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SAFER COMMUNITIES AND NEIGHBOURHOODS ACT

SAFER COMMUNITIES AND
NEIGHBOURHOODS ACT

Chapter S‑0.5

Table of Contents

                1      Definitions

                2      Delegation

Part 1
Safer Communities and Neighbourhoods

                3      Interpretation

                4      Complaint to Director

                5      Director’s actions after receiving complaint

                6      Application for community safety order

                7      When court may make community safety order

                8      Director may apply to vary order

                9      Court may set aside or vary order


Application for Variation by Resident of
Residential Property

              10      Interpretation

              11      Application for variation by resident

              12      When court may vary community safety order

Application by Complainant for Community Safety Order

              13      Application by complainant for order

              14      When court may make community safety orders

              15      Service on the Director

              16      Discontinuance of application by complainant

              17      Director may appear in application

              18      Costs on frivolous or vexatious applications

General

              19      Court must consider merits

              20      Variation applications

              21      Service

              22      Registration of a caveat based on a community safety order

Appeals

              23      Appeal

              24      Limitation on other actions and proceedings

Closure of Property by Director

              25      Director may enter property

              26      Occupants required to leave property

              27      Respondent must pay cost of closing property

              28      Recovery of Director’s costs — filing of certificate

              29      Appeal to court re certificate

Role of the Director

              30      Director’s authority

Confidentiality of Complaint

              31      Complaint confidential

              32      Non‑compellability

General

              33      Effect of transfer of property

              34      Offences and penalties

              35      Relationship to other Acts

              36      Crown bound

Part 2
Fortified Buildings

              37      Interpretation

Inspectors

              38      Appointment of inspectors

              39      Identification card

              40      Investigation

              41      Copies of records

              42      Warrant authorizing entry

Designation and Orders Respecting
Fortified Buildings

              43      Designating fortified building a threat to public safety

              44      Removal order

              45      Closure order

              46      Service

              47      Registration of a caveat based on a removal
order or closure order

Appeals

              48      Appeal of removal order

              49      Decision by court

              50      No further appeal

              51      Appeal stays operation of removal order

              52      No appeal of closure order

Closure of Building by Director

              53      Director may enter building

              54      Director to close building

              55      Responsibility for cost of closure and removal

              56      Recovery of Director’s costs — filing of certificate

              57      Appeal to court re certificate

General


              58      Offences and penalties

Part 3
General

              59      Assistance of peace officer

              60      Presumption re offences

              61      Limitation on prosecution

              62      Other remedies preserved

              63      Immunity

              64      Regulations

Part 4
Consequential Amendments
and Coming into Force

        65, 66      Consequential amendments

              67      Coming into force

HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, enacts as follows:

Definitions

1   In this Act,

                           (a)    “building” means a structure of any kind, or part of a structure, including

                                  (i)    an apartment,

                                (ii)    a co‑operative housing unit,

                               (iii)    a condominium unit, or

                               (iv)    a mobile home;

                           (b)    “Court” means the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta;

                           (c)    “criminal organization” means a criminal organization as defined in the Criminal Code (Canada);

                           (d)    “criminal organization offence” means a criminal organization offence as defined in the Criminal Code (Canada);

                           (e)    “Director” means the Director of Law Enforcement appointed under the Police Act;

                            (f)    “gang” means a group of individuals, usually identified by a group name or designation, who associate with each other for criminal or other unlawful purposes;

                           (g)    “Minister” means the Minister determined under section 16 of the Government Organization Act as the Minister responsible for this Act;

                           (h)    “owner” means, in relation to property,

                                  (i)    a person who is the registered owner of title to the property pursuant to the Land Titles Act,

                                (ii)    a person who is entitled to be the registered owner of title to the property pursuant to the Land Titles Act,

                               (iii)    a person shown as the owner of the property in the municipal assessment or tax roll records for the property,

                               (iv)    a person who manages or receives rents from the property, whether on his or her behalf or as agent or trustee for another person, or

                                 (v)    any of the following persons in whom the property or any estate or interest in the property is vested or with whom decision‑making responsibility legally resides:

                                      (A)    a guardian,

                                      (B)    an executor, administrator or trustee, or

                                      (C)    an attorney under a power of attorney;

                            (i)    “person” includes a partnership, limited partnership or unincorporated organization of persons;

                            (j)    “Registrar” means a Registrar as defined in the Land Titles Act.

 

Delegation

2   The Director may delegate the Director’s powers, duties or functions under this Act to an employee under the administration of the Minister.

 

Part 1
Safer Communities and
Neighbourhoods

Interpretation

3(1)   In this Part,

                           (a)    “complainant” means a person who has made a complaint to the Director pursuant to section 4;

                           (b)    “intoxicating substance” means

                                  (i)    glues, adhesives, cements, cleaning solvents, thinning agents and dyes containing toluene or acetone;

                                (ii)    petroleum distillates or products containing petroleum distillates, including naphtha, mineral spirits, Stoddard solvent, kerosene, gasoline, mineral seal oil and other related distillates of petroleum,

                               (iii)    fingernail or other polish removers containing acetone, aliphatic acetates or methyl ethyl ketone,

                               (iv)    any substance that is required pursuant to the Hazardous Products Act (Canada) or the regulations pursuant to that Act to bear the label “Vapour Harmful”, “Vapour Very Harmful” or “Vapour Extremely Harmful”,

                                 (v)    aerosol disinfectants and other aerosol products containing ethyl alcohol, or

                               (vi)    any other product or substance that is prescribed in the regulations as an intoxicating substance;

                           (c)    “property” means

                                  (i)    a building and the land on which it is located, and

                                (ii)    land on which no building is located;

                           (d)    “respondent” means the owner named as a respondent in an application made pursuant to section 6 or 13;

                           (e)    “specified use” means, in relation to property, the use of property for

                                  (i)    the manufacturing, import, purchase, sale, transport, giving, possession, storage, consumption or use of  liquor, as defined in the Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act, in contravention of that Act,

