1989 cC‑31.1 s88;1998 c12 s16

Auditors rights re meetings

90(1)  A credit union shall provide its auditor with the same notice of each general and audit committee meeting as is provided to members or audit committee members respectively.

(2)  The auditor is entitled, at the expense of the credit union, to attend general and audit committee meetings and to be heard at them on matters relating to the auditor’s duties as auditor.

(3)  The auditor may call a meeting of the audit committee.

(4)  The auditor, or a person who has resigned from, who has not been reappointed to or who has been removed from the auditorship, is entitled, until 2 years after the cessation of the auditor’s auditorship, to submit to the credit union in writing any information that the auditor considers the members or the board should know, including reasons for the auditor’s resignation or why the auditor should not be or have been removed, as the case may be.

(5)  On the written request of the auditor or former auditor, the credit union shall

                           (a)    have the information submitted under subsection (4) presented to the next general meeting or board meeting, as the case may be, or both, and

                           (b)    provide a copy of the information to the Minister and to each director.

1989 cC‑31.1 s89

Audit for fiscal year

91(1)  The auditor responsible shall conduct an audit of the financial statements of the credit union and its subsidiaries for the preceding fiscal year and shall make such examination as in the auditor’s opinion is necessary to enable the auditor to make the auditor’s report on them.

(2)  Where, in the opinion of the Minister or the Corporation, an audit of a credit union that does not have an auditor is needed in order to safeguard the interests of its members, customers or creditors, the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, may direct the credit union to appoint an auditor to conduct an audit and to report in respect of the fiscal year specified in the direction.

(3)  The Minister or the Corporation may in the direction under subsection (2) restrict the scope of the audit.

(4)  If the credit union does not appoint an auditor within the period specified in the direction, the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, may appoint the auditor instead, but the credit union is responsible for payment of all the auditor’s remuneration and expenses.

1989 cC‑31.1 s90;1998 c12 s17

Release of information for audit

92(1)  On the written demand of the auditor of a credit union, the board or any present or former director, officer, employee or agent or a former auditor of the credit union shall

                           (a)    furnish such information and explanations, and

                           (b)    permit such access to records, minutes, documents, books, accounts, vouchers, cash and securities of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries, and to any security held by the credit union,

as are, in the opinion of the auditor, necessary to enable the auditor to make the examination required by section 91 and as the board or that person is reasonably able to furnish.

(2)  On the written demand of the auditor of a credit union, the board of the credit union or of a subsidiary shall

                           (a)    obtain from the present or former directors, officers, employees, agents or auditor of a subsidiary such information and explanations as any such persons are reasonably able to furnish and as are, in the opinion of the auditor, necessary to enable the auditor to make the examination required by section 91, and

                           (b)    furnish the information and explanations so obtained to the auditor.

(3)  Without limiting subsection (1), a present or former director, officer, employee, agent or auditor of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries may provide any information to the auditor that is relevant to any of the auditor’s duties or functions under this Act.

(4)  The auditor may, and on being directed to do so by the Minister shall, provide any information that the auditor obtains in the performance of the auditor’s duties or functions under this Act to the Minister.

(5)  A person who in good faith makes an oral or written statement under this section is not liable in any civil action arising from it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s91

Audit and management letter details

93(1)  A credit union shall obtain

                           (a)    the auditor’s report on the financial statements for the preceding fiscal year, and

                           (b)    in the case of a large credit union only, an internal operations report from the auditor or the other person referred to in subsection (2) with respect to that year that includes the auditor’s or other person’s observations on

                                  (i)    the adequacy of measures for internal control adopted by the credit union,

                                (ii)    any corrective measures undertaken by the credit union in response to comments made or deficiencies reported by the auditor or other person with respect to the manner in which the credit union carried on its business, and

                               (iii)    whether, during the course of the audit or preparation of the internal operations report, the auditor or other person noted any instances where the credit union contravened this Act or the regulations.

(2)  An internal operations report under subsection (1) must be prepared by the credit union’s auditor, if it has an auditor, and if it does not, by another person approved by the Corporation to prepare the internal operations report required by this section.

(3)  The credit union shall ensure that the auditor’s report and the audit committee’s recommendations on it are presented to a board meeting held before the report is provided to the Minister under section 85(2), and shall have the auditor’s report incorporated in the minutes of that meeting.

(4)  A person who prepares an internal operations report and who in good faith makes a statement in the report is not liable in any civil action arising from the statement.

(5)  A person who prepares an internal operations report has the same powers and duties as the auditor has under section 92, in respect of an examination under section 91, and under section 94(1) and (2), and those provisions apply in respect of the internal operations report preparer and other persons referred to in them with all references to an auditor being taken as references to an internal operations report preparer.

1989 cC‑31.1 s92;1998 c12 s18

Reporting of discrepancies

94(1)  A director, officer or employee of a credit union or of a subsidiary, forthwith after becoming aware of any error or misstatement in a financial statement of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries that the auditor or a former auditor of the credit union or of any subsidiary has reported on, shall notify the audit committee and the auditor of that fact.

(2)  Where the auditor or a former auditor of the credit union or of any subsidiary is notified or becomes aware of a material error or misstatement in a financial statement of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries on which the auditor for the time being has reported, the auditor or former auditor shall inform each director of the credit union of it, and each such director shall ensure that the matter is brought to the attention of the board of the credit union.

(3)  Where it comes to the attention of the board of the credit union or of a subsidiary that there is a material error or misstatement in a financial statement of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries, that board shall forthwith inform the Minister and the Corporation in writing of the error or misstatement and the Minister may direct the credit union to notify its members of the error or misstatement.

1989 cC‑31.1 s93

Division 3
Examination, Special Examination
and Review

Examination of credit unions and subsidiaries by Minister

95   The Minister may examine any aspect of the business or affairs of a credit union or its subsidiary in order to determine, for purposes related to the administration or enforcement of this Act,

                           (a)    the corporation’s condition and ability to meet its obligations,

                           (b)    whether the corporation is following sound business and financial practices,

                           (c)    the corporation’s management procedures,

                           (d)    the standards of the corporation’s management, or

                           (e)    whether the corporation is contravening or has contravened this Act or the regulations.

1989 cC‑31.1 s94

Special examination

96(1)  The Minister may, where the Minister considers that

                           (a)    the business or affairs of a credit union or of a subsidiary, or any aspect of them, require investigation in order to safeguard the interests of the credit union’s members, customers or creditors or the assets of the credit union or of a subsidiary, or

                           (b)    the credit union or a subsidiary may have contravened any provision of this Act or the regulations,

order that a special examination be made of that matter, as specified in the order, by a special examiner appointed by the Minister.

(2)  The special examiner shall, on being so ordered by the Minister,

                           (a)    make the written report required by the order, and

                           (b)    produce a copy of the report to any person specified in the order.

1989 cC‑31.1 s95

Financial review by Corporation

97   The Corporation may conduct a review,

                           (a)    in respect of a credit union and its subsidiaries or any of those corporations,

                                  (i)    of their financial position,

                                (ii)    of their business or financial practices, or

                               (iii)    to determine their solvency,

                               or

                           (b)    to determine whether financial assistance is required by the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s96

Powers for examination or review purposes

98(1)  For the purposes of the conduct of an examination or review under this Division, the Minister may in writing authorize any person to exercise the powers provided for in this section.

(2)  To the extent authorized in the written authorization under subsection (1), the authorized person may investigate, inquire into and examine the business and affairs of the credit union or of any of its subsidiaries or the matter in respect of which the examination or review is being made, and, at all reasonable times and for any purpose related to the examination or review, may

                           (a)    inspect or examine records or documents of or in the possession of the credit union or a subsidiary relating to the business or affairs or matter in question,

                           (b)    require the production for inspection or examination of all records or documents that are or may be relevant to the examination or review and make copies of or take extracts from them,

                           (c)    examine property of the credit union or of a subsidiary or any property or matter relating to such a corporation an examination of which may assist the authorized person in ascertaining the information that is or should be in the records of the credit union or subsidiary, and

                           (d)    communicate to the credit union orally or in writing any findings made during the examination or review and any conclusions and recommendations based on those findings.

(3)  For the purposes referred to in subsection (2)(a) to (c), the authorized person may, if the authorized person has reasonable grounds to believe that the records, documents or property described in subsection (2) are likely to be found in any premises,

                           (a)    enter into the premises, and

                           (b)    require the owner or manager of the property or business and any other person on the premises to give the authorized person all reasonable assistance and to make reasonable efforts to answer all proper questions relating to the examination or review and, for that purpose, require the owner or manager to attend at the premises with the authorized person.

(4)  An authorized person who in good faith makes and communicates findings, conclusions and recommendations under subsection (2)(d) is not liable in any civil action arising from them.

(5)  A special examiner appointed by the Minister under section 96(1) or a representative of the Corporation so authorized in writing by the Minister for the purposes of section 96 may summon witnesses and take evidence under oath, and generally, for the purposes of the special examination, has the powers of a commissioner under the Public Inquiries Act, which Act applies as if the examination were an inquiry under that Act.

1989 cC‑31.1 s97

Part 8
Investments

Division 1
Land

Acquisition, holding and disposal of land

99(1)  Except with the prior approval of the Corporation, a credit union or its subsidiary shall not acquire any land unless

                           (a)    the land is needed to enable the credit union and its subsidiaries or any of them to carry on their businesses and conduct their affairs lawfully, and

                           (b)    the fair market value of that land at the time of its acquisition, together with the book value of land already held by the credit union and all its subsidiaries at that time, does not exceed an amount equal to 5% of the credit union’s assets, calculated on a consolidated basis, as at the end of the fiscal year preceding the acquisition,

but this subsection does not apply to the entering into or renewal of a lease.

(2)  Except with the prior approval of the Corporation, a credit union or its subsidiary shall not enter into or renew a lease of land unless the land is needed to enable the credit union and its subsidiaries or any of them to carry on their businesses and conduct their affairs lawfully.

(3)  Where any estate or interest of any description in land, other than a leasehold estate, is acquired on or after November 1, 1989 by a credit union by way of its realizing security held by it, the credit union shall dispose of the estate or interest within 7 years after acquiring it or within such longer period as the Corporation approves.

(4)  Subject to subsection (2), a credit union or a subsidiary may, if the board of the credit union has previously authorized the transaction, enter into a written lease of land with a related party at fair market rate, so long as the term of the lease and of any potential renewal of the term under the lease does not exceed 10 years.

1989 cC‑31.1 s98

Division 2
Non‑liquidity Investments

Investments in securities

100   This Division does not apply to the acquisition of securities by way of security for a loan or guarantee lawfully made by a credit union or its subsidiary.

1989 cC‑31.1 s99;1998 c12 s19

Prudent investment standards

101(1)  A credit union shall adhere to prudent investment standards in making investment decisions and in managing its total investments.

(2)  The board, on the recommendations of the finance committee, shall establish written procedures to ensure that prudent investment standards are applied by it in making investment decisions and in managing its total investments.

(3)  The procedures referred to in subsection (2), including any amendments to those procedures, must be approved by the Corporation before they are implemented.

1989 cC‑31.1 s100;1998 c12 s20

Prohibited investments

102(1)  A credit union (in this subsection referred to as “the investor”) shall not acquire any securities issued by another credit union if, as a result of that acquisition, the value of the securities held by the investor that have been issued by other credit unions, together with the amounts of loans made to and deposits made with other credit unions by the investor, would exceed the prescribed amount.

(2)  A credit union shall not make an investment in derivative securities unless the sole purpose of the investment is to hedge an asset or liability.

1989 cC‑31.1 s101;1994 cR‑9.07 s25(8);1998 c12 s21

Investment transactions with related parties generally

103(1)  Subject to this Part, a credit union or its subsidiary may acquire marketable securities from or dispose of marketable securities to a party related to that credit union if

                           (a)    the board of the credit union has previously authorized the transaction, and

                           (b)    the transaction is at fair market rate.

(2)  A credit union or its subsidiary may acquire securities from a securities dealer that is a party related to that credit union, so long as that securities dealer is not an underwriter, within the meaning of the Securities Act, in the distribution of those securities and is not selling them as principal and so long as the acquisition is at fair market rate.

(3)  A credit union or its subsidiary may receive dividends and other distributions, and may receive and hold all other privileges, that arise only from its holding of securities issued by a related party corporation, on the same basis as do holders of securities of the same description and class generally, so long as the holding of those securities by the credit union or the subsidiary, as the case may be, is not prohibited by this Part.

1989 cC‑31.1 s102;1998 c12 s22

Investment in subsidiaries

104(1)  Subject to this section, a credit union may

                           (a)    form a subsidiary, or

                           (b)    make an acquisition of shares that results in a corporation’s becoming a subsidiary or the credit union’s increasing its shareholding in a subsidiary.

(2)  An acquisition of shares under subsection (1) may be made from any related party, including the subsidiary itself, at fair market rate.

(3)  A credit union shall not, without the prior approval of the Corporation,

                           (a)    make an acquisition of shares in any one subsidiary in an amount exceeding the percentage of the credit union’s total capital prescribed for the purposes of this clause as at the end of the fiscal year preceding that in which the acquisition would take place,

                           (b)    make aggregate share acquisitions in all its subsidiaries in an amount exceeding the percentage of its total capital prescribed for the purposes of this clause as at the end of that fiscal year, or

                           (c)    add to existing share investments if either of the limits set out in clauses (a) and (b) would be exceeded by the aggregate share investments.

(4)  Without limiting any other liability of any person under this Act, the Minister may direct a credit union to divest itself of any share investment in a subsidiary where

                           (a)    the subsidiary is carrying on a business that is not authorized by or under section 46 or that is inconsistent with that section,

                           (b)    the subsidiary is carrying on an unsound business practice that may imperil the credit union’s investment if continued,

                           (c)    within a reasonable time after its formation or acquisition by the credit union, the subsidiary is carrying on business outside Alberta but not in Alberta, or

                           (d)    either of the limits imposed by subsection (3)(a) and (b) is exceeded,

but the Minister shall allow the credit union a reasonable period of time for compliance with a view to minimizing any potential losses on the investment, and the credit union has the option of instigating the dissolution or liquidation and dissolution of the subsidiary, a transaction referred to in section 47(1) or any other process whereby the investment in the subsidiary will be divested in substance.

(5)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the credit union is not and never has been in compliance with section 109.

1989 cC‑31.1 s103;1994 c12 ss8,9

Investment in affiliates and other non-subsidiary corporations

105(1)  A credit union or its subsidiary shall not, without the prior approval of the Corporation, acquire any shares if the acquisition would result in the credit union’s owning beneficially, directly or indirectly, voting shares

                           (a)    issued by any one corporation,

                                  (i)    in excess of 10% of that corporation’s total voting shares, or

                                (ii)    having an aggregate value in excess of the percentage of the credit union’s total capital prescribed for the purposes of this clause as at the end of the fiscal year preceding that in which the acquisition would take place,

                               or

                           (b)    issued by all corporations that following the acquisition are affiliates of the credit union, having an aggregate value in excess of the percentage of its total capital prescribed for the purposes of this clause as at the end of that fiscal year.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to shares issued by

                           (a)    a subsidiary of the credit union,

                           (b)    Central, or

                           (c)    a prescribed corporation.

(3)  An acquisition of shares pursuant to an approval given under subsection (1) may be made from any party related to the credit union.

(4)  Without limiting any other liability of any person under this Act, the Minister may direct a credit union to divest itself of any share investment in an affiliate where

                           (a)    the affiliate is carrying on a business that is not authorized by or under section 46 or that is inconsistent with that section,

                           (b)    within a reasonable time after the acquisition of the shares by the credit union, the affiliate is carrying on business outside Alberta but not in Alberta, or

                           (c)    any of the limits imposed by subsection (1)(a) and (b) is exceeded,

but the credit union has the rights in relation to the investment accorded to it by section 104(4).

1989 cC‑31.1 s104;1994 c12 s8

Division 3
Liquidity Investments

Borrowing in case of liquidity shortfall

106(1)  Where a credit union fails over any calendar month to maintain at least the greater of

                           (a)    the liquidity amount in assets, being in such form and amount as are determined by Central as being prudent and as are established in its bylaws, and

                           (b)    6% of the prescribed amount in any combination of prescribed liquid assets,

the amount of the shortfall is an automatic borrowing by the credit union from Central and is deemed for the purposes of section 126 to have been so borrowed for the whole of that month.

(2)   If term deposits are held with Central pursuant to subsection (1), Central shall pay interest on them at the rate and otherwise in accordance with the criteria prescribed by the Minister, if any such rate or criteria are so prescribed.

(3)  Notwithstanding any related party provision, where, in the opinion of the Minister, the elimination or reduction of a credit union’s shortfall referred to in subsection (1) was achieved through a deposit made with it by a subsidiary or affiliate or through any transaction or series of transactions involving any subsidiary or affiliate of any credit union artificially designed in the Minister’s opinion to achieve that result, the Minister may direct that the amount by which the shortfall has been reduced be deemed for the purposes of section 126 to have been borrowed by the credit union from Central for the whole of that month.

1989 cC‑31.1 s105;1998 c12 s23

Part 9
Equity and Deposits

Division 1
Equity

Common shares

107(1)  A credit union shall issue and maintain a class of shares to be known as common shares in accordance with this section.

(2)  The number of common shares to be issued by a credit union is unlimited and, unless the bylaws restrict the number of common shares that a member may hold, the credit union is to issue common shares to any member who subscribes and pays for them.

(3)  Common shares have the par value of $1 each.

(4)  A credit union shall issue common shares at their par value, but it may issue fractional common shares with a value of less than $1, and references in this Act to common shares are to be construed accordingly.

(5)  Common shares are non‑assessable and their holders are not liable to the credit union or to its creditors in respect of them.

(6)  A credit union shall not issue common shares until they have been fully paid for.