                                (ii)    the use or consumption as an intoxicant by any person of an intoxicating substance, or the sale, transfer or exchange of an intoxicating substance if there is a reasonable basis to believe that the recipient will use or consume the substance as an intoxicant, or cause or permit the intoxicating substance to be used or consumed as an intoxicant,

                               (iii)    the possession, growth, use, consumption, sale, transfer or exchange of a controlled substance, as defined in the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada), in contravention of that Act,

                               (iv)    child sexual abuse or activities related to child sexual abuse,

                                 (v)    prostitution or activities related to prostitution,

                               (vi)    the commission or promotion of a criminal organization offence,

                              (vii)    the accommodation, aid, assistance or support of any nature of a gang or criminal organization or any of its activities or the facilitation of any of its activities, or

                             (viii)    any other use prescribed in the regulations;

                            (f)    “tenancy agreement” means a residential tenancy agreement as defined in the Residential Tenancies Act or a tenancy agreement as defined in the Mobile Home Sites Tenancies Act.

(2)  For the purposes of this Part, a community or neighbourhood is adversely affected by activities if the activities

                           (a)    negatively affect the health, safety or security of one or more persons in the community or neighbourhood; or

                           (b)    interfere with the peaceful enjoyment of one or more properties in the community or neighbourhood, whether the property is privately or publicly owned.

2007 cS‑0.5 s3;2017 c21 s29

Complaint to Director

4   A person may make a complaint under this Part to the Director that

                           (a)    states that the person believes

                                  (i)    that the person’s community or neighbourhood is being adversely affected by activities on or near a property in the community or neighbourhood, and

                                (ii)    that the activities indicate that the property is being habitually used for a specified use,

                           (b)    is in a form and manner acceptable to the Director, and

                           (c)    contains any other information that the Director may require.

 

Director’s actions after receiving complaint

5(1)  At any time after receiving a complaint, the Director may do any one or more of the following:

                           (a)    investigate the complaint;

                           (b)    require the complainant to provide further information;

                           (c)    send a warning letter to the owner of the property or its occupant, or to anyone else the Director considers appropriate;

                           (d)    attempt to resolve the complaint by agreement or informal action;

                           (e)    apply to the Court for a community safety order;

                            (f)    decide not to act on the complaint;

                           (g)    take any other action that the Director considers appropriate.

(2)  The Director shall notify the complainant in writing if the Director decides not to act on a complaint or not to continue acting on a complaint.

(3)  The Director is not required to give reasons for any decision made pursuant to this section.

 

Application for community safety order

6(1)  If the Director applies to the Court for a community safety order, the application shall name the owner of the property as the respondent.

(2)  The factual allegations in the application may be different from those in the complaint.

(3)  The Court shall hear the application on an urgent basis.

 

When Court may make community safety order

7(1)  The Court may make a community safety order if

                           (a)    it is satisfied that

                                  (i)    activities have been occurring on or near the property named in the application that give rise to a reasonable inference that it is being habitually used for a specified use, and

                                (ii)    the community or neighbourhood is adversely affected by the activities; or

                           (b)    it is satisfied that the activities about which an application is made are a serious and immediate threat to the health, safety and security of one or more occupants of the property or persons in the community or neighbourhood.

(2)  A community safety order shall

                           (a)    describe the property and the activities with respect to which the order is made,

                           (b)    if the Director intends to register a caveat under section 22, specify the certificates of title with respect to which the order is made,

                           (c)    enjoin all persons from causing, contributing to, permitting or acquiescing in the activities,

                           (d)    require the respondent to do everything reasonably possible to prevent the activities from continuing or reoccurring, including anything specifically ordered by the Court pursuant to subsection (3)(e),

                           (e)    fix the date on which the order ceases to be in effect, and

                            (f)    contain a statement of the right to appeal the order pursuant to section 23.

(3)  A community safety order may

                           (a)    require any or all persons to vacate the property on or before a date specified by the Court, and enjoin any or all of them from re‑entering or reoccupying it;

                           (b)    terminate the tenancy agreement or lease of any tenant of the property on the date specified pursuant to clause (a);

                           (c)    require the Director to close the property from use and occupation on a specified date and keep it closed for up to 90 days;

                           (d)    limit the order to the part of the property about which the application was made, or to particular persons;

                           (e)    make any other provision that the Court considers necessary for the effectiveness of the community safety order, including, but not limited to, an order of possession in favour of the respondent.

(4)  The Court shall consider the following when deciding the length of a period of closure pursuant to subsection (3)(c):

                           (a)    the extent to which the respondent’s failure, if any, to exercise due diligence in supervising and controlling the use and occupation of the property contributed to the activities;

                           (b)    the impact of the activities on the community or neighbourhood.

(5)  Before the date specified for closure pursuant to subsection (3)(c), the respondent may apply to the Court to set aside the portion of the community safety order requiring the property to be closed.

(6)  In the case of a lease other than a tenancy agreement, before the date specified for termination of the lease of any tenant pursuant to subsection (3)(b), a tenant may apply to the Court to set aside the portion of the community safety order terminating the lease.

 

Director may apply to vary order

8(1)  The Director may apply to the Court to vary a community safety order made pursuant to this Part if the order is still in effect and

                           (a)    one of the following circumstances applies:

                                  (i)    the order did not contain a provision requiring the property to be closed,

                                (ii)    the provision requiring the property to be closed was set aside or varied pursuant to section 8, or

                               (iii)    the closure period for the property has expired,

                               or

                           (b)    the Director considers it appropriate.

(2)  The Director may apply to vary a community safety order pursuant to this section more than once.

 

Court may set aside or vary order

9   On the application of a respondent pursuant to section 7(5), a tenant pursuant to section 7(6) or the Director pursuant to section 8, the Court may do any of the following:

                           (a)    set aside the order, if the Court is satisfied that the activities about which an order was made have ceased and are not likely to resume;

                           (b)    set aside or vary the order made pursuant to section 7(3), if the Court is satisfied that it is necessary to allow the property to be used again;

                           (c)    vary the order to include any of the things mentioned in section 7(3).

 

Application for Variation by Resident
of Residential Property

Interpretation

10   For the purposes of sections 11 and 12, “resident” means an individual who has a right to occupy residential property as his or her residence, or had a right to occupy it as his or her residence, when he or she is required by a community safety order to vacate it, but who does not own the property.

 

Application for variation by resident

11(1)  A resident may apply to the Court for an order varying a provision in a community safety order that

                           (a)    requires the resident and, if applicable, members of the resident’s household to vacate residential property that is their residence and enjoins them from re‑entering or reoccupying it,

                           (b)    terminates the resident’s tenancy agreement for the residential property, or

                           (c)    requires the Director to close the residential property.

(2)  The resident may apply to vary the community safety order within 14 days after he or she has been served.

(3)  The resident shall serve the Director with a copy of the application to vary a community safety order.

(4)  The Director is a party to the application to vary and is entitled to be heard, by counsel or otherwise, on the application.

(5)  The Court may extend the time for applying if the Court is satisfied that the extension is in the interests of justice.

When Court may vary community safety order

12(1)  The Court may make an order varying a community safety order if it is satisfied

                           (a)    that the applicant is a resident,

                           (b)    that neither the resident nor any member of the resident’s household for whom the resident is seeking a variation caused or contributed to any of the activities with respect to which the order was made,

                           (c)    that no person who caused or contributed to any of the activities is still present at or occupying the property,

                           (d)    that the resident or a member of the resident’s household for whom the resident is seeking a variation will suffer undue hardship if the order is not varied, and

                           (e)    if the order was varied pursuant to section 9, that neither the resident nor any member of the resident’s household for whom the resident is seeking a variation was an occupant of the property when the order was varied.

(2)  In a variation order, the Court may

                           (a)    fix a later date for

                                  (i)    the resident’s tenancy agreement to be terminated,

                                (ii)    the resident and members of the resident’s household to vacate the property, or

                               (iii)    the Director to close the property;

                           (b)    set aside the termination of the resident’s tenancy agreement, or reinstate the tenancy agreement if the date of termination has already passed;

                           (c)    set aside the requirement to vacate or close the property;

                           (d)    if the resident and members of the resident’s household have already vacated the property, authorize them to re‑enter and reoccupy it and, if applicable, require the respondent to allow them to re‑enter and reoccupy it;

                           (e)    if the property has already been closed, require the respondent to open it for the purpose of clause (d) and make it ready for occupation;

                            (f)    make any other provision that the Court considers appropriate.

(3)  The Court may consider the following factors respecting an application for an order to vary:

                           (a)    whether the respondent will suffer undue hardship if the requested order is made;

                           (b)    whether there is a tenancy agreement between the resident and the respondent, or whether there was a tenancy agreement when the resident was required to vacate the property;

                           (c)    whether the respondent is opposed to the requested order if the order would authorize a resident who does not or did not have a tenancy agreement to re‑enter and reoccupy the property;

                           (d)    any other factors that the Court considers relevant.

 

Application by Complainant for
Community Safety Order

Application by complainant for order

13(1)  A complainant may apply to the Court for a community safety order if

                           (a)    the complainant has made a complaint to the Director pursuant to section 4, and

                           (b)    the Director

                                  (i)    has decided not to act or continue to act on the complaint, or

                                (ii)    has discontinued any application to the Court.

(2)  The complainant must file with the Court the Director’s written notice provided pursuant to section 5(2).

 

When Court may make community safety orders

14(1)  Subject to subsection (2), sections 6(1) and (2), 7(1)(a) and (2) to (6), 8 to 13, 19, 20 and 24 apply, with any necessary modification, to an application by a complainant.

(2)  If a community safety order made pursuant to this Part contains a provision requiring the property to be closed, the Court shall order the Director to close the property.

(3)  In an application by a complainant, the Court shall not draw an adverse inference from the fact that

                           (a)    the Director did, or did not do, any of the things set out in section 5(1), or

                           (b)    the Director discontinued the application.

 

Service on the Director

15   A complainant shall

                           (a)    serve the Director with an application for a community safety order,

                           (b)    serve the Director with an application to vary a community safety order,

                           (c)    as soon as possible after a community safety order is made or varied, serve a copy of the order on the Director, and

                           (d)    as soon as possible after an application is dismissed, serve notice on the Director stating that the application has been dismissed.

 

Discontinuance of application by complainant

16(1)  A complainant shall serve notice on the Director at least 10 days before filing a notice with the Court discontinuing an application.

(2)  An application shall not be discontinued by a complainant unless the complainant files with the Court the Director’s written confirmation that the Director does not intend to apply to continue the application pursuant to subsection (3).

(3)  If the Director is served with a complainant’s notice of discontinuance and the Director applies to the Court to have the application continued in the Director’s name, the Court may order a complainant’s application be continued in the Director’s name.

 

Director may appear in application

17   The Director is entitled as of right to appear and be heard, either in person or through counsel, in a complainant’s application for a community safety order or application for variation to request that it be dismissed if the Director believes that the application

                           (a)    is frivolous or vexatious, or

                           (b)    is not in the public interest.

 

Costs on frivolous or vexatious applications

18   If the Court finds that a complainant’s application is frivolous or vexatious, the Court may order the complainant to pay costs to the Director in addition to any other order for costs.

 

General

Court must consider merits

19   Notwithstanding the fact that the respondent consents to an order or does not oppose an application, the Court shall not grant a community safety order, or variation to that order, unless the Court is satisfied that the order should be made.

 

Variation applications

20   Any application to vary a community safety order does not stay the operation of the order.

 

Service

21(1)  The Director shall, as soon as possible after a community safety order is made,

                           (a)    serve a copy of the order on the respondent, and

                           (b)    post a copy of the order in a conspicuous place on the property with respect to which the order is made.

(2)  The Director, or a person acting on behalf of the Director, may enter the property to post a copy of the order in accordance with subsection (1)(b) if he or she is accompanied by a peace officer.