(7)  A credit union shall not issue common shares to any person other than

                           (a)    a member, or

                           (b)    another person where the shares are to be held under a registered retirement savings plan, a registered retirement income fund or a tax-free savings account that is registered under the Income Tax Act (Canada) or the regulations under it and of which a member is the annuitant or is otherwise entitled to the benefit.

(8)  Common shares may not be held by any person other than one to whom the credit union has lawfully issued them or a person to whom they have been transferred in compliance with section 110.

(9)  A credit union is not required to issue share certificates for common shares.

(10)  A credit union shall provide to persons holding common shares issued by it, at the prescribed intervals, statements showing the number or par value of common shares held by them.

(11)  Where the prescribed circumstances apply, a credit union shall, before accepting any payment for an issue to a person of any common shares, disclose the prescribed information in writing to that person.

(12)  Subject to section 112(3), the rights attaching to all common shares are equal.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s107;2016 c27 s10

Other share provisions

108(1)  A credit union may issue shares other than common shares, but only in accordance with regulations under section 230(b).

(2)  Shares issued by an existing credit union under regulations made under section 88(l) of the former Act and in existence immediately before November 1, 1989, are continued.

(3)  A credit union may issue shares to a member who is a related party but shall not issue any shares to a subsidiary or affiliate.

(4)  A credit union or its subsidiary may pay dividends and patronage rebates, and accord all other privileges that arise only from the holding of shares, to a party related to that credit union that lawfully holds shares, on the same basis as to shareholders generally.

(5)  A credit union shall maintain a stated capital account for each class of shares it issues and shall add to the stated capital account the full amount of money it receives for shares of that class and, if shares are issued in payment of a dividend or a patronage rebate, it shall add the declared amount of the dividend or rebate, stated as an amount of money, to the appropriate stated capital account.

(6)  A credit union shall not reduce the stated capital account except to take account of lawful redemptions of shares or except as prescribed.

1989 cC‑31.1 s107

Adequacy of capital

109   A credit union shall maintain adequate capital, as prescribed by the Minister.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s109;2008 c4 s2

Transfer of common shares

110(1)  A common share may not be transferred, and a credit union shall not accept the transfer of a common share issued by it, unless the transfer

                           (a)    is between members of that credit union under the prescribed circumstances, or

                           (b)    results only from

                                  (i)    the death of the holder of the share,

                                (ii)    the realization of security that consists of or includes the share, or

                               (iii)    any other prescribed transaction,

and the transfer is made in accordance with the bylaws.

(2)  The credit union shall keep detailed records of transfers permitted by subsection (1).

1989 cC‑31.1 s109

Redemption of common shares

111(1)  Subject to this section and any further restrictions prescribed or set out in its bylaws, a credit union may at any time acquire common shares issued by it.

(2)  On the acquisition of any common shares issued by it, a credit union shall forthwith redeem and cancel them.

(3)  A credit union shall not acquire any common shares issued by it

                           (a)    if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the credit union is or would become insolvent as a result of the redemption referred to in subsection (2),

                           (b)    if the redemption would cause the aggregate number of common shares issued and outstanding to be less than 90% of the aggregate number of common shares issued and outstanding at the end of the previous fiscal year, or

                           (c)    if the capital requirements established under section 109 are not being met or if the redemption would result in their not being met and the proposed acquisition would exceed any limit established by the Corporation for acquisitions of the credit union’s own common shares.

(4)  The prohibitions described in subsection (3)(b) and (c) do not apply where

                           (a)    the redemption results only from the death of the holder of the shares, or

                           (b)    the prescribed circumstances apply.

(5)  Subsection (3) does not apply to acquisitions of shares pursuant to a lien or the taking or realization of security.

(6)  Except where prescribed, a credit union acquiring shares issued by it shall acquire them at their par value.

(7)  A credit union may acquire common shares issued by it from related parties.

(8)  This section does not apply with respect to a cancellation of common shares under section 188.

1989 cC‑31.1 s110;1994 c12 s12;1998 c12 s24

Retained earnings and patronage rebates

112(1)  A credit union shall not pay any dividend on its shares or any patronage rebate if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the credit union is or would by that payment become insolvent.

(2)  A credit union may, on the basis set out in the bylaws, by resolution of the board pay a share dividend or patronage rebate by issuing shares instead of paying money.

(3)  A credit union may, if a bylaw made by special resolution so provides, pay a different dividend on surplus common shareholdings than on minimum common shareholdings.

(4)  In subsection (3),

                           (a)    “minimum common shareholdings” means, with respect to a specific member, the minimum number of common shares that that member is required by section 61(1) to have in order to obtain or retain membership;

                           (b)    “surplus common shareholdings” means the number of common shares held by a member that exceeds the member’s minimum common shareholding.

1989 cC‑31.1 s111;1994 c12 s13;1998 c12 s25

Division 2
Deposit and Common Share Accounts
and Shareholdings

Acceptance of deposits from individuals

113   A credit union shall not accept a deposit from an individual who is not a member, except from

                           (a)    a trustee,

                           (b)    a legal representative, guardian or other representative of an individual who is or was a member,

                           (c)    an individual who is contemporaneously making an application for membership, or

                           (d)    a member of another credit union where

                                  (i)    the deposit is of a particular type or classification that the credit union does and the other credit union does not accept,

                                (ii)    the credit union has passed a special resolution authorizing the acceptance by it of such deposits from members of the other credit union, and

                               (iii)    the other credit union has passed a special resolution authorizing its members to place such deposits with the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s112;1994 c12 s14

Minor members deposits and shareholdings

114   Notwithstanding a person’s minority and any other law,

                           (a)    payments for the purchase of the minimum number of common shares required by section 61(1) for membership and deposits may be made and may be accepted by the credit union, in the name of the minor,

                           (b)    the credit union is not restricted by reason only of the person’s minority from repaying to the minor money so deposited or paid,

                           (c)    the minor may give a valid discharge to the credit union for any money so repaid, and

                           (d)    the minor may enter into a contract with the credit union for those purposes as if the minor were an adult.

1989 cC‑31.1 s113

Deposits from related parties and on preferential basis

115(1)  A credit union may accept a deposit from a related party who is

                           (a)    a financial institution, so long as the deposit is made for a prescribed purpose and does not exceed the prescribed amount,

                           (b)    both an officer and an employee of that credit union, or

                           (c)    any other person, so long as the deposit is made at fair market rate.

(2)  A credit union shall not pay interest on a deposit to a person who is not an employee of that credit union at a rate that is higher, or under any other conditions that are more favourable, than what is generally available to the customers of the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s114

Repayment of deposit and share redemption on death

116(1)  Where a member dies and there is no executor of the member’s will or administrator of the member’s estate, the credit union may, on receiving an affidavit or such other proof of death and of the claim as it requires, pay sums not exceeding in aggregate the amount prescribed out of the member’s deposits or, subject to section 111, from the redemption of the member’s shares, or both, to the persons who appear to be beneficially entitled by law to the member’s interest in the money in question.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply with respect to a joint account where the money in the account passes by law to a survivor.

(3)  A payment made in good faith and without negligence pursuant to subsection (1) discharges any obligation of the credit union in respect of and to the extent of the money paid, but does not affect the right of any other person claiming to be entitled to recover the money from the person to whom it was paid.

1989 cC‑31.1 s115

Treatment of larger unclaimed balances by credit unions

117(1)  Where

                           (a)    within the past 12 months a customer of a credit union has neither transacted any business through any of the customer’s accounts held with the credit union nor provided written acknowledgment to the credit union of the balance of any of those accounts, and

                           (b)    the aggregate of the balances of all that customer’s accounts with the credit union exceeds $100,

the credit union shall make reasonable endeavours to locate the customer.

(2)  If the credit union cannot locate the customer, it shall, within 2 years after the last transaction of any business through any of the customer’s accounts or the last written acknowledgment of the balance of any of the customer’s accounts, transfer all the balances standing to the customer’s credit in all the customer’s accounts to an account held by the credit union and designated as the unclaimed balances account.

(3)  The credit union shall maintain a record, in relation to each balance transferred, of

                           (a)    the name and last‑known address of the customer,

                           (b)    the amount transferred,

                           (c)    the type of account,

                           (d)    the date of the transfer,

                           (e)    the branch location of the credit union,

                            (f)    the date of the last transaction or acknowledgment referred to in subsection (2), and

                           (g)    the signature card or signing authority.

(4)  The maturing of a deposit placed for a specific term or that matures at a specific date does, and the application of earnings or a service charge to an account by the credit union does not, constitute the transaction of business for the purposes of subsections (1) to (3).

(5)  At approximately the 2nd and 5th anniversaries of the transfer into the unclaimed balances account, the credit union shall make reasonable endeavours to locate a customer whose balances have been transferred and who has not been repaid.

(6)  For conducting each search under subsections (1) and (5), the credit union may impose a charge against the customer’s balance in an amount not exceeding that prescribed.

(7)  Subject to subsection (6), the credit union may only impose those charges in respect of balances held in the unclaimed balances account that would be chargeable to the customer if the balances were being held in an active account of the customer.

(8)  The credit union shall pay interest at a rate not less than that prescribed by the Minister on the balances transferred for the whole of the period that the money is in the unclaimed balances account, but the credit union is not required to pay or credit the interest until a claim is paid out or until it has to transfer the money to the Corporation under subsection (11).

(9)  Where a balance that has been transferred from a customer’s account and that has not been paid out is subsequently claimed by the person entitled to it, the credit union shall, if the claim is substantiated by evidence satisfactory to the credit union, pay the claimant the amount due on that balance.

(10)  The credit union shall ensure that details of the payment are recorded and that the payment is authorized in writing by at least 2 officers.

(11)  Before October 31 in each year, the credit union shall

                           (a)    identify all amounts that have or should have been in the unclaimed balances account for 10 years and on which no valid claims have been made, and

                           (b)    transfer to the Corporation those amounts and the records referred to in subsection (3).

(12)  To the extent that money is transferred under subsection (11), the credit union may not be sued for any claims for that money made after the transfer.

(13)  This section does not apply to

                           (a)    any share account or balance, or

                           (b)    any money that is

                                  (i)    lawfully retained by the credit union under any lien, right of set‑off or specific charge, or

                                (ii)    retained in a plan registered under the Income Tax Act (Canada).

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s117;2016 c27 s11

Treatment of small unclaimed balances by credit unions

118(1)  Where

                           (a)    within the past 2 years or more a customer of a credit union has neither transacted any business through any of the customer’s accounts held with the credit union nor provided written acknowledgment to the credit union of the balance of any of those accounts, and

                           (b)    the aggregate of the balances of all that customer’s accounts with the credit union does not exceed $100,

the credit union shall comply with section 117 in respect of those balances, hold the balances for the customer as if business were being regularly transacted on the customer’s accounts or proceed in accordance with this section.

(2)  Subject to this section, where subsection (1)(a) and (b) apply, the credit union may, if a valid claim has not been made for the balances, transfer all the balances standing to the customer’s credit in all the customer’s accounts to income of the credit union.

(3)  Section 117(3), (4) and (13) apply to balances transferred to income under subsection (2).

(4)  Where a balance that has been transferred to income under subsection (2) is subsequently claimed by the person entitled to it, the credit union shall pay the claimant the amount due on that balance with interest at a rate not less than that prescribed by the Minister for the whole of the period that the money was subject to the transfer.

(5)  If the balances transferred to income are not claimed by the person entitled to them within 5 years after the last transaction or acknowledgment referred to in subsection (1), the credit union may retain the money and may not be sued for any claims for the money made after the expiration of that period.

(6)  Where the credit union opts, pursuant to subsection (1), to comply with section 117, the provisions of that section apply.

1989 cC‑31.1 s117;1998 c12 s27

Transfer to Corporation prior to dissolution

119(1)  A credit union that is about to be dissolved or the liquidator of a credit union that is in the process of liquidation shall, before its dissolution,

                           (a)    make reasonable endeavours to locate all its members, customers and creditors whose whereabouts are not known, and

                           (b)    transfer to the Corporation, in respect of members, customers or creditors whom the credit union or the liquidator, after making reasonable endeavours, has been unable to locate,

                                  (i)    the aggregate of all the money standing to their credit, including balances in the unclaimed balances account and balances that have been transferred to income under section 118 without accruing beneficially to the credit union under section 118(5), or owed to them, and

                                (ii)    detailed records of money transferred under this section, including the information referred to in section 117(3)(a) to (f), and separately identifying the various source accounts of the aggregate balances transferred.

(2)  Section 117(6), (7), (12) and (13)(b) apply in relation to this section.

1989 cC‑31.1 s118

Treatment of unclaimed balances by Corporation

120(1)  The Corporation shall establish, and keep separate from all other accounts, an account to be designated as the long‑term unclaimed balances account.

(2)  The long‑term unclaimed balances account is to consist only of balances transferred to the Corporation under sections 117(11), 118, 119(1) and 152(7) and (8), with interest, that have not been subsequently disposed of pursuant to this section.

(3)  Within 3 months after receiving a balance referred to in subsection (2), the Corporation shall publish, in a newspaper circulated in the district where the last known address of the person entitled to the balance is situated, such information as is necessary to enable the person entitled to the balance to locate it, and may disclose in any other manner that the Corporation considers appropriate any further information that might assist that person in that regard.

(3.1)  The Corporation is additionally authorized to publish information required by subsection (3) through any medium other than a newspaper referred to in that subsection.

(4)  The Corporation may not impose any specific charge for its services under this section except that it may charge the cost of the publication or other disclosure under subsection (3) against the balance.

(5)  Where the balance is subsequently claimed by the person entitled to it, the Corporation shall pay the claimant the amount due on the balance in the long‑term unclaimed balances account, with interest at a rate not less than that prescribed by the Minister for the whole of the period that the balance was in that account.

(6)  Where a period of 20 years has elapsed since a balance in the long‑term unclaimed balances account was transferred to the Corporation without any valid claim having been made, the Corporation shall transfer the whole of that balance, with interest at a rate not less than that prescribed by the Minister for the whole of the period that the balance was in that account, to the Government’s General Revenue Fund and, on that transfer,

                           (a)    that money vests in the Government,

                           (b)    all rights relating to that money of the person entitled to it become extinguished, and

                           (c)    the Government, the credit union and the Corporation have no further obligations to any person in relation to the amount transferred to the Government.

(7)  The Corporation shall maintain the records transferred to it under sections 117(11), 118 and 119(1) in respect of a balance until 2 years after any payment under subsection (5) or transfer under subsection (6) or until such later date, if any, as they cease to have any currency.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s120;2003 c19 s18

Restrictions on methods of withdrawal

121(1)  A credit union shall not permit its customers to withdraw money from deposits by means of cheques drawn on that credit union except with the prior approval of the Corporation.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a credit union that was on October 31, 1989 operating a system of permitting its customers to withdraw money from deposits by means of cheques drawn on it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s120

Responsibility as to trust money

122(1)  Except where the credit union acts as a trustee pursuant to section 46(7), a credit union is not bound to see to the execution of any trust, whether express, implied or constructive, to which any deposit or share is subject.

(2)  Where all or any portion of a deposit or share account is subject to a trust, a withdrawal demand of the person

                           (a)    in whose name the deposit or share account stands, or

                           (b)    who is, according to the instrument creating the trust, entitled to deal with it,

is, notwithstanding the trust and whether or not the credit union has had notice of the trust, sufficient authorization and a valid discharge to the credit union for any payment made by it by virtue of the withdrawal demand, and the credit union is not bound to see to the application of any money paid on or with respect to the withdrawal demand.

(3)  Where property has been hypothecated or pledged to a credit union, the credit union is not bound to see to the execution of any trust, whether express, implied or constructive, to which that property is subject.

(4)  Notwithstanding anything in this section, unless the trust instrument so permits, deposits and share accounts with a credit union that are stated to be held in trust may not be charged to secure a loan or other obligation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s122

Participatory savings accounts

123   A credit union may establish or designate and maintain a form of deposit account to be known as a participatory savings account for the use of its members and, if it does so, it shall specify the rights and obligations as between the credit union and the members respecting participatory savings deposits kept in those accounts.

1989 cC‑31.1 s123

Advertising of deposits, etc.

124(1)  A person shall not make a representation to the effect that anything other than deposits made with a credit union are guaranteed under this Act or by the Corporation.

(2)  The Corporation may issue directions to credit unions respecting their communication, by any means, of information concerning the Corporation’s guarantee of deposits under section 152 and of any information that might tend to lead customers or members of the public to believe that deposits are otherwise guaranteed or insured.

1989 cC‑31.1 s124

Part 10
Borrowings

Requirement for resolution

125(1)  A credit union shall not borrow or continue to borrow any sum of money unless that borrowing or continuation of borrowing is in compliance with the terms of a board resolution, passed within the previous 13 months, specifying the credit union’s maximum net borrowings during the period in which the borrowing or continuation occurs.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the borrowing of money from the Corporation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s125

Supervision in event of heavy borrowings

126(1)  Where the aggregate of the net amounts of  money borrowed by a credit union, including money borrowed under section 106(1), is in excess of 20% of its assets, then the Corporation shall forthwith examine the financial position of the credit union and, unless the Corporation considers that the excess borrowings result from temporary or seasonal factors that pose no threat to the financial stability of the credit union, shall place the credit union under supervision.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply where

                           (a)    the Corporation, prior to the borrowings’ exceeding the 20% level, approved borrowings by the credit union in an amount exceeding that percentage, and

                           (b)    the borrowings do not exceed the amount so approved and do not contravene any other conditions of the approval.

(3)  Where a credit union is placed under supervision under this section, sections 177 to 179 apply, for which purposes the credit union shall be treated as being in need of assistance.

1989 cC‑31.1 s126;1998 c12 s30

Terms of borrowing

127(1)  A credit union shall not borrow money for any term exceeding 2 years except

                           (a)    pursuant to a resolution of its board, or

                           (b)    from the Corporation.

(2)  A credit union may borrow money from an eligible financial institution that is a related party, but the borrowing must be at fair market rate.

1989 cC‑31.1 s127;1998 c12 s31

Part 11
Loans and Guarantees

Interpretation and application

128(1)  In this Part, a person is connected with another person if any of the following conditions are or would be met in respect of loans to those persons:

                           (a)    the source of repayment of the loans would be wholly or substantially dependent on a common source of money;

                           (b)    the loans would be, in substance, a single loan or would substantially serve the same purpose in the same or a related transaction;

                           (c)    the loans would be dependent on the same security;

                           (d)    those persons are associated with each other within the meaning prescribed for the purposes of this Part.

(2)  In this Part, “classes of loan” means classes or subclasses of loan established under subsection (3).

(3)  The Corporation shall establish a list of classes or classes and subclasses of loan for the purposes of applying this Part, and shall notify each credit union in writing of the list so established and of any amendments to the list.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s128;2008 c4 s2

Prudent lending standards

129(1)  Notwithstanding anything in this Division, a credit union shall adhere to prudent lending standards in making loans.

(2)  For the purposes of subsection (1), prudent lending standards are standards that, in the overall context of a loan portfolio, a reasonably prudent person would apply to loans made to another person such that the loans will yield a reasonable expectation of fair return without undue risk of loss or impairment.

(3)  The board shall establish written procedures to ensure that prudent lending standards are applied in the making of loan decisions and in the management of the credit union’s loan portfolio.

(4)  A credit union shall review its prudent lending standards at least annually.

(5)  The credit committee shall ensure that applicable procedures established under subsection (3) are followed before granting any approval for a loan.

1989 cC‑31.1 s130;1998 c12 s32

Loan maximums

130(1)  The board of a credit union shall by resolution establish the aggregate maximum amount of money that, subject to this Act and to regulations made with reference to subsection (2)(a), may be loaned or be on loan to a specific borrower and to persons connected with that borrower and may specify different amounts depending on whether loans are secured or not, the terms of the loans or such other differing circumstances as are considered relevant.

(2)  A credit union shall not make a loan to any person if the amount so loaned, when aggregated with all other outstanding loans made to that person and to persons connected with that person, would exceed

                           (a)    the amount prescribed, or

                           (b)    any lower relevant amount established under subsection (1).

(3)  A credit union (in this subsection referred to as “the lender”) shall not make a loan to or place a deposit with another credit union if, as a result of the making of that loan or deposit, the amounts of loans made to and deposits made with other credit unions by the lender, together with the value of the securities held by the lender that have been issued by other credit unions, would exceed the prescribed amount.

1989 cC‑31.1 s132;1998 c12 s33

Special loans by credit unions

131(1)  A credit union shall not make a loan to a person if that loan would result in the aggregate outstanding amount of loans of a particular class of loan to that person and persons connected with that person being in excess of the applicable limit established by the Corporation for that credit union in relation to that class and for the purposes of this subsection, unless the loan has previously been approved by a special loans committee.

(2)  Where a loan is to be made by 2 or more credit unions, or one or more credit unions and Central, acting together, the aggregate of the loan funds provided by those bodies corporate is deemed for the purposes of subsection (1) to have been loaned by each of the credit unions.

1989 cC‑31.1 s133

Loans to and guarantees for individuals

132   A credit union shall not make a loan to, or guarantee the obligations of, an individual who is not a member except where

                           (a)    that individual is a person referred to in section 113(a), (b) or (c),

                           (b)    in the case of a loan, the loan falls within section 136,

                           (c)    in the case of a loan, the loan is to a member of another credit union where

                                  (i)    the loan is of a particular type or classification that the credit union does and the other credit union does not make,

                                (ii)    the credit union has passed a special resolution authorizing the making by it of such loans to members of the other credit union, and

                               (iii)    the other credit union has passed a special resolution authorizing its members to accept such loans from the credit union,

                               or

                           (d)    the loan or guarantee falls within a prescribed class of transactions.

1989 cC‑31.1 s134;1994 c12 s15;1998 c12 s34

Loans and guarantees to related parties, employees, etc. generally

133(1)  A credit union or its subsidiary shall not directly or indirectly guarantee the obligations of

                           (a)    a party related to the credit union except in accordance with subsection (2), or

                           (b)    a person who ceased to be a party related to that credit union during the previous 12 months, unless the proposed guarantee has been approved by the board of the credit union and is at fair market rate.

(2)  Subject to this Part, a credit union or a subsidiary may, if the board of the credit union has previously authorized the transaction, make a loan to, or guarantee the obligations of, a related party, so long as the loan or guarantee

                           (a)    is made at fair market rate,

                           (b)    does not exceed the amount, if any, prescribed, and

                           (c)    is otherwise consistent with this Part.

(3)  Subject to this Part, a credit union or a subsidiary may, if the board of the credit union has previously authorized the transaction, make a loan to a related party that is a financial institution if the loan is fully guaranteed by the government of Canada or of a province or territory or is fully secured by marketable securities that meet the prescribed conditions and is made at fair market rate.

(4)  Subsection (2)(a) does not apply if the related party is an employee of the credit union who is an officer or falls within a class prescribed with reference to section 2(4)(e).

(5)  Subsection (2) does not require prior credit union board authorization for a loan to, or a guarantee of the obligations of,

                           (a)    a director of the credit union or of a subsidiary,

                           (b)    a director of the credit union or of a subsidiary and either

                                  (i)    that director’s spouse or adult interdependent partner, or

                                (ii)    a relative of that director or of that spouse or adult interdependent partner, having the same home as that director,

                               or

                           (c)    a corporation

                                  (i)    more than 10% of whose voting shares are held or beneficially owned, directly or indirectly, or

                                (ii)    that is controlled

                                    by a director of the credit union or by any other individual referred to in respect of that director in clause (b) or by any combination of such individuals,

if that board has previously passed a resolution requiring the reporting of such a transaction to the Corporation forthwith after its making.

(5.1)  In construing subsections (1)(a), (2) and (5), a combination of individuals referred to in subsection (5)(b) or a corporation referred to in subsection (5)(c) that is not, is nevertheless deemed to be, a related party.

(6)  A credit union shall not make a loan that is not at fair market rate to any person, unless that person is an employee of the credit union

                           (a)    who is not a party related to it, or

                           (b)    who is a related party referred to in subsection (4).

(7)  If subsection (6) is contravened, then, notwithstanding the loan contract and any liability of the credit union under subsection (6),

                           (a)    the loan is and remains immediately due and repayable to the credit union,

                           (b)    security given by the borrower may be enforced against the borrower, and

                           (c)    the credit union shall forthwith make every endeavour to ensure that the loan is repaid.

(8)  A credit union shall not make a loan to, or guarantee the obligations of, any of its employees unless the loan or guarantee

                           (a)    has the prior authorization of its board, or

                           (b)    does not exceed the amount approved by the Corporation for that credit union for the purposes of this subsection.

(9)  A credit union shall not make a loan to, or guarantee the obligations of, a related party financial institution pursuant to subsection (3) or acquire the rights of a lender from a related party financial institution pursuant to section 136 if, immediately following the transaction, the aggregate amount outstanding in respect of all loans to and guarantees on behalf of related parties that are financial institutions, including deemed loans to related party financial institutions under section 136, would exceed an amount prescribed.

(10)  The limit prescribed or approved by reference to subsection (2)(b), (8)(b) or (9) must not exceed that prescribed for the purposes of section 130(2)(a).

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s133;2008 c4 s2

Reporting of loans to directors

134   Where repayment of the principal of or interest on a loan made by a credit union to a director of a credit union or of Central or of any subsidiary of a credit union or Central is overdue for a period of 45 days, the credit union shall ensure that the loan is reported forthwith to the Corporation and the Minister and also to the next board meeting of the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s136

Interest on loans

135   A credit union shall charge and make reasonable endeavours to collect interest on all loans made by it at intervals not exceeding 3 months or such longer period, if any, as is prescribed by the Minister in respect of any class of loan.

1989 cC‑31.1 s137

Acquisition of existing loans

136(1)  Except as prescribed, a credit union may, through assignment, transfer or otherwise, acquire the rights of a lender under a mortgage, loan agreement or any other document under which a loan was made to any person, whether the loan is secured or not, but where the credit union does so, it is deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to have then made a loan to the borrower under that document in the amount outstanding on the indebtedness at the time of the acquisition, and not an acquisition of securities.

(2)  A credit union may allow the continuation or assumption of a mortgage loan made originally to a person who was then a member to or by an individual who is not or is no longer a member, and may allow the renewal of that loan, but not the making of a new loan, to an individual who is not a member.

(3)  Subject to section 133(9), a credit union may enter into a transaction described in this section with a related party so long as it is at fair market rate.

(4)  A credit union shall not enter into a transaction under this section without the prior approval of the Corporation if repayment of the principal or interest on any of the loans is in arrears.

1989 cC‑31.1 s138

Lien and set‑off

137   A credit union has a lien or a right of set‑off, as the case may be, on shares issued by and deposits held with it, including earnings on them, in respect of indebtedness to the credit union of the member or customer to whom the shares or deposits belong.

1989 cC‑31.1 s139

Part 12
The Credit Union Deposit
Guarantee Corporation

Interpretation

138   Where a provision incorporated by reference by this Part refers specifically to related parties, related party provisions or related party transactions, that provision does not apply to the Corporation except to the extent specified in this Part.

1989 cC‑31.1 s140

Head office, addresses and service

139(1)  The Corporation shall have a head office in Alberta.

(2)  The Corporation, by giving written notice to the Minister,

                           (a)    shall designate its head office as its registered office, and

                           (b)    may designate an address in Alberta for service by mail of it,

and the Corporation may at any time, by giving written notice to the Minister, change any such designation or revoke the designation of its address for service by mail.

(3)  The Minister, on receiving notice under subsection (2), shall register it.

(4)  A document may be served on the Corporation by

                           (a)    delivering the document to the Corporation’s registered office during its business hours,

                           (b)    personally serving it on any director or officer of the Corporation, or

                           (c)    sending it by registered mail to

                                  (i)    its registered office, or

                                (ii)    the address for service by mail

                                    designated in the latest notice of it under this section that has been registered.

1989 cC‑31.1 s141

Use of name, seal and corporate incidents

140(1)  Sections 33(1), 36(3), 39, 42(1), (2) and (4), 43 and 44 apply in relation to the Corporation.

(2)  In construing subsection (1), the reference in section 44(c) to section 21(4)(d), 34 or 41 is deemed to be a reference to section 139(2).

(3)  The Corporation may make bylaws governing the administration, management and regulation of its affairs.

1989 cC‑31.1 s142

Board, chair and vice‑chair

141(1)  Sections 66(3), 67 and 68(1) apply in relation to the Corporation.

(2)  The Minister shall appoint a chair and a vice‑chair of the Corporation from among its board of directors.

(3)  At any time during which the office of chair is vacant or the chair is absent or unable to act as chair, the vice‑chair shall perform all the duties and functions, and may exercise all the powers, of the chair.

1989 cC‑31.1 s143

Duties and liabilities of Corporation directors, officers, etc.

142(1)  Sections 72 and 73(1), section 74 in respect of the payment of an indemnity, and sections 78 and 79 apply in relation to the Corporation.

(2)  In considering whether a particular transaction or course of action is in the best interests of the Corporation as a whole, a director or officer shall have due regard to the purposes of the Corporation.

(3)  The reference in section 79(2)(a) to section 73(2) is deemed to be a reference to subsection (2) of this section.

(4)  A director or officer of the Corporation or of any of its subsidiaries shall not enter into a transaction if the director or officer knows or ought reasonably to know that, in respect of the transaction, the director or officer would make use of information that is confidential to the Corporation or any subsidiary in order directly or indirectly to obtain a benefit or advantage wholly or primarily for the director or officer or any person other than the Corporation or subsidiary.

1989 cC‑31.1 s144

Corporations committees and special loans committees

143(1)  The Corporation’s board shall appoint an audit committee and a finance committee or an audit and finance committee for the Corporation.

(2)  Each committee is a committee of and is responsible to the board.

(3)  Sections 80(5) and (7), 81 and 82(2) and (3) apply in relation to the Corporation and its committees.

(4)  The Corporation’s committees must each include at least 3 directors of the Corporation.

(5)  In addition to the Corporation’s committees, the Corporation shall establish and maintain one or more special loans committees, each having the prescribed membership, which is not to exceed 5 persons.

(6)  A special loans committee may, in accordance with the Corporation’s bylaws, delegate any of its duties, functions or powers to officers of the Corporation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s145

Corporations purposes and business activities

144(1)  The purposes of the Corporation are, subject to and in accordance with this Act and the regulations,

                           (a)    to regulate and enforce this Act and the regulations to the extent provided in relation to it by or under section 6,

                           (b)    to guarantee the repayment of deposits held with credit unions in accordance with section 152,

                           (c)    to adopt measures designed to obviate or to minimize the risk and the size of claims under that guarantee,

                           (d)    to stabilize credit unions in financial difficulties,

                           (e)    to assist credit unions to avert or alleviate financial difficulties on their part by advising them on their business practices and reviewing their business practices and by such other means as the Corporation considers appropriate,

                            (f)    where so appointed under Part 14, to supervise or administer the business and affairs of credit unions,

                           (g)    to purchase all or any of the assets and assume all or any of the liabilities of credit unions that are in the process of liquidation or being dissolved or that are in need of assistance for the purposes of Part 14,

                           (h)    where so appointed under Part 16, to act as the liquidator of a credit union,

                            (i)    to maintain a long‑term unclaimed balances account in accordance with this Act, and

                            (j)    to provide the services of special loans committees for the purposes of this Act.

(2)  The Corporation or its subsidiary shall not carry on any business other than business that is involved in fulfilling any of the Corporation’s purposes or reasonably ancillary to the fulfilment of any of those purposes.

(3)  Subject to subsection (2), the Corporation may acquire and hold the rights of a lender under existing mortgages or loan agreements.

1989 cC‑31.1 s146

Financial assistance by Government to Corporation

145(1)  In order that the Corporation’s purposes may be carried out, the President of Treasury Board and Minister of Finance may, with the prior approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council,

                           (a)    make loans or advances to, or purchase shares or other securities issued by, the Corporation or any of its subsidiaries, and

                           (b)    provide guarantees or indemnities in connection with loans made to, or other obligations of, any such corporation.

(2)  Amounts required under subsection (1)(a) shall be paid out of the General Revenue Fund.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s145;2006 c23 s22;2013 c10 s32

Prudent investment standards for Corporation

146(1)  The Corporation and its subsidiaries shall adhere to prudent investment standards in making investment decisions and in managing their total investments.

(2)  The board of the Corporation and of each subsidiary shall establish written procedures to ensure that prudent investment standards are applied in the making of investment decisions and in the management of its total investments.

(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Corporation or its subsidiary may not acquire securities of a prescribed class.

1989 cC‑31.1 s148;1998 c12 s35

Corporations subsidiaries

147(1)  The Corporation shall not form, acquire or have a subsidiary, except with the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to a corporation that was a subsidiary of the Corporation immediately before May 13, 1987.

1989 cC‑31.1 s149

Periodic assessments

148   Subject to section 151, the Corporation may, in order to meet its purposes, assess and levy on credit unions a periodic assessment in an amount not exceeding that derived by applying the rate prescribed.

1989 cC‑31.1 s150

Special assessments

149(1)  Subject to section 151, the Corporation may, by notice in writing, assess and levy on credit unions as a special assessment such further sum, in addition to that under section 148, as the Corporation considers necessary to meet a specific purpose of the Corporation that has previously been approved by the Minister in relation to that specific assessment.

(2)  The aggregate of any special assessments made on a credit union under subsection (1) in any fiscal year of the Corporation must not exceed the maximum amount that may be levied on it under section 148 for that year.

1989 cC‑31.1 s151

Prescribed assessments

150   Subject to section 151, the Corporation may, by notice in writing, assess and levy on credit unions a further assessment, in addition to those under sections 148 and 149, in accordance with a prescribed authorization.

1989 cC‑31.1 s152

Assessments generally

151(1)  Regulations made with respect to sections 148 and 150 may provide for different rates, including a nil rate, for different credit unions or classes of credit unions based on the variable criteria prescribed.

(2)  The Corporation may make assessments in different amounts or calculated at different rates on different credit unions.

(3)  A notice of assessment must state a date that is not less than 30 days after it is sent or delivered by which the assessment must be paid.

(4)  Where a credit union does not pay an assessment lawfully imposed on it by the Corporation by the date specified for payment in any written notice of assessment or before the expiration of any extended period that the Corporation permits, the Corporation may charge the credit union interest, at the rate prescribed by the Minister, from that date until payment.

1989 cC‑31.1 s153

Guarantee of deposits

152(1)  Notwithstanding any law except this section and section 175.2(2), the Corporation guarantees the repayment of all deposits made with credit unions, in accordance with this section.

(2)  Subject to this section, where

                           (a)    a credit union is in the process of liquidation or subject to proceedings under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada),

                           (b)    a winding‑up order has been issued in respect of a credit union, or

                           (c)    a credit union is generally unable to repay deposits by reason of an order of a court,

a customer is entitled to be paid by the Corporation and the Corporation shall pay to the customer or on the customer’s behalf such amount of any deposit made by the customer with the credit union, with interest accrued pursuant to the deposit contract up to but not beyond the date of payment, as the credit union and the liquidator, trustee in bankruptcy or other representative have not repaid to the customer, less any sum that the credit union would be entitled to deduct from the deposit pursuant to any lien, right of set‑off or specific charge affecting it if the credit union itself were repaying the deposit in full.