(3)  Any notice or document that is required to be served pursuant to this Part must be served

                           (a)    personally

                                  (i)    in the case of an individual, on that individual,

                                (ii)    in the case of a partnership, on any partner, or

                               (iii)    in the case of a corporation, on any officer or director of the corporation,

                              or

                           (b)    by registered mail addressed to the person to be served.

(4)  A notice or document sent by registered mail is deemed to have been served on the 7th day following the date of its mailing unless the person to whom it was mailed establishes that, through no fault of his or her own, the person did not receive the notice or document or received it at a later date.

(5)  A community safety order is effective on the date it is served on the respondent.

(6)  After the respondent is served with a community safety order, the respondent shall, as soon as possible, serve a copy of the order on every other person who is lawfully occupying the property or who has a right to occupy it.

 

Registration of a caveat based on a community safety order

22(1)  The Director may apply to a Registrar to register a caveat based on a community safety order against the affected title.

(2)  An application pursuant to subsection (1) must be accompanied by a copy of the community safety order.

(3)  After a caveat based on a community safety order is registered, the Director

                           (a)    may, at any time, apply to a Registrar to discharge the registration of the caveat, and

                           (b)    shall apply to a Registrar to discharge the registration of the  caveat if the community safety order is no longer in effect.

(4)  The registration of a caveat may be discharged pursuant to subsection (3) with respect to any or all parcels of land described in the community safety order.

(5)  Notwithstanding section 138 of the Land Titles Act, a caveat registered pursuant to this section does not lapse and shall not be cancelled or withdrawn except at the Director’s request.

(6)  Without limiting the generality of section 63, no action lies or shall be commenced against the Director for any loss or damage suffered by any person by reason of

                           (a)    the registration of a caveat pursuant to this section,

                           (b)    the amendment of a caveat pursuant to this section, or

                           (c)    the failure of the Director to

                                  (i)    register a caveat pursuant to this section, or

                                (ii)    discharge a caveat pursuant to this section.

 

Appeals

Appeal

23(1)  An order of the Court made pursuant to this Part may be appealed to the Court of Appeal

                           (a)    on a question of law, and

                           (b)    with the permission of a judge of the Court of Appeal.

(2)  An application for permission to appeal must be made within 14 days after the day the order of the Court is pronounced or within any further time that a judge of the Court of Appeal may allow.

2007 cS‑0.5 s23;2014 c13 s41

Limitation on other actions and proceedings

24(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no action or proceeding shall be commenced or maintained

                           (a)    to prevent the making of a community safety order,

                           (b)    to prevent a community safety order from being carried out,

                           (c)    to set aside or vary a community safety order made pursuant to section 9,

                           (d)    for judicial review of a community safety order, or

                           (e)    to obtain relief from forfeiture with respect to a tenancy agreement or lease that is ordered to be terminated.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to

                           (a)    an application pursuant to section 7(5), section 7(6) or section 11, or

                           (b)    an appeal pursuant to section 23.

 

Closure of Property by Director

Director may enter property

25(1)  If a provision to close a property in a community safety order is in effect, the Director may enter the property without the consent of the owner or occupant to close it and keep it closed.

(2)  The Director may employ any tradespersons and workers that the Director considers necessary to safely and effectively close the property and keep it closed.

(3)  The Director may take any measures that the Director considers necessary to safely and effectively close the property and keep it closed, including

                           (a)    ordering any occupants still occupying the property and any other persons at the property to leave it immediately,

                           (b)    attaching locks, hoarding or other security devices,

                           (c)    erecting fences,

                           (d)    changing or terminating utility services, and

                           (e)    making interior or exterior alterations to the property so that it is not a hazard while it is closed.

(4)  The Director may, for any purpose that the Director considers appropriate, allow others access to property that is closed pursuant to a community safety order.

(5)  The Director is not responsible, whether at the end of the period of closure or otherwise, for the removal or cost of removal of anything attached to or erected at the property, or the reversal or cost of reversal of anything done to or at the property, to close it or keep it closed.

 

Occupants required to leave property

26(1)  If a community safety order requires the Director to close a property, all occupants of the property and any other persons at the property shall leave it immediately on request of the Director, even if they have not been previously served with the order that requires the Director to close the property.

(2)  If an occupant of the property and any other persons at the property do not comply with a request to leave, the Director may obtain the assistance of a peace officer to remove them from the property.

(3)  Subject to any order made pursuant to section 12, after leaving the property, and while the property is closed, no occupant or other person shall enter or occupy the property without the Director’s consent.

 

Respondent must pay cost of closing property

27(1)  The respondent shall, on demand from the Director, pay to the President of Treasury Board and Minister of Finance the cost of closing, securing and keeping the property closed, in the amount certified by the Director pursuant to section 28.

(2)  An amount payable pursuant to subsection (1) is a debt due and owing to the Crown in right of Alberta.

2007 cS‑0.5 s27;2013 c10 s32

Recovery of Director’s costs — filing of certificate

28(1)  If the Director undertakes any work for the purposes of this Part and incurs any costs and expenses as a result, the Director may file with a clerk of the Court a certificate that is signed by the Director and that sets out

                           (a)    the amount of the costs and expenses incurred pursuant to this Part,

                           (b)    the name and address of the respondent from whom the costs and expenses are recoverable, and

                           (c)    the Director’s address for service.

(2)  If the Director files a certificate pursuant to subsection (1), the Director shall serve a copy of the certificate on the respondent.

(3)  The certificate filed pursuant to subsection (1) is conclusive evidence of the amount of the debt due to the Crown in right of Alberta by the respondent.

(4)  A certificate filed pursuant to subsection (1) has the same effect as if it were a judgment obtained in the Court for the recovery of a debt in the amount specified in the certificate, together with any reasonable costs and charges with respect to its filing.

(5)  A respondent who has been served with a copy of a certificate pursuant to subsection (2) may, within 30 days after service, make written representations to the Director requesting the Director to reconsider the amount of the costs and expenses.