(3)  In subsections (4) to (6), “credit union” includes any liquidator, trustee or representative referred to in subsection (2).

(4)  Payment under this section by the Corporation discharges the Corporation and the credit union from any further liability to the customer for the amount paid in respect of the deposit.

(5)  The Corporation is subrogated, to the extent of the amount paid by it, to the rights and interests of the customer arising under the deposit as against the credit union, and may maintain an action in respect of those rights and interests in the name of the customer or in its own name.

(6)  The deduction of any amount by the Corporation under subsection (2) in respect of a lien, right of set‑off or specific charge discharges the liability of the customer to the credit union to the extent of the amount deducted.

(7)  Where a customer entitled to a guaranteed deposit cannot be located, the Corporation shall pay the amount guaranteed into its long‑term unclaimed balances account.

(8)  Section 120 applies to an amount paid under subsection (7) and, for the purposes of that section, that amount is deemed to have been transferred to the Corporation by the credit union.

(9)  The Government shall ensure that the obligations of the Corporation under subsection (1) are carried out.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s152;2003 c19 s19

Corporations fiscal year

153   The fiscal year of the Corporation is January 1 to the following December 31.

1989 cC‑31.1 s155

Corporations accounting, audit and reporting

154(1)  The Corporation shall, within 3 months after the end of each fiscal year, send to the Minister

                           (a)    a copy of its financial statements, with the auditor’s report on them, for that fiscal year, and

                           (b)    the annual report of the Corporation.

(2)  The Corporation shall, within 3 months after the end of each fiscal year or within such extended period as the Minister approves, send to Central and each credit union a copy of its financial statements, with the auditor’s report on them, for that fiscal year.

(3)  Sections 83(3) and 87 apply in relation to the Corporation.

(4)  The Corporation shall ensure that a director attends at Central’s annual general meeting and reports to that meeting on the Corporation’s business and affairs during its preceding fiscal year.

1989 cC‑31.1 s156

Liquidation, dissolution and dividends

155(1)  The Corporation may not be dissolved or placed in liquidation except with the prior approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(2)  The Corporation may not pay any distributions to members of the Corporation in their capacity as members.

(3)   Section 33(2) to (5) of the Financial Administration Act do not apply to the Corporation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s157

Part 13
Credit Union Central Alberta Limited

Continuance of Central

156   The Credit Union Federation of Alberta Limited is continued as a corporation under the name “Credit Union Central Alberta Limited”.

1989 cC‑31.1 s158

Composition of Central

157   Central consists of the following members:

                           (a)    all credit unions, except those that are prescribed not to be members of it, and

                           (b)    those prescribed corporations that are admitted to membership by Central, and are not removed from membership by Central, pursuant to its bylaws.

1989 cC‑31.1 s159

Centrals purposes

158(1)  Subject to the restrictions set out in this Act and the regulations, the purposes of Central, as they relate to credit unions, are

                           (a)    to provide the services to credit unions of

                                  (i)    accepting deposits from them,

                                (ii)    lending money to them,

                               (iii)    providing and managing their clearing house arrangements, and

                               (iv)    guaranteeing their loans,

                           (b)    to provide and manage a liquidity system for them,

                           (c)    to manage those of their investments that are held with Central,

                           (d)    to provide them with educational, technical and advisory services, and

                           (e)    to provide them with any other services that support any purposes referred to in clauses (a) to (d).

(2)  Subsection (1) applies with respect to all credit unions, whether members of Central or not and without distinction as to whether they are members or not, but Central may charge non‑members of Central reasonable fees for services that are covered by general membership fees payable by its members.

(3)  Central’s purposes, as they relate to corporations prescribed with reference to section 157(b), are those prescribed.

1989 cC‑31.1 s160

Corporations role re Central

159(1)  Central or its board or committees or its auditor is not required to provide any report or document to the Corporation that it would, but for this subsection, be required by this Part to provide.

(2)  If the Corporation holds shares issued by Central, subsection (1) does not apply in respect of reports or documents to be provided by Central to its shareholders as shareholders.

(3)  Notwithstanding anything in this Part, where an approval of the Corporation would, but for this subsection, be required for an activity involving Central, the approval of the Minister and not the Corporation is required and any application for an approval must be made to the Minister and not to the Corporation.

(4)  Subsection (3) does not apply to an approval of a special loans committee.

1989 cC‑31.1 s161

Name, addresses, service, records, seal, annual return and corporate incidents

160(1)  Sections 33(1) and (2), 34, 35, 36(1) and (3), 37(2), (5), (6) and (7), 38, 39, 41, 42(1), (2) and (4), 43 and 44 apply in relation to Central.

(2)  Central shall permit its members or their agents to examine its documents described in section 36(1)(a), (b), (d) and (e) and, subject to section 84 as it applies to Central, section 36(1)(f).

(3)  Repealed 2003 c19 s20.

(4)  Central shall include in its annual return provided under subsection (1) a list of all its officers.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s160;2003 c19 s20

Centrals bylaws

161(1)  In this section, “bylaws” includes any amendment, repeal or repeal and replacement of the bylaws.

(2)  Central may by ordinary resolution or pursuant to this section make bylaws governing the administration, management and regulation of its affairs.

(3)  Unless Central’s bylaws otherwise provide, the board may make bylaws.

(4)  The board shall submit a bylaw made under subsection (3) to Central’s next general meeting, and the members of Central may, by ordinary resolution, confirm, reject or amend the bylaw.

(5)  A bylaw effected under subsection (3) is effective until it is confirmed, confirmed as amended or rejected by the general meeting under subsection (4) or until it ceases to be effective under subsection (6) and, if the bylaw is confirmed or confirmed as amended, it continues in effect in the form in which it was so confirmed.

(6)  If a bylaw effected under subsection (3) is rejected by the general meeting, or if the board does not submit it to the general meeting as required by subsection (4), the bylaw ceases to be effective and no subsequent resolution of the board to make a bylaw having substantially the same purpose or effect is effective until it is confirmed or confirmed as amended by an ordinary resolution.

(7)  Subject to this section, section 45 applies in relation to Central.

1989 cC‑31.1 s163

General meetings and service of notices, etc.

162(1)  Sections 55, 56 and 58(1), (2) and (4) apply in relation to Central.

(2)  Central’s bylaws must set out the voting structure, and the means by which members are represented, at general meetings.

(3)  Section 62(1) and (2), except for subsection (2)(d), apply in relation to Central.

1989 cC‑31.1 s164

Board and directors

163(1)  Central shall have a board of directors consisting of at least the number of directors specified in the bylaws.

(2)  Section 65(1), (3) and (4) apply in relation to Central.

(3)  A person is not qualified to be a director of Central

                           (a)    unless the person is

                                  (i)    an individual of adult age, and

                                (ii)    a Canadian citizen or a person who has been lawfully admitted into Canada for permanent residence;

                           (b)    if section 65(2)(b), (f), (g), (i), (j), (k) or (l) applies to the person;

                           (c)    if the person is, or within the 3‑year period immediately preceding the person’s election or appointment to the Central board was, an employee of Central;

                           (d)    subject to subsection (4), if the person is a director or an officer or employee of the Corporation;

                           (e)    if the person is a professional advisor to Central;

                            (f)    if the person has a loan from a credit union in respect of which the repayment of principal or interest is in arrears for the prescribed period.

(4)  The Minister may approve an exemption from the application of subsection (3)(d).

(5)  The number of directors who are employees of credit unions must be smaller than the number of directors who are not employees of credit unions.

(6)  Subsection (5) does not require any director who is an employee of a credit union to resign as a result of a vacancy occurring among the directors who are not employees of credit unions, so long as the original appointment or election of that director did not contravene subsection (5).

(7)  Sections 66(2) and (3), 67(1) and (2), 68(1) and 69 apply in relation to Central.

(8)  A notice or other document required by this Act or the regulations or Central’s bylaws to be provided to a director of Central in the director’s capacity as such is sufficiently served, for the purposes of this Act, only if and to the extent that the mode of service referred to in section 62(2)(a), (b) or (c) is adopted.

(9)  Subject to this Act, the bylaws may provide for the delegation by the board of any of its powers, duties or functions, other than those that are prescribed, to the executive committee or any committee or a director or officer.

(10)  An act of Central’s board is valid notwithstanding non‑compliance with subsection (5).

1989 cC‑31.1 s165;1994 c12 s18;1995 c31 s2

Central directors, officers, employees and committees

164(1)  Sections 71(1) to (3), 72 and 73, section 74 in respect of a transaction referred to in section 74(1)(a), (b), (e) or (f), and sections 76, 77, 78, 79, 80(5) and (7), 81 and 82(2) and (3) apply in relation to Central and, where applicable, its committees.

(2)  Central’s board shall appoint an audit committee and a finance committee or an audit and finance committee.

(3)  Each committee is a committee of, and is responsible to, Central’s board, and shall provide to the board regular written reports of matters falling within its functions and duties in respect of business and affairs since the previous report.

(4)  Central’s committees must each include at least 3 of Central’s directors.

1989 cC‑31.1 s166;1998 c12 s36

Restriction on business activities

165(1)  Sections 46, except subsections (3) and (4), 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53 and 54 apply in relation to Central.

(1.1)  Central may carry on any business that

                           (a)    except as prescribed, is entailed in the fulfilment of any of Central’s purposes, or

                           (b)    is prescribed.

(1.2)  Subject to any prescribed terms and conditions and any other law, a subsidiary or affiliate of Central may carry on

                           (a)    any business that Central is allowed by law to carry on, subject however to the restrictions imposed by this Act and the regulations on Central,

                           (b)    the business of

                                  (i)    a corporation within the meaning of the Loan and Trust Corporations Act or within the meaning ascribed to any equivalent expression by any equivalent statute of another province or territory or of Canada, or

                                (ii)    a securities dealer,

                               or

                           (c)    any other prescribed business.

(1.3)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, Central may, with the prior approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, carry on the businesses or exercise the powers, or both, that an association, within the meaning of the Cooperative Credit Associations Act (Canada), may carry on or has under that Act.

(2)  Except where prescribed, a subsidiary shall not engage generally in any business referred to in section 158(1)(a), (b) or (c).

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s165;2003 c19 s21

Financial disclosure, accounting and audit

166(1)  Sections 83(1) to (3), 84, 85(1) to (4), 87, 88, 89(1), (2) and (3), 90, 91(1), 92, 93 and 94, as they apply to a large credit union with an auditor, apply in relation to Central.

(2)  Central shall, before each annual general meeting and in addition to the documents required by subsection (1), provide to the Minister, with respect to the previous fiscal year,

                           (a)    its annual report, and

                           (b)    any further statement of the business and affairs of Central production of which the Minister has directed.

(3)  Central and its subsidiaries shall keep records in Alberta in such form and containing such information as will enable the verification by the Minister of their financial position.

1989 cC‑31.1 s168;1995 c31 s2;1998 c12 s37

Examination, special audit and review

167   Sections 95, 96 and 98 apply in relation to Central.

1989 cC‑31.1 s169

Centrals investments

168(1)  Sections 99, 100, 101, 102(2), 103, 104(1) to (4) and 105 apply in relation to Central except that

                           (a)    references in those sections to Division 2 of Part 8 are to be construed as including references to this section and section 169,

                           (b)    the references in sections 104(3) and 105(1)

                                  (i)    in clauses (a) to the percentage of the credit union’s total capital prescribed are to be construed as references to 10% of Central’s members’ equity, and

                                (ii)    in clauses (b) to the percentage of the credit union’s total capital prescribed are to be construed as references to 20% of Central’s members’ equity,

                               and

                           (c)    the reference in section 104(4) to section 46 is to be construed as also including a reference to section 165(2).

(2)  Subsection (1) applies notwithstanding anything in the Cooperative Credit Associations Act (Canada).

(3)  Central or its subsidiary may make deposits with

                           (a)    the Credit Union Central of Canada,

                           (b)    the Bank of Canada,

                           (c)    any entity whose sole or primary business is the clearing or settlement of payments and that takes those deposits only for the purpose of facilitating the clearing or settling of payments from Alberta credit unions, or

                           (d)    any or all of the entities referred to in clauses (a) to (c).

(4)  Subject to any prescribed conditions, Central may acquire the rights of a lender under existing mortgages or loan agreements.

(5)  Central’s powers to make investments are subject to any restrictions that are prescribed.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s168;2003 c19 s22;2016 c27 s15

Centrals subsidiaries

169(1)  Notwithstanding section 168(1), Central shall not form or acquire a subsidiary unless its board passes a special resolution authorizing the formation or acquisition.

(2)  Central’s board shall report the formation or acquisition of a subsidiary to the next general meeting following the formation or acquisition.

1989 cC‑31.1 s171

Centrals shares

170(1)  Central’s common share capital is unlimited in amount and divided into shares having the par value, if any, stated in the bylaws.

(2)  Common shares issued by Central may be acquired or held only by

                           (a)    members of Central,

                           (b)    the Corporation and its subsidiaries, and

                           (c)    other prescribed persons,

but this subsection does not prohibit the acquisition and holding of shares by Central for redemption and cancellation.

(3)  Sections 107(9) and (10) and 108(1) and (3) to (6) apply in relation to Central.

1989 cC‑31.1 s172;1998 c12 s39

Acceptance of deposits and borrowings

171(1)  Central shall not accept deposits except from its members, non‑member credit unions, the Corporation or the government of Canada or Alberta.

(2)  Central shall not borrow money for any term exceeding 5 years except pursuant to a resolution of its board.

(3)  Central may borrow money from an eligible financial institution that is a related party, but the borrowing must be at fair market rate.

(4)  The aggregate of

                           (a)    the total amount of Central’s outstanding borrowings,

                           (b)    the total amount of money on deposit with Central, and

                           (c)    all money respecting which the repayment of the principal or interest is guaranteed by Central,

must not at any time exceed 10 times the aggregate of its members’ equity or such higher amount, if any, as is approved under subsection (5).

(5)  On an application by Central that complies with subsection (6), the Minister may approve an increase in the multiplier of aggregate members’ equity referred to in subsection (4) to a number not exceeding 20.

(6)  The Minister shall not give an approval under subsection (5) unless the application by Central is made pursuant to, and is supported by a certified copy of, a special resolution authorizing the application.

1989 cC‑31.1 s173;1998 c12 s40

Loans and guarantees by Central

172(1)  Central shall not make a loan to or guarantee the obligations of any person except pursuant to this section.

(2)  Section 129 applies in relation to Central.

(3)  Subject to this section, Central may make loans to, or guarantee the obligations of, its members and non‑member credit unions.

(4)  Central shall not make a loan to a credit union where it knows or ought reasonably to know that the making of that loan constitutes a borrowing by the credit union that contravenes this Act or the regulations.

(5)  Subsection (4) does not apply to

                           (a)    any loan made by Central to facilitate clearing house arrangements under its clearing system, or

                           (b)    the renewal of a loan where no additional money is advanced.

(6)  Subject to this Act, Central may make a loan to, or guarantee the obligations of, a member of a credit union only if the prescribed conditions are met.

(7)  Central may make a loan to, or guarantee the obligations of, a member of Central other than a credit union if

                           (a)    the amount so loaned or guaranteed, when aggregated with all other outstanding loans made to and guarantees issued on behalf of that corporation, would not exceed the amount prescribed, and

                           (b)    the aggregate amount of money on loan and guarantee to all such members would not exceed the amount prescribed.

(8)  Section 133 applies in relation to Central, except that the reference in section 133(2)(c) to Part 11 shall be construed as a reference to this section and the reference in subsection (8)(b) to the amount approved by the Corporation for the credit union shall be construed as a reference to the amount prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

1989 cC‑31.1 s174;1994 c12 s20;1998 c12 s41

Supervision of Central

173(1)  Where the Minister considers that

                           (a)    the business or affairs of Central or a subsidiary are being conducted in an unsound manner, or

                           (b)    Central or a subsidiary is, or is about to become, insolvent,

and that Central is in need of supervision, the Minister may make an order placing Central under the supervision of a person appointed as supervisor by the Minister.

(2)  The remuneration and expenses of the supervisor must be borne by Central.

(3)  Sections 178 and 179 apply in relation to the supervisor and Central except that

                           (a)    references in those sections to the need for assistance shall be construed as references to being in the circumstances referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (b), and

                           (b)    the supervisor shall work generally under the direction of the Minister and not the Corporation.

(4)  Where the Minister considers that the circumstances referred to in subsection (1)(a) and (b) no longer apply and that Central is no longer in need of supervision, the Minister shall revoke the order by serving written notice of the revocation on Central and the supervisor.

1989 cC‑31.1 s175

Administration of Central

174(1)  Where Central is under supervision and the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers that

                           (a)    Central has generally failed to co‑operate with the supervisor,

                           (b)    Central or a subsidiary has been in repeated or continued contravention of this Act or the regulations, or

                           (c)    the problems that created the need for supervision have not been resolved within a reasonable time and further remedial action is necessary,

the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make an order placing Central under administration.

(2)  Where Central is not under supervision but the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers that it is in need of assistance within the meaning of section 176(a), (b) or (f), the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make an order placing Central under administration.

(3)  On the making of an order in council under subsection (1) or (2), the Minister shall appoint a person, who may be the person who acted as supervisor, to act as the administrator.

(4)  An order under subsection (1) has the effect of terminating the supervision and the appointment of the supervisor.

(5)  The Minister shall forthwith serve a copy of an order and of an appointment under this section on Central, the administrator and, where applicable, the former supervisor.

(6)  The remuneration and expenses of the administrator must be borne by Central.

(7)  Section 181 applies in relation to the administrator and Central except that the administrator shall work under the direction of, and provide reports required by, the Minister, and not the Corporation, as provided in section 181(8).

(8)  Where the Lieutenant Governor in Council revokes the administration order, the Minister shall forthwith serve written notice of the revocation on Central and the administrator and, if the Minister considers that Central is still in need of assistance and of supervision, the Minister may make an order placing it under supervision.

(9)  Where the Minister places Central under supervision under subsection (8), section 173 applies.

1989 cC‑31.1 s176

Responsibility as to trust money

175   Section 122 applies in relation to Central.

1989 cC‑31.1 s177

Expenses incurred in administering and
enforcing the legislation

175.01   The Minister may charge Central the expenses directly or indirectly incurred by the Government for or in connection with the administration and enforcement of this Act and the regulations, as they relate to Central.

2016 c27 s16

Part 13.1
Amalgamation and Continuance
Under the Federal Act

Amalgamation involving Central

175.1(1)  In this Part, “Central” means Credit Union Central Alberta Limited.

(2)  Central may, in accordance with a prior prescribed authorization and the prescribed procedure, amalgamate with one or more of its equivalent entities in other provinces or territories on the condition that Central, along with the other amalgamating entities, applies and receives approval for federal continuance under a different name, on the terms and conditions prescribed.

(3)  Without limiting other procedural requirements that may be included, the procedure prescribed for the purposes of subsection (2) must include, as far as the Lieutenant Governor in Council, in making the regulations, considers appropriate in the circumstances, the voluntary amalgamation procedures for credit unions set out in Division 1 of Part 15.

(4)  If an application by Central for federal continuance is granted, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may, by regulation,

                           (a)    provide that Central no longer has any role or functions under this Act or the regulations,

                           (b)    provide that section 106 no longer applies and establish an appropriate provision to replace section 106, and

                           (c)    if Central’s functions are ended under clause (a),

                                  (i)    prescribe another entity, which could be the entity resulting from the amalgamation, to assume all or some of the role, functions, powers and duties of Central under this Act and the regulations, and

                                (ii)    notwithstanding anything in this Act, treat Part 13 and any other provisions of this Act and the regulations as being adapted in such a manner as is considered necessary to reflect the results of regulations made under subclause (i).

(5)  Regulations made under subsection (4)(b) and (c)(ii) expire 24 months after they come into force.

2003 c19 s23

Continuance of credit unions under federal Act

175.2(1)  A credit union may, in accordance with the prescribed procedure and with the prior approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, apply for and secure federal continuance.

(2)  Notwithstanding section 152, the guarantee under that section ends with the federal continuance of the credit union except that the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations continuing that guarantee in respect of deposits made with the credit union before, but with a fixed term ending after, the effective date of its federal continuance.

(3)  An approval under subsection (1) is subject to the condition that the credit union, before it applies for federal continuance, give the prescribed period of notice in the prescribed form to all its members and other depositors covered by the guarantee under section 152 of its intention so to apply and of the fact that, subject to subsection (2), that guarantee will not continue if the application is successful.

(4)  If the credit union is amalgamating with another entity, section 175.1(3) applies with respect to a federal continuance under subsection (1).

2003 c19 s23

Requirements for federal Act

175.3(1)  Central or a credit union may apply for federal continuance only if the federal Act, at the time of the application, provides in effect that, if its application for federal continuance is successful,

                           (a)    its property continues to be the property of the federally continued corporation,

                           (b)    the federally continued corporation continues to be liable for its obligations,

                           (c)    no existing cause of action, claim or liability to prosecution is affected by the federal continuance,

                           (d)    a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding pending by or against it may continue to be prosecuted by or against the federally continued corporation,

                           (e)    a conviction against or ruling, order or judgment in favour of or against it may be enforced by or against the federally continued corporation, and

                            (f)    federal continuance will not adversely affect its members or creditors.

(2)  Federal continuance is subject to the condition that the market conduct rules, within the prescribed meaning, of or under this or any other Act, are to apply or to continue to apply to the federally continued corporation.

(3)   For the purposes of subsection (1)(f), in the case of a credit union, the non‑continuation of the guarantee under section 152 is deemed not to affect adversely any person provided that section 175.2(3) is complied with.

2003 c19 s23

Part 14
Financial Unsoundness

Interpretation

176   For the purposes of this Part, a credit union is in need of assistance where

                           (a)    the business or affairs of the credit union or a subsidiary are being conducted in an unsound manner,

                           (b)    the credit union or a subsidiary is, or is imminently about to become, insolvent,

                           (c)    for at least 3 calendar months in any period of 6 consecutive calendar months there is a shortfall referred to in section 106(1),

                           (d)    the credit union receives financial assistance from the Corporation,

                           (e)    the credit union is not meeting the capital requirements established under section 109, or

                            (f)    the credit union has materially contravened or been in repeated contravention of a related party provision.

1989 cC‑31.1 s178;1994 c12 s21;1998 c12 s42

Declaration of supervision by Minister or Corporation

177(1)  Where the Minister or the Corporation considers that a credit union that is not under supervision or administration is in need of assistance and of supervision, the Minister or the Corporation may make an order placing the credit union under supervision and appointing the Corporation, or some other person, to act as the supervisor.

(2)  The Minister or the Corporation may make an order placing a credit union that has just obtained the Minister’s approval under section 24 under the Corporation’s supervision for such period, not being less than 6 months and not extending beyond one year from the approval, as the Minister or the Corporation stipulates in the order.

(3)  The Minister or the Corporation shall, forthwith after making a supervision order, serve a copy of it on the credit union and the Corporation or the Minister, as the case may be, and, where the Corporation is not the supervisor, the supervisor.

(4)  The remuneration and expenses of the supervisor must be borne by the credit union under supervision unless the Corporation decides to bear the whole or any portion of the expenses.

(5)  The Minister or the Corporation, whichever of them originally made the supervision order, shall consider a request by the credit union under supervision for the lifting of the supervision order and shall notify the credit union of the Minister’s or the Corporation’s decision, but this subsection applies in respect of only one request for each one‑year period commencing on each anniversary of the supervision order.

(6)  Where the Minister or the Corporation, whichever of them originally made the supervision order, considers that the credit union is no longer in need of assistance and of supervision, the Minister or the Corporation shall revoke the order by serving written notice of the revocation on the credit union and the Corporation or the Minister, as the case may be, and, where the Corporation is not the supervisor, the supervisor.

1989 cC‑31.1 s179

Functions, duties and powers of supervisor

178(1)  A supervisor shall supervise the business and affairs of the credit union under supervision and, unless the Corporation is the supervisor, work generally under the direction of the Corporation.

(2)  In addition to the powers correlating to the credit union’s duties under section 179(a) to (c), a supervisor has the following powers in relation to the credit union under supervision:

                           (a)    to require the credit union to correct any practices that in the supervisor’s opinion are contributing, or are likely in the future to contribute, to any situation giving rise to its need or continued need for assistance for any reason;

                           (b)    to order the credit union and its directors, officers and employees

                                  (i)    to refrain from performing any acts or exercising any powers that in the supervisor’s opinion are contributing, or are likely in the future to contribute, to such a situation, or

                                (ii)    to exercise any such powers subject to conditions specified in the order;

                           (c)    to order the credit union not to declare or pay any dividend or patronage rebate or, alternatively, to restrict a dividend or patronage rebate to a rate or amount fixed by the supervisor;

                           (d)    to issue directives for the operation of the credit union and to supervise their implementation;

                           (e)    to require and to have access to all records, accounts, cash, securities, documents and vouchers of or in the possession of the credit union, and to any security held by it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s180

Duties and liabilities of credit union under supervision

179   A credit union under supervision

                           (a)    shall give written notice to the supervisor of all board, committee and general meetings at the same time as the directors, committee members and members are so notified,

                           (b)    shall permit the supervisor to attend and be heard at those meetings,

                           (c)    shall provide the supervisor with copies of all reports made to the board, and

                           (d)    has the duties correlating to, and shall facilitate the exercise and performance of, the powers and duties assigned to the supervisor by section 178.

1989 cC‑31.1 s181

Administration of credit union

180(1)  Where the Corporation considers that a credit union under supervision remains in need of assistance and that

                           (a)    the credit union has generally failed to co‑operate with the supervisor,

                           (b)    the credit union or a subsidiary has been in repeated or continued contravention of this Act or the regulations,

                           (c)    the problems that created the need for supervision have not been resolved within a reasonable time and further remedial action is necessary, or

                           (d)    supervision is not adequate to ensure that the guarantee liability of the Corporation under section 152 will not need to be invoked,

the Corporation, with the prior approval of the Minister, may make an order placing the credit union under administration and appointing itself or some other person to act as the administrator.

(2)  Where the Corporation considers that a credit union that is not under supervision is in need of assistance and that supervision would not be adequate to ensure that the guarantee liability of the Corporation under section 152 will not need to be invoked, the Corporation, with the prior approval of the Minister, may make an order in terms referred to in subsection (1).

(3)  An order made under subsection (1) has the effect of terminating the supervision and the appointment of the supervisor, irrespective of who made the original supervision order.

(4)  The Corporation shall, forthwith after making an administration order, serve a copy of it on the credit union and any other person who was the supervisor or is the administrator.

(5)  The remuneration and expenses of the administrator must be borne by the credit union under administration unless the Corporation decides to bear the whole or any portion of the expenses.

(6)  Where the Corporation considers that the credit union is no longer in need of administration, it shall revoke the order by serving written notice of the revocation on the credit union, the Minister and, where the Corporation is not the administrator, the administrator, and, if the Corporation considers that the credit union is still in need of assistance and of supervision, it shall place it under supervision.

(7)  Where the Corporation places the credit union under supervision under subsection (6), sections 177 to 179 apply.

1989 cC‑31.1 s182

Duties, functions and powers of administrator

181(1)  While the administration order is in effect, the administrator shall manage the credit union’s business and affairs and

                           (a)    shall perform all the duties and functions, and may exercise all the powers, of the board, and

                           (b)    may perform all the duties and functions and exercise all the powers of the committees, the officers and, subject to subsection (9), the members in general meeting.

(2)  The administrator generally has all the powers and shall do all things that are necessary or expedient to protect the rights and interests of the members, customers and creditors, and to conserve the assets, of the credit union.

(3)  Subject to subsection (6), the directors shall not exercise any of their powers or perform any of their duties or functions while the credit union is under administration, except to the extent that they are requested to do so in writing by the administrator.

(4)  A credit union shall ensure that an ordinary or special resolution or a resolution of any of the committees passed during the currency of the administration is approved in writing by the administrator before it is acted on, but the lack of such approval does not affect the validity of the resolution.

(5)  On the administrator’s appointment, the administrator shall take into the administrator’s custody and control the property of the credit union and shall exclude its directors, other than any whom the administrator has requested in writing to assist the administrator, and may exclude its officers, employees and agents, in their capacity as such, from its property.

(6)  Each director, officer and employee shall give the administrator all information and assistance that the administrator requires in the performance of the administrator’s duties and functions.

(7)  The Minister may direct an administrator to provide to the Minister such reports on the administration as the Minister considers appropriate.

(8)  An administrator other than the Corporation shall work under the direction of, and provide such reports as are required by, the Corporation.

(9)  The members have a right to receive notice of and to attend the credit union’s annual general meeting and the administrator shall report to the annual general meeting on the business and affairs of the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s183

Part 15
Amalgamations and Arrangements

Division 1
Amalgamations

Voluntary amalgamation

182   Subject to and in accordance with this Division, 2 or more credit unions may enter into a voluntary amalgamation and continue as one credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s184;1994 c12 s23

Amalgamation agreement under voluntary amalgamation

183(1)  To effect a voluntary amalgamation, the credit unions proposing to amalgamate must enter into an agreement with each other setting out the terms of and the means of effecting the amalgamation and, without limiting the foregoing, setting out

                           (a)    in respect of the amalgamated credit union, the matters described in section 21(2)(a), (c), (d) and (e),

                           (b)    the full name and mailing address of each proposed director of the amalgamated credit union,

                           (c)    the manner of converting the shares issued by each of the amalgamating credit unions into shares to be issued by the amalgamated credit union or, if there is not to be such a direct conversion, the total consideration for and the manner of disposition of shares issued by the amalgamating credit unions,

                           (d)    the proposed bylaws of the amalgamated credit union, and

                           (e)    details of arrangements necessary to provide for the management and operation of the amalgamated credit union.

(2)  Subject to subsection (7), the board of each amalgamating credit union must submit the amalgamation agreement to a general meeting of the credit union for approval by special resolution, and the notice of the general meeting must include or be accompanied with a summary or copy of the amalgamation agreement.

(3)  The amalgamation agreement must be submitted to the Corporation and have attached to it statutory declarations of at least 2 proposed directors of the amalgamated credit union that state that there are reasonable grounds for believing that

                           (a)    the amalgamated credit union will not be insolvent, and

                           (b)    no creditor will be prejudiced by the amalgamation.

(4)  Except to the extent approved by the Corporation, each amalgamating credit union must give written notice of the proposed amalgamation to all its known customers and to creditors to whom it owes more than $1000.

(5)  An amalgamation agreement is adopted when

                           (a)    each amalgamating credit union has approved the amalgamation agreement by special resolution, and

                           (b)    the amalgamation has been approved by the Corporation.

(6)  The Corporation shall approve the amalgamation unless it is satisfied that

                           (a)    there are reasonable grounds for believing that the statements in the statutory declarations are not correct,

                           (b)    this Division has not been complied with, or

                           (c)    the amalgamation would be unsound from a business point of view.

(7)  The Corporation may exempt a credit union from the requirements of subsection (2) if the assets of that credit union exceed 10 times the value of the assets

                           (a)    of the other amalgamating credit union, or

                           (b)    if there are 2 or more other amalgamating credit unions, of all of those others combined,

based on the latest reports provided to the Corporation under section 85(1).

(8)  Notwithstanding subsections (3) and (6), the Corporation may exempt credit unions from the requirement of statutory declarations with respect to subsection (3)(a), but not unless it considers that

                           (a)    the amalgamation would not be detrimental to persons affected by it,

                           (b)    the amalgamation would not increase the likelihood of a claim against the Corporation under section 152, and

                           (c)    an exemption is appropriate in the circumstances.

(9)  An amalgamation agreement may provide that at any time before the coming into effect of a certificate of amalgamation, the agreement may be terminated by the board of any of the amalgamating credit unions, notwithstanding its adoption or partial adoption under subsection (5).

(10)  The board of the credit union terminating the agreement under subsection (9) shall immediately give notice of the termination to the Corporation.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s183;2008 c4 s2

Articles of amalgamation

184(1)  After an amalgamation agreement is adopted under section 183, the amalgamating credit unions shall send articles of amalgamation to the Minister.

(2)  The articles of amalgamation must set out, in respect of the amalgamated credit union, the matters described in section 21(2)(a), (c), (d) and (e).

(3)  The articles of amalgamation must be accompanied with

                           (a)    a copy, signed by at least 2 directors of the amalgamated credit union, of the proposed bylaws,

                           (b)    a notice containing the address of the registered office of the amalgamated credit union,

                           (c)    unless the name of the amalgamated credit union is to be the same as that of one of the amalgamating credit unions, a name search report, and

                           (d)    a notice containing the full name and mailing address of each of the proposed directors of the amalgamated credit union.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s184;2008 c4 s2

Compulsory amalgamation

185(1)  The Corporation may, with the prior approval of the Minister, order 2 or more credit unions that are under administration to amalgamate pursuant to this section.

(2)  Where an amalgamation is to take place under this section, the terms of and the means of effecting the amalgamation are to be specified in an instrument of amalgamation prepared by the Corporation that follows as closely as possible the terms and conditions required under section 183.

(3)  The instrument of amalgamation requires the approval of the Minister.

(4)  After the instrument of amalgamation is approved by the Minister, the Corporation shall provide to the Minister

                           (a)    articles of amalgamation setting out the matters described in section 21(2)(a), (c), (d) and (e), and

                           (b)    the documents referred to in section 184(3)(a) to (c).

(5)  No right of action lies against the Corporation or the Minister in respect of an amalgamation ordered in good faith and conducted pursuant to this section.

(6)  The costs of an amalgamation under this section must be borne by the amalgamating credit unions in the proportions directed by the Corporation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s187

Certificate and effect of amalgamation

186(1)  On receiving the articles of amalgamation, whether under a voluntary or a compulsory amalgamation, the Minister shall issue a certificate of amalgamation and assign to the amalgamated credit union a registration number.

(2)  When the Minister issues the certificate of amalgamation, the Minister shall enter into the register, in addition to the certificate of amalgamation,

                           (a)    the articles of amalgamation,

                           (b)    the bylaws,

                           (c)    notice of the registration number of the amalgamated credit union,

                           (d)    the notice of registered office,

                           (e)    where applicable, the statutory declarations referred to in section 183(3), and

                            (f)    where applicable, the notice of changes referred to in section 184(3)(d).

(3)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of amalgamation,

                           (a)    the amalgamation of the amalgamating credit unions and their continuance as one incorporated credit union become effective;

                           (b)    the property of each amalgamating credit union continues to be the property of the amalgamated credit union;

                           (c)    the amalgamated credit union continues to be liable for the obligations of each amalgamating credit union;

                           (d)    an existing cause of action, claim or liability to prosecution affecting an amalgamating credit union continues to affect the amalgamated credit union;

                           (e)    a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding pending by or against any of the amalgamating credit unions may be continued by or against the amalgamated credit union;

                            (f)    a conviction against or ruling, order or judgment in favour of or against any of the amalgamating credit unions may be enforced by or against the amalgamated credit union;

                           (g)    the members of each amalgamating credit union become members of the amalgamated credit union and, subject to the amalgamation agreement, the shares issued by the amalgamating credit unions become shares issued by the amalgamated credit union;

                           (h)    the customers of each amalgamating credit union become customers of the amalgamated credit union on the same terms and conditions;

                            (i)    no rights of a creditor or customer of any of the amalgamating credit unions are to be treated as prejudiced by the amalgamation.