(6)  On receipt of written representations pursuant to subsection (5), the Director may

                           (a)    withdraw the certificate,

                           (b)    vary the amount of the costs and expenses and, for that purpose, withdraw the certificate and file a new certificate with the new costs and expenses, or

                           (c)    confirm the certificate.

(7)  The Director shall notify the respondent of the Director’s decision as soon as is reasonably practicable after making the decision.

 

Appeal to Court re certificate

29(1)  A respondent may appeal against the amount of the costs and expenses set out in the certificate to the Court

                           (a)    within 30 days after the date of service of the certificate on the respondent, or

                           (b)    if the respondent has made representations to the Director pursuant to section 28, within 30 days after the Director has notified the respondent of the decision.

(2)  On hearing an appeal pursuant to this section, the Court may issue an order

                           (a)    confirming the amount of costs and expenses set out in the certificate,

                           (b)    amending or varying the amount of costs and expenses set out in the certificate,

                           (c)    quashing the certificate, or

                           (d)    doing any other thing that the Court considers appropriate.

(3)  In an order issued pursuant to subsection (2), the Court may specify the period within which the order must be complied with.

 

Role of the Director

Director’s authority

30(1)  For the purposes of carrying out a responsibility or exercising a power pursuant to this Part, the Director is authorized

                           (a)    to collect information, including personal information, from a public body, as defined in the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, about a person who owns or occupies property with respect to which an application pursuant to this Act may be made, including

                                  (i)    the person’s name and address,

                                (ii)    the whereabouts of the person, and

                               (iii)    the person’s place of employment,

                           (b)    to collect information, including personal information, from any source about the ownership of property with respect to which an application pursuant to this Part may be made,

                           (c)    to collect information, including personal information, from any source about the occurrence of activities with respect to which an application pursuant to this Part may be made,

                           (d)    to make and maintain written, recorded, electronic or videotaped records of any information received pursuant to clause (a), (b) or (c) or of the occurrence of activities with respect to which an application pursuant to this Part may be made, and

                           (e)    to disclose information obtained pursuant to clause (a), (b) or (c) and records made pursuant to clause (d), to a person, court, public body or law enforcement agency.

(2)  If the Director requests information pursuant to subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c), the person, public body or law enforcement agency is authorized to provide the information, including personal information, to the Director.

(3)  The Director may disclose information obtained pursuant to subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) or records made pursuant to subsection (1)(d)

                           (a)    to a person, to assist that person in serving or posting a community safety order, or

                           (b)    to a peace officer, to enable that peace officer to carry out a community safety order.

(4)  The Director may contract with or authorize any person to investigate a complaint.

(5)  In this section, “personal information” means information about an identifiable individual.

 

Confidentiality of Complaint

Complaint confidential

31(1)   No person, including the Director, shall, without the prior written consent of the complainant,

                           (a)    disclose the identity of the complainant, or any information by which the complainant may be identified, to another person or to a court, public body or law enforcement agency, or

                           (b)    disclose, provide access to or produce the complaint, or another document or thing by which the complainant may be identified, to another person or to a court, public body or law enforcement agency without severing any information by which the complainant may be identified.

(2)  Subsection (1) applies notwithstanding the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.

 

Non‑compellability

32(1)  The Director, or any person acting for or under the direction of the Director, is not compellable in a court or in any other proceeding

                           (a)    to identify the complainant or give evidence about information or produce a document or thing by which the complainant may be identified,

                           (b)    to give evidence about other information obtained by or on behalf of the Director for the purposes of this Part, or

                           (c)    to produce any other document or thing obtained by or on behalf of the Director for the purposes of this Part.

(2)  Subsection (1)(b) and (c) do not apply to an application by the Director or to an application continued in the Director’s name.

 

General

Effect of transfer of property

33(1)  A person who transfers a legal or beneficial interest in property to another person, or gives a right of occupancy of property to another person, after being served with an application or becoming aware of an application with respect to the property shall fully inform the other person about the application before completing the transfer or giving the right of occupancy.

(2)  A person who transfers a legal or beneficial interest in property to another person, or gives a right of occupancy of property to another person, while a community safety order with respect to the property is in effect shall fully inform the other person about the order before completing the transfer or giving the right of occupancy.

 

Offences and penalties

34(1)  No person shall

                           (a)    without the Director’s consent, remove, deface or interfere with a copy of a community safety order or any other order posted in accordance with this Part,

                           (b)    without the Director’s consent

                                  (i)    fail to vacate a property that is closed under a community safety order, or

                                (ii)    enter or re‑enter a property that is closed under a community safety order,

                               or

                           (c)    fail to comply with a community safety order.

(2)  Every person who contravenes subsection (1), section 26, section 30(2), section 31, section 33(1) or (2), or an order of the Director is guilty of an offence.

(3)  Every person who is guilty of an offence is liable

                           (a)    for a first offence

                                  (i)    in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $10 000, to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both;

                                (ii)    in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $25 000;

                           (b)    for each subsequent offence

                                  (i)    in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $25 000, to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both;

                                (ii)    in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $100 000.

(4)  If a corporation commits an offence pursuant to this Part, any officer or director of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is guilty of the offence and liable to the penalties mentioned in this section whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

 

Relationship to other Acts

35   Unless another Act expressly states otherwise, if

                           (a)    a provision of this Part,

                           (b)    any regulation made for the purposes of this Part, or

                           (c)    an order made pursuant to this Part,

conflicts with the Residential Tenancies Act or the Mobile Home Sites Tenancies Act or the regulations made under those Acts, the provisions of this Part, the regulations made under this Part or the order, as the case may be, prevails.