(4)  Where any of the amalgamating credit unions was under administration immediately before the amalgamation, the amalgamated credit union continues to be under the administration of the same administrator or, where 2 or more of them were under the administration of different administrators, of whichever of those administrators is approved by the Corporation, until the Corporation takes action under section 180(6).

(5)  Where any of the amalgamating credit unions was under supervision immediately before the amalgamation but none of them was under administration, the amalgamated credit union continues to be under the supervision of the same supervisor or, where 2 or more of them were under the supervision of different supervisors, of whichever of those supervisors is approved by the Corporation, until the Minister or the Corporation takes action under section 177(6).

1989 cC‑31.1 s188

Division 2
Arrangements

Arrangements for credit unions assets, etc. to be acquired by another

187(1)  Subject to this Division, a credit union that is going to continue to operate (in this Division called the “acquiring credit union”) may enter into an arrangement (in this Division called an “arrangement”) with another credit union that it is proposed ultimately to liquidate and dissolve  (in this Division called the “dissolving credit union”) whereby the results set out in section 188 will ultimately be accomplished.

(2)  Credit unions that wish to enter into an arrangement must apply to the Corporation for a recommendation of the proposed arrangement to the Minister.

(3)  The Corporation may recommend the proposed arrangement to the Minister if

                           (a)    the credit unions have entered into, and provided the Corporation with a certified copy of, a written agreement (in this Division called “the agreement”) whereby the acquiring credit union will acquire all or substantially all of the assets and will assume all or substantially all of the liabilities and obligations of the dissolving credit union (including liability for deposits, with interest, at their face value), with those items that are being so acquired or in respect of which liability is being assumed being specifically itemized in the agreement,

                           (b)    the arrangement, including the agreement, has been approved by special resolution of the dissolving credit union and by resolution of the board of the acquiring credit union,

                           (c)    in the opinion of the Corporation, the arrangement will not be contrary to the interests of the members or creditors of the dissolving credit union or the acquiring credit union, and

                           (d)    the Corporation provides the Minister with copies of the agreement, certified copies of the resolutions referred to in clause (b) and any other information that is material to the proposed arrangement or that requires changes to existing registered information.

(4)  The agreement may authorize the boards of the acquiring and dissolving credit unions to make any amendments to the arrangement, including the agreement, that do not affect the substance of the arrangement, in which case any such amendments from that point become part of the arrangement.

1994 c12 s25

Certificate of approval

188(1)  The Minister may

                           (a)    approve the arrangement, as recommended by the Corporation, by issuing a certificate approving the arrangement (in this Division called the “certificate of approval”), or

                           (b)    refuse to approve the arrangement.

(2)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of approval,

                           (a)    the arrangement becomes effective and is binding on the acquiring and dissolving credit unions, their members and all other persons;

                           (b)    the assets, liabilities and obligations that the acquiring credit union has agreed to acquire or assume under the agreement become the assets, liabilities and obligations of the acquiring credit union and the dissolving credit union ceases to hold those assets and to be liable for those liabilities and obligations;

                           (c)    the persons who are members of the dissolving credit union cease to be members of that credit union and become members of the acquiring credit union;

                           (d)    the customers of the dissolving credit union become customers of the acquiring credit union on the same terms and conditions;

                           (e)    no rights of a creditor or customer of the dissolving credit union are to be treated as prejudiced by the arrangement.

(3)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of approval, the following must be done within the time periods specified in the certificate of approval:

                           (a)    the dissolving credit union shall cancel all of its issued shares, other than shares continued by section 108(2), and the acquiring credit union shall issue, to each person whose shares were cancelled, shares

                                  (i)    of the same description as those cancelled shares,

                                (ii)    having the same priority relative to acquiring credit union shares of other descriptions as those cancelled shares had, and

                               (iii)    subject to subclauses (i) and (ii), according to the conversion formula specified in the agreement;

                           (b)    if applicable, shares continued by section 108(2) must be dealt with in the manner prescribed by the Minister;

                           (c)    the dissolving credit union shall take all necessary steps to have itself liquidated and dissolved under Part 16;

                           (d)    the acquiring credit union shall give each person who becomes a member of it under the arrangement and each other person whose deposit with the dissolving credit union is being assumed by the acquiring credit union notice under section 62(2) in the form prescribed by the Minister.

1994 c12 s25

Register

189   When the Minister issues a certificate of approval, the Minister shall

                           (a)    enter into the register

                                  (i)    the certificate of approval,

                                (ii)    the agreement,

                               (iii)    the resolutions referred to in section 187(3)(b), and

                               (iv)    any other material documents provided under section 187(3)(d),

                               and

                           (b)    amend any other registered information that is necessary to reflect the arrangement.

1994 c12 s25

Part 16
Dissolution and Liquidation
and Dissolution

Interpretation and application

190(1)  In this Part, “appointor” means

                           (a)    the Minister, where a liquidator was appointed by the Minister, and

                           (b)    the Court, where a liquidator was appointed by the Court.

(2)  Where a credit union is found to be an insolvent person or a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada), any proceedings taken under this Part to dissolve or to liquidate and dissolve the credit union shall be stayed.

1989 cC‑31.1 s189;1994 c23 s51

Voluntary dissolution or liquidation and dissolution

191(1)  A credit union may, by special resolution,

                           (a)    authorize the proposed voluntary dissolution or the voluntary liquidation and dissolution of the credit union if, to the extent applicable, the resolution authorizes the discharging of all its obligations and the subsequent distribution of all its property remaining after all its obligations have been discharged, and

                           (b)    in the case of a liquidation and dissolution, appoint a liquidator,

but the proposed dissolution or liquidation and dissolution requires the approval of the Minister.

(2)  The credit union shall, within 30 days after the passing of the special resolution, provide to the Minister and the Corporation

                           (a)    a statement of intent to dissolve the credit union, and

                           (b)    financial statements setting out, so far as applicable,

                                  (i)    its assets and liabilities,

                                (ii)    the nature and extent of the interests of members and customers,

                               (iii)    the claims of other creditors and the provision to be made for their payment, and

                               (iv)    the intended division or distribution of property of the credit union remaining after the discharge of its obligations.

(3)  The Minister shall not approve the proposed dissolution or liquidation and dissolution unless

                           (a)    the statement of intent to dissolve and financial statements have been provided pursuant to subsection (2), and

                           (b)    the Corporation has in writing recommended the approval and notified the Minister that

                                  (i)    prior to dissolution the credit union will be able to discharge all its obligations, and

                                (ii)    the dissolution or liquidation and dissolution is in the best interests of the credit union and its members.

(4)  If the Minister gives the Minister’s approval under subsection (3), the Minister shall issue a certificate of intent to dissolve.

(5)  The credit union shall not carry on business after the coming into effect of the certificate of intent to dissolve, except to the extent necessary for the liquidation or dissolution.

(6)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of intent to dissolve, the credit union or the liquidator shall

                           (a)    send notice of the issue of the certificate to each customer to whom it is indebted and each other known creditor,

                           (b)    publish notice of the issue in the gazette and at least once in a newspaper distributed in the place where the credit union has its registered office,

                           (c)    proceed to collect all its property, discharge all its obligations and do all other acts required to liquidate its business, and

                           (d)    after complying with clauses (a) to (c), distribute its remaining property in accordance with the special resolution.

(7)  At any time before the coming into effect of the certificate of dissolution, the credit union may, by special resolution, authorize revocation of the certificate of intent to dissolve and, on doing so, shall

                           (a)    provide to the Minister and the Corporation a statement of revocation of intent to dissolve, and

                           (b)    publish notice of the revocation in the gazette and at least once in a newspaper distributed in the place where the credit union has its registered office.

(8)  On receipt of the statement of revocation of intent to dissolve, the Minister shall issue a certificate of revocation of intent to dissolve.

(9)  On the coming into effect of the certificate of revocation of intent to dissolve, the revocation is effective and the credit union may recommence its business.

(10)  If a certificate of intent to dissolve has not been revoked and the credit union has complied with subsection (6), the credit union or the liquidator shall provide to the Minister articles of dissolution containing statutory declarations by at least 2 directors stating that this Part has been complied with by the credit union.

(11)  On receipt of the articles of dissolution and on being satisfied that the credit union or the liquidator has complied with this Part, the Minister shall issue a certificate of dissolution and gazette notice of the issue.

1989 cC‑31.1 s190

Court supervision of voluntary liquidation and dissolution

192(1)  An interested person may, at any time during a voluntary liquidation and dissolution under section 191, apply to the Court for an order that the liquidation and dissolution be continued under the supervision of the Court and, on the application, the Court may so order and make any further order it thinks fit.

(2)  The application must state the reasons, verified by an affidavit of the applicant, why the Court should supervise the liquidation and dissolution.

(3)  If the Court makes the order, the liquidation and dissolution is to continue under the Court’s supervision.

1989 cC‑31.1 s191

Involuntary dissolution

193(1)  If the Minister has reasonable cause to believe that a credit union

                           (a)    having commenced to carry on business, is no longer carrying on business and has not carried on business for a period of at least 6 consecutive months, or

                           (b)    has, after being permitted under section 24 to commence business, had its membership number fall to below that referred to in section 24(2)(c)(i),

the Minister may, subject to this section, dissolve the credit union or appoint a liquidator for the purposes of an involuntary liquidation and dissolution.

(2)  The Minister shall not dissolve a credit union or appoint a liquidator under subsection (1) unless the Minister has

                           (a)    given the credit union and each director at least 60 days’ written notice, and

                           (b)    at least 30 days previously, gazetted notice,

of the Minister’s intention to do so and of the date on which the Minister proposes to carry out the Minister’s intention and has  served on the credit union and on each director the statement required by section 211(2).

(3)  Unless before the date specified in the notices under subsection (2) the credit union recommences business or increases its membership to the number referred to in subsection (1)(b), as the case may be, and gives the Minister written notice of that fact or shows cause why the Minister should not carry out the Minister’s intention, the Minister may, subject to section 216(3), issue a certificate of dissolution of the credit union or appoint the liquidator, as the case may be.

1989 cC‑31.1 s192

Dissolution on cancellation of incorporation

194   The Minister may issue a certificate of dissolution in respect of a credit union whose certificate of incorporation the Minister has revoked under section 25 without complying with any other provisions of this Part.

1989 cC‑31.1 s193

Dissolution or liquidation and dissolution by Court order

195(1)  The Minister may apply to the Court for an order to dissolve or to liquidate and dissolve a credit union if the credit union

                           (a)    has contravened section 47(1),

                           (b)    has procured any certificate under this Act by the fraud or misrepresentation of any person,

                           (c)    is being used for an illegal purpose, or

                           (d)    has not been fulfilling the purposes of a credit union generally under section 26(1) or has otherwise contravened section 26 in a material respect.

(2)  An application under subsection (1) must state the reasons, verified by an affidavit of the Minister, why the credit union should be dissolved or liquidated and dissolved.

(3)  On the application, the Court may make an order requiring the credit union and any interested person to show cause why the credit union should not be dissolved or liquidated and dissolved.

(4)  The credit union shall serve a copy of the order on the Minister.

(5)  The Court may order the directors and officers or any other person to furnish to it all information that is material to the application and that is known to or reasonably ascertainable by them.

(6)  The Court may order that the credit union be dissolved or liquidated and dissolved under the Court’s supervision.

(7)  On receipt of an order under subsection (6), the Minister shall

                           (a)    if the order is to dissolve the credit union, issue a certificate of dissolution, or

                           (b)    if the order is to liquidate and dissolve the credit union under the Court’s supervision, issue a certificate of intent to dissolve and gazette notice of the order.

1989 cC‑31.1 s194

Powers of the Court

196   In connection with applicable proceedings under this Part, the Court may make any order it thinks fit, whether subject to conditions or not, including and without limiting the generality of the foregoing an order to do any of the following:

                           (a)    to liquidate the credit union;

                           (b)    to appoint a liquidator, with or without security;

                           (c)    to appoint inspectors or referees and specify their powers;

                           (d)    to direct that notice be given to interested persons and to direct any matters relating to service and publication of orders and to dispense with notice to any person;

                           (e)    to determine the validity of claims against the credit union;

                            (f)    to restrain the directors and officers from exercising any of their powers or performing any act;

                           (g)    to determine and enforce any duty or obligation of any director, officer or member;

                           (h)    to approve the payment, satisfaction or compromise of claims against the credit union and the retention of assets for that purpose, and to determine the adequacy of provisions for the payment or discharge of its obligations, whether liquidated, unliquidated, future or contingent;

                            (i)    to give directions on any matter arising in the liquidation;

                            (j)    after notice has been given to interested parties, to relieve a liquidator from any omission or default on any terms the Court thinks fit or to confirm any act of the liquidator;

                           (k)    to approve any proposed interim or final distribution;

                            (l)    on the application of any director, officer, member, customer, creditor or the liquidator,

                                  (i)    to stay the liquidation on any terms and conditions the Court thinks fit,

                                (ii)    to continue or discontinue the liquidation, or

                               (iii)    to require the liquidator to restore to the credit union all its remaining property;

                          (m)    after the liquidator has rendered the liquidator’s final account to the Court, to order the dissolution of the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s195

Effect of order or appointment

197(1)  Where a liquidator is appointed under section 193 or the Court makes an order for liquidation,

                           (a)    the credit union shall cease to carry on any business other than what is, in the opinion of the liquidator, necessary for an orderly liquidation,

                           (b)    no civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding may be commenced or continued against the credit union without the permission of the Court, and then only in accordance with the terms and conditions imposed by the Court, and

                           (c)    an attachment, sequestration, distress or execution that is in force or levied against the property of the credit union after the date of the appointment or the order is void.

(2)  The liquidator may exercise all the powers of and shall perform all the duties and functions of the board, its officers and the members and, from the date of the appointment or the order, the board, its officers and the members shall not exercise their powers except as specifically authorized by the appointor.

(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the liquidator, with the approval of the appointor, delegates duties or functions to a director or officer.

(4)  While the office of liquidator is vacant, the property of the credit union is under the control of

                           (a)    the Corporation, where the liquidator was appointed by the Minister, or

                           (b)    the Court, where the liquidator was appointed by the Court.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s197;2014 c13 s23

Notice of appointment and liquidation

198(1)  On being appointed, the liquidator shall forthwith

                           (a)    publish notice of that appointment and of the matters referred to in subsection (2) in the gazette and once a week for 2 consecutive weeks in newspapers distributed in every municipality in which the credit union carries on business,

                           (b)    give written notice of that appointment and of the matters referred to in subsection (2) to each customer, debtor  and creditor of the credit union known to the liquidator, and

                           (c)    give written notice of that appointment

                                  (i)    to each director, and

                                (ii)    in the case of a liquidator not appointed by the Minister, to the Minister.

(2)  A notice referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (b) must require any person

                           (a)    who is indebted to the credit union to render an accounting and to pay to the liquidator at the time and place specified the amount owing,

                           (b)    who possesses property of the credit union to deliver it to the liquidator at the time and place specified, and

                           (c)    who has any claim against the credit union to present written particulars of the claim to the liquidator not later than 2 months after the first publication of the notice.

1989 cC‑31.1 s197

Duties of liquidator

199(1)  A liquidator shall

                           (a)    forthwith after being appointed take into the liquidator’s custody and control the property of the credit union, and open and maintain an account for the credit union’s money,

                           (b)    keep accounts of the credit union’s money received and paid out by the liquidator,

                           (c)    maintain appropriate records of the members, customers and creditors and their interests in the credit union,

                           (d)    provide a report on the liquidator’s progress to the Minister and the Corporation at least once a month, and

                           (e)    provide to the appointor

                                  (i)    financial statements each year, and

                                (ii)    such other financial information as the appointor requests, within a reasonable time after the request is made.

(2)  The liquidator shall, within a reasonable time after being appointed, prepare a statement of the assets and liabilities of the credit union and the values of the assets as shown by the liquidator’s records, and the liquidator shall provide to the Minister and the Corporation a copy of the statement.

(3)  The liquidator shall not

                           (a)    purchase, directly or indirectly, any part of the property of the credit union, or

                           (b)    borrow money on the security of its property,

without the prior approval of the appointor.

(4)  Where a liquidator is a person other than the Corporation and is appointed by the Minister, the liquidator shall act in accordance with any directions given the liquidator by the Corporation.

1989 cC‑31.1 s198

Powers of liquidator

200(1)  The liquidator may

                           (a)    retain professional advisors,

                           (b)    bring, defend or take part in any civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding in the name and on behalf of the credit union,

                           (c)    carry on the credit union’s business to the extent required for an orderly liquidation,

                           (d)    perform all acts and execute any documents in the name and on behalf of the credit union, and use the credit union’s seal for that purpose,

                           (e)    settle or compromise any claims by or against the credit union, and

                            (f)    sell the credit union’s property and do all other things that the liquidator considers necessary for the liquidation of the credit union and the distribution of its property.

(2)  Where the liquidator has reason to believe that any person has in the person’s possession or under the person’s control, or has concealed, withheld or misappropriated, any property of the credit union, the liquidator may apply to the Court ex parte for an order requiring that person to appear before the Court at the time and place designated in the order and to be questioned with respect to that property, and if the questioning substantiates the belief, the Court may

                           (a)    order the restoration of the property,

                           (b)    order the retention, preservation or inspection of the property,

                           (c)    order payment of compensation in respect of the property to the liquidator, or

                           (d)    make any other order it thinks fit.

RSA 2000  cC‑32 s200;2009 c53 s43

Limitation on liability

201   A liquidator is not liable in any proceeding to the extent that the liquidator relies in good faith on

                           (a)    financial statements of the credit union represented to the liquidator in writing by an officer of the credit union qualified to make such a representation, or in a written report of the auditor, to reflect fairly the financial condition of the credit union, or

                           (b)    the written opinion or report of a professional advisor retained by the liquidator, or an officer, qualified to give such an opinion or to make such a report.

1989 cC‑31.1 s200

Costs of liquidation

202   A liquidator shall pay the costs of the liquidation out of the property of the credit union.

1989 cC‑31.1 s201

Distribution of property

203(1)  A liquidator, including a liquidator appointed by the Minister, may give notice in writing to creditors of whose claims the liquidator has notice and whose claims the liquidator considers should not be allowed without proof, requiring those creditors to attend before the Court on the day specified in the notice and to prove their claims to the satisfaction of the Court, and, if any creditor fails to attend, the creditor’s claim shall be disallowed, subject to any further time for proof allowed by the Court.

(2)  Not earlier than 2 months after the 2nd newspaper publication of the notice referred to in section 198(1)(a) and after paying the costs of the liquidation, the liquidator may distribute all or any part of the property of the credit union among the parties entitled to it, having regard to the claims of which the liquidator then has notice.

(3)  If the liquidator considers that the liquidator will not be able to distribute all of the property of the credit union under subsection (2) within one year after the liquidator’s appointment, the liquidator may apply for an extension of time to the appointor, who may extend the time accordingly.

(4)  The liquidator is not liable to any person who does not submit notice of the person’s claim to the liquidator prior to distribution of the property under subsection (2).

(5)  Where a liquidator appointed by the Minister determines that the credit union will be unable to provide adequately for the discharge in full of its obligations, the liquidator shall report that fact to the Minister and the Corporation, and the Corporation shall direct and superintend distribution of the property of the credit union pursuant to the law, for which purposes it may apply to the Court for directions.

(6)  Where a liquidator appointed by the Court determines that the credit union will be unable to provide adequately for the discharge in full of its obligations, the liquidator may apply to the Court for directions as to the distribution of the credit union’s property.

(7)  A liquidator appointed by the Minister may apply to the Court for a hearing for the purposes of subsection (1).

1989 cC‑31.1 s202

Ranking of claims

204   Where a credit union is dissolved or is in liquidation and this Part applies to it and it transpires that the proceeds realized from its property are not sufficient to discharge all its obligations, those proceeds shall be applied in priority of payment

                           (a)    subject to clause (b), as if the property of a bankrupt were being distributed under Part 5 of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada), and

                           (b)    in relation to the priority of the following persons only as among themselves,

                                  (i)    first, to the holders of deposits with the credit union, rateably among themselves,

                                (ii)    2nd, to the holders of special shares, in accordance with the prescribed criteria, and

                               (iii)    3rd, to the holders of common shares issued by the credit union, rateably among themselves,

                                    and otherwise pursuant to clause (a).

1989 cC‑31.1 s203;1994 c23 s51

Final accounts and end of liquidation

205(1)  After the liquidator has paid or made adequate provision for all valid claims against the credit union, the liquidator shall apply to the appointor for approval of the liquidator’s final accounts and for permission to distribute the remaining property of the credit union.

(2)  If the appointor approves the final accounts of the liquidator, the appointor shall make an order discharging the liquidator.

(3)  Where the Court approves the final accounts, it shall make an order directing the Minister to issue a certificate of dissolution.

(4)  The Minister shall issue a certificate of dissolution

                           (a)    on being directed to do so by the Court under subsection (3), or

                           (b)    subject to section 216(3), on the Minister approving the final accounts under subsection (2).

(5)  Any person who was a member immediately prior to or during the liquidation proceedings may inspect the documents and records retained by the liquidator that relate to the person’s own business with the credit union on payment of a reasonable fee to the liquidator.

1989 cC‑31.1 s204

Dissolution and effect of dissolution

206(1)  In this section, “member” includes any heir of a deceased member.

(2)  A credit union is dissolved and ceases to exist on the coming into effect of its certificate of dissolution.

(3)  Notwithstanding the dissolution of a credit union,

                           (a)    a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding commenced by or against the credit union before its dissolution may be continued as if the credit union had not been dissolved,

                           (b)    a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding may be brought against the credit union within 2 years after its dissolution as if the credit union had not been dissolved, and

                           (c)    any property that would have been available to satisfy any judgment or order if the credit union had not been dissolved remains available for that purpose.

(4)  Service of a document on a credit union after its dissolution may be effected by serving the document on the Corporation addressed to the credit union in the care of the Corporation.

(5)  Notwithstanding the dissolution of a credit union, a member to whom any of its property has been distributed in the liquidation or in respect of the dissolution is liable to any person claiming under subsection (3) to the extent of the amount received by that member on the distribution, and an action to enforce that liability may be brought within 2 years after the dissolution.

(6)  The Court may order an action referred to in subsection (5) to be brought against the persons who were members and who received any of the property as a class, subject to such conditions as the Court considers fit, and, if the plaintiff’s claim is established, the Court may

                           (a)    add as a party to the proceedings each person who was such a member,

                           (b)    determine, subject to subsection (5), the amount that each such person is to contribute toward satisfaction of the plaintiff’s claim, and

                           (c)    direct payment of the amounts so determined.

(7)  Subject to subsection (3), property of a credit union that has not been disposed of at the date of its dissolution vests in the Government.

(8)  Subject to any prescribed exceptions, the Minister shall not issue a certificate of dissolution where the credit union has been found to be an insolvent person or a bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada) unless there has been provided to the Minister a discharge from bankruptcy under that Act.

(9)  If, after the dissolution of a credit union, a person is entitled to receive a document executed by that credit union for registration with any public office in which documents may be registered under any enactment, the Corporation may execute the document on behalf of the dissolved credit union, and the person responsible for that registration system shall accept the document for registration if the Corporation has placed an explanation for its action on the document and has otherwise complied with the requirements for registration under that system.

1989 cC‑31.1 s205;1994 c23 s51

Revival

207(1)  Any interested person may apply to the Minister to have a dissolved credit union, other than one dissolved pursuant to an order of the Court, revived, by providing articles of revival to the Minister.

(2)  On receipt of the articles of revival, the Minister shall

                           (a)    issue a certificate of revival, or

                           (b)    direct that an application be made to the Court under subsection (3).

(3)  Any interested person may apply to the Court for an order reviving a dissolved credit union

                           (a)    where the credit union was dissolved pursuant to an order of the Court, or

                           (b)    where the Minister has made a direction under subsection (2)(b),

and the applicant shall give notice of the application to the Minister.

(4)  If an order is made under subsection (3), the applicant shall forthwith send a certified copy of it to the Minister, who shall register the order and issue a certificate of revival.

(5)  The Minister or the Court, as the case may be, may order that the credit union be revived for the period and for the purposes specified in the order and, in that case, the revival is effective subject to those restrictions.

(6)  The Minister or the Court, as the case may be, may give any order respecting actions to be taken by the credit union and the return of its property on its revival.

(7)  A credit union is revived on the coming into effect of the certificate of revival and, subject to any order under this section and to rights acquired by any person after the dissolution but prior to the revival, the credit union has all the rights and privileges and is liable for the obligations that it would have had if it had not been dissolved.

1989 cC‑31.1 s206

Part 17
Representations, Reviews
and Appeals

Definitions

208   In this Part,

                           (a)    “decision” means an action of the Minister or the Corporation referred to in section 210(6) or 211(1) or a decision made by a review board under section 212 on a review or any determination to be made by the Minister or the Corporation that falls within the scope of section 209(1);

                           (b)    “party” means the credit union or Central or, where the decision is one referred to in

                                  (i)    section 211(1)(a), the person designated or to be designated,

                                (ii)    section 211(1)(b), the incorporators,

                               (iii)    section 211(1)(e), so far as it relates to the application of section 99(1) or (2) or 105(1) to a subsidiary of a credit union, that subsidiary, or

                               (iv)    section 211(1)(l) involving a subsidiary, that subsidiary and its holding body corporate, or either of them,

                                    whose rights are or are liable to be directly and adversely affected by a decision and, where a review board has reviewed a decision of the Minister or the Corporation, includes the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be.

1989 cC‑31.1 s207;1994 c12 s27;1998 c12 s43

Opportunity to make representations in advance

209(1)  Subject to this section, before the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, makes any determination

                           (a)    under any enactment referred to in section 211(1)(a) to (n) respecting the subject‑matter of that enactment (whatever the outcome might ultimately transpire to be),

                           (b)    under section 101(3), 131(1), 180(1), 185(1) or (3) or 191(1) or (3), respecting an approval under it,

                           (c)    under section 126(1) respecting the placing of a credit union under supervision,

                           (d)    under section 131(1) respecting the establishing of a limit,

                           (e)    under section 180(1) respecting the placing of a credit union under administration,

                            (f)    under section 185 respecting the making of an order to amalgamate,

                           (g)    under section 187(3) or 188(1) respecting the recommendation or approval of an arrangement, or

                           (h)    under Part 13, as it incorporates or duplicates the effect in relation to Central of any enactment referred to directly or indirectly in clauses (a) to (g),

the Minister or the Corporation shall advise the party of the intention to make the decision and allow the party a reasonable opportunity to make representations to the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, in respect of the matter to which the decision relates.

(2)  Where, in the opinion of the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, the interests of the party or of the members who constitute the party may be adversely affected by the delay that could be caused by the making of representations, the Minister or the Corporation may make the decision without allowing the party the opportunity to make representations.

(3)  Where a particular matter referred to in subsection (1) requires decisions both by the Minister and the Corporation, this section applies only to the decision of the Corporation, but the Corporation shall inform the Minister in writing prior to making its decision of the contents of any representations made to it.

1994 c12 s28;1998 c12 s44

Representations in respect of supervisors action

210(1)  This section applies only to parties that are under supervision, without limiting the applicability of other sections of this Part to such parties.

(2)  In this section,

                           (a)    “action” means the making of an order, the issuing of a directive, the imposition of a requirement or the making of any other determination by a supervisor in respect of a party that has the same or substantially the same effect as a decision which, if the decision‑maker were about to make it, would be one that would give rise to the right to make representations under section 209;

                           (b)    “decision‑maker” means the Minister or the Corporation, depending on which of them would be receiving representations under section 209 if the action were a prospective decision;

                           (c)    “party” means a party under supervision in respect of which an action has been taken.

(3)  Where a supervisor takes an action, the party and the supervisor have the right to make representations with regard to it subject to and in accordance with this section.

(4)  The party must notify the supervisor and the decision‑maker in writing, within 4 days after being notified of the action, that it intends to make representations under this section.

(5)  If the party has complied with subsection (4), the decision‑maker shall afford a reasonable opportunity

                           (a)    to the party to make representations as to why the action should be rescinded or varied, and

                           (b)    to the supervisor to make representations as to why it should be confirmed.

(6)  The decision‑maker may confirm, rescind or vary the action.

(7)  The decision‑maker shall, forthwith after making its decision under subsection (6), serve the parties and the supervisor with a copy of that decision, including the reasons for it.

(8)  The action is stayed until

                           (a)    the decision on it is made under subsection (6),

                           (b)    the time limit established by subsection (4) expires without the party’s having given notice under that subsection, or

                           (c)    the party otherwise fails to exercise its rights under this section,

whichever event occurs first.

(9)  Where a particular matter that is based on an action requires decisions under an enactment directly or indirectly referred to in section 209(1) both by the Minister and the Corporation, the duties and rights under this section relating to the hearing of representations apply only to the Corporation, but the Corporation shall inform the Minister in writing prior to making its decision under subsection (6) of the contents of any representations made to it.

(10)  Nothing in this section

                           (a)    enlarges the powers of a supervisor under Part 14, or

                           (b)    affects any power or duty, or any requirement that exists for any approval or consent, on the part of the decision‑maker, under any enactment directly or indirectly referred to in section 209(1).

(11)  Notwithstanding subsection (10)(b), a decision‑maker’s decision under subsection (6) is also to be considered to be that particular decision‑maker’s decision for the purpose of any enactment referred to in that clause.

1994 c12 s28

Rights with respect to review

211(1)  A party who feels aggrieved by

                           (a)    a designation under section 2(8),

                           (b)    the refusal of an application for incorporation on the ground that the Minister is not satisfied as to any matter referred to in section 22(a),

                           (c)    the refusal of an application to allow commencement of business under section 24, or the revocation of a certificate of incorporation under section 25, on the ground that section 24(2)(a) or (c) has not been met,

                           (d)    a refusal under section 29(2) to register or issue a certificate of amendment of articles on any ground relating to a credit union’s bond of association,

                           (e)    a refusal of approval by the Corporation under section 47(2) or (3), 99(1) or (2), 104(3), 105(1), 121(1) or 136(4) or by the Minister under section 168, as it incorporates, in relation to Central, section 99(1) or (2), 104(3) or 105(1),

                            (f)    a direction under section 104(4) or 105(4) to dispose of share investments,

                           (g)    the placing of a credit union or Central under supervision under section 173 or 177,

                           (h)    the refusal under section 177(5) to lift a supervision order,

                            (i)    the refusal of an application for approval of an amalgamation under section 183(6)(a) or (b),

                            (j)    a notice under section 193 that the Minister is appointing a liquidator or proposes to dissolve a credit union,

                           (k)    a decision by the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, made under section 210(6) that corresponds to a decision referred to in any other clause of this subsection,

                            (l)    the making of a cease and desist order under section 218,

                          (m)    a direction under section 229(2), or

                           (n)    any other prescribed action,

is entitled to have the decision reviewed by a review board under section 212.

(2)  The Minister or the Corporation, forthwith after making a decision referred to in subsection (1), shall serve on each party to the decision a written statement of the decision, setting out

                           (a)    the findings of fact on which the decision is based, and

                           (b)    the reasons for the decision.

1989 cC‑31.1 s208;1994 c12 s29;1998 c12 s45

Request for review of decision

212(1)  A party affected by a decision referred to in section 211(1) may object to the decision by serving on the Minister a notice of objection, specifying the decision objected to and the grounds for the objection, within 90 days after being served with the statement pursuant to section 211(2).

(2)  The Minister shall, within 30 days after being served with the notice of objection and unless the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, decides within that period to reverse the decision without resort to further proceedings under this Part, appoint a review board to conduct a review of the matter objected to.

(3)  The review board is to consist of one person designated as its chair by the Minister and not fewer than 2 nor more than 4 other persons, but the Minister shall not appoint to the review board persons who are

                           (a)    directors of the Corporation, or

                           (b)    employed, whether on a contract of service or a contract for services,

                                  (i)    in the public service of Alberta, or

                                (ii)    by the Corporation.

(4)  The Minister shall set a period, not exceeding 90 days, within which the review board is to make the review and give its written decision, and may extend that period or any extension of that period, before its expiry, by further periods not exceeding 45 days.

(5)  For the purpose of conducting the review, the review board has all the duties, powers, privileges and immunities given to a commissioner appointed under the Public Inquiries Act by sections 3, 4, 7 and 9 of that Act.

(6)  The review board may confirm, rescind or vary the decision reviewed.

(7)  The review board shall, forthwith after making its decision, serve the parties with a copy of its decision, including the reasons for it. 

(8)  The Minister may pay those fees and reasonable living and travelling expenses that the Minister considers proper to the members of a review board.

(9)  Decisions of review boards are binding on the Minister and the Corporation. 

(10)  Subject to this Part and the regulations, a review board may regulate its own procedure and business.

1989 cC‑31.1 s209;1994 c12 s30

Appeal without review

213(1)  A party may, in a notice of objection referred to in section 212(1), apply to the Minister for permission to appeal directly to the Court without having a review made under section 212 and, if the Minister considers the matter ought to go directly to the Court, the Minister may, by notice in writing to that party, consent to a direct appeal to the Court.

(2)  Where the Minister gives the Minister’s consent under subsection (1), the party shall be treated as having waived the party’s right to the review.

(3)  Where

                           (a)    any period established under section 212(4) expires without an extension having been granted under that subsection, and

                           (b)    the review board has not made its decision,

the party has a right to elect to appeal against the decision objected to directly to the Court pursuant to section 214 or to allow the review board to give its decision after the expiration of that period.

(4)  A party has a right to appeal directly to the Court under section 214 against a decision if the statement required by section 211(2) has not been served on it within 30 days after the decision.

1989 cC‑31.1 s210;1994 c12 s31

Appeal to the Court

214(1)  A person directly affected by a decision of a review board under section 212, including the Minister or the Corporation where the Minister’s or the Corporation’s decision has been rescinded or varied, or a person having a right under section 213 to appeal directly against the original decision, may appeal against the decision to the Court by application supported by an affidavit and, in the case of a party referred to in section 213(2), the consent.

(2)  A copy of the application, the affidavit and, where applicable, the consent, must be filed with the clerk of the Court and served on the Minister or the Corporation, as the case may be, within

                           (a)    30 days after

                                  (i)    the service of the review board’s decision on the party,

                                (ii)    the consent under section 213(1), or

                               (iii)    in the case of an appeal under section 213(3), the expiry of the period established under section 212(4),

                               or

                           (b)    60 days after the original decision, in the case of an appeal under section 213(4),

or such longer period as the Court allows, and the application must be made returnable within 90 days after the filing of the application.

(3)  An application under this section must be made in accordance with the Alberta Rules of Court.

(4)  The Court, on hearing the appeal, may confirm, rescind or vary the decision or make any order it considers just.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s214;2009 c53 s43

Exceptions to right to appeal to Court

215  Notwithstanding anything in section 213 or 214, those sections do not apply with respect to any decision referred to in section 211(1)(e) or, so far as it corresponds to a decision referred to in section 211(1)(e), section 211(1)(k).

1994 c12 s32

Stay

216(1)  Subject to this section, an objection or appeal under this Part does not operate as a stay of the decision.