 

Crown bound

36   The Crown is bound by this Part.

 

Part 2
Fortified Buildings

Interpretation

37(1)  In this Part,

                           (a)    “closure order” means a closure order made pursuant to section 45;

                           (b)    “fortified building” means a building protected by one or more of the following:

                                  (i)    bulletproof material or material designed to be resistant to explosives on a door or window,

                                (ii)    protective metal plating on the interior or exterior of the building that is not required for the structural integrity of the building,

                               (iii)    armoured or specially reinforced doors,

                               (iv)    metal bars on exterior doors or windows, or

                                 (v)    any other method or material prescribed in the regulations;

                           (c)    “inspector” means a person appointed as an inspector pursuant to section 38;

                           (d)    “record” means a book, paper, document or thing, whether in electronic form or otherwise, that may contain information relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Part;

                           (e)    “removal order” means a removal order made pursuant to section 44.

(2)  This Part applies to every building in Alberta whether the building was fortified before, on or after the coming into force of this Act.

 

Inspectors

Appointment of inspectors

38   The Minister may appoint any person or class of persons as an inspector to exercise power under this Part, subject to any terms and conditions the Minister considers necessary.

 

Identification card

39  The Minister shall provide each inspector with an identification card, and an inspector exercising a power under this Part shall produce the card on request.

 

Investigation

40(1)  An inspector may conduct an investigation with respect to any matter that he or she considers necessary respecting the administration or enforcement of this Part.

(2)  For the purposes of an investigation pursuant to this section, the inspector may, at any reasonable time,

                           (a)    subject to subsection (3), enter and inspect any building that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds is a fortified building,

                           (b)    take measurements and photographs of, and conduct any tests or any type of audio or visual recordings in or on, a building or the property on which the building is located that the inspector considers necessary to determine if a building is a fortified building, and

                           (c)    require any person to produce for inspection and copying any record that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds contains any information relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Part.

(3)  An inspector may enter a dwelling place only

                           (a)    with the occupant’s consent,

                           (b)    pursuant to the authority of a warrant issued pursuant to section 42, or

                           (c)    pursuant to the right of inspection set out in section 44(4).

(4)  No person shall obstruct or hinder, or make a false or misleading statement to, an inspector who is acting pursuant to this Part.

 

Copies of records

41(1)  The inspector may make copies of a record that has been inspected pursuant to section 40.

(2)  A copy of a record certified by the inspector to be a copy made pursuant to this section

                           (a)    is admissible in evidence without proof of the office or signature of the person purporting to have signed the certificate, and

                           (b)    has the same probative force as the original record.

(3)  The inspector shall ensure that, after copies of any records inspected pursuant to section 40 are made, the originals are promptly returned to

                           (a)    the place they were removed from, or

                           (b)    any other place that may be agreed to by the inspector and the person who had custody, possession or control of the record.

 

Warrant authorizing entry

42(1)  If an inspector, pursuant to section 40, requires entry to a building and the owner or occupant of the building refuses or neglects to permit investigation, the inspector may apply ex parte to a justice of the peace or a judge of the Provincial Court for a warrant authorizing a person named in the warrant to

                           (a)    enter and search any building named in the warrant for the purposes of administering and enforcing this Part, and

                           (b)    seize and take possession of any record or other thing that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds contains any information relevant to the administration and enforcement of this Part.

(2)  A justice of the peace or a judge of the Provincial Court may issue a warrant authorizing an inspector and any other person named in the warrant to enter and inspect the building and the property on which the building is located and to seize and take possession of any record if the justice of the peace or judge of the Provincial Court is satisfied on oath of the inspector that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

                           (a)    a building is a fortified building,

                           (b)    entry to the building or the property on which the building is located is necessary for a purpose relating to the administration or enforcement of this Part, and

                           (c)    entry to the building or the property on which the building is located has not been provided or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will not be provided.

2007 cS‑0.5 s42;2008 c32 s28

Designation and Orders Respecting
Fortified Buildings

Designating fortified building a threat to
public safety

43(1)  Subject to subsection (4), the Director may designate a fortified building as a threat to public safety.

(2)  In determining whether a fortified building is a threat to public safety, the Director may take into account

                           (a)    the number and type of fortifications in or on the building or on the property on which the building is located,

                           (b)    whether the fortifications could significantly impair the ability of emergency response personnel and law enforcement officials to gain access to the building,

                           (c)    whether the fortifications could significantly impair the ability of people inside the building to escape in an emergency,

                           (d)    the nature of the neighbourhood or area in which the building is located,

                           (e)    the proximity of the building to schools, playgrounds and other places where children are likely to be present,

                            (f)    the proximity of the building to other buildings,

                           (g)    the purpose for which the building is being used,

                           (h)    whether the fortifications are reasonably necessary given the purpose for which the building is being used,

                            (i)    the persons who own, occupy or visit the building,

                            (j)    whether any criminal activity or other disruptive behaviour has previously taken place in or around the building, and

                           (k)    any other factor that the Director considers reasonable.

(3)  The Director may make a designation pursuant to subsection (1) without giving prior notice to the owner or occupant of the building and without holding a hearing.

(4)  The Director shall not designate a fortified building as a threat to public safety pursuant to subsection (1) if it has been fortified in a manner that does not exceed reasonable security measures commonly taken for

                           (a)    the type of business being operated in the fortified building, or

                           (b)    a residential dwelling.

 

Removal order

44(1)  If the Director designates a fortified building as a threat to public safety pursuant to section 43, the Director shall issue a removal order

                           (a)    specifying the fortifications that must be removed from the building or the property on which the building is located, and

                           (b)    requiring the owner or occupant of the building, or both, to remove the specified fortifications by a date that must be at least 21 days after the removal order is served.

(2)  A removal order issued pursuant to subsection (1) must contain

                           (a)    a provision stating that a closure order for the building will be issued if the specified fortifications are not removed by the date set out in the removal order,

                           (b)    if the Director intends to register a caveat under section 47, specific references to the certificates of title with respect to which the order is made,

                           (c)    statement of the right to appeal the removal order pursuant to section 48, and

                           (d)    any other information the Director considers appropriate.

(3)  The Director shall serve the removal order on the owner and any occupant of the building to whom the removal order is made.

(4)   If a removal order has been issued for a building and the 21 day period in subsection (1)(b) has expired, an inspector has the right to enter and inspect the building to determine if the specified fortifications have been removed.