(2)  The review board or the Court, as the case may be, may grant a stay in respect of a decision referred to in section 211(1)(a), (f), (j), (l) or, if the decision corresponds to a decision referred to in any of those clauses, (k) or any other prescribed decision.

(3)  The Minister shall not issue a certificate of dissolution under section 193 if the notice under that section is under review or appeal under this Part or if the time for making any objection or appeal has not yet expired.

(4)  The Minister need not grant an application for incorporation or commencement of business pending the judgment of the Court if the review board’s decision is in favour of the incorporators or the credit union and the Minister appeals against that decision to the Court.

1989 cC‑31.1 s212;1994 c12 s33

Part 18
Enforcement

Demand for information

217(1)  The Minister may, for the purpose of inquiring or facilitating the Corporation’s inquiries into

                           (a)    a body corporate’s condition and ability to meet its obligations,

                           (b)    the conduct of its business or affairs, or

                           (c)    any complaint made by any of its members, customers or creditors,

or for any purpose related to an audit, direct the body corporate, its subsidiary, a related party, a present or former director, officer, auditor, employee or agent of the body corporate or of its subsidiary or any other prescribed person to provide or produce, within such reasonable period of time as is stipulated in the direction, any information or document.

(2)   Where a person served with a direction under this section does not provide or produce the information or document in accordance with the direction, then, without affecting any other liability that the person may have under this Act, the Minister, on 2 days’ written notice to that person, may apply to the Court for an order under subsection (3).

(3)  The Court may order the person to provide or produce the information or document, subject to such conditions as the Court considers appropriate, if the Court is satisfied that it is in the possession or under the control of the person and is relevant to a purpose provided for in subsection (1).

(4)   If the information or document is produced by a person under this section, the Minister, on giving a receipt for it, may remove it for the purpose of making copies of or extracts from it.

1989 cC‑31.1 s213

Cease and desist orders

218(1)  Where the Minister considers that a credit union or Central or its subsidiary is doing or is about to do something or is failing to do something and that the act or failure to act

                           (a)    is or would be in contravention of this Act or the regulations,

                           (b)    is or would be inconsistent with

                                  (i)    in the case of a credit union or its subsidiary, the purposes of a credit union or generally with the mode of operation set out in section 26(2), or

                                (ii)    in the case of Central or its subsidiary, the purposes of Central,

                           (c)    might reasonably be expected to result in a situation that would be in contravention of this Act or the regulations or inconsistent with the purposes or mode of operation referred to in clause (b), or

                           (d)    constitutes or would constitute a practice that might adversely affect the interests of members, customers or creditors of the credit union or Central,

the Minister may order that body corporate to, or order the body corporate to procure its subsidiary to, cease or refrain from doing or to do that thing, as the case may be, in order to remedy that situation.

(2)  The Minister shall provide a copy of an order made under subsection (1) to each director of the body corporate.

(3)  An order under this section does not affect any other liability that a corporation may have under any other law in respect of the act or failure to act.

1989 cC‑31.1 s214

Injunction

219   Without limiting any other remedy provided for in this Act, the Minister may apply for an injunction to restrain a credit union or Central or any related party from contravening any provision of this Act, the regulations or the body corporate’s articles or bylaws.

1989 cC‑31.1 s215

Remedies for contravention of related party provisions

220(1)  Where a related party transaction that is prohibited or restricted by a related party provision takes place, any interested person, including the Minister, may apply to the Court for an order

                           (a)    setting aside the transaction and directing that the related party account to the credit union or Central, as the case may be, for any profit or gain realized, and

                           (b)    that each person who participated in or facilitated the transaction pay to the body corporate on a joint and several basis

                                  (i)    the damages suffered,

                                (ii)    the face value of the transaction, or

                               (iii)    the amount expended by the body corporate in the transaction,

and on the application, the Court may so order or make such other order as it thinks fit, including an order for compensation for the loss or damage suffered by the body corporate and punitive or exemplary damages from the related party.

(2)  A person who is not a director is not liable under subsection (1)(b) unless the person knew or ought reasonably to have known that the transaction was made in contravention of a related party provision.

1989 cC‑31.1 s216

General offence provisions

221(1)  A person who contravenes any provision of this Act or the regulations is guilty of an offence against this Act.

(2)  A contravention of this Act or the regulations that is of a continuing nature constitutes a separate offence in respect of each day or part of a day during which it continues.

(3)  Where a corporation is guilty of an offence against this Act, a director, officer or agent of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, permitted, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence.

(4)  This section does not apply to a contravention of section 41(1) or 85(1) or (2) or section 160(1) in respect of section 41(1) or section 166(1) in respect of section 85(1) or (2).

1989 cC‑31.1 s217

Specific offences by bodies corporate and subsidiaries

222(1)  A body corporate or its subsidiary shall not wilfully

                           (a)    give the Minister, the Corporation, its auditor or any person responsible for its supervision, administration, liquidation or examination information that is false or misleading,

                           (b)    provide  to the Minister or the Corporation a report, return, notice or other document that

                                  (i)    contains an untrue statement of a material fact, or

                                (ii)    omits to state a material fact that is necessary to make a statement contained in the document not misleading in the light of the circumstances in which it is made,

                           (c)    make any representation to its members, customers or creditors or to the public that is false or misleading, or

                           (d)    make a false or deceptive entry, or omit any material particular, in any record required to be kept by this Act or the regulations.

(2)  A body corporate or its subsidiary shall comply with

                           (a)    any order or direction made by the Minister or the Corporation, or

                           (b)    the terms and conditions of any approval given by the Minister or the Corporation,

pursuant to this Act or the regulations.

(3)  Where a person makes a report in good faith to the Minister or the Corporation or to the auditor of a body corporate in the performance of a duty or the exercise of a power given to the person by this Act, that body corporate or its subsidiary shall not take any action against the person that is adverse to the person’s interests for making that report.

(4)  If a corporation contravenes subsection (3), then, notwithstanding its liability under that subsection, the corporation is liable to the person for any financial losses incurred by the person in respect of the corporation’s act.

1989 cC‑31.1 s218

Offences by persons generally

223(1)  A person carrying on any business in Alberta shall not use the words “credit union” or an abbreviation or derivative of those words as part of a corporate or business name unless the person is a body corporate or an institution referred to in section 228 that is acting in accordance with that section.

(2)  A person shall not destroy, alter, conceal, withhold, remove or otherwise dispose of documentary information

                           (a)    in order to avoid the provision of information required by or under this Act or in any proceeding relating to it, or

                           (b)    that is required by this Act or the regulations to be kept by a body corporate,

or direct or authorize any such act.

(3)  A person shall not, knowing any information to be untrue, record it so as to be kept by a credit union or Central.

(4)  A person shall not wilfully give the Minister or the Corporation information pursuant to this Act or the regulations that is false or misleading.

1989 cC‑31.1 s219

Penalties

224(1)  A person who is convicted of an offence against this Act for which no specific penalty is fixed by this section is liable, subject to this section,

                           (a)    in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $5000, and

                           (b)    in the case of any other person, to a fine of not more than $25 000.

(2)  A person who is convicted of an offence involving contravention of section 50(1) or 142(4), or of section  165(1) in respect of section 50(1), is liable to a fine of not more than $25 000 or an amount equal to 3 times the value of the benefit or advantage derived from the transaction, whichever is higher.

(3)  A person who is convicted of an offence involving contravention of

                           (a)    section 37(6),

                           (b)    the duty to act honestly or in good faith under section 73(1)(a) or under section 142(1) or 164(1) in respect of section 73(1)(a), or

                           (c)    section 222(1) or 223(4)

is liable to a fine of not more than $25 000.

(4)  A person who is convicted of an offence involving contravention of section 77, or of section 164(1) in respect of section 77, is liable to a fine of not more than $15 000.

(5)  The maximum penalty for an offence referred to in section 221(2) committed on the 2nd and each subsequent day of the contravention referred to in that subsection is 1/25 of the penalty applicable in respect of the first day of the contravention.

1989 cC‑31.1 s220

Civil enforcement of certain penalties and interest

225(1)  This section applies where a credit union contravenes section 41(1) or 85(1) or (2) or where Central contravenes section 160(1) in respect of section 41(1) or section 166(1) in respect of section 85(1) or (2).

(2)  The contravening body corporate is liable to a civil penalty in the prescribed amount in respect of each day or part of a day in which it is in contravention, and the Minister may serve a notice assessing that civil penalty on it.

(3)  Where any amount of the penalty is not paid, that amount bears interest at the prescribed rate from the serving of the notice.

(4)  Penalties and interest payable under this section are debts due to the Government and are recoverable as such by an action in debt.

1989 cC‑31.1 s221

Limitation period

226   A prosecution in respect of an offence against this Act may not be commenced later than 5 years after the alleged commission of the offence.

1989 cC‑31.1 s222

Order to comply

227(1)  Where a court convicts a person of an offence against this Act, then, without limiting any other liability that that person may have under this Act or any other law, the court may order that person to comply with the provision of this Act or the regulations for the contravention of which the person has been convicted.

(2)  No civil remedy for an act is suspended or affected by reason that the act is an offence against this Act.

1989 cC‑31.1 s223

Part 19
Miscellaneous

Extra-provincial institutions

228   An institution incorporated under the laws of a jurisdiction other than Alberta that has purposes similar to those referred to in section 26(1) and that complies generally with the mode of operation set out in section 26(2) shall not carry on any business in Alberta except

                           (a)    registering, pursuant to the applicable legislation of Alberta, a security that was lawfully taken by it as part of a wider transaction conducted in and under the laws of another jurisdiction,

                           (b)    realizing such a security, taking title to and possession of the property secured, registering title to it, holding it pending its disposal and disposing of it,

                           (c)    otherwise taking steps that are necessary for the purposes of collecting or enforcing an obligation that is owed to it under a transaction referred to in clause (a), and

                           (d)    transacting business that is incidental to any business referred to in clause (a), (b) or (c).

1989 cC‑31.1 s224

Valuation of property

229(1)  Where the Minister has reason to believe, with respect to a credit union or Central or any of its subsidiaries, that

                           (a)    the valuation placed on its land or any portion of its land is greater than the actual value of the land,

                           (b)    the amount of a loan made by it and secured by a mortgage of land is greater than the value of the land securing it or that the land is not sufficient security for the loan, or

                           (c)    the market value of any other property is less than the amount shown in its books,

the Minister may require that corporation to obtain an appraisal, or may personally obtain an appraisal, conducted in the prescribed manner at the expense of the corporation.

(2)  Having regard to the appraised value, the Minister may

                           (a)    substitute the appraised value of the property for the corporation’s valuation, or

                           (b)    write down the value of a loan referred to in subsection (1)(b) by such amount as the Minister considers appropriate,

and, where the Minister takes such action, the Minister shall direct the corporation to adjust the book value of the property or the loan accordingly.

(3)  A credit union shall ensure that a direction of the Minister under subsection (2) is noted in the corporation’s financial statements for the year in which the direction is made.

(4)  Where a loan or guarantee requires the approval of a special loans committee and is to be wholly or partly secured by a mortgage of land, the special loans committee may require the body corporate to obtain an appraisal before deciding on the approval.

1989 cC‑31.1 s225

Lieutenant Governor in Council regulations

230   The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations

                           (a)    prescribing fees and charges payable for services rendered and documents provided by or on behalf of the Minister under this Act and the regulations and respecting the imposition by the Corporation of fees and charges for services rendered by or on behalf of the Corporation to specific credit unions that are not to be paid for from the general resources of the Corporation;

                           (b)    authorizing the creation of shares, other than common shares, to be issued by credit unions or Central or shares to be issued by the Corporation or its subsidiaries, and, in respect of any such shares, including any class of, or any series in a class of, such shares,

                                  (i)    respecting their creation, issue, sale, redemption, retraction, transfer, registration, transmission and delivery and the attached rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions,

                                (ii)    respecting the minimum amounts to be received by the corporation,

                               (iii)    governing the maximum number that may be held by any holder of the shares,

                               (iv)    governing the rights, duties and obligations of the corporation, and

                                 (v)    respecting the extent to which they are subject to this Act or the regulations or any other enactment;

                           (c)    establishing further related party provisions;

                           (d)    respecting the protection of customers and the public in their dealings with credit unions, including the making of representations by credit unions to them;

                           (e)    respecting the confidentiality of information possessed by credit unions or their subsidiaries or affiliates concerning their members, customers or clients, and prohibiting or restricting the provision of, solicitations based on or the giving of access to, any such information;

                            (f)    respecting networking arrangements between credit unions or Central and other persons providing products or services, and prohibiting or restricting any such arrangements and making rules governing the conduct of credit unions that have networking arrangements;

                           (g)    prohibiting or restricting the sale by credit unions or Central of one product or service on condition that another is acquired from any person;

                           (h)    respecting the disclosure of credit unions’ service charges and changes to them;

                            (i)    providing for the appropriation of capital of the Corporation, the dissolution or the liquidation and dissolution of Central or the Corporation, the basis on which such a liquidation or dissolution is to be carried out and the distribution of the remaining assets in the event of such a liquidation or dissolution;

                            (j)    requiring directors of credit unions to meet requirements respecting their training;

                           (k)    respecting the application of provisions of this Act, or similar provisions, to partnerships and joint ventures involving credit unions or Central or to relationships between credit unions or Central and any such partnerships or joint ventures, including investments in them;

                            (l)    notwithstanding anything in sections 117 to 120, establishing further transitional provisions for those sections respecting money held before November 1, 1989 by credit unions on behalf of persons to whom those sections relate;

                          (m)    rendering the making of specified orders under section 218 subject to the prior consent of persons specified in the regulations;

                           (n)    respecting provisions of this Act that refer to the previous fiscal year of credit unions, making separate provision for new credit unions in relation to their initial fiscal year after approval under section 24 of its commencement of business;

                           (o)    prescribing powers, duties or functions that may be conducted on behalf of a credit union or Central only by the board or by special or ordinary resolution;

                           (p)    governing communications and reporting among the Minister, the auditors, audit committees, directors and officers of credit unions and providing for access to information to be given by and to them, and the manner in which such access is to be permitted;

                           (q)    empowering the Corporation to grant exemptions from maximum loan limits under Part 11 in respect of the renewal of loans that were originally made before November 1, 1989;

                            (r)    establishing further requirements as to the quality of loans that credit unions may make and the terms and conditions of such loans;

                           (s)    governing the acceptance by credit unions of deposits from trustees;

                            (t)    prescribing further transactions that are to be subject to further restrictions by the Corporation or that require the approval of a special loans committee, and establishing those restrictions;

                           (u)    respecting proceedings before a review board under section 212;

                           (v)    respecting the remuneration of directors of the Corporation;

                        (v.1)    notwithstanding anything in this Act but subject to Part 13.1, providing for what is to be done on or following any federal continuance and the effect of a federal continuance;

                        (v.2)    governing relations between credit unions and insurers and insurance agents within the meaning of the Insurance Act;

                          (w)    prescribing any matter or thing that by this Act may or is to be prescribed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s230;2003 c19 s24

Ministerial regulations

231   The Minister may make regulations

                           (a)    respecting the execution, certification, proof, authentication and alteration of documents relating to this Act or any of their contents, the issue of and the correction of errors in certificates, the registration system and process and other matters relating to the administration of this Act;

                           (b)    requiring approval by the Minister of the Corporation’s financial estimates, imposing conditions in relation to its financial estimates and expenditures and providing for examinations of, and otherwise respecting, its management and management practices;

                        (b.1)    respecting the collection, disclosure and use, or any of them, of personal information or other information that is necessary for the administration or enforcement of this Act;

                        (b.2)    designating a person to act as ombudsman, for the term set in writing by the Minister, to review and deal with complaints made by members and other customers that are not internally resolved within a credit union under section 48.1, and respecting the rights, duties, functions and liabilities of the ombudsman and the fees payable for the ombudsman’s services, and respecting general governance in respect of the ombudsman;

                        (b.3)    respecting the manner of and conditions for participating in general meetings contemplated by section 60.1(1) by means of a facility referred to in that section;

                           (c)    prescribing any matter or thing that by this Act may or is to be prescribed by the Minister.

RSA 2000 cC‑32 s231;2008 c4 s2

Regulations - treatment of subject-matter

232(1)  The regulations may make different provision

                           (a)    for different kinds of corporations or different credit unions,

                           (b)    for different classes or kinds of credit union, depending on whether they have bonds of association or not, on their size or geographical location, whether they are under supervision, administration or liquidation or not, or on any other basis for distinguishing between different kinds of credit union,

                           (c)    in respect of a related party provision, for different kinds of related party or transaction, or

                           (d)    in respect of a given subject‑matter, based on differences in the types of transaction or other circumstances involved.

(2)  Regulations under section 230(f) may be made to apply from any date after December 14, 1988.

1989 cC‑31.1 s228

Transitional

Supervision, administration, liquidation and dissolution

233   An existing credit union that was under the supervision or administration of a person immediately before November 1, 1989 remains in that situation, subject to this Act and the regulations, until the situation changes under this Act.

1989 cC‑31.1 s239;1994 c12 s39

Agreements

234(1)  The Credit Union Deficit Financing Agreement between the Government, the Corporation, Central and SC Financial Limited dated October 31, 1986 and the Credit Union Stabilization Agreement entered into between the Government and the Corporation dated October 22, 1985 remain valid according to their terms.

(2)  To the extent that any provision of this Act or the regulations is inconsistent with the terms of an agreement referred to in subsection (1), the terms of the agreement prevail.

(3)  The agreements referred to in this section, including any amendments to them, are exempt from the Regulations Act.

(4)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make any regulations the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary to provide legislative enforcement of any of the provisions of agreements referred to in subsection (1), and those regulations prevail, in the event of any inconsistency, over any provision of this Act or any other provisions of the regulations.

1989 cC‑31.1 s240;1998 c12 s47