 

Closure order

45(1)  If the fortifications specified in a removal order are not removed by the date set out in that order, the Director may issue an order closing the building for a period of not more than 90 days to allow for the removal of the specified fortifications in accordance with section 53.

(2)  A closure order issued pursuant to subsection (1) must contain

                           (a)    a provision requiring all persons to vacate the building and not to re‑enter it until the closure order ceases to be in effect, and

                           (b)    if the Director intends to register a caveat under section 47, specific references to the certificates of title with respect to which the order is made,

                               and

                           (c)    any other information the Director considers appropriate.

(3)  The Director shall serve the closure order on the owner and any occupant of the building to whom the closure order is made.

(4)  The Director shall post a copy of the closure order in a conspicuous place on the building that is the subject of the closure order.

(5)  The Director shall terminate a closure order as soon as all fortifications specified in a removal order have been removed.

(6)  If a closure order is terminated, the Director shall advise the owner of the building that the closure order is no longer in effect.

 

Service

46(1)  Any removal order or closure order must be served

                           (a)    personally

                                  (i)    in the case of an individual, on that individual,

                                (ii)    in the case of a partnership, on any partner, or

                               (iii)    in the case of a corporation, on any officer or director of the corporation,

                           (b)    by registered mail addressed to the person to be served, or

                           (c)    if service cannot be effected by one of the methods described in clauses (a) and (b),

                                  (i)    by publishing a copy of the order in 2 issues of a newspaper having general circulation in the area where the fortified building is located, and

                                (ii)    by posting a copy of the order in a conspicuous place on the building with respect to which the order is made.

(2)  A removal order or closure order sent by registered mail is deemed to have been served on the 7th day following the date of its mailing unless the person to whom it was mailed establishes that, through no fault of his or her own, the person did not receive the removal order or closure order or received it at a later date.

(3)  A removal order or closure order served in accordance with subsection (1)(c) is deemed to have been served on the date it is published in the newspaper for the 2nd time or on the 3rd day following the date it is posted on the building, whichever is later.

(4)  An order is effective on the date it is served.

 

Registration of a caveat based on a removal
order or closure order

47(1)  The Director may apply to a Registrar to register a caveat based on a removal order or closure order against the affected title.

(2)  An application pursuant to subsection (1) must be accompanied by a copy of the removal order or closure order, as the case may be.

(3)  After a caveat based on a removal order or closure order is registered, the Director

                           (a)    may, at any time, apply to a Registrar to discharge the registration of the caveat, and

                           (b)    shall apply to a Registrar to discharge the registration of the  caveat if the removal order or closure order is no longer in effect.

(4)  The registration of a caveat may be discharged pursuant to subsection (3) with respect to any or all parcels of land described in the community safety order.

(5)  Notwithstanding section 138 of the Land Titles Act, a caveat registered pursuant to this section does not lapse and shall not be cancelled or withdrawn except at the Director’s request.

(6)  Without limiting the generality of section 63, no action lies or shall be commenced against the Director for any loss or damage suffered by any person by reason of

                           (a)    the registration of a caveat pursuant to this section,

                           (b)    the amendment of a caveat pursuant to this section, or

                           (c)    the failure of the Director to

                                  (i)    register a caveat pursuant to this section, or

                                (ii)    discharge a caveat pursuant to this section.

 

Appeals

Appeal of removal order

48(1)  An owner or occupant of a fortified building that is the subject of a removal order may appeal the order to the Court.

(2)  A notice of appeal must be served on the Director within 14 days after a removal order has been served.

(3)  The Director is a party to any appeal and is entitled to be heard, by counsel or otherwise, on the appeal.

(4)  The Court shall hear and determine an appeal by way of a hearing, and the Court may hear evidence and submissions respecting the removal order subject to appeal.

 

Decision by Court

49(1)  On hearing an appeal, the Court shall take into account the considerations set out in section 43(2) and may

                           (a)    dismiss the appeal,

                           (b)    allow the appeal,

                           (c)    allow the appeal subject to terms,

                           (d)    vary the order of the Director,

                           (e)    refer the matter back to the Director for further consideration and order, or

                            (f)    make any other order that the Court considers appropriate.

(2)  The Court may make any order as to costs that it considers appropriate.

 

No further appeal

50   There is no further appeal pursuant to this Part.

 

Appeal stays operation of removal order

51   If a notice of appeal has been filed in accordance with this Part, the operation of a removal order is stayed and no further action may be taken with respect to the order except in accordance with an order of the Court hearing the appeal.

 

No appeal of closure order

52   There is no appeal of a closure order.

 

Closure of Building by Director

Director may enter building

53(1)  If a closure order is in effect, the Director or a person authorized by the Director may enter the building without the consent of the owner or occupant to

                           (a)    remove the fortifications specified in the removal order, and

                           (b)    secure the closure of the building.

(2)  The Director may employ any tradespersons and workers that the Director considers necessary to

                           (a)    remove the fortifications specified in the removal order, and

                           (b)    secure the closure of the building.

(3)  The Director may take any measures that the Director considers necessary to safely and effectively secure the closure of the building, including the following:

                           (a)    attaching locks, hoarding or other security devices;

                           (b)    erecting fences;

                           (c)    changing or terminating utility services;

                           (d)    making interior or exterior alterations to the building so that it is not a hazard while it is closed.

(4)  The Director is not responsible, whether at the end of the period of closure or otherwise, for the removal or cost of removal of anything attached to or erected on a building, or the reversal or cost of reversal of anything done to a building pursuant to this section.

 

Director to close building

54(1)  If a closure order is in effect, the Director shall secure the closure of a building, and all occupants of the building and any other persons at the building shall leave it immediately on the order of the Director, even if they have not been previously served with the closure order.

(2)  If an occupant of a building and any other persons at the building do not comply with a request to leave, the Director may obtain the assistance of a peace officer to remove them from the building.

 

Responsibility for cost of closure and removal

55(1)  The owner of a building that is the subject of a closure order shall, on demand from the Director, pay to the President of Treasury Board and Minister of Finance the cost of removing all fortifications and closing the building, in the amount certified by the Director pursuant to section 56.

(2)  An amount payable pursuant to subsection (1) is a debt due and owing to the Crown in right of Alberta.

2007 cS‑0.5 s55;2013 c10 s32

Recovery of Director’s costs — filing of certificate

56(1)  If the Director undertakes any work for the purposes of this Part and incurs any costs and expenses as a result, the Director may file with a clerk of the Court a certificate that is signed by the Director and that sets out

                           (a)    the amount of the costs and expenses incurred pursuant to this Part,

                           (b)    the name and address of the owner from whom the costs and expenses are recoverable, and

                           (c)    the Director’s address for service.

(2)  If the Director files a certificate pursuant to subsection (1), the Director shall serve a copy of the certificate on the owner.

(3)  The certificate filed pursuant to subsection (1) is conclusive evidence of the amount of the debt due to the Crown in right of Alberta by the owner.

(4)  A certificate filed pursuant to subsection (1) has the same effect as if it were a judgment obtained in the Court for the recovery of a debt in the amount specified in the certificate, together with any reasonable costs and charges with respect to its filing.

(5)  An owner who has been served with a copy of a certificate pursuant to subsection (2) may, within 30 days after service, make written representations to the Director requesting the Director to reconsider the amount of the costs and expenses.

(6)  On receipt of a written representation pursuant to subsection (5), the Director may

                           (a)    withdraw the certificate,

                           (b)    vary the amount of the costs and expenses and, for that purpose, withdraw the certificate and file a new certificate with the new costs and expenses, or

                           (c)    confirm the certificate.

(7)   The Director shall notify the owner of the Director’s decision as soon as is reasonably practicable after making the decision.

 

Appeal to Court re certificate

57(1)  An owner with respect to whom a certificate has been entered as a judgment pursuant to section 56 may appeal against the amount of the costs and expenses set out in the certificate to the Court

                           (a)    within 30 days after the date of service of the certificate, or

                           (b)    if the owner has made representations to the Director pursuant to section 56, within 30 days after the Director has notified the respondent of the decision.

(2)  On hearing an appeal pursuant to this section, the Court may issue an order

                           (a)    confirming the amount of costs and expenses set out in the certificate,

                           (b)    amending or varying the amount of costs and expenses set out in the certificate,

                           (c)    quashing the certificate, or

                           (d)    doing any other thing that the Court considers appropriate.

(3)  In an order issued pursuant to subsection (2), the Court may specify the period within which the order must be complied with.

 

General

Offences and penalties

58(1)  No person shall

                           (a)    without the Director’s consent, remove, deface or interfere with a copy of a closure order posted in accordance with section 45(4) or 46(1)(c),

                           (b)    without the Director’s consent

                                  (i)    fail to vacate a building that is closed under a closure order, or

                                (ii)    enter or re‑enter a building that is closed under a closure order, or

                           (c)    fail to comply with a removal order or a closure order.

(2)  Every person who contravenes subsection (1), section 40(4) or an order of the Director is guilty of an offence.

(3)  Every person who is guilty of an offence is liable

                           (a)    for a first offence

                                  (i)    in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $10 000, to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both;

                                (ii)    in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $25 000;

                           (b)    for each subsequent offence

                                  (i)    in the case of an individual, to a fine of not more than $25 000, to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both;

                                (ii)    in the case of a corporation, to a fine of not more than $100 000.

(4)  If a corporation commits an offence pursuant to this Part, any officer or director of the corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is guilty of the offence and liable to the penalties mentioned in this section whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

 

Part  3
General

Assistance of peace officer

59   If requested to do so, a peace officer shall provide any assistance required by an inspector or the Director in the performance of the inspector’s or Director’s duties pursuant to this Act.

 

Presumption re offences

60   In an application made pursuant to this Act,

                           (a)    there is a rebuttable presumption that a person is a member of a criminal organization if he or she has been found guilty or convicted of a criminal organization offence,

                           (b)    evidence that a person was found guilty, convicted or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder with respect to an offence is admissible in evidence as proof that the person committed the offence, and

                           (c)    evidence that a person was charged with and acquitted of an offence, or that a charge respecting an offence was withdrawn or stayed, is not relevant in making a finding of fact.

 

Limitation on prosecution

61   No prosecution for a contravention of this Act is to be commenced more than 2 years from the date the facts on which the alleged contravention is based first come to the knowledge of the Director.

 

Other remedies preserved

62    The right to commence any action or proceeding pursuant to this Act is in addition to, and does not derogate from, the right to commence any other action or proceeding that exists at common law or pursuant to any other Act.

 

Immunity

63   No action or proceeding lies or shall be commenced against the Crown, the Minister, the Director, an inspector or any other person if that person is acting pursuant to the authority of this Act or the regulations, for anything in good faith done, caused or permitted or authorized to be done, attempted to be done or omitted to be done by that person or by any of those persons pursuant to or in the exercise or supposed exercise of any power conferred by this Act or the regulations or in the carrying out or supposed carrying out of any order made pursuant to this Act or any duty imposed by this Act or the regulations.

 

Regulations

64    The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations

                           (a)    for the purposes of section 3(1)(e)(viii), prescribing other uses as specified uses;

                           (b)    for the purposes of section 37(1)(b)(v), prescribing other methods or materials of fortification;

                           (c)    governing appeals under this Act;

                           (d)    prescribing any matter or thing required or authorized by this Act to be prescribed in the regulations;

                           (e)    defining any word or expression used but not defined in this Act;

                            (f)    respecting any other matter necessary or advisable to carry out effectively the intent and purpose of this Act.

 

Part 4
Consequential Amendments and
Coming into Force

 

65 to 66   (These sections amend other Acts; the amendments have been incorporated into those Acts.)

 

Coming into force

67   This Act comes into force on Proclamation.

(NOTE:   Proclaimed in force October 1, 2008.